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Peach varieties for the Moscow region

 Peach varieties for the Moscow region


The climate of the Moscow region is not ideal for a peach, but many years of experience proves that Moscow summer residents have learned, with varying success, to cultivate any varieties and varieties of this thermophilic plant. Successful cultivation depends on many changing factors. Regionalized varieties show good results, and peaches are especially responsive to proper care and attention of the gardener.

Assortment of peaches for the Moscow region with a brief description

Velvety peach fruits with a delicate refreshing taste are indigenous to the southern regions of our country, the best cultivars are distinguished by excellent yield indicators in the Krasnodar Territory, Crimea and the Caucasus. For the Moscow region, growing a peach without shelter is a whole test both for the fruit tree itself and for the summer resident.

Blooming peach is an excellent landscape solution for garden plots of the Moscow region

Experienced gardeners grow their own rooted and grafted peaches, but among the varieties adapted to low temperatures with stable immunity, there are practically no frost-resistant varieties. The fastidious nature of the thermophilic fruit requires compliance with certain rules of cultivation in a fickle, and sometimes even harsh climate of the Moscow region:

  • Low-growing and columnar varieties are more resistant to frost in the Central Federal District.
  • Growing early-growing cultivars (the first harvest appears in the 2-3rd year), it is more likely to enjoy your own fruit.
  • For planting, a well-lit and protected from cold winds place with a soil of neutral acidity is chosen.
  • To keep shoots and buds from freezing, the crown is formed like a bowl, which implies the location of skeletal branches 50–70 cm from the soil level.
  • An important point for growing a peach in the Moscow region is the shelter of the plant for the winter. This increases the chances of getting a full harvest several times.

Peach varieties adapted to the conditions of the northern climate are considered ideal for the Moscow region.

According to the majority of amateur gardeners in the Moscow region and other regions of Central Russia, low-growing peach varieties bear fruit best. And to a lesser extent, medium-late varieties of this culture freeze out. This is due to the fact that peach has a relatively long dormant period, late-ripening species begin to actively vegetate when the threat of frost has passed. Late frosts in the Moscow region are the main trouble of southern stone fruits, because of this, up to 80% of ovaries die. In the Ramenskoye area, with a good result, it turned out to grow Kiev early and Greensboro. Peaches were purchased in the nurseries of the Chernozem region; hibernate without shelter. Located on the southern side of the site, at a distance of 1–1.5 m from the high fence - good protection against weathering and freezing. Fierce winters led to the partial death of fruit buds, but at least two or three branches had a harvest. The fruits are sweet, with a characteristic varietal flavor, gaining enough mass. I agree that there are only a few fruits, but from my site of the Moscow region - this is already an achievement.

The most tender and juicy: the best choice of enthusiasts of the Central District of Russia

Not all of the peach varieties presented below have received the attention of official sources (information about some of them is absent in the State Register of the Russian Federation), but their euphonious names are heard among experienced gardeners. All varieties in the selection are distinguished by high frost resistance, so they are chosen by gardeners of the Moscow region.

Early varieties of the southern stone fruit culture

The early-growing Kiev early (bears fruit in the 3rd year) is a favorite among the most hardy and unpretentious cultivars. Bred almost 80 years ago in Ukraine. During this time, it has shown itself as one of the best early-maturing universal varieties suitable for growing in the conditions of central Russia and the Moscow region. Begins to bear fruit in the first or second decade of August. Resistant to clasterosporium disease and powdery mildew, tolerates frosts down to -26aboutC and easily recovers after harsh winters; partially self-fertile, but requires a pollinator. A medium-sized tree can reach 3–3.5 m, for successful wintering it is recommended to form it with a bush on a low trunk. The fruits of Kiev early with light, juicy, aromatic pulp are covered with a slightly pubescent skin of a light yellow hue. The surface is sometimes completely browned or has a distinct crimson blush.

