How To Transplant Bergenia: Dividing And Moving Bergenia Plants
By: Darcy Larum, Landscape Designer
When perennials begin to look shabby, straggly, open in the center, or fail to produce their normal amount of blooms, it is usually time to divide them. Different perennials will reach this point at different times, depending on their root structures and growing habits.
The perennial bergenia may bloom and grow beautifully for several years, then suddenly stop performing. Continue reading to learn how to transplant bergenia, as well as when to divide bergenia plants.
Dividing and Moving Bergenia Plants
Bergenia is a perennial for shade to part shade in USDA hardiness zones 3 through 9. It thrives in dry shady locations where many other plants simply cannot grow. However, if their site suddenly becomes less shady, for example, if large shade trees have been removed, bergenia plants can quickly fry and die out.
Unfortunately, sometimes shade trees do need to come down and the plants that relied on their shade, such as bergenia, need to be transplanted. Bergenia will also suffer if the site suddenly becomes more consistently damp. They cannot tolerate soggy soil or wet feet and will fall victim to many fungal diseases and rots in excessively wet conditions. Transplanting bergenia will be necessary for survival.
Every three to five years, bergenia plants also need to be divided. You’ll know when to divide bergenia by the overall appearance, health, and vigor of the plant. If they begin to look spindly, are blooming less, or have open spaces in the center, divide them.
How to Transplant Bergenia
Dividing and/or moving bergenia should be done in spring. However, it is sometimes necessary to move plants during other times of the year. If you absolutely have to transplant and divide bergenia in the summer months, it is best to do it on a cool, cloudy day to reduce the risk of transplant shock.
Using a clean, sharp spade, dig widely around the plant’s crown to make sure you get all the roots. Once you have lifted the root ball out, remove excess soil. Thick, rhizomatous roots will then be exposed. With a clean sharp knife, you can create bergenia divisions by cutting apart sections of these rhizomes. Be sure each section contains a node or section of the plant crown.
Plant your new bergenia divisions or bergenia transplant in shady to part shade locations. Bergenia makes excellent low growing borders or groundcovers for dry, shade gardens. Though they like things a bit on the drier side, you will need to water new transplants well and regularly as they get established.
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Bergenie - planting, grooming and cutting
The Bergenie is an evergreen and hardy perennial that shines with its bellflowers and leaf coloring in the fall. Moreover, it is easy to clean.
Shady locations in the garden do not necessarily have to look drab. After all, there are numerous flowering shrubs that brighten less sun-drenched places. Among the flowering perennials, which look attractive on such areas in the garden, belongs the Bergenia (Bergenia). This perennial is robust, hardy and in the care extremely frugal. She is also versatile in the garden. For example, in small groups for the bed, in the foreground of hedges or in the vicinity of different shrubs. Even in the bucket on the terrace, this perennial is a splendor.
How to Grow Bergenia
You can grow bergenia from seed, but buy plants already started at garden centers for immediate impact. The plant's tolerance for conditions that many other plants will not grow in is one of the strong suits of bergenia. These conditions include:
Care tasks for bergenia are carried out largely for aesthetic reasons. These include:
- Cutting off any leaves that have died in winter at the beginning of the next growing season
- Deadheading the flowers
Deer tend not to eat it, thereby reducing the pest-control work needed in your landscape. Likewise, it is not a favorite food of rabbits.
Underneath the clumps of established bergenia plants, you will find a thick layer of rhizomes. The plants can spread via such rhizomes, but they do not spread quickly enough to pose a maintenance problem. You can divide bergenia every few years if you want to grow more of it somewhere else on your property. Spring is the best time to perform such a division.
- B. Cordifolia 'Winter Glow' has red stems and nodding pink flowers, and grows to 12 to 16 inches tall and 18 to 24 inches wide.
- B. cordifolia 'Bressingham White' can light up a moon garden with clusters of white blooms. It grows to the nearly same size as 'Winter Glow', if a little bit shorter.
- B. cordifolia 'Angel Kiss' is one of the shorter cultivars, at 8 to 10 inches tall and 10 to 12 inches wide. Its blooms are white to light pink.
- B. cordifolia 'Ballawley' may be the largest bergenia available, growing to 24 inches tall and 18 inches wide. It features rose-red flowers and red stems.
- B. cordifolia 'Solar Flare' is prized for its variegated leaves of green edged with yellow. This cultivar is mid-sized (10 to 16 inches tall and about 18 inches wide) and has magenta-purple blooms.