Growing Chinese Schisandra
Read the previous part of the article: Schisandra chinensis - medicinal properties and recipes for blanks
Features of agricultural technology of Chinese magnolia vine
The very name of this plant already speaks about where it grows. Although lemongrass is found not only in China, but also in the Primorsky and Khabarovsk regions. It is a woody liana up to 14 m high, the shoots of which twine around the support clockwise.
The success of growing a lemongrass culture in a backyard garden is largely determined by the correct choice of a place for planting.
• For the successful cultivation of lemongrass on the site, a place is suitable where the vines will be illuminated by direct sunlight for at least 7-8 hours a day. It should be noted that although lemongrass is photophilous, young plants withstand slight shading.
• For planting, you need a fertile, loose, humus-rich soil cultivated to a great depth (at least 50-60 cm).
• Lemongrass does not tolerate flooding by flood waters, does not grow in swampy areas and areas with a close groundwater table (closer than 1.5 m). However, he also does not like droughts, especially at an early age. The best way to keep the soil in a loose, weed-free condition is to mulch it annually with humus or leaf compost.
• In this case, the ideal condition is high humidity.
• Schisandra needs protection from the wind, especially from the north, which is harmful to young shoots, leaves, flowers.
• The root system of Schisandra is located close to the soil surface. Therefore, it is strictly forbidden to loosen the soil under lemongrass, especially to dig it up. The rhizomes are immediately damaged, and the plants then cannot recover for years.
• Schisandra chinensis annually removes a large amount of mineral nutrients from the soil, especially nitrogen and phosphorus, so their supply must be replenished. Schizandra has a very positive attitude to fertilizers - nitrogen fertilizers need to be applied in spring, and phosphorus-potassium fertilizers in early August.
True, in the conditions of the Urals, potash fertilizers have to be applied much earlier, because they are not retained by our soils - it happens that already at the beginning of July we have to feed them with potassium sulfate (potassium chloride cannot be used as a potassium fertilizer in any case, since lemongrass does not tolerate chlorine). Just do not need large concentrations of fertilizers - it is better little by little, but more often. In autumn, the soil under the vines must be mulched with humus or semi-rotted manure.
Reproduction of lemongrass
A very simple and reliable way to propagate lemongrass is by root shoots. In the old bush of lemongrass, the rhizome grows, many young shoots depart from it.
In early spring, you can choose the strongest shoot away from the base of the bush, carefully dig it out and cut it off with a pruner with a part of the rhizome and small roots. Immediately put in a permanent place and mulch. Such a shoot will begin to bear fruit in 2-3 years.
Can also be propagated by seeds. Schisandra seeds obtained from plants in the fall must be sown immediately after harvest (be sure to fall, as they must undergo natural stratification). In the spring they sprout.
You can propagate lemongrass by rooting green cuttings, but then you will encounter all the ensuing problems: the need for shading, constant humidity, fog, etc.
Plantation of lemongrass
Lemongrass can be planted in spring - in the second half of April and in autumn - from the second decade of September. When planting, a hole 60x60 cm in size and at least 50 cm deep is dug for each plant.
Better yet, dig one long trench under all the bushes at once. A ten-centimeter layer of drainage from gravel, crushed stone, coarse sand is laid at the bottom (if the soils are sandy, then this is not required at all). The pit is filled with a substrate of rotted manure, wood leaf - stale sawdust is added to increase looseness.
Acidic soils are limed (400 g of lime per 1 m2 of plot). In addition, it does not hurt to add 300 g of superphosphate and three glasses of ash per running meter of the trench. Seedlings are planted at a distance of 50 cm from each other.
A prerequisite for the growth of lemongrass is the creation of supports along which the shoots will curl. In the first year, these can be ordinary stakes, like for peas, and then you will need to build a real support. Moreover, based on personal experience, I can say that it is better if the base of this supporting structure is not wooden, because You plant lemongrass for life, and wooden structures rot too quickly.
In our garden, for example, a metal structure-lattice was made, carefully reinforced with metal pipes dug deep into the ground. True, the plant, of course, is not located on the metal supports - at the very beginning, synthetic ropes had to be pulled inside the structure. Now no efforts are required in this regard - the vines have long been twisting over each other and forming a continuous carpet.
In the year of planting, lemongrass plants give weak growth. In the 2-3rd year, strong growth shoots are formed, especially with light shading of the plants. They are immediately directed upward, tied to a support, otherwise they slow down growth.
When planted at a distance of up to 1 meter from each other, the plants close in the 3-4th year, forming a solid wall. In the Schisandra plant, under normal growing conditions, during the full fruiting period, intensive branching of vines occurs, while at the same time rhizome shoots are formed in large quantities.
