Medicinal use of fruits and flowers of hawthorn
Read the beginning of the article: Growing hawthorn
Most often, hawthorn is grown not for registration of a site, but for obtaining medicinal raw materials. People have long noticed some of the medicinal properties of its fruits and flowers. At first, the fruit was used as an astringent for diarrhea, later tea from flowers and leaves was taken as a blood-purifying medicine. And only in the last century, research by scientists showed that the fruits and flowers of hawthorn are a good medicine for diseases of the heart and blood vessels.
It turned out that its fruits contain a lot of substances useful for humans. There are flavanoids, organic acids, carotenoids, triterpene and flavone glycosides, tannins, fatty oils, pectins, choline, sugars, vitamins and other compounds. The flowers also contain flavanoids, carotenoids, acetylcholine, choline, essential oil, oleanolic, caffeic, and ursolavic acids.
Flowers are harvested in May at the beginning of flowering and only in dry weather. The collected raw materials are immediately laid out in a thin layer on paper or oilcloth for drying. The raw material is delicate, so there is no need to rough it up.
The fruits are harvested after full ripening together with the stalks, and then separated from them. Dried in a dryer or in a stove at temperatures up to 60 ° C. Prepared raw materials can be stored for up to two years.
Hawthorn medications have a cardiotonic effect. They increase the contractions of the myocardium, but reduce its excitability. Hawthorn preparations eliminate heart rhythm disturbances, triterpenic acids increase blood circulation in blood vessels, including those in the brain, eliminate pain and discomfort in the heart.
Hawthorn preparations are used for functional disorders of cardiac activity, hypertension, angina pectoris, atrial fibrillation, atherosclerosis.
In scientific medicine, alcohol tincture, as well as liquid and thick extract from flowers and fruits, are used to treat various heart diseases.
The pharmaceutical industry prepares hawthorn tincture, which we can buy at the pharmacy, with 70% ethyl alcohol. To obtain one liter of tincture, take 100 g of crushed hawthorn fruits. After infusion, a clear yellowish-red liquid with a sweetish taste is obtained. This tincture is taken on the recommendation of a doctor, 20-30 drops three to four times a day before meals.
Hawthorn liquid extract
It is prepared by the percolation method (this is filtration, filtering the extractant (alcohol) through a layer of raw materials). The ratio of raw materials and extract is 1: 1. It turns out a transparent liquid of a darkish brown color with a pleasant smell and sweetish taste. Take the extract 20-30 drops 3-4 times a day before meals on the recommendation of a doctor.
In official medicine, infusions and extracts of fruits and inflorescences of hawthorn are also used, which have antispasmodic properties, expanding the coronary vessels and cerebral vessels.
Infusion of hawthorn flowers
To obtain it, 1 tablespoon of flowers (5 g) is placed in an enamel bowl and poured with one glass of boiling water (200 ml), cover the dish with a lid and put in a water bath for 15 minutes. Then the infusion is cooled at room temperature for about an hour and filtered. The remaining raw materials are squeezed out. With boiled water, the volume of the resulting infusion must be brought to the original (200 ml). Take half a glass 2-3 times a day half an hour before meals.
Infusion of hawthorn fruits
To obtain it, you also need to take 1 tablespoon of chopped hawthorn fruits (15 g) and pour them into an enamel bowl with a glass of boiling water. Then put in a water bath for a quarter of an hour, then cool, strain, bring the volume of boiled water to 200 ml (everything is the same as in the previous recipe). Take a third or half glass 2-3 times a day half an hour before meals.
If you have not stocked up the raw hawthorn yourself, then it can be purchased in a dried form in pharmacies. Its fruits are there in packages of 50, 75 and 100 g, flowers - 50 g each, you can also buy hawthorn tincture in pharmacies. Also in pharmacies you can buy cardiovalen, which contains hawthorn extract.
In folk medicine, hawthorn has been used and is used for angina pectoris, arrhythmias, insomnia, shortness of breath, dropsy, dizziness, and as a sedative in case of nervous excitement.
