Do not expect a good tribe from a bad seed, or How to prepare pepper seeds for sowing
Pepper is considered by many gardening lovers to be capricious and demanding plants. Indeed, the culture is thermophilic, reacts sharply to any unfavorable conditions, therefore its cultivation is a step-by-step and rather complicated process. Some believe that sowing seeds for seedlings is the beginning of growing a crop. This opinion is erroneous, because it is necessary to start with assessing the quality of the seed, the conditions for its storage, and pre-sowing preparation.
Preparing pepper seeds for sowing
Presowing preparation consists of several procedures, which can be combined in different ways. Their choice depends on the quality of the seeds, the characteristics of the climate of a particular area, the composition of the soil and the specifics of further crop cultivation. Among the main stages in the preparation of inoculum are the following:
- selection and calibration;
- soaking and germination;
It is especially important to carry out pre-sowing procedures with planting material harvested independently. Purchased seeds most often underwent basic processing, there is no need to apply all of the above steps to them.
You can collect pepper seeds yourself from the fruit you like, but you should only do this if you are sure that this is not a hybrid
Calibration and selection of seeds
Calibration of planting material consists in removing too small or, conversely, too large seeds. It is convenient to do this on a white sheet of paper, where you can examine each seed and remove the non-standard. The next step is to determine their viability:
- A teaspoon of table salt is stirred in 200 g of water.
- Pour seeds into the solution, mix, let stand (7-10 minutes).
- Full, live seeds will gradually sink to the bottom of the container, while empty ones with low germination capacity will float to the surface. For sowing, seeds are selected that have sunk to the bottom. They must be removed from the container and dried.
Some gardeners do not recognize the calibration of pepper seeds in a saline solution, claiming that along with pacifiers, simply overdried seeds can float.
The seed can be contaminated with pathogenic bacteria, which begin to activate during germination. Pathogens are destroyed by disinfection, that is, soaking pepper seeds in disinfectant solutions. There are a huge number of ways to carry out this procedure. Here are some of them:
- the most accessible and common way is to soak the seeds in a slightly pink solution of potassium permanganate. Processing time is about 20 minutes. After the procedure, the seeds must be washed, preferably under running water, and dried. Experienced gardeners recommend disinfection in potassium permanganate only after daily soaking of the seed in water. This is due to the fact that dry seeds will absorb too much potassium permanganate during their stay in the disinfectant solution, which will not be removed when rinsing. An excess of an important trace element will have a harmful effect on the embryo, it may even destroy it. The swollen seeds will not absorb the solution so intensively, only the surface of the seed will be processed and the excess potassium permanganate will be removed when rinsing;
It is convenient to place pepper seeds in a disinfecting solution in a gauze bag, in which you can also rinse them
- effectively disinfects pepper seeds hydrogen peroxide. For half a glass of warm water (+40 degrees), add 3 g of peroxide, place the selected seeds in the solution for 7 minutes, then they are thoroughly washed in water;
Peroxide is an excellent antiseptic, so it is ideal for disinfecting seeds.
- using ordinary baking soda, you can also decontaminate seeds. 10 g of the substance is stirred in a liter of water and the inoculum is soaked in the resulting solution for a day. It should be borne in mind that the soda solution must be freshly prepared, and also that it is not recommended to dilute the soda in a container made of polyvinyl chloride, aluminum, steel and polystyrene;
To prepare a soda solution, use warm (not higher than +55 degrees) settled or melt water
- aloe juice. It is squeezed from leaves that have been cut from a bush and kept for two weeks in the refrigerator. The resulting juice must be mixed with water in equal proportions and the pepper seeds must be kept in it for 24 hours. The substances contained in the preparation stimulate the immune system of the plant, promote the emergence of strong, disease-resistant seedlings;
To obtain juice, it is recommended to use aloe leaves over 3 years old
- disinfection of seeds can be carried out in Fitosporin-M, 4 drops of which are added to half a liter of water and the seeds are soaked for 2 hours. During this time, pathogens of both fungal and bacterial infections will be destroyed.
Fitosporin is a biological product based on the natural culture of Bacillus subtilis, effective against a large number of fungal and bacterial diseases
Seeds are planted in the ground or sent for germination no later than a day after etching.