In general, from my point of view, if there is a regular freezing of fruit buds and you cannot count on the harvest of berries, lemongrass does not require any pruning and grows well without it.
True, under normal conditions, when the fruit buds do not freeze, it is necessary to cut the root shoots, because numerous shoots thicken the crown, due to which the intensity of fruiting lemongrass decreases. But it should be borne in mind that this should not be done in spring, since in this case pruning causes the vines to "cry" - this greatly depletes the vine, it is better to prune the plant in summer and autumn.
In this case, during the formation of plants raised on a trellis, all rhizomatous growth (shoots from rhizomatous nodes formed around the stem of lemongrass) are annually removed, with the exception of the strongest liana, which is tied to supports. Old, unproductive lianas are carefully cut with a pruner at the base. To combat thickening on young vines, lateral mixed shoots are pinched in the summer, leaving 10-12 buds on them.
The flowers of Schisandra chinensis are rarely bisexual - mostly either female (pistillate) or male (staminate). Hence, there are problems with obtaining fruits. In addition, scientists have noted the peculiarity of lemongrass - "change the sex of flowers" if desired. The ability for this kind of change depends on the age of the vine (male flowers prevail on young plants, female flowers appear later), on the conditions of the growing season and the place of growth. All this, for example, in the Urals, has a very negative effect on the harvest.
Schizandra has one more interesting feature. Typically, in other plants, each flower produces one fruit, berry, or nut. And lemongrass from one flower gives a long cluster with 20-25 berries. Therefore, when you see several flowers in the spring, do not be discouraged: in the fall you can collect a hundred berries.
Flowers are pollinated by insects - small bugs and hymenoptera.
About flowers, frost and frost
In addition, lemongrass flowers, at least in my area, are very often exposed to spring frosts, and flower buds die in winter. When I lived near Yaroslavl, we had never seen anything like this, and the harvests were excellent. Here in the Urals, although I brought lemongrass from there, the picture is completely different. And I know very well that in the gardens that are closer to the city, lemongrass quite often blooms and bears fruit normally.
And I had to come to terms with the fact that I would no longer see the abundance of its berries - therefore, for medicinal purposes, I actively harvest young shoots and leaves. You can, of course, cover the vines in the spring, and take them off the supports for the winter - I read about such examples in print. But I do not see a real opportunity to organize this, because lemongrass occupies a huge space and has long been located on the roof of the house. And I can't afford to take shelter of him.
The first harvest can be obtained 5-6 years after the plantation was established. Theoretically, it is possible to collect up to 4-5 kg of berries from one plant, but, unfortunately, not with us. More often the yield from one plant is about 2-3 kg (this is how much I collected in Yaroslavl), in addition, the frequency of fruiting is often observed once every 2-3 years. You need to pick the berries 4-5 days before they are fully ripe, while they are still firm. Then they crumble in a thin layer, and the berries ripen quickly in the air.
Svetlana Shlyakhtina, Yekaterinburg
Planting, growing on a trellis, care
The best landing time for the middle zone of the Russian Federation is late April - early May.
For planting, choose a well-lit (within 6-8 hours) and protected from the cold place. Heat and sun contribute to the establishment of a significant number of fruiting shoots. After planting, the plants are shaded for 2-3 weeks.
It is best to grow lemongrass on a trellis about 2 m high. When plants are planted at a distance of 1 m from each other, they close in 3-4 years, forming a solid wall.
Lemongrass rhizome of stem origin. There are many sleeping buds on it. Upon awakening, they form a growth. The depth of the roots is from 5 to 15 cm, that is, they are located in the surface, loose and fertile soil layer. Lemongrass prefers well-drained, light, neutral or slightly acidic soils. It does not tolerate overdrying, so the root space of the vines is mulched every year.
On heavy soils, it is recommended to add 10–12 kg of sand per pit (60 x 60 cm and up to 50 cm deep) to the planting pits. A drainage layer of gravel, crushed stone and coarse sand is laid at the bottom of the pit. During planting, 15–20 kg of rotted compost, made up of leaf humus with horse manure, are used as nutrient soil. Organic matter is applied 2-3 times per season and watered. At the end of April, a complex mineral fertilizer is applied annually. In early September, phosphate-potassium fertilizer is given with simultaneous shallow loosening of the soil. At the same time, lemongrass is a frost-resistant plant; in severe frosts, only the tops of annual growths freeze under.
Prune lemongrass in summer or autumn. Spring pruning causes shoots to "cry" and dry out.
To prevent lemongrass from becoming infected with fungal diseases, it is necessary to carefully remove the fallen leaves from under the plants, and at the end of April, spray the vines with Bordeaux liquid.