The recipe for hawthorn infusion, it is prepared in the same way as above -1 tablespoon of crushed fruits in a glass of boiling water - and in a water bath, in folk medicine it is recommended for vices, heart neurosis, arrhythmias, to improve blood circulation in the vessels. It is taken, as recommended in official medicine, in a third or half glass 2-3 times a day half an hour before meals.
With extrasystole, to restore the level of cholesterol in atherosclerosis, a decoction is used, which is prepared from 20 g of chopped hawthorn fruits. They are poured with a glass of boiling water (200 ml) and boiled over low heat for 15 minutes, then insisted for one hour. After that, filter and bring the volume of the broth to the original (200 ml) with boiled water. Take a decoction of 1 tablespoon three times a day.
Infusion of hawthorn fruits
It is used for hypertension and to relieve nervous tension. To obtain the infusion, a tablespoon of dry hawthorn fruits is poured with a glass of boiling water, covered with a lid and insisted for two hours in a warm place. Then filter and take 1-2 tablespoons 3-4 times a day before meals.
For insomnia, an infusion of chopped hawthorn fruits will help. They are poured with a glass of boiling water (200 ml), insisted for half an hour and drunk like tea
To strengthen the walls of blood vessels in sclerosis in folk medicine, a thick extract of hawthorn fruits is prepared. To do this, pour two tablespoons of crushed dry fruits with a glass of boiling water and evaporate over low heat until the liquid is reduced by half. The extract is ready. It is taken in a quarter teaspoon in a glass of water three times a day before meals. If you need to store this extract for some time, then add 2-4 tablespoons of vodka to the liquid.
Tincture of fruits and flowers of hawthorn
To obtain a tincture from the fruits, take 25 g of chopped hawthorn fruits and pour them with 100 g of vodka, insist for two weeks. Take 30-50 drops per glass of water three times a day a quarter of an hour before meals.
The flower tincture is prepared in a 1: 2 ratio (one part of the raw material and two parts of vodka). They also insist for two weeks. Take 40 drops per glass of water three times a day a quarter of an hour before meals. Taking these tinctures has a beneficial effect on the central nervous system and on the cardiovascular system. With their regular use, irritability, anxiety are removed, insomnia disappears.
Infusion of hawthorn flowers
To obtain it, one tablespoon of dried flowers is poured into 200 ml of boiling water, covered with a lid and insisted until the liquid is cooled. Drink for heart disease, choking, dizziness, half a glass 3-4 times a day. This infusion will also help calm down and relieve nervous tension.
Since hawthorn preparations reduce blood pressure, they cannot be taken or completely abandoned for hypotonic patients. And also with bradycardia and increased blood clotting. As with other herbal preparations, pregnant women and nursing mothers should be wary of hawthorn. It will not hurt to consult your doctor.
Photo by E. Valentinov
The use of hawthorn in medicine is due to the wide spectrum of its action on the human body, without giving any side reactions in therapeutic doses. Indications for its use are atrial fibrillation, paroxysmal tachycardia, cardio- and angioneuroses. These diseases manifest themselves in the form of heart pain, arrhythmias, vascular spasms, shortness of breath and insomnia. In medicine, flowers and fruits of blood-red hawthorn are used (in addition to this species, flowers and fruits of another 5-6 species of hawthorn are permissible for harvesting) as a cardiotonic and blood circulation regulating agent. Hawthorn is recommended for circulatory insufficiency in elderly people, especially in diseases of the climacteric period, with atherosclerosis and cardiac neuroses. In heart failure, hawthorn is often an adjunct to digitalis medications. Clinical trials have confirmed the effectiveness of hawthorn preparations for coronary heart disease and hypertension. The French phytotherapist A. Leclerc, on the basis of more than 20 years of experience in using the drug, claims that the absence of any toxic effect with prolonged use of hawthorn allows it to be prescribed even to patients with impaired renal function, without fear of cumulation.
However, it should be remembered that even hawthorn overdose can cause side effects. After large doses (over 100 drops of hawthorn tincture), the pulse slows down and the central nervous system is depressed. Therefore, hawthorn is contraindicated in bradycardia, that is, a slow heartbeat.