Video: Kiev early peach variety

For more than half a century, the high-yielding early Greensboro cultivar of American selection is known to domestic connoisseurs of peaches. Oval cream-colored fruits with a raspberry-burgundy velvet blush on the sides have a greenish flesh with a sweet and sour aftertaste. The peach is partially self-fertile, begins to bear its first fruits in the 2-3rd year; in the conditions of the Moscow region ripens at the end of July. A medium-sized cultivar (up to 3 m) is grown in a standard form, like the previous variety. Given the hardiness of Greensboro, many gardeners allow the crown to grow freely, getting a decent harvest in the southern and southeastern regions of the region. The cultivar does not tolerate long-distance transportation very well and sometimes suffers from curly leaves.

Greensboro peach fruits will outshine any sweets of the festive table, soft taste with bright fruity notes is excellent in jams, preserves and confitures

Table: early ripe peaches suitable for growing in the Moscow region

Variety namea brief description of
Condor
  • Fruits with a scarlet blotch on a yellowish skin.
  • The bright orange pulp separates easily from the stone.
  • Fully ripens in the second decade of July.
  • Has a strong immunity to leaf curl.
  • Pollinators are required to increase yields.
Juicy
  • The marbled color of the ruddy, slightly pubescent fruit with a pointed tip occupies most of the greenish skin.
  • Self-fertile.
  • The pulp is sour-sweet, light, the stone is difficult to separate.
  • It starts bearing fruit in the 4th year.
  • Tall (up to 3.5-4 m).
  • Not intended for transportation and long-term storage.
Harbinger
  • Harbinger has medium-sized, round, dented peaches, distinguished by a rich orange peel with a raspberry-carmine blush.
  • Aromatic medium density bright yellow pulp does not separate completely from the stone.
  • Resistant to curly leaves and powdery mildew.
  • Self-fertile.
  • Medium height - up to 3.5-4 m.
Pontic
  • Under the velvety scarlet skin is hidden melting pulp with a sugary aftertaste and slight sourness.
  • The sugar content is over 14.3%.
  • The variety is self-fertile.
  • Has a strong immunity to stone fruit diseases.
  • The tree reaches a height of 3–3.5 m.
Jubilee early
  • Yellowish-red skin with blurred dots has tomentose pubescence.
  • The pulp is fibrous, yellow, rather sweet, it is difficult to separate from the stone.
  • Medium-sized variety - up to 3 m high.
  • Partially self-fertile.
  • Diseases are affected in a moderate degree.

Photo gallery: early ripe peach varieties

Average frost resistance of early varieties -22aboutC, the fruits of most of the above cultivars can be tasted already in mid-July, they are intended for fresh consumption and are not stored for a long time.

Video: Condor peach variety

Self-fertile peach varieties

Self-fertility of a peach is common, but this is partly a conditional characteristic of the plant. The yield of self-fertile varieties of this crop will be higher if there is cross-pollination, and on the site, in addition to an absolutely self-fertile cultivar, there are also other peach trees.

Redhaven (Redhaven) with moderate resistance to all adversity (sometimes freezes out in frosts of more than -23aboutC, weak immunity to curl) arrived in our country from America. The variety is preferred for its stable yield in a temperate continental climate. Golden fruits with a blurred blush and creamy melting pulp are frozen, canned, eaten fresh. A mid-season cultivar bears fruit for the first time in the 4th year, reaching 3-4 m in height.

Video: Redhaven peach variety

Table: self-fertile peach varieties, which are most often chosen by summer residents of the Moscow region

