Anthurium has about eight hundred different species in its friendly family, which are not inferior to each other in extraordinary beauty and high decorativeness. The main features of this culture are white, pink, greenish, red and orange flowers, as well as light or dark green leaves. Many have the opinion that anthurium belongs to capricious cultures. In fact, with all the necessary growing conditions, you can enjoy unique flowering throughout the twelve months. The main thing is to follow several important rules:
- Maintain high humidity in the room;
- Protect the plant from drafts;
- Observe the temperature requirements of the flower;
- Timely (once every 3 years) to carry out a transplant.
When to transplant anthurium
It is better to replant the grown plant in the warm season - in spring or summer. An exception is a purchased plant. It is recommended to transplant it immediately after purchase, preferably within the next 3-4 days. This is necessary to inspect the condition of the root system of the anthurium, as well as to transfer it to a more suitable flower pot.
Important reasons for transplanting a houseplant are:
- The root part has grown so that the soil is not visible in the pot, and roots peep out of the drainage holes;
- A white (or rusty) coating appeared on the surface of the substrate in a pot with anthurium, which indicates depleted soil.
It is recommended to replant young crops under the age of four and replace the soil mixture once a year. Houseplants older in age undergo this procedure less often - once every 3 years.
Anthurium transplant at home
Choosing a flower container
Anthurium prefers free space, so the pot must be deep and wide. The material from which the pot is made can be different. For example, glass, plastic, natural clay. When buying a clay pot, it is recommended to purchase a vessel glazed on both sides, since the roots of anthurium can grow into clay without glaze.
Land for transplant
Experienced florists recommend taking one of the proposed soil mixture options for growing anthurium:
- Soil substrate for planting and growing orchids. Its composition: sphagnum moss, expanded clay, charcoal, crushed tree bark.
- A soil mixture from forest and sod land, as well as marsh moss.
- The substrate for epiphytes, to which anthurium belongs, consists of leafy soil, coniferous soil, peat (one part of each component), coarse river sand (half a part) and a small amount of charcoal and crushed bark of coniferous trees.
Anthurium transplant after purchase
First, you need to prepare a new flower container for transplanting, pouring about a quarter of the volume of the drainage layer into it. Anthurium, before removing from the old pot, must be watered abundantly, then it will be pulled out of the container more easily and without damage. Holding on to the lower part, the plant is carefully removed from the pot and the condition of the root part is carefully examined. If necessary, the damaged or unhealthy parts of the roots are removed, after which they are treated with any disinfecting agent (for example, "Fitolavin"). After processing, the anthurium is placed in a new pot and the substrate is carefully poured around the flower, lightly tamping the soil. It is recommended to fill the flower container, not reaching its edge 2-3 centimeters. In this way, a purchased plant is transplanted.
A transplant for the purpose of replacing the soil is carried out in the same way, only it is important to remove all the old soil from the root part. It will easily move away if the roots are briefly lowered into the water with the earth.
Transplanting anthurium during flowering
Usually, flower growers do not recommend replanting plants during the flowering period due to possible stress and shedding of flowers, but this recommendation does not apply to anthurium. Blooming anthurium can be transplanted without negative consequences for it. In the process of transplanting, the most important thing is not to harm the integrity of the root part of the flower, since they have a fragile structure.
Division of anthurium during transplantation
During transplantation, you can take the opportunity and divide the bush for further reproduction. Indoor cultures over the age of 3 years are suitable for this procedure. The most favorable time for breeding is January-February. During these months, anthurium leaves are shed.
The plant must be removed from an old flower pot and carefully divided into several parts. The root part can be cut with a knife. Each division should have approximately the same number of leaves and growth buds. Places of cuts on the roots should be sprinkled with charcoal powder, after which they are immediately planted in small pots with a drainage layer. After the substrate is compacted in the pot, the delenki are watered.
Anthurium care after transplant
It is necessary to water the culture in the first 2-3 weeks in minimal volumes so that the roots have time to get stronger and not rot. It is not recommended to apply fertilizers in the next 15-20 days. The place where the anthurium is grown should not be in direct sunlight. Spraying should be done regularly once a day. The temperature in the room with anthurium is 20-22 degrees Celsius. Tall plants will need a support tie.