Hardening is a very beneficial procedure for the seeds of most vegetables, including peppers. The seed that has passed through it reacts more easily to temperature changes, adapts faster when planting. Hardening can be done in the following way:
- The seeds must be soaked in warm water until they swell.
- Then they are moved to a refrigerator with a temperature within + 1–2 degrees.
Hardening is the exposure of pepper seeds to stress temperatures
- The seeds are put back in a warm room (+ 20-24 degrees).
The second and third stages are repeated twice with alternating 12-hour exposure in cold and warmth. After the next overexposure in the refrigerator, the seeds are planted in warm and moist soil.
Growth stimulants and trace elements for soaking pepper seeds
Growth stimulants act on pepper seeds in a complex way:
- accelerate germination;
- increase immunity and resistance to disease;
- protect from adverse weather factors.
Their effect on plants during pre-sowing treatment is recognized as more effective than direct application to the soil.
What can you soak pepper seeds in?
Melted water is best for soaking the seeds. In its absence, it is recommended to use purified water without gas from the retail network or settled tap water. It is useful to add biologically active substances to it, a special place among which is taken by ready-made products:
- Epin. This substance is produced from plant components. The drug stimulates the growth and development of dormant cells, increases the reserve forces of culture and its resistance to adverse external influences. To soak the seeds, five drops of Epin are diluted in fifty milliliters of pre-boiled and cooled water to room temperature;
- Zircon. The drug is made on the basis of zirconic acid, which is rich in echinacea purpurea. It accelerates the process of root formation, stimulates the active growth of seedlings. 5 drops of Zircon are added per liter of water and the seeds are immersed in the solution for 6-8 hours.
Plant growth stimulants are organic preparations containing biologically active substances: vitamins, acids, proteins, amino acids, trace elements, peptides, hormone precursors, polysaccharides
For supporters of the use of folk remedies, the following recipes can be recommended:
- ash solution. For its preparation, take 2 tbsp. tablespoons of ash, pour 1 liter of water. After two days, the solution is filtered and pepper seeds are soaked in it. The holding time of the planting material in the ash infusion should be 3–6 hours;
Ash is a natural gift to summer residents as an alternative to industrial mineral fertilizers
- honey infusion. The substances contained in this infusion contribute to the active growth of the culture, strengthen the plant's immune system. Add 1 teaspoon of honey to 250 g of water, stir until dissolved and place pepper seeds in the resulting solution for 6 hours;
The honey solution is prepared in a volume sufficient to completely cover the seeds.
- succinic acid solution. Treatment of planting material with this stimulant increases their resistance to cold, drought and disease resistance. To prepare the solution, you can use succinic acid tablets from the pharmacy network, as well as a drug sold in specialized gardening stores. The solution is prepared as follows: 0.5 g of succinic acid is dissolved in a small amount of water, and then the volume is brought to 1 liter. It is recommended to keep pepper seeds in solution for 24 hours, and then dry and sow in a prepared substrate;
Soaking pepper seeds in a solution of succinic acid increases the energy of germination and germination of seeds, helps to increase the yield and sugar content of fruits
- boric acid solution. Soaking seeds in a boric acid solution prepared at the rate of 0.2 g of the drug per 1 liter of water has a positive effect on seed germination. Boric acid can be added to the manganese solution when disinfecting seeds or combined with ash infusion when soaking;
Pepper seeds are soaked in boric acid solution for 12 hours
- mushroom infusion. For its preparation, dried mushrooms are used, since they contain the maximum amount of trace elements necessary for pepper seeds. Pour boiling water over one tablespoon of ground dried mushrooms and cool. Pepper seeds in a gauze bag are dipped in a cooled infusion and left in it for 6 hours;
Mushrooms contain all the trace elements necessary for the future plant
- potato juice. Raw peeled potatoes are frozen and then transferred to a warm place to thaw. Such potatoes will completely give up their juice, in which pepper seeds are soaked. The exposure time is 6–8 hours.
Potato juice enriches seeds with a complex of nutrients
Before treating the seeds with any of the above agents, it is recommended to soak them for 1-2 hours in purified water. After processing, the seed is washed and dried to a free-flowing state.