Variety namea brief description of
Golden jubilee
  • The pulp is bright orange, juicy, slightly separable from the stone.
  • The skin is yellowish-pink, rough, dense.
  • Quickly (bears fruit in the 3rd year).
  • Height 2-2.5 m.
  • Ripens in late July and early August.
  • It has a high immunity to many diseases.
Inca
  • The fruit has a yellowish-beige oily pulp.
  • The skin is firm, slightly browned on one side.
  • Vigorous tree - up to 4 m.
  • Quickly.
  • Moderately resistant to bacteriosis and powdery mildew.
  • The ripening period is the first decade of August.
Harnas
  • Vigorous (up to 4 m).
  • Marble blush on yellowish skin.
  • The pulp is juicy, fleshy, separated from the stone.
  • Quickly.
  • Ripens in early August.
  • Fruits filled with juice do not fall off.
Donetsk white
  • Fruits are round-oval with slight pubescence, yellowish-beige skin and partial reddish blush.
  • The pulp is white, with a refreshing sourness, slightly separable from the stone.
  • Height - 3.5 m.
  • Ripens in the second decade of August.
  • Fruiting occurs in the 4-5th year.
  • Easily recovers from recurrent frosts.
  • During transportation, the fruits become stained.
Fluffy early
  • The pulp is sweet and sour, with a specific fruity aroma characteristic of peaches; the bone is almost not separated.
  • Grows up to 3.5 m in height.
  • The variety is one of the most frost-resistant (withstands up to -32aboutFROM).
  • Fruiting in the 5th year from the date of planting.
  • Sometimes he suffers from powdery mildew and clotterosporia.

Photo gallery: self-fertile peach varieties

Columnar peach

Also worthy of attention is the early Anniversary of the capital - a columnar variety (up to 1.5 m), for the first time bears fruit in the 4th year... Winter hardy (tolerates up to -18aboutC, but hibernates better under cover), a partially self-fertile variety with very large red-sided fruits, has a high resistance to disease. There is slight pubescence on the skin, the flesh is yellow, moderately juicy, rather sweet. The fruits are used for making juices and fresh consumption, they are also suitable for conservation.

The anniversary of the capital is a classic universal variety that any gardener will cope with

The undersized Golden Triumph reaches only 1.4 m in height, partially self-fertile.

Characteristics:

  • Fruits with a light edging on a yellow skin and pinkish sides.
  • Sour, but aromatic and very tasty, the pulp is not always easily separated from the stone.
  • When the weather is favorable, it ripens in the last days of July.
  • The cultivar does not suffer from fungal and bacterial diseases of stone fruits.
  • Additional pollination is required, the variety is partially sterile.

The Golden Triumph variety has earned an impeccable reputation among gardeners due to the fact that it has a good taste and can be stored for up to 30 days in the refrigerator.

Honey is a relatively young peach variety. A miniature tree reaches 1.5–1.7 m in height, tolerates cold painlessly. Other characteristics:

  • The skin is almost all pinkish-raspberry, with slight pubescence.
  • The pulp is snow-white, with yellow veins, sweet and very juicy.
  • The variety is fast-growing, bears fruit in the 2-3rd year after planting in a permanent place.
  • The honey plant does not require additional pollination; the variety is recommended as a tub culture in greenhouses.
  • Ripening period - mid-July.
  • It is practically invulnerable to pests and rarely gets sick.

The fragrant pulp of a peach variety Honey is good fresh and preserved

Testimonials

In recent years, a wide variety of cultivars have appeared that are suitable for growing in the Moscow region. The peach crop in this region is the result of the experimentation and perseverance of every grower. If the changeable weather permits, the southern fruit will certainly be on the table at the end of July and will reward you with amazing taste for hard work and patience.


White peppers are considered not only popular, widely used, in demand, but also aromatic, spicy, and flavorful. The culture is appreciated for the subtlety of taste, the uniqueness of the smell, and a lower degree of pungency when compared with red or black varieties.

The spice is not one of the separate types of peppers, since the fruits belong to the pepper vine. Vegetables grow and bear fruit with an excellent harvest in countries such as:

  • India
  • Madagascar
  • Laos
  • Indonesia
  • America
  • Thailand
  • Cambodia.

Southeast Asia is still considered the homeland. Breeders recommend growing the crop exclusively on plantations. In this case, support should be installed and each liana should be wrapped around. The latter reach a height of 15 meters or more, although in most cases they are cut to 5 meters.