Anthurium Transplant - Flower Shop
Anthurium: home transplant
They say that this flower helps to solve many men's problems from restoring health to getting rid of bad habits. It is advisable for women to keep him in the house in order to find their soul mate. And it is also presented to a young couple at a wedding, wishing love and understanding. This is what he is, anthurium, giving joy and positive emotions. It is also a bright and spectacular flower with juicy green leaves and original inflorescences of different shades from pink to black. Do you already have such a plant or are you just going to buy it? Then we will tell you about transplanting anthurium at home.
Anthurium benefits and harms for the home. Anthurium - what does this flower mean? The magical properties of anthurium
Anthurium is the personification of courage, originality, passion. A bouquet of these flowers will be a worthy gift for your beloved man.
Anthurium is popularly called the "flamingo flower" for the habitually pink color of the bedspread.
Magic and benefits
Anthurium is the personification of courage, originality, passion ... Anthurium is considered a predominantly male flower. A bouquet with anthuriums will be a worthy gift for a man. An independent, stylish, extravagant woman will also be happy with such a gift.
According to the zodiac sign, anthurium is Leo. Like most plants of this sign, it stimulates creative energy and brings happiness in love. "Flowers of love" are especially useful for people born under the sign of Leo. For them, anthurium is a patron flower.
There is an opinion that anthurium in the house creates positive energy and even has a psychological effect on people. With its bright and complete appearance, anthurium affects timid people who would rather step aside than demonstrate their skills, giving them self-confidence. Anthurium will help people who are too busy with thoughts to finally hear their feelings. It has a positive effect on those in whom reason prevails over feelings. Anthurium redistributes energy well in the room.
By the way, anthurium has a beneficial effect on our mood, promotes rapid recovery of strength, relieves fatigue well and invigorates.
In addition, anthurium increases the humidity in the room, saturating it with purified water vapor. It assimilates xylene and toluene, the source of which are modern building materials, and processes them into compounds that are harmless to humans.
Volatile secretions of the plant suppress the development of staphylococcus, streptococcus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa.
Legends and myths about anthurium
Legend has it that a young beauty turned into an anthurium flower. It was in those days when people lived in tribes and ruled by a cruel and bloodthirsty leader. He decided to marry a beautiful girl who lived in a neighboring tribe. However, she did not like the cruel ruler, and she refused him. The leader attacked the village in which the girl lived, and by force brought her to him. A festive bonfire was lit on the wedding day. The young beauty could not imagine life without her relatives, with a cruel leader. In a red wedding dress, she threw herself into the fire. But the gods had mercy on her, and before she had time to fall into the fire, she turned into a red anthurium flower.
And in the tropical regions of Colombia, locals believe that the red anthurium flower brings happiness and prosperity to the family. A married couple, just married, decorates their home with anthurium inflorescences. Bouquets of them should stand during the entire first month of the newlyweds' life together.
Features of the acquisition
Anthurium is a wonderful plant ... You cannot replace it with another - a very luxurious and unusual flower. It's worth the effort to grow it at home, but it's worth it.
If you decide to grow anthurium at home, take care to choose the right place for it. Anthurium prefers bright diffused
light or partial shade. In winter, anthurium especially needs light to ensure further flowering.
Anthuriums can be purchased at specialized stores and centers, which can provide assurance that the plant is grown in a greenhouse, where it has been prepared for subsequent maintenance in harsher conditions. Alternatively, anthurium can be purchased directly from the collector's home.
Anthuriums are recommended to buy from late spring to mid-autumn. At this time, all indoor plants experience a surge of strength, which will allow them to quickly and painlessly adapt to new living conditions. In spring, rooting and root formation are more active than at other times of the year. What you should pay attention to:
In a healthy plant, all parts should be developed harmoniously and proportionally.
The pot in which the plant is sold must be of a suitable size: a pot that is too small makes it difficult to water and feed.
Pick up the pot and look at it from below. If a lot of roots come out of the holes, the plant will soon require a transplant.
Examine the young leaves and the underside of several of the larger leaves for the most common pests found there.
If the plant is in a protective sleeve, do not purchase it without taking it out for inspection. Protective sleeves can hide rot, disease, pests, and a thin or irregular silhouette.
The soil must be moist: anthuriums tolerate excess water in the ground as poorly as its lack. If the soil is moist, but the leaves of the plant are drooping, it is possible that the roots have rotted from excess moisture. The fact that the soil is too dry may be indicated by the gap between the walls of the pot and the earthen lump.
When buying a blooming anthurium, make sure that there are still many unblown buds on it, otherwise its beauty will be short-lived.