Video: soaking pepper seeds in growth stimulants
If the packaging of purchased pepper seeds indicates that they are treated with fungicides or growth stimulants, then they should not be soaked, and a minimum amount of water should be used during germination so as not to wash off the nutrient and protective layer.
The purpose of germinating pepper seeds is to germinate faster. In a liquid medium, a dense natural shell is easily softened and sprouts freely hatch through it. The germination procedure is completely standard:
- Disinfected seeds are spread between layers of suitable material: gauze, toilet paper, cotton pads, etc.
With the timely moistening of the seeds on a damp pad, the first shoots will appear in a few days
- The folded canvas is placed in a wide container.
- The fabric is moistened with warm water (about + 30-35 degrees).
- The container is placed in a dark, warm (+ 20-25 degrees) place.
- You can organize a greenhouse effect for soaked seeds by closing the container with a lid or placing it in a plastic bag. Every day, the covering material is lifted for ventilation, and the degree of moisture of the fabric is also controlled. It should not dry out, since even short-term drying can be detrimental to the seeds.
- Usually within 3-5 days the seeds peck and give the first seedlings. This time depends on the varietal characteristics and on the initial moisture content of the seeds. For domestic seed, this figure is 5-6%, for pepper seeds of foreign companies - 3.5-4%. At a given moisture content, the seeds are in a state of deep dormancy, all physiological and biochemical processes, including the respiration of the embryo of the seed, are practically suspended, therefore, most often imported seeds need more time to awaken. Immediately after the appearance of the white "beaks", pepper seeds can be planted in the ground.
Seeds that have hatched are ready for planting
Soaking pepper seeds for more than a week is not worth it, they can simply rot.
Focusing on the timing of pecking and emergence of seedlings, the date of the beginning of the pre-sowing treatment of pepper seeds is determined. If you agree to start work with the lunar calendar, then you should know that on an auspicious day you need to start pre-sowing processing of pepper seeds, because sowing is not the day the seed is planted in the ground, but the day when the seed gets into the environment that stimulates its awakening. And this is done not only by the earth, but also by the water.
Soaking and germination of seeds can be replaced by bubbling - treatment in water with a temperature of +20 degrees, saturated with air. The procedure speeds up the germination process, cleans the seed material from pathogenic bacteria. To carry out bubbling, you need an aquarium compressor and a high capacity, which is 2/3 filled with water:
- The jar is 2/3 filled with water and a spray bottle is immersed in it.
- Pepper seeds in gauze bags are immersed in water.
- The compressor should be running at a medium air flow rate.
Bubbling is mixing seeds for many hours in water enriched with air bubbles
- The processing time for pepper seeds is a day.
- After the procedure, it is recommended to dry the seeds slightly and then sow them into the ground.
Sparging can be combined with seed treatment with microelements and growth stimulants.
As you can see, there are many ways of pre-sowing seed preparation and recipes for soaking infusions. You should not apply everything at once: analyze, experiment, act consistently, carefully - and the result will not disappoint you!
How to process pepper seeds before planting seedlings?
To grow good pepper seedlings, you need to make a lot of effort, and therefore, you should first carry out a pre-sowing preparation of the planting material. The germination of seeds and the level of immunity of future shoots largely depend on how well it will be carried out. To avoid mistakes, you should study the basic rules for processing pepper seeds before sowing for seedlings.
Seed preparation is a vital procedure when growing all types of vegetables. It is almost impossible to get a good harvest without seed preparation. The seeds can be infected with some kind of fungal infection. And therefore, young plants, immediately after germination, are already sick and require treatment.
And in order to avoid this, you need to take a responsible approach to this, and spare no time for processing the seeds. But, calibration alone is not enough here. Seed preparation includes many stages, after passing which (or the most basic), we get a guarantee for the health of our seedlings.
Strong and healthy plant, grows well and is not afraid of diseases and pests. And if, nevertheless, this happens, then health will help us to easily cope with the trouble. Next, we will analyze everything point by point. Let's start?
Selection of potato tubers for planting
The safest option is to plant annual tubers that you have grown yourself on your site.
The selection of tubers must begin 3 weeks before the expected date.
Important! Small tubers, which are offered to novice gardeners in spontaneous markets, do not provide the required performance.The minimum planting potato size should be the same as an average chicken egg.