Most often, hawthorns are used for coronary insufficiency with symptoms of angina pectoris, as well as hypertension, atherosclerosis, increased excitability, loss of consciousness, and an acute form of articular rheumatism. Infusions of flowers and fruits help with climacteric neuroses. The infusion of fruits exhibits a noticeable antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effect, due to which it is sometimes used in folk medicine for inflammation of the joints.
Practice has shown that hawthorn is effective as a remedy for tachycardia, nervousness and increased excitability in thyrotoxicosis.
Using hawthorn leaves also makes sense. So, they have high P-vitamin activity and the content of bioflavonoids responsible for this action reaches 4-5%.
Often hawthorn flowers and fruits are added to medicinal teas and collections. The most effective preparations are made from fresh flowers.
Tincture of flowers. 10 g of fresh flowers are poured with 100 ml of 70% alcohol and insisted for 2 weeks. Filter and drink 15-20 drops per glass of water, 3 times a day. When using tincture as a sedative, the dose is increased by 2-3 times.
Infusion of flowers. 1 tablespoon of flowers (dry) is poured with 200 ml of boiling water, insisted until cooled, drink 1/2 cup 2-3 times a day.
Tincture of fruits. 10 g of dry crushed fruits are infused in 100 ml of 70% alcohol for two weeks, filtered and taken in 30-40 drops in a glass of water. Hawthorn berries are especially useful for patients with diabetes mellitus.
Infusion of fruits. 1 tablespoon of dry crushed fruits is poured with 200 ml of boiling water, insisted until cooled, filtered and drunk ½-1/3 cup 2-3 times a day.
Adding 1-2 tablespoons of hawthorn per 1-2 liters of product to dried fruit compote will turn the drink into a medicinal one.
With arrhythmia the following recipe is recommended: take 20 g of flowers, leaves and fruits of any kind of hawthorn, pour 10 g of 70% alcohol, leave for 2 weeks in a dark place. Take 15 drops on a lump of sugar 3-5 times daily before meals. After a week of admission, take a break for 3 days. If it is not possible to prepare an alcoholic tincture, then take 1 tbsp. a spoonful of dried hawthorn flowers, pour a glass of boiling water, leave for 2 hours and drink in two doses before meals.
With glaucoma take equally hawthorn and chamomile flowers, olive leaves, thyme herb. 5 g of the mixture pour 1 liter of boiling water, boil for 1 minute, drink 10 g before meals and 50 g after meals 3 times a day.
Recommended in Germany with angina mix equally ready-made pharmacy tinctures of hawthorn, mistletoe and valerian. Take 20-30 drops 3 times a day. We do not have mistletoe tincture in our pharmacies.
In German folk medicine, an aqueous infusion and an alcoholic tincture of flowers and fruits are taken with weak heart work in old age, increased nervous excitability and insomnia. In a mixture with other plants, hawthorn is used for prostate adenoma and chronic prostatitis.
What is valuable in hawthorn?
Blood-red hawthorn is most suitable for treatment. It contains flavonoids, saponins and other compounds. Fruits contain a lot of sugars, starch, organic acids, pectin substances, and also vitamins C (hawthorn fruits contain more ascorbic acid than even oranges, and in some species the content of vitamin C is even higher than that of rose hips!), B, E, K , carotene, trace elements: potassium, calcium, manganese, magnesium, iron. The seeds contain a fatty oil.
From the fruits of hawthorn, preparations are prepared that are useful for vascular spasms, headaches, shortness of breath, insomnia, atherosclerosis, and hypertension. Hawthorn is also able to purify the blood.
The people call the hawthorn "the bread of the heart". It is not difficult to understand why. Hawthorn helps the heart beat evenly, improves blood supply to blood vessels and the brain, lowers the excitability of the central nervous system, increases blood circulation in the coronary vessels, relieves mental and physical fatigue, and normalizes sleep. Hawthorn preparations are especially useful for women in menopause and for the elderly. The most effective preparations are made from fresh flowers. Hawthorn berries are especially useful for patients with diabetes mellitus. The liquid extract of the fruit is part of the famous drug - cardiovalene. It has low toxicity and has a stimulating effect on a tired heart, lowers blood cholesterol levels. After taking hawthorn preparations with regular courses, well-being noticeably improves, blood pressure decreases, headache, dizziness, noise in the head or ears decrease or disappear, blood cholesterol content decreases and lecithin concentration increases, there is a tendency towards normalization of blood clotting indicators. Many modern doctors believe that hawthorn is one of the best means of preventing diseases of the cardiovascular and nervous systems. This is explained by the fact that it causes the expansion of blood vessels, has a mild diuretic effect, and accelerates recovery after a serious illness. Some argue that hawthorn with black fruits is especially useful for those suffering from atherosclerosis and tumor diseases: its fruits are rich in anthocyanins - opponents of free radicals.