When buying anthurium and some other plants of the aroid family, pay attention to the leaves. If they have gray or black spots, do not buy such a plant.
Anthurium care at home
As soil for anthurium, a mixture of fibrous heather earth, humus from bark, high peat and coarse sand is suitable. Anthurium should be fed from April to September every 3 weeks with liquid organic fertilizer.
Anthurium loves humid air, so the humidity in the room should be at least 60%. To make your anthurium feel good, spray the leaves in the morning and evening, but do not wet the cover of the inflorescence, otherwise it becomes stained and quickly falls off. Watering anthurium is necessary every 3-4 days if the temperature is above 20 ° C, and in winter, watering once a week is enough. From time to time, it is useful to immerse a pot of anthurium in water, dig it into wet peat or put it on a stand in the water.
Anthurium is transplanted every year, in the spring. When the base of the plant is 25 cm wider, repot the anthurium every 2 years. Anthurium multiplies by dividing the bush. If you propagate the plant with seeds, then anthurium seeds sown at 25 ° C will germinate in a few months.
Anthurium grows well on hydroponic crops.
When choosing a place for anthurium, remember that the plant is afraid of drafts.
Brown tips of anthurium leaves indicate too dry air or too hard water.
Weakened anthurium plants in winter are often attacked by spider mites.
Be careful when feeding, anthurium sometimes reacts painfully to chemicals.
When transplanting anthurium, there should be a lot of peat in the new soil; the land can also be enriched with sphagnum.
When watering, make sure that the water does not stagnate at the root level.
Anthurium loves an acidic environment, so a softener can be added to the water for irrigation.
Anthuriums are poisonous, so plant the plant so it won't harm children and pets.
Acquired anthuriums must be freed from the substrate in which the plant was sold, since it has certain watering characteristics that are difficult to adjust when grown indoors.
Usually, anthuriums get sick a little and are not very susceptible to pests. In industrial culture, they are targets for attack by scale insects, scale insects, ticks and aphids.
Of the diseases, the most common are root and stem rot, caused by waterlogging of the substrate and low temperatures, as well as anthracnose. With anthracnose, the leaf blades begin to dry out from the edges and, with severe damage, the plants are depleted and die off.
In indoor plant growing, anthurium is called "male happiness". It is believed that if an unmarried woman gets herself such a flower, she will soon have a meeting with her betrothed. It is also believed that anthurium is able to help men with sexual problems.
Another name for the flower is "family happiness". In families where anthurium appears, mutual understanding and harmony will reign. You can pair it with a plant called "female happiness", spathiphyllum.
The main types of anthurium - name with photo
If the total number of anthurium species is more than 900, then only 50 of them are found on store shelves or window sills. The rest are grown for greenhouses or for decorating gazebos. However, even with its small beautiful part, anthurium can overshadow a rose or even an orchid in a bouquet.
This flower in the foreground is a representative of the most popular type of blooming anthurium - Schercera.
One of the most unpretentious red flowers of anthurium - Scherzer. Home care for this plant is simple. Compact, picky, the ear retains its strength for a long time. The leaves are dark green and have a peculiar shine. The peculiarity of the bud is that the inflorescence has a curved shape.
Scherzer: buds Scherzer: flower
A perennial, a larger species, can grow up to one meter at home. The homeland of this flower is the tropics of Ecuador and Colombia. Flowers can be very diverse: from purple to orange, with or without specks.
Perennial, larger species, home care for Andre's anthurium is complicated by the fact that sometimes the plant can grow up to one meter.The homeland of this flower is the tropics of Ecuador and Colombia. Flowers can be very diverse: from purple to orange, with or without specks.
A specific plant with a bright scarlet inflorescence. Looks especially impressive in the tropics of Guatemala. It is unpretentious in home care, however, it has few decorative advantages. Leaves are modest, thin. After the inflorescence, bright red berries appear.
In the tropics Room option
An exotic plant of the Antilles is not often found in the perimeter of ordinary apartments. However, a guest from the tropics is considered one of the most unpretentious anthuriums. It perfectly tolerates dry air, moisturizes and cleanses it itself thanks to its massive greenery.
A massive plant can grow to a huge bush in a couple of years. Whether it is worth growing it at home is an ambiguous question. The plant is most suitable for greenhouses.
But this ephipite is worth considering for a home flower garden. If only because the leaves of crystal anthurium will decorate any apartment, and it will cope with the task of filtering the air no worse than other representatives of this type of plants.