White pepper loves warmth, heat and sun, it is not afraid of drought. Vines tend to grow tall. The length of the leaves is about 100 millimeters leathery, oval and greenish with a grayish bloom. The brushes are approximately 140 millimeters long with 25-30 drupes. As soon as the shrubs bloom, the berries turn greenish, then yellowish or reddish in color.

The main feature is that it is possible to get a black type of peppers from white, while it is only necessary to collect the fruits in an unripe form and dry in the sun. It is better to pick the pods when they are red, and at the same time just fall off from the bunches, as a result, they will turn white over time.

Shrubs bloom with miniature flowers that gather in long and hanging inflorescences. The weave is somewhat reminiscent of a spikelet. It is on these spikelets that vegetables or, as the people call them, drupes, which are used in the form of spices, ripen.

Properties

In addition to the value of a gastronomic character, white peppers are known for their rich vitamin composition, due to which they are used in the medical field. In a ground form, the culture is recommended to be consumed by patients who are in the rehabilitation period, after suffering any diseases, for example, infections, inflammations, etc.

Other useful properties of this spice are considered:

  1. Acceleration of metabolism.
  2. Boosting the immune system.
  3. Cleansing the body of toxins and toxins.
  4. Stimulating blood circulation.
  5. Normalization of the nervous system.
  6. Calorie burning activation.
  7. Breath freshening.

White pepper is an excellent prophylactic against ARVI and other similar diseases. Acts on the body as an antiseptic.

Also, the beneficial properties are revealed in the culinary field, because the fruit helps not only burn unwanted fats, but also make any dish 100 percent dietary. During consumption, it is important not to overdo it and not to add too much of this type of pepper, as you simply overdo it and spoil the taste of your favorite food.


How to choose a peach variety for the Moscow region?

For a temperate climate near Moscow with relatively mild winters and relatively humid summers, it is not too difficult to choose a peach variety. It is important to pay attention to the ripening period of the fruit.

The varieties cultivated in this region are characterized by early and mid-early periods of crop formation, sufficient resistance to low-temperature winter regimes and late frosts that occur in spring. It is recommended to purchase high-quality seedlings for the Moscow region in nurseries selling zoned varieties.


The finest versatile table grape varieties

Lydia is the most common multi-purpose variety, the juicy, sweet fruits of which with a spicy skin are loved by many gardeners. The vine is obtained from seedlings of the wild growing Vitis labrusca. Thanks to its powerful stem and decorative liana, the isabelle variety has spread not only as a table-technical grape, but also as an ornamental culture. Productivity - up to 25-30 kg per bush. An average bunch weighs about 400 g. Overripe berries crumble and rot, a ripe crop (after 150–160 days) is ideal for juices and wines.

Lydia ripens in mid-September, but we begin to pluck the first berries in mid-August. The fruits become deep red, juicy and aromatic, only slightly sour. If there is no alternative, at the end of August Lydia is a decent berry dessert on the festive table. Berries are rarely affected by mildew and powdery mildew; wasps are also not very interested in fruits due to the astringency of the skin and sourness of the pulp. At the end of September - at the beginning of October, we pick off the last bunches. At this time of the year, they become very fragrant, lined with the first frosts, acquire a honey flavor and practically do not taste bitter. Such "late" grape clusters produce an amazing compote, fragrant and full-bodied.

Lydia grows in a well-warmed sunny place and is always watered and fed. Exclusively due to the attentive attitude, the berries of an ordinary "medium" universal variety do not peas, do not crack, very rarely spoil and can hang on the vine until the November frost. This prolongs the freshness and shelf life of the crop, which in favorable years can exceed all statistical averages. Record - 60 kg of selected berries from an 8-year-old bush. But the bush is quite powerful, formed by one side (two "shoulders") on the gazebo, the other (2 branches) - on a metal support fixed to the brick wall of a residential building. That is, the vine is located in a place sheltered from the winds, takes heat from the wall and regularly receives watering with settled, warm water and is fed with organic matter (up to 6 times per summer). This ensures a stable yield and sweetness of the smallest and unripe berries.