The popularity of Schizandra chinensis has increased even more after the discovery of a substance in the seeds, leaves and bark of this plant, schizandrin, which has an exciting effect on the nervous system.
Schisandra chinensis is a woody liana of the magnolia family, reaching 8.12 m in height. Under natural conditions, it grows in mixed coniferous-deciduous and deciduous forests of the Primorsky Territory, the Ussuri region, Sakhalin, Japan and Northern China.
Schisandra chinensis (Schisandra chinensis Turcz.) - perennial liana with a powerful woody stem up to 10-15 m of the Schisandra family - Schsandraceae... The leaves are petiolate, elliptical or obovate. On young shoots, they are located alternately, and at the base of fruiting shoots they are drawn together and form a false whorl. Schisandra is a monoecious plant with dioecious white fragrant flowers. During the ripening period, the receptacle lengthens 20-50 times. and each pistil turns into a berry. The fruit is a cluster bearing 4 to 40 juicy, bright red berries, each containing two yellow kidney-shaped seeds. It blooms in the second half of May - early June. The fruits ripen in August - September. Propagated vegetatively and by seeds. Lemongrass bark has a peculiar "lemon" smell.
Ripe lemongrass is harvested. First, they are wilted, then dried in dryers at a temperature of about 60 degrees. You can not pluck the fruits of lemongrass together with vines, since this leads to the death of thickets. It grows in the Far East, and most of the thickets are located in the Primorsky Territory and partly in the Khabarovsk Territory, less common on Sakhalin and the Kuril Islands.
The fruits contain 10.94-11.36% citric acid, 7.6-8.4% malic and 0.8% tartaric acids, and about 0.12% schisandrin. Fruit pulp contains 1.5% sugar, tannins and dyes - 0.15%, seeds contain up to 33.8% fatty oil. The latter is a viscous liquid, which contains glycerides of linolenic and oleic acids, etc. All organs of the plant contain essential oil: in the bark - 2.6-3.21%, in the seeds - 1.6-1.9%, in stems - 0.2-0.7%. The structure of schizandrin isolated from seed oil has been established. The essential oil of the bark is a mobile, golden-yellow transparent liquid with a lemon scent, which contains up to 30% of sesquiterpene compounds, aldehydes and ketones (20%).
Ripe lemongrass fruits are harvested, which have a tart taste that causes a characteristic burning sensation in the mouth.
In the conditions of Minsk, lemongrass blooms in late May - early June. Propagated by seeds and vegetatively - by green cuttings. A joint planting of female and male specimens or the selection of monoecious dioecious plants is required.
Ripe fruits are very tender, have a juicy pulp, but taste very sour. They contain, in addition to tonic tannins, trace elements (iron, nickel, cobalt, copper and manganese). Schizandra fruits and seeds contain organic acids, tonic substances schizandrin and schizandrol, vitamins, sugars, essential and fatty oils.
Ripe fruits and seeds are used as medicinal raw materials.
In autumn, lemongrass bushes are covered with dense clusters of bright red berries. But the taste of even ripe schisandra berries is not very pleasant - sour and tart. Fruits are harvested during ripening, starting in the second half of September. Harvested by cutting or cutting off the brushes with ripe fruits. Brushes are cleaned of impurities, then scattered with a thin layer, dried in the sun or in the shade.
To obtain seeds, fresh peeled fruits are pressed. The resulting juice is used in the food industry for the production of drinks. The seeds are washed in water, dried in air or at a low temperature. Fruits and seeds are stored in a dry, well-ventilated area.
When rubbing the leaves, bark and roots of the plant, the smell of lemon is felt.
Choosing planting material
Breeding lemongrass is possible in two ways - with young seedlings and seeds of ripe berries.
For planting lemongrass, bushes of two or three years old are chosen.
- with a developed root system
- without damage
- smooth bark
- with straight, uniform leaves.
Seed material is harvested in the fall. The grains are mixed with wet sand and stored in a cool place from 4 to 7 degrees so that they retain their properties until spring. If the seeds are stored indoors or in a container, it is important to ventilate them every two weeks. It is necessary to ensure that the sand does not dry out; if necessary, it should be moistened.
LEMONIC CHINESE (Schisandra chinensis)
Chinese schisandra (lat.Schisandra chinensis) is a climbing deciduous liana up to 15 m long, with a stem diameter of 2.5 cm.The bark, leaves and fruits have a characteristic lemon scent. Leaves are elliptical, on average 7 cm long, 3 cm wide.