For planting it is worth choosing clean tubers, medium in size. If the seed is too small, then the harvest will be poor. On the contrary, if you plant too large potatoes, then the bush will be huge, and the tubers are small, due to lack of nutrition, since everything will go into greenery.
If there is no more than a week left before planting, then tubers with sprouts are selected that provide fast shoots.
How to properly soak seeds before planting
In order to achieve the maximum level of seed germination, it is necessary to carry out painstaking preparatory work before planting them. The list of works includes sorting seeds by size, preventive treatment with disinfectants and soaking. This will improve the quality of the seed and will contribute to a larger yield.
The process of soaking seeds in water or bio-solution allows them to germinate much earlier. This is necessary to preserve the planting material, as the seeds can be eaten or damaged by pests or will begin to rot due to a long stay in moist soil. And soaking allows the seeds to sprout not only quickly, but also in large quantities.
Preparing for seed soaking
The soaking of seeds must be carried out only after the obligatory disinfecting treatment and, preferably, before planting them in the soil.
It is necessary to prepare not only the seeds, but also a small piece of gauze, water and a container for it (for example, a saucer or a wide plate). Water must be necessarily purified, melted or bottled non-carbonated. It will be even better if the water comes from a spring or other natural source. Most gardeners and summer residents do not recommend using tap water for these purposes, although you can take it too.
Soaking is especially necessary for seeds with a compacted shell, which slows down the process of their germination, and for those containing a large amount of essential oils. Pumpkin, watermelon, sweet and hot peppers, zucchini, tomatoes and cucumbers, peas and beans have thick-shelled seeds. And the seeds of crops such as parsley, celery, dill, carrots and parsnips contain essential oils that interfere with rapid germination. These oils are washed out when soaked, and the sprouting process is accelerated.
Basic rules for soaking seeds
In the prepared dish, you need to put a damp piece of thin cloth or gauze, on which the prepared seeds are laid, and on top - a second layer of the same moistened cloth.
Heat the water to a temperature of about 35 degrees and pour it into a container with seeds in gauze. The water should be clear. If the liquid darkens or changes color, then you need to replace it.
The volume of water and seeds is the same for crops such as beans, peas, beets, dill, and parsley. But for seeds of pumpkin, watermelon, zucchini, cucumbers and tomatoes, the volume of water should not exceed 50% of the volume of planting material.
Soaked seeds are best kept in a dark room at a temperature of 21-25 degrees Celsius from two hours to two days, depending on the culture.
Since the seeds do not need air, you can still pack the container with the seeds in a polyethylene bag. Such a mini-greenhouse should be located in a warm, darkened room.
The duration of the stay of the seeds in the water should not exceed a certain time, as they may die. For example:
- For zucchini, cucumbers, watermelon, tomatoes and beets - 17-18 hours.
- For dill, parsley, carrots, onions - two days.
- For large seeds with a mealy structure - 2 to 4 hours.
Soaking seeds in bio-solution
Biological solutions that help seeds germinate faster can be purchased at specialty stores for gardeners and gardeners. Their assortment is very rich and varied.
Zircon - a biological product that contains chicoric acid and promotes rapid growth. The drug is considered one of the strongest stimulants, which helps the speedy growth and development of not only seedlings, but also the root part of young seedlings.
Epin - the drug is made on the basis of plants and helps to strengthen the immunity of plant crops, as well as their ability to adapt to adverse weather conditions (for example, a decrease in air temperature, lack of lighting). The process of adaptation of seedlings to new living conditions is almost painless.
Humate - an environmentally friendly preparation based on humic acid.
In addition to ready-made commercial preparations, you can soak seeds in self-prepared infusions. These biological solutions are prepared from different components depending on the culture. For example:
- for cabbage, radish, peas and beans - chamomile infusion.
- for tomatoes, cucumbers, onions, carrots, dill - valerian infusion.
- for spinach, beets, zucchini - mullein infusion.
For soaking the seeds, it is also recommended to take freshly squeezed aloe juice and ash infusion (based on wood ash).
How to soak for each crop
Soaking cucumber seeds
The first thing to do before soaking is thoroughly, for 1-2 hours, dry the seeds near a warm surface (for example, near a heater or central heating battery). The second step is sorting the seeds. It is necessary to discard all low-quality copies. And only the next step is soaking the seeds in a natural biological solution or in a biostimulator. During the time spent in a special solution (for cucumbers it is 12 hours), the planting material will not only swell or begin to germinate, but also undergo a disinfecting prophylactic treatment.
