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Almond Winter Care – What To Do With Almonds In Winter

Almond Winter Care – What To Do With Almonds In Winter


By: Darcy Larum, Landscape Designer

With the rising popularity of homesteading, home landscapes now incorporate trees and shrubs that can pull double duty. Functionality has become just as important as beauty in our garden spaces. With blooms as early as January in mild climates, almond trees are making their way into the landscape more often as reliable double duty plants, providing homeowners with early spring blooms, healthy nuts, and an attractive landscape plant. Read on for tips on what to do with almonds in the winter.

Almond Winter Care

Closely related to peaches and other stone fruit trees in the Prunus species, almond trees are hardy in U.S. hardiness zones 5-9. In the cooler regions of their range, however, the early spring blooms of almond trees may be susceptible to bud damage or loss from late winter frost. In these locations, it’s recommended that you use later blooming varieties of almond to avoid frost damage. In warmer regions where almonds are grown, they may only have a short, semi-dormant period in which almond winter care chores should be done.

Pruning and shaping is generally done to almond trees in winter between December and January. Many almond growers prefer to grow almond trees in a very specific, open, vase-like shape. This shaping/pruning is done during almond’s winter dormancy, starting the first growing season.

Three to four main branches, which spread up and outward, are selected to grow as the first scaffold branches, and all other branches are pruned out. The following year, certain branches growing out from the first scaffold branches will be selected to grow into secondary scaffolding branches. This form of selection pruning is maintained year after year, always keeping the center of the tree open to air flow and sunlight.

What to Do With Almonds in Winter

Yearly maintenance should be done in late autumn or winter to trim out dead or damaged wood, and clear away garden debris and weeds. Leaves, nuts, and weeds left around the base of almond trees can harbor pests and disease, and also provide winter nests for small mammals which may chew on tree trunks or roots.

Disease pathogens will oftentimes overwinter in dropped almond foliage and twigs which are left on the ground through winter, while borers and worms find perfect winter hideouts in fallen fruit and nuts. If left there over winter, the rapidly increasing temperatures of spring may lead to a sudden infestation of pests or disease.

Almond trees are susceptible to a number of pests and diseases. Many of these problems can be avoided by implementing the spraying of horticultural dormant sprays into your almond winter care regiment. Preventative fungicides can be sprayed from autumn to early spring, depending on your region. Early spring applications are best for cooler climates with killing frosts.

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Can you grow an almond tree in Canada?

Planting

  1. Space your almond trees 15' to 20' apart.
  2. Dig a hole wide and deep enough to accommodate the root system.
  3. Wet the roots thoroughly before planting.
  4. Many nut trees have just one main root, almost like a giant skinny carrot.
  5. Spread the roots out in the hole to prevent matting.

One may also ask, how fast do almond trees grow? Healthy almond trees will grow 8 to 15 inches each year. Almond trees that produce less than 8 inches of growth in one year benefit from 1/2 to 1 pound of actual nitrogen split between a spring and summer application.

Also to know is, where do almond trees grow best?

Outside US, the perfect climate for growing almond trees is the one found in Mediterranean countries (Italy, Spain, Morocco, Greece and Tunisia). However, almond trees are also grown with great success in Syria, Iran and Australia.


Symbolism Of The Almond Tree

Ecclesiastes 12:5

❝And the almond tree blossoms❞ Ecclesiastes 12:5

by Yoni Schwartzman

The Jewish holiday of Tu B’shvat is celebrated this week in Israel. While it is a festival that commemorates the new season’s flowers on all of the Holy Land’s fruit trees, the almond tree is particularly showcased on Tu B’shvat and is at the center of the festivities a line from a popular children’s Tu B’shvat song even translates to “the almond tree blossoms and the golden sun shines.”

This may leave one wondering: Why is there such a focus specifically on Almond Trees?

a field of Almond Trees blooming during the time of Tu B’shvat

One reason is derived from the Hebrew name of the tree itself, shaked: it is the first of Israel’s fruit trees to put forth flowers after winter’s cold rains. Shaked also means watchful which is why the tree is a symbol of God’s protective, watchful eye on the State of Israel and her people as well as the almond tree’s watchful anticipation of Spring. For many, the almond trees’ beautiful first flowers signify hope and resilience.

In research conducted by experts at Neot Kedumim, the Biblical Landscape Reserve just outside of the city of Modi’in, the Bible’s description of the golden menorah (Exodus 25:31-39), the candelabra used in the Temple, incorporates botanical imagery of the almond tree. It is a symbol of hope, light, and resilience, an inspiring story of hope that beauty will return even out of the harshest times.

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