Despite the tart skin and the presence of up to 4 seeds, grapes are well complemented by canned compote and jam. It is difficult to believe that the variety is not very popular due to its simplicity of tasting qualities and rare, light bunches. We love the imperfect, simple taste of Lydia grapes for the bright, rich aroma and preservation of the fruits indoors at a temperature of +15 + 20 ° С for up to 2 months.

Hungarian white pearl universal grade suitable for processing and fresh consumption... Amber-yellow, round fruits with subtle nutmeg notes grow on conical clusters. The vine ripens by 80%. Fruit cluster weight - 150-200 g. Pruning - 6-8 buds. Sugar content - 20%, acidity - 7 g / l. A shrub with an average ripening period (120-140 days) is grown in Belarus and Ukraine, in the Urals and Siberia, as well as in central Russia.

Universal White Pearl

Table-technical grade Black Pearl is a relative of Magarachi, clusters of about 300 g, berries are round, dark blue in color, with sourness and light strawberry nutmeg. Sugar content - 24%, acidity - 6 g / l. Cut grapes for 3-4 eyes, yield in favorable years - up to 15 kg from one bush. A frost-resistant variety of domestic selection was bred in Tula specifically for the production of high-quality dessert wines.

Variety for food and winemaking - Black Pearl

Pink Muscat is a medium-sized table-wine hybrid with bunches of up to 0.2 kg, oval, pink-red berries with a waxy coating. Fruits are fragrant, with floral notes, often used for winemaking, they will be an excellent berry dessert on the table. Average yield - 4-6 kg per bush. The variety is vulnerable to temperature extremes, is affected by powdery mildew and requires fertile soils and fertilizing.

Grape variety Muscat pink

Chassela white, pink and nutmeg is a grape variety that is often referred to as a universal variety. The hybrids are similar in their tasting characteristics, Chassela white (yellow-white, round berries, bunches weighing 190 g) ripens earlier than pink (pink-raspberry fruits with dense skin, brush weight - 250 g) Chassela nutmeg with yellow-green berries has a strawberry flavor , ripens much faster than all varieties of this subspecies. Grapes with sweet, juicy fruits look great on the table and are often highly prized for nutmeg and sugariness when tasting. All types of Chasselas grapes are suitable for wine. Frost-resistant and undemanding grape hybrids are suitable for the zone of risky farming - Moscow region, Petersburg, Bashkiria, Udmurtia, Siberia and the Far East.


What varieties of honeysuckle should be planted together

All varieties of blue honeysuckle are self-fertile. For pollination of flowers and the appearance of berries, the presence of representatives of another variety in the reach zone is necessary. The more there are, the richer the harvest. When choosing varieties for a garden, it is imperative to take into account the timing of flowering plants. If they do not match, pollination will be impossible and the fruits will not be tied.

According to most breeders, the taste of the berries and the size of the harvest depend on the choice of the pollinator.

Table: Best Pollinators for Popular Varieties

An important condition for obtaining a good harvest of honeysuckle is a competent choice of the variety. In this case, it is necessary to take into account not only your own preferences, but also the climatic conditions of the region in which cultivation is planned. Subject to this rule, honeysuckle will delight the gardener for a long time with tasty and healthy berries.


Sorrel varieties by ripening time

Early sorrel yields greens 40-45 days after pecking the leaves. This category includes varieties:

• Spinach
• Broadleaf
• Sanguine
• Emerald Snow
• Belleville
• Malachite
• Emerald King

The harvest of leaves will have to wait only 40-45 days. Plant height is 30 cm. Smooth, large, green leaves have reddish veins. The stem is colored red-yellow. The leaves have a pleasant, slightly acidic taste.

Average ripening times are inherent in varieties:

• Maikop 10
• Champion
• Bloody Mary

The erect rosette of the plant reaches a diameter of 30 cm. The height of the aboveground part is about 40 cm. The shape of the green leaves is elongated-oval, the petioles are of medium height. The edges of smooth large leaves are slightly wavy. Taste characteristics are good (juicy leaves have a moderately sour taste). The yield is very high.