Experienced gardeners advise the same procedure to be carried out with seeds of some other vegetable crops: pumpkin, radish, watermelon, cabbage, zucchini and squash.
Soaking dill and parsley seeds
The planting material of these crops contains a large amount of essential oils, so the soaking procedure lasts for two days. The essential oil inhibits the seedling process and must be washed out. It is recommended to leave the seeds in thawed or spring water (or purified water) a few days before planting for at least 48 hours. After soaking, the seeds should be allowed time to dry. This process should take place in a dark room. If all stages of the procedure are performed correctly, then the planting material after drying will be crumbly.
April is considered a favorable time for sowing greens (dill and parsley). Together with them, you can prepare the seeds of vegetables such as parsnips, carrots and lettuce for planting in the same way.
Beet seed soaking
Beet seeds are recommended to be subjected to this preparatory procedure for planting about a couple of days earlier. The planting material must be sorted out, get rid of all damaged and low-quality seeds.
The process of swelling of beet seed material lasts for a day. The water for soaking should be between 20 and 25 degrees Celsius. You can take purified or settled water, as well as ordinary tap water. It is very important that in the first ten hours, every two hours, the water in the bowl with the soaked seeds is changed to fresh water.
The abundance of the crop depends on quality planting material and on the correct preparation of seeds for planting. If the soaking of seeds is carried out taking into account all the tips and recommendations, then high germination and a large yield will be guaranteed.
How and in what to soak seeds before sowing? What drugs should I use? (video)
How to prepare pepper seeds for sowing: methods and rules
As mentioned a little above, the preparatory process is extremely important for successful germination and growing plants. There are several effective and efficient ways. Let's consider them in more detail.
Important! When preparing seed, it is better not to use more than two methods, otherwise, instead of benefit, you can harm.
Hardening is a seed preparation process based on exposure to low temperatures. The method improves stress resistance, cold resistance, adaptability of seed and seedlings to environmental influences.
Hardening is especially recommended if you plan to grow sweet peppers in northern regions or in regions with unfavorable climatic conditions.
Important! Before hardening, it is recommended to soak the material for several hours in a growth stimulant solution (more on this below). The seeds should be moist, swollen, but not germinated!
You can harden the seed in the following way:
- Place the seeds in damp cloth bags or cheesecloth and then in a bag.
- Place them in the refrigerator overnight.
- Then take them out during the day and leave them in a room at room temperature.
- Changing the conditions (at night - cold, during the day - warm) should be about 4 days, and then you need to immediately sow them on seedlings without delay.
Important! When hardening, fabric bags or gauze must be regularly moistened, do not dry out.
Warming up - preparation, which implies a thermal effect on the planting material. It helps to eliminate pathogens that may be on the seed, and also awakens biological forces.
Such preparation is especially useful if the seed was independently harvested from bell peppers, and especially if the plants were previously susceptible to fungal diseases. But this preparation technique is not recommended for hybrid seeds, as well as when grown in southern regions.
Note! The method is considered controversial, and experienced gardeners disagree on the usefulness of the procedure. This is due to the fact that at elevated temperatures, the seeds may completely lose their germination.
Warming up pepper seeds can be done in several ways:
1) At the heating battery. It is recommended to carry out the manipulation about a month and a half before planting. In this case, it is necessary to place the seed in small cloth bags, and place the bags themselves in a room with a temperature of + 20-30 ° C (for example, near a battery!). You can put a bag on it or tie it (as in the photo below), or you can simply put cardboard on the battery and pour the planting material onto it.
Important! It is necessary to regularly turn and shake the bags. You also need to monitor the humidity, otherwise germination will decrease with excessive dryness.
2) In the sun. You can also carry out heating in a simple way - using the sun's rays. Just place the seeds on a cardboard box and place it on a sunny windowsill. It is required to stir them regularly. It is recommended to warm up in this way about 7 days before planting in the ground.