Chinese lemongrass is also good for garden decoration: it is a spectacular fragrant vine with bright green shiny leaves on pink or red petioles. Its white waxy flowers exude a strong lemon scent, although there is no nectar in the flowers. The whole plant smells of lemon especially during the wind, when the fragrant shoots and leaves of the creeper rub against each other. And in late August-early September, when the leaves acquire a yellow-orange autumn outfit, lemongrass is also decorated with bright red clusters of berries that do not crumble until frost. Birds do not eat them. Other people's children also do not touch them, although they often taste them. But these berries are sour, and children love mostly tasty, sweet fruits.
In spring and summer, the leaves are light green above, glabrous, shiny, glaucous below. In autumn, the leaves are painted in ocher-yellow, yellow-orange tones. Flowers are white, waxy, fragrant, dioecious, up to 2 cm in diameter, 2-5 in the leaf axil. Blooms in the first half of June for 12-15 days. Usually flowers are located on shortened or last year's climbing shoots. From one flower, a composite fruit is obtained - a juicy multileaf up to 10 cm long, from spherical, red, two-seeded juicy, sour berries. The berries ripen in the first half of September. Seeds are reniform, retain good germination only until spring.
Varieties. There are still few varieties of lemongrass: the domestic variety Pervenets and the Ukrainian Dachnik-7. There are forms that are distinguished by high productivity, large fruits.
Accommodation, landing, care. Lemongrass reaches its best development in partial shade. At a young age, lemongrass is shade-tolerant, then its need for light increases. Plants can be planted in spring and autumn, preferably at the age of two or three years, and several plants at once in a trench 50 cm wide and about 60 cm deep.In the middle of it, at a distance of 1.5 m from each other, metal stakes are driven in to fasten the support. From above, the roots are covered with fertile soil mixed with manure (8-10 kg per 1 m2), sand (3-4 buckets), add lime 500 g, phosphoric (superphosphate or phosphate flour) and nitrogen fertilizer (ammonium nitrate), respectively 150 g and 40-50 g per 1 m2. Lemongrass reacts very well to the introduction of wood ash - it grows better and bears fruit. Mineral fertilizers should be applied annually: per 1m2 they give superphosphate 30 g, potassium chloride 10 g, potassium sulfate 3 g, wood ash 20 g, ammonium nitrate 20 g. Fertilizers are applied superficially, loosen the soil shallowly, since the roots are at a depth of 8-10 see Pruning is carried out in winter and late autumn. The crown diameter should not exceed 1 m.
Diseases and pests, control measures. Young seedlings can become sick with fusarium wilting. Sometimes lemon gall midge attacks, which destroys flower buds. Leaves and seeds damage bed bugs. Against pests, the bushes are sprayed with solutions of karbofos or decis.
Growing Chinese Schisandra
Tips for Beginners to Successfully Grow Chinese Schisandra based on my 34 years of experience:
1. Drainage and again - drainage. The composition of the soil when planting lemongrass in the garden should be as close to natural as possible. My lemongrass grows along the fence on sandy soil, immediately behind the fence is a cliff. Therefore, water on the surface of the soil and at the roots of the lemongrass vine never stagnates. If there are no such conditions in your garden, then before planting seedlings you need to create them artificially - pour a high bed.
2. Clean sand is infertile, and the root system of lemongrass is mainly superficial. Therefore, for the active growth of vines at a young age, before the beginning of fruiting, I apply all fertilizers in liquid form - well-diluted organic matter. At the same time, this is also the watering of the seedlings. This agrotechnical technique for lemongrass should be carried out all season until August, every 7-10 days.
3. Particular attention should be paid to the color of lemongrass leaves: if the leaves acquire a light shade, then the plant needs partial shade. The lighter the leaves, the more shadow should be. At our latitude, lemongrass grows well in the sun (Vitebsk and Mogilev regions of Belarus), and in other regions (especially in Gomel and Brest), lemongrass should grow in partial shade. So that the soil in the root layer of the liana does not dry out, it must be mulched or shaded.
4. With the beginning of fruiting, you need to stop all feeding of lemongrass (as well as watering in the central and northern parts of Belarus). Even a slight wilting is not dangerous for lemongrass. All fertilizers are reduced to mulching in the fall (with leaves with a layer of 15–20 cm or with compost with a layer of 5 cm). Such Spartan living conditions do not allow plants to fatten, but force them to lay a bountiful future harvest, to form more female flowers. Then even those lemongrass vines, which were originally purely male, can become of a mixed type (which I have observed more than once).