Sorrel varieties for central Russia

Early, mid-early and mid-season plants can be grown in central Russia. It is especially worth highlighting such varieties as:

• Green fairy tale
• Maikop 10
• Abundant
• Spinach
• Broadleaf
• Sanguine
• Emerald Snow
• Belleville
• Champion
• Emerald King
• Malachite
• Lyons
• Bloody Mary
• Red veins

Description of the Belleville variety

Plants give an early harvest of greenery. The leaves are oval-elongated. They are painted light green. The variety is resistant to flowering. The yield is very high.

Decorative varieties of sorrel

Some sorrel varieties not only produce edible leaves, but also look very impressive on the beds. The most popular are plants with reddish veins:

Sorrel variety Bloody Mary

• Bloody Mary (medium-sized green leaves are decorated with burgundy veins, the variety is highly winter-hardy).

• Red veins (spear-shaped green leaves have burgundy-red veins, which are brighter, the more sunny place is chosen for growing the plant).

The best sorrel varieties for Siberia

Sorrel can withstand low temperatures - seeds germinate already at 2-3 degrees Celsius. Leaves begin to grow actively at 15-16 degrees. The following varieties are grown in Siberia:

• Belleville
• Maisky
• Maikop 15
• Altai

Plants of this variety have spear-shaped leaves. Their color changes as they grow - the dark green leaves acquire a reddish tint. The variety is characterized by high frost resistance. The taste of the leaves, depending on the growing conditions, can be either slightly acidic or sour.

Sorrel varieties differ in both external characteristics and taste. Plants are unpretentious and productive - early greens can delight you for three or four seasons (older plantings should be renewed, as the plants gradually weaken).

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Belleville

The socket is raised, spreading.

Leaves are light green, smooth or slightly bubbly, large, fleshy, ovate, 13-15 cm long, 5-10 cm wide.

The taste of the leaves is pleasant, slightly acidic.

Petioles are thick, of medium length.

Large-leaved

An early ripe fruitful variety.

Leaves are light green, oval-elongated, 10-14 cm long, 6-10 cm wide.

Resistant to low temperatures.

Malachite

The period from germination to the first cut is 45-50 days.

Leaves are spear-shaped, smooth, with wavy edges.

The taste of the leaves is slightly acidic.

Odessa 17

An early ripe drought-resistant variety.

The socket is raised, spreading.

Leaves are elongated, oval, 12-16 cm long, 6-8 cm wide.

Broadleaf

Winter-hardy fruitful variety.

Leaves are green, medium-sized, ovoid, 12-15 cm long, 6-8 cm wide.

The taste of the leaves is delicate, moderately acidic.

Spinach

The socket is upright, loose.

The leaves are dark green, slightly bubbly, large, with a high content of vitamin C.

The taste of the leaves is slightly acidic.

Belleville

The socket is raised, spreading.

Leaves are light green, smooth or slightly bubbly, large, fleshy, ovate, 13-15 cm long, 5-10 cm wide.

The taste of the leaves is pleasant, slightly acidic.

Petioles are thick, of medium length.

Large-leaved

An early ripe fruitful variety.

Leaves are light green, oval-elongated, 10-14 cm long, 6-10 cm wide.

Resistant to low temperatures.

Malachite

The period from germination to the first cut is 45-50 days.

Leaves are spear-shaped, smooth, with wavy edges.

The taste of the leaves is slightly acidic.

Odessa 17

An early ripe drought-resistant variety.

The socket is raised, spreading.

Leaves are elongated, oval, 12-16 cm long, 6-8 cm wide.

Broadleaf

Winter-hardy fruitful variety.

Leaves are green, medium-sized, ovoid, 12-15 cm long, 6-8 cm wide.

The taste of the leaves is delicate, moderately acidic.

Spinach

The socket is upright, loose.

The leaves are dark green, slightly bubbly, large, with a high content of vitamin C.


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