3) In a thermos. There is also a heating method with hot water. Place the seeds in a cloth bag and submerge it in water heated to 50 degrees. It is best to use a thermos for this. The recommended time the seeds are in hot water is five minutes. Then they should be removed from hot water and dried. After warming up, it is necessary to immediately immerse the planting material for a couple of minutes in cold water and dry it.
Video: heating seeds with hot water.
Disinfection (etching) helps to reduce the likelihood of developing diseases in seedlings, because the procedure eliminates pathogenic microflora and pathogens on the surface of the seeds... But when carrying out such preparation, it is important to observe the recommended proportions in the preparation of solutions and observe the recommended etching time.
Note! After soaking the seeds in any of the solutions, it is imperative to rinse them with clean water after the procedure.
Popular ways to disinfect pepper seeds before sowing:
1) Etching with hydrogen peroxide:
- You will need a 3% hydrogen peroxide solution and a small, clean container.
- Submerge the seeds in a container, add peroxide and let sit for 20 minutes.
- When the allotted time has passed, rinse and dry them.
By the way! But this method also has opponents who claim that the method is ineffective.
2) Disinfection with potassium permanganate (potassium permanganate).
- First of all, you need to prepare a dark pink solution of potassium permanganate.
- Then you need to standardly place the seeds in a cloth bag or wrap them in several layers in cloth or gauze.
- Immerse the seed in the solution for about twenty minutes.
- After the time has elapsed, rinse the seeds in clean water at room temperature and dry.
Important! Despite the popularity and prevalence of the method, many experienced gardeners and garden bloggers believe that the technology for disinfecting seeds in potassium permanganate is ineffective!
3) Etching with Fitosporin-M.
To prepare a solution for disinfection, you need to mix 1.5 grams of Fitosporin and 150 ml of water 1-2 two hours before the procedure (one teaspoon contains 3 grams of the drug, therefore, you need to use half a teaspoon). You need to soak for one to two hours.
Many experts believe that this solution is more suitable for populating the soil with antagonistic soil microflora, so you can fill the soil with the solution when sowing.
Important! Regarding the disinfection of seed in Fitosporin solution, most experienced gardeners and video bloggers agree - method is effective!
4) Soaking in chlorhexidine.
To process the seed, you need to put the seeds in a small container (you can put it in a bag or gauze, or you can just pour it in). And then pour 0.05% chlorhexidine (no need to dilute with water!). You need to soak for 30 minutes, and then, of course, rinse.
By the way! Chlorhexidine is considered to be very effective in disinfecting inoculum.
5) Processing in a solution of brilliant green ("Brilliant green").
To prepare the solution, it is necessary to dilute 1 milliliter of the substance in 100 milliliters of water, you should get a dark green liquid. And then leave the seed for half an hour and then rinse.
This method of pre-sowing treatment is more effective than soaking in potassium permanganate and hydrogen peroxide.
7) Treatment with aloe solution.
The method is ideal for adherents of everything natural and organic. It is necessary to dilute 50 milliliters in 50 milliliters of water. To get the juice of the plant, you can squeeze it out with a garlic press. You need to withstand half an hour.
8) In a garlic solution.
Like the previous method, this technology is ideal for lovers of everything natural. It is necessary to chop three cloves of garlic, pour in 100 milliliters of water. For greater efficiency, the solution should be insisted for a day, and then the material should be soaked for half an hour.
Bubbling is air-assisted treatment. The processing method removes essential oils from the seed, which slow down germination. If we talk about this in more detail, it is worth noting that all seeds have essential oils that increase their vitality, but at the same time they protect against germination. In general, bubbling helps the seed germinate faster.
What is needed for bubbling? Capacity, water, bubbler (if you do not have such an apparatus, you can use an aquarium compressor).
Sparging of bell pepper seeds before sowing is carried out according to the following scheme:
- Place the seed in cloth bags.
- Pour water into a container, the optimal temperature of the liquid is about +20 degrees, but t should not be less.
- Immerse the hose of the compressor or bubbler on the bottom of the container, turn on the device.
- Immerse the bags with seed there, leave in water for processing for a day.
- After the time has elapsed, remove them and dry them.
Advice! For maximum effectiveness of the procedure, it is recommended to add a growth stimulator solution to the water.
Germination is the process of immersing the seed in a moist environment until seedlings appear. This treatment helps to prepare the seeds for planting and to identify viable specimens.
