Clery - early strawberries from Italy: planting and care, pest control
Many people love strawberries for their pleasant taste and aroma. There are so many plant varieties that you can enjoy fresh berries from late May until autumn, combining varieties of different ripening periods in your garden. And you can start this feast with early Clery strawberries, which bear unusually sweet fruits.
Strawberry Clery history and description
Clery's strawberry appeared thanks to the efforts of Italian breeders in 1996. Clery's parents are Sweet Charlie and Onebor, and the breeding site is Mazzoni Group (Comachio). The selection was carried out in 1998, the variety was tested under the code A20-17.
The Clery variety is distinguished by a rather powerful bush and large berries.
Clery's strawberry grows in tall and powerful bushes. Large shiny leaves on long petioles are colored dark green. By the time of flowering, multiple thick peduncles are formed on the bush. Clery blooms magnificently, with large snow-white flowers with a bright yellow center, the height of the inflorescences does not exceed the height of the leaves.
Fruits are one-dimensional, large: average weight 30–40 g, in rare cases up to 50 g. Berries have the shape of a cone with a blunt end. Ripening fruits are red, at the stage of technical ripeness - dark cherry. The pulp is dense, without internal voids, with a strong strawberry aroma, very sweet.
Large conical berries of Clery strawberries weigh up to 40 g
This variety is suitable for both hobby and industrial cultivation. It can be cultivated both in open ground and in greenhouses.
Clery is a variety of early ripening, and a characteristic feature is the massive achievement of ripeness by berries. The whole period of harvesting ripe fruits takes 12-15 days. The yield of the variety is average - 0.25-0.3 kg per one bush or 290 centners / ha.
Plants are actively developing, during the season you can get 25-30 young rosettes from one mother bush, so there are no problems with obtaining planting material. Strawberries bloom in early May, easily tolerates small frosts.
Clery is planted for 4 years: during this period, the variety retains its characteristics. The maximum harvest occurs in the 3rd year. Then productivity begins to fall, and the berries become smaller.
Video: Clery strawberry harvest ripens
The main advantages of the variety:
- high resistance of berries to transportation and long shelf life (up to 5 days);
- versatility of using berries (for any culinary processing and freezing);
- dietetic nature of berries (can be used for diseases of the gastrointestinal tract and high acidity, since they do not contain acid);
- good winter hardiness and average drought resistance;
- undemanding to the composition of the soil;
- good resistance to diseases of the root system, medium - to brown and white spot.
The variety is not without its drawbacks:
- very weak harvest of the first year;
- the need for frequent transplants (every 4 years);
- poor resistance to anthracnose;
- a tendency to the rapid spread of diseases.
Further yields largely depend on correct planting.
First of all, you need to choose the seedlings correctly: the leaves should be brightly colored, not wrinkled (a sign of tick damage), without spots. The roots should be well developed, at least 7 cm in length, without dried out areas. It is advisable to purchase seedlings in containers. If you bought seedlings with open roots, you need to immediately dig them into moist soil.
Strawberry seedlings do not tolerate drying out of the roots, therefore, plants with an open root system should be planted as soon as possible, no later than 2 days after purchase.
Seedlings from containers take root better, because the roots are less damaged when planting
The optimal planting time for Clery strawberries is considered early spring, immediately after the snow melts. However, if desired, it can be planted in the second half of August - mid-September. Before planting in spring, the seedlings need to be hardened for 3-4 days at a temperature of 10 ° C.
Almost any soil will work for Clery strawberries, but medium loam is preferred. Too heavy or light soils require a lot of organic fertilization. Areas with a groundwater table close to the surface are not suitable for planting. To save yourself from stagnant moisture, you can plant strawberries in high beds. The reaction of the soil should be as neutral as possible.
The soil is neutral if nettles and shepherd's purse grow on it. If the area is overgrown with horsetail, wild mint, plantain or heather, then the soil is acidic. If poppy seeds and bindweed - alkaline.
Before planting strawberries, the soil must be thoroughly treated.
The plot should be flat or with a slight slope facing southwest. It is not worth planting on the southern slopes - the snow cover comes off early and the bushes can freeze.
It is advisable to plant strawberries after annual grasses, lupines, winter crops. Potatoes, tomatoes and cucumbers are not suitable as strawberry precursors, as they are prone to the same diseases.
The soil must be prepared in advance, 3-4 weeks before planting:
- Remove weeds.
- With increased acidity of the soil, add chalk or dolomite, with increased alkalinity - gypsum or peat.
- Dig up to the depth of the bayonet while simultaneously applying organic fertilizers (per square meter - 1.5–2 buckets of compost or rotted manure) with the addition of 2 tablespoons of Azofoska.
- Select all rhizomes, larvae, form a bed.
- Sprinkle a 2 cm layer of coarse sand over the surface of the bed (to combat slugs and centipedes).
Landing is carried out in the following sequence:
- Sort the seedlings, leaving only healthy and developed plants (at least 5 leaves). Trim roots that are too long to a length of 8–10 cm. Dip the roots in a potting soil.
- Treat the soil with copper sulfate (2 tablespoons per bucket of water, consumption 1.2-1.5 l / m2) for disinfection.
- Prepare holes of sufficient size for the root system at a distance of 30–35 cm from each other and pour half a cup of warm water into each.
- Place the seedlings in the holes, cover the roots with soil and compact with your hands. Under no circumstances cover the growth bud with earth.
- Water the plantings.
When planting seedlings, compact the soil around the bush properly.