Attention! Hawthorn preparations should not be used during pregnancy and breastfeeding.
Decoctions and tinctures should not be taken on an empty stomach - only half an hour after eating.
People with low blood pressure should take hawthorn with caution, keeping in mind the ability of hawthorn to reduce blood pressure.
Do not take hawthorn for too long, it can cause depression of the heart rate.
Thyme herbal tea
Analyzing the usefulness of herbal thyme tea, one cannot fail to note the essential oil included in its composition. It is this that gives the drink antispastic and disinfecting properties. Infusions and decoctions give vigor, normalize the nervous system, eliminate depression, improve appetite, nourish the immune system, and have a positive effect on the digestive tract. For men, thyme helps to solve the problem of premature ejaculation and cure prostatitis. This herbal tea is also invaluable for women with gynecological problems (painful periods, uterine bleeding, hormonal disruptions during menopause, inflammation of the appendages). Very often tea is recommended for coughing, including heavy smokers.
- Thyme tea for stomach ailments. Mix 20 g thyme, 10 g cumin fruit, 10 g peppermint, 10 g centaury herb. 2 tsp pour a glass of boiling water with a slide of the mixture and let it brew for 10 minutes. Drink 1 cup of a mildly warm drink 2-3 times a day.
- Thyme tea for coughing. The composition of herbal tea to facilitate sputum discharge includes 20 g of thyme herb, 10 g of primrose root, 10 g of anise fruit, 10 g of plantain leaves and 10 g of sundew. Pour in 2 tsp. collecting with a glass of boiling water, leave for 10 minutes, strain and sweeten with honey. Drink 3 cups daily.
Thyme goes well with mint, cinnamon, honey, St. John's wort, lingonberry leaves, rose hips, mint, valerian root.
- age up to 2 years
- kidney disease
- liver disease
- ulcers, gastritis and other problems with the gastrointestinal tract
- thyroid problems.
Indications for use
The remedy is prescribed for the following pathologies:
- Heart failure.
- Coronary artery disease.
- Angina pectoris.
- Tachycardia, arrhythmia, blood pressure disorders.
- Vegetovascular dystonia.
- Depressive states, increased nervous excitability, feelings of fear and anxiety, apathy.
- Frequent stressful situations.
- Mental and physical fatigue.
- ARVI, acute respiratory infections, colds.
- Dizziness, loss of strength.
It is worth remembering that hawthorn tincture is alcohol solution, therefore, when consumed, digestion processes can be disrupted, drowsiness may occur, and chronic gastrointestinal diseases may worsen. Also, the tincture can cause allergies.
With excessive use of the drug, alcohol intoxication of the body may occur, which manifests itself in the form of speech, gait, consciousness disorders, disorientation in space, respiratory and circulatory disorders. In severe cases, death is possible.
The use of tincture is strictly prohibited for the following indications:
- Intolerance to hawthorn or ethyl alcohol.
- Children under 12 years of age.
- Pregnancy and lactation.
- Peptic ulcer of the stomach and intestines, a period of exacerbation of gastritis.
- Diseases of the liver and gallbladder.
- Vegetovascular dystonia of a hypotonic nature.
Since the tincture has the property lower the pressure, then it can only be taken by people with normal and high blood pressure.
The use of hawthorn in traditional medicine
Due to its chemical composition, hawthorn is widely used in medicine, both in folk and traditional ones. The high content of flavonoids (quercetin, hyperin, hyperoside and vitexin), trace elements, tannins and vitamins makes it possible to make preparations of the widest action on its basis. However, the most effective is the use of hawthorn for the treatment of cardiovascular diseases and during the onset of astheno-neurotic conditions that arise as a result of depletion of the nervous system.