The germination test is especially relevant if you doubt the quality of the seed. After the procedure, you will be able to sow exactly those seeds that have sprouted, and the non-germinated ones can be discarded.
Important! Germination must be carried out immediately before planting seedlings.
The following step-by-step photo instruction will help to germinate sweet pepper seeds according to the correct scheme:
- Prepare cheesecloth, rolled with several layers, or better cotton fabric (the seed can grow into the gauze). Place in a shallow bowl.
- Moisten the gauze or cloth with clean, settled water.
- Spread the seeds over a damp cloth.
- After that, cover the seed on top with another piece of cloth or gauze.
- Place the bowl of seeds in a plastic bag and store in a dark, warm place (should be about 20 degrees Celsius).
- Check the seed every day and moisten a cloth or gauze if necessary.
You can also sprout seeds on cotton pads.... The technology is the same - put the material on a damp disc, moisten, cover with another disc on top, cover with a bag.
In a few days, the first shoots should hatch, which means that you can sow them into the ground.
Note! The cloth, gauze or cotton pad must be moistened regularly, it must not be allowed to dry out.
Video: checking seeds for germination and germination option.
Soaking in growth stimulants
Soaking in special solutions helps sweet pepper seeds to receive useful substances, awakens their biological forces, increases germination, strengthens immunity, increases resistance to diseases and external factors.
Note! It is necessary to soak the seeds in a solution of a growth stimulant after disinfection.
For convenience, it is recommended to place the planting material in a cloth bag or gauze, and then immerse it in the solution. But you can just pour them into some container, and then filter through a cloth.
Important! You need to prepare solutions according to the instructions for the preparation! You need to use any solution immediately after preparation!
What to soak sweet pepper seeds before sowing for seedlings for faster and better germination? Consider the most effective drugs:
As you can see, the instructions for the Epin-Extra preparation on the reverse side indicate that you need to dilute 0.05 ml (two drops) in 100 ml of water. Soak seeds for 2-4 hours.
To prepare the solution, mix 0.025 ml (one drop) and 100 ml of water. Soaking time is 2-4 hours.
3) Wood ash.
For the solution, mix a tablespoon of ash with 0.5 liters of water, leave for 2 days to infuse the mixture. Stir well before use, then be sure to immerse the planting material in a cloth bag and soak for 3-6 hours.
To prepare a honey solution, you need to mix a teaspoon of the substance with a glass of boiled clean water cooled to room temperature. The recommended soaking time is 5 hours.
It is necessary to pre-prepare the leaves of the plant - wrap the aloe leaves in paper and keep for 10 days in a dark place in the refrigerator to activate biologically forces. Then mix with clean water in a 1: 1 ratio, leave the seed for a day.
Video: biological products for soaking seeds.
Important! Soaking is carried out immediately before sowing in the ground.
Video: three ways to soak seeds.
It is enough to spend a little time, and your efforts will turn into good, strong, viable sweet pepper seedlings for you. There are many preparation methods, so you can choose the most optimal and convenient one for you.
Inhibiting substances help to increase the shelf life without loss of useful properties, and their destruction leads to rapid germination. If you do not soak the carrot seeds in vodka or warm water, the first shoots will appear a month after sowing. Seed treatment is required not only for rapid germination, but also to increase the quality of the young crop.
Soaking is not easy. Before growing seeds, special preparation is required: first, they are disinfected.
For the procedure, a number of instruments and necessary substances are prepared:
- bowls (or deep bowls)
- water (melt or purified)
- piece of gauze
Do not use tap water: the chlorine contained in it affects the quality of germination, negatively affects seeds and seedlings.
What to soak tomato seeds before planting - available composition
Based on recent experiments, we recommend the following composition for soaking tomato seeds (per 500 ml of water):
- 0.5 tab. nicotinic acid (50 mg),
- 0.25 tab. ascorbic acid (50 mg),
- 0.5 tab. glycine,
- 0.5 tab. succinic acid.
This solution can be used to germinate tomato seeds.
How it works (can be increased):
You can find recommendations for the work of this composition in the video below.
Video: alarm clock for seeds, increases germination and speeds up awakening
Let your tomato seedlings grow strong, fertile and disease resistant! What seed treatment methods do you use?