The decorative variety is small in size. Leaves are no longer than 20 centimeters. The lines are clearly drawn. The inflorescences have an interesting aroma.
Anthurium white "Women's happiness"
The name unites several plant varieties at once, similar, first of all, in color: Acropolis, Champion, Marasol. Plants differ in the shape of the buds and the shade of the inflorescences.
"Women's happiness" is a perennial species, the first flowers appear after six months of the "life" of the plant. Many beliefs are associated with the flower, the main of which is that the flower should be given to those who cannot get married or do not have a betrothed. It is impossible to redistribute it, if the flower does not take root, it means that the lady is destined to remain lonely. Believe - believe, and the flower is really beautiful and delicate.
Tips for the florist: how to care for the flower "Women's happiness" or spathiphyllum. In a special publication of our portal, we will tell you in detail about this unusual flower, what species it is, what myths and superstitions it has grown, how to properly cultivate, reproduce, feed and prune.
Anthurium "Pink Flamingo"
One of the most delicate and beautiful perennial anthurium varieties. There are many variations here - the color can either shimmer from green to pink, or be monochromatic.
He is quite demanding in care, but be sure - he will answer for your work with abundant flowering and an unusual shade of pink tones. Such a flower is a great gift for those who adore everything "cute". The flower is actually surprisingly bright and a little puppet. From a distance it seems that the plant is made of dense plastic, its color is so even and rich, and the leaves are dense and glossy.
Another representative of an unusual color anthurium. In Russia, it is sometimes called tulip, for its unusual rich color and similar buds. The flower is quite compact and interesting. The flowering period lasts about three months.
Anthurium "Black Prince"
The flower is a chameleon. The color of the whole flower is green before the start of rich growth. As the "mass" gains and closer to the flowering period, the bracts begins to darken. Looks very impressive against the background of a light inflorescence.
Anthurium black in the tropics
"Black Prince" - room option
However, not all growers "accepted" this plant. Its color is too unusual. Such a plant is unlikely to be a gift, only if it is a mother-in-law for a birthday or as an attribute of a gothic photo shoot.
Anthurium in blue is the merit of the breeders. The flower was bred using special tinting agents. The rest of the flower is not much different from its counterparts. The ultramarine range is perfect for a masculine bouquet.
Yellow anthurium "Princess Alexia"
One of three varieties of a milky yellow flower. Along with "Yellow Picasso" and "Vanilla", which have the same color, it is considered a classic in the design of the home interior.
The plant blooms very well. A bush planting will provide even and pleasantly lemon-like thickets. The varieties we talked about are successfully grown at home. However, for a good result, the right conditions for the growth and development of the plant are very important.
Anthurium is gaining buds constantly, but they do not open and the tips of the leaves turn black, what should I do to admire the anthurium in bloom?
Anthurium is very demanding for proper watering and high humidity. He does not tolerate both overdrying of an earthen coma and excessive waterlogging of the soil - stagnant water causes rotting of the roots and spots on the leaves. Do not water anthurium with lime and cold water - only soft, slightly warm water (heated to 22 degrees in summer and 18 degrees in winter) is used for watering and spraying. To maintain high air humidity in the spring and summer, spray the anthurium 2-3 times a day (rarely spray it in autumn and winter) with the smallest sprayer by the evening the leaves of the anthurium should dry out. Cover buds and flowers when spraying to avoid stains. Increased air humidity will help maintain a container with constantly evaporating water next to the pot; periodic use of an electric humidifier is ideal for caring for anthurium. A large number of aerial roots are formed on the stem of the anthurium, which must be wrapped in moss, fixing it (with a washcloth or cotton thread), the moss is also moistened when spraying anthurium.
Anthuriums love light, but cannot tolerate direct sunlight. From March to September, apply flower fertilizer in half concentration 1-2 times a month, alternating with a weak mullein solution. Some anthuriums have a dormant period from September, which lasts until February - provide moderate watering and a temperature of about 18 degrees. Anthurium is transplanted in the spring (usually every 2 years), when the ground is fully rooted. Florists prepare the substrate for anthurium from mixtures (optional):
- peat, turf, chopped moss, sand (4: 2: 1: 1)
- peat, leafy soil and sand (1: 1: 0.5)
- leafy, coniferous land, peat, sand (2: 2: 2: 1).
Pieces of deciduous tree bark, rot, charcoal, broken brick, sphagnum are added to the substrate. The pot should be wide and well drained.