Getting maximum yields depends on careful maintenance. The correct agricultural technique for strawberries is watering, weed control, top dressing, soil cultivation, protection from pests and diseases.
Watering the strawberries is the most important part of care. For the normal development of plants, it is necessary to ensure a constant moderate soil moisture.
Water for watering strawberries should be warm.
The greatest need for water occurs during flowering and setting, and then after picking berries. Usually, strawberries are moistened every two weeks from late May to mid-August (in hot weather - once a week), then the frequency of watering decreases. The Clery variety tolerates a short-term drought without negative consequences, but in order to obtain good yields, the water regime must be observed. The last watering is carried out in October for the purpose of moisture charging.
Strawberries can be sprinkled with a regular watering can
Before flowering and after harvest, the best way to water is by sprinkling (you can just use a watering can). The rest of the time, it is watered between the rows so that water does not fall on the berries.
After each watering, you need to remove weeds, loosen the soil between rows (depth 10-15 cm) and around bushes (2-3 cm), mulch the ground surface with straw or pine needles (to reduce evaporation and protect the berries from touching the soil).
For the winter, you need not only to cover the soil with mulch (straw, sawdust, agrofibre), but also to wrap the plants themselves - in harsh weather conditions. For covering, you can use a ready-made non-woven material.
Traditionally, the soil around the strawberry bushes is mulched with sawdust, straw or needles.
Do not forget to remove old mulch, covering material and debris from strawberry plantings in the spring, as well as remove dried leaves.
After removing the mulch in the spring, you need to wait for the growth of new leaves and cut off the old ones. During the summer, you need to regularly eliminate the excess mustache, which Clery forms too actively. If this is not done, the plantings will thicken, and the yield will drop sharply.
The size and sweetness of the berries are very dependent on the fertilizer. Clery is usually fed 4 times per season.
- The first time fertilization is applied in early spring. You can use a complex fertilizer or limit the introduction of organic matter - 3-4 kg of humus per 1 meter of a row.
- The second feeding is carried out when young leaves begin to grow: 0.5 l of urea solution is added under the root (1 tablespoon per bucket of water).
- The third time is fertilized before flowering: 2 tablespoons of Nitrofoski and 1 teaspoon of potassium sulfate in a bucket of water, add 0.5 liters under each bush.
- The fourth feeding is carried out after harvesting: 1 liter of solution from 2 tablespoons of Nitrofoska and a glass of wood ash.
In addition, during the season it is good to periodically water the plantings with an organic solution (for example, dry chicken droppings). Fertilizer is diluted with water in a ratio of 1:10 (1 part of chicken droppings and 10 parts of water), insisted for 2-3 days, then poured into the grooves under the bushes, trying not to get on the leaves. After feeding, it is necessary to water the plantings.
One of the best fertilizers for strawberries is chicken manure: it contains nitrogen, potassium, phosphorus and magnesium, which are necessary for the life of plants.
With the introduction of increased norms of nitrogen fertilizers, strawberry bushes actively grow to the detriment of yield.
Pest and disease control
Clery is not very susceptible to fungal infections. Anthracnose should be the main concern. From this disease, elongated, depressed spots of a red-brown color appear on the petioles and whiskers, which then turn into black ulcers. Brown depressions also appear on the berries. The diseased parts of the plant dry up, and the whole bush may die. If there are signs of a disease, you need to remove the affected leaves or even whole bushes, otherwise the disease will spread quickly. It is necessary to process the planting three times with a Bordeaux mixture or copper sulfate with lime (respectively 100 g and 130 g per 6 liters of water).
Berries affected by anthracnose are covered with depressed brown spots
Of the pests, the greatest damage to strawberries is caused by:
- strawberry mite,
- sometimes aphids and weevils.
A decoction of tansy helps well against sucking pests: boil 0.7 kg of dry raw materials in a bucket of water for 0.5 hours, after cooling, bring the volume to 10 liters and add 30–40 g of soap. You can use ready-made insecticides - Karbofos, Actellik.
Table: strawberry pests and control
Photo gallery: strawberry pests
Harvesting, storage and use
Clery strawberries begin to ripen in late May - early June. The berries ripen together, so that within two weeks you can harvest the entire crop completely. The collection is carried out in stages, as the fruits ripen. It is recommended to remove the berries in the morning after the dew has melted.
Do not pick strawberries in hot weather or rain - the shelf life will be reduced.
The berries are picked carefully, together with the stalk. Fold in small boxes or containers. Strawberries do not tolerate shifting, therefore, they should be collected immediately in the container in which they will be transported.
Keep the harvested crop in the refrigerator. Unlike other varieties that only last 2-3 days of storage, Clery berries can last 5-6 days.
Strawberry jam is considered to be one of the most delicious
If you are unable to eat fresh strawberries, you can freeze them or make jam, preserves, wine, punch or other delicacies. In addition, strawberries are used for cosmetic and medicinal purposes. A decoction of berries is recommended for hypertension. Various strawberry masks will help get rid of acne, wrinkles, freckles, and improve skin condition. Leaves (steamed or in the form of a decoction) are used for healing compresses, and are also part of the urinary and choleretic collections.
Reviews of gardeners about strawberry Clery
Although Clery's strawberries come from Italy, they do quite well in Russian conditions. Caring for it is required no more than for other varieties, and the harvests, albeit not too large, will delight you with large sweet berries. In addition to its great taste, strawberries have medicinal properties, and masks made from it magically transform the skin.
Hello! My name is Maria, 40 years old. My main job is teaching technical subjects.
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