The leaves that have lost their decorative effect are removed from the anthurium every 2-3 months, they carefully monitor whether pests have appeared. Be careful when working with anthurium: it contains substances that irritate the mucous membrane.
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Anthurium: home care - feeding and watering
Anthuriums are watered abundantly, but it is important not to flood the root system. By the next watering, the substrate should dry out to half the volume of the pot. Irrigation water is used standing for a day (or even better filtered), at room temperature.
Excess moisture from the pallet is drained immediately after watering. To stimulate abundant winter flowering, watering is reduced from September. At the same time, the air temperature is reduced to + 16-18 ° C.
Anthuriums are fertilized during the active growing season 1 time in 14-20 days. Due to the increased sensitivity of this tropican to an excess of lime and mineral salts, fertilizers are applied in half the dose recommended on the package.
As an organic fertilizer, the surface of the substrate is mulched with leaf humus or watered once a month with infusion of mullein or chicken droppings (1:10). During the flowering period, phosphorus-potassium fertilizers are applied for decorative flowering plants (Agricola series, Bona forte, Pokon, Baikal, etc.).
Planting Anthurium at home
Consider two ways to plant anthurium at home.
Planting anthurium seeds
To get Anthurium seeds at home, you need to make a lot of effort to pollinate the flower. Despite the fact that the flowers of the plant are bisexual, that is, they have both stamens and pistils at the same time, their ripening does not occur at the same time. As soon as the flower blooms, the first thing that ripens on it is the pistils - the female part of the flower, and only after three weeks the male parts - the stamens - begin to ripen. By the time the mature pollen is ready to dawn on the pistils, they have already completed their life cycle. Therefore, in order to obtain fruits, and from them - seeds, the flower must be helped. To do this, it is enough to wait for the abundant flowering of the plant, so that it has several inflorescences of different ages, and slowly, using a soft brush, transfer pollen from one inflorescence to another, repeating the procedure several times.
Fruit ripening is long and can take 10 months. The fruits, as well as flowers, are located close to each other and resemble an ear of corn. As they ripen, they seem to be squeezed out of the cob and can even hang out of it.
Ripe berries are crushed and the pulp is removed, the seeds are treated with a 0.2% foundationol or not a strong solution of potassium permanganate and immediately proceed to sowing, as they quickly lose their germination.
Anthurium is sown superficially, without sprinkling it on top with earth, slightly pressing them into the soil well-saturated with moisture. The soil is chosen loose and light; before sowing, you can slightly mulch the surface with perlite. Sowing can be carried out without the use of soil, sowing seeds on damp filter paper. The container is covered with glass from above. At a temperature of 22-25 ° C, seedlings appear in two weeks. The pick is carried out when the first true leaf appears on the plants.
Flowering of plants grown from seeds begins no earlier than 2-2.5 years for small varieties, and 4-5 years for large plants. Also, when propagating with the help of seeds, a plant can lose its varietal qualities or acquire new ones.
Planting anthurium with shoots
The most successful and not requiring so much time and labor is the vegetative method of reproduction of Anthurium. For this, both root shoots with an already developed root system and cuttings, which must first be rooted in perlite or sandy substrate, are well suited. To maintain high humidity, small greenhouses made of film or glass are used during rooting. After the root system has become sufficiently developed, the seedling is transplanted into a pot.
Diseases and pests
With improper care, anthurium often gets sick. The main ailments of the plant are as follows:
- Leaves turn yellow. Indicates root decay. The flower is removed from the pot, damaged areas are removed, the cut is sprinkled with crushed coal and transplanted into new soil.
- The tips of the leaves turn black. Excess calcium in top dressing. The composition of the applied fertilizer is being reviewed.
- Leaves curl. Due to direct sunlight, drafts or low light. The conditions of detention are being reviewed completely.
- The leaves are covered with brown spots. The flower was flooded. Reconsidering the irrigation regime.
Often the problem of the appearance of spots on the leaves is considered the attack of anthurium by pests. The most serious damage is caused by spider mites, scale insects and aphids. To combat them with severe infection, insecticidal preparations are used. And with a weak lesion, the leaves are wiped with a garlic soap solution.
Watch the video about the pests of Anthurium. How to deal with them:
Anthurium is a beautiful plant that looks great in any interior. Caring for it will not cause much difficulty if you provide it with bright diffused light, proper watering and timely feeding.