5. Cropping and cropping again. Excessive thickening of vines reduces the harvest of Chinese magnolia vine to zero. In our climatic zone, there are no insects that would pollinate lemongrass flowers, in which there is no nectar (only once I saw a gray bumblebee landing on flowers for a short time before strong prolonged cold rains). Therefore, the pollination of Schisandra chinensis flowers occurs due to the wind. In order for pollen from a male flower to get onto a female one, it is necessary that it dries quickly after dew or rain and does not get stuck somewhere in the density of leaves.
Moreover, the male flowers of lemongrass are mainly located in the lower tier of vines, so the pollen still needs to rise up! Without thinning pruning of vines, such conditions for pollination of flowers cannot be met.
To exclude the "crying" of lemongrass vines, at the beginning of March, as soon as it becomes possible to work with the pruner, first of all I cut or shorten all the intertwined tops. I shorten the vines of the second order to 30 cm. Shoots of the third order do not touch, they are short. I cut off all dry vines, leaving a powerful young vine for replacement (grown from the ground or grown from a thick vine as low as possible), directing and tying it to the right place. From experience, I already know how a promising lemongrass vine should look like during flowering: all its flowers should bathe all day in the sun, but what is especially important - in the morning sun.
6. It is imperative to limit the width of the lemongrass trellis. Along the trellis, the liana can expand due to layering, but in width I do not let it go anywhere, milling or digging the path. Expansion and increase in the area of nutrition adversely affects the fruiting of the vine.
7. When planting lemongrass seedlings, you need to plant at least two vines, grown from seeds or taken from different places, 50 cm apart, so that these vines have different varietal characteristics. This technique allows you to significantly increase the yield of these vines. If you managed to acquire garden forms of lemongrass, then you can plant vines of the same type, since they are self-fertile. But as practice has shown, such lianas are less winter-hardy and in severe winters they often “fall out” (ie freeze out).
8. Lemongrass can be propagated by layering for further planting in your garden (or if you carry it nearby), but only in the spring, the soil will barely thaw. The root system of Schisandra cuttings is extremely poorly developed, threadlike, and dries out easily. Therefore, you need to protect her from death. In all other cases, planting lemongrass with saplings is preferable. They are planted no deeper than they grew before. That is, the root collar of the seedling should be located above the soil surface. Layers growing above the root collar, without deepening, form vines, which accelerates the first fruiting.
And do not believe if the sellers say that lemongrass will start bearing fruit in 2-3 years. At first, the seedling must grow a liana of at least 1.5 m, which is impossible in the first year of planting. From this vine, shoots of the second order should grow, on which flower buds are formed, and for the first time in lemongrass they are mainly of the male type. That is, the first fruiting of the seedling will not be earlier than four years after planting.
9. Without a trellis, lemongrass will practically not have berries, so the support for the vine is necessary. The bulk of the berries is located at a height of more than 2.5 m, where mainly female flowers are located. Below there are male and female flowers, and up to a height of 1 meter, mainly only male flowers.
10. Purely female vines of Schisandra are less common than purely male ones. The largest percentage of lemongrass vines is of a mixed type (this contradicts many sources where they write that mainly purely female and purely male vines are found, and lemongrass of a mixed type is rare. Perhaps, in the wild flora, this is the case, but I have long seen completely another picture).
Any missed agrotechnical technique nullifies all efforts for the successful cultivation and fruiting of Chinese magnolia vine (unless, of course, strong frosts intervene here in May, during the flowering of schisandra). But, if such frosts come, then at temperatures below -4 degrees of frost, nothing can be done. There are no smoke bombs on sale, and one covering material cannot save the lemongrass crop (there used to be smoke bombs, but there was no covering material, but now it's the other way around). But such a double protection would save any plant when the temperature falls to –5… –6 degrees below zero (in the absence of wind).
Irrigation of the soil under the vines with water will save from frost. But the problem is that irrigation has to continue all the time during the freezing period. That is, this process needs to be automated - therefore, to have fogging nozzles, which can now be purchased with great difficulty. But in a strong wind, this technique will not work either. Although frosts in strong winds are extremely rare due to the mixing of warm air from lakes and forests with cold air in open spaces.
The healing properties of lemongrass
Lemongrass is familiar to many gardeners, but not everyone knows about its amazing healing qualities. Recently, thanks to the developing science, lemongrass is more and more revealing its secrets. It turned out that the whole plant has medicinal properties and is very useful.
The Chinese call lemongrass berries "fruits of five tastes" for a reason: their skin is sweet and salty, the juice is very sour, the seeds are pungent and resinous.
Schizandra berries may be contraindicated for some people for medical reasons: if there is an individual intolerance to their components, increased nervous excitability, high blood pressure, heart failure, severe atherosclerosis, pregnancy and lactation, as well as children under 12 years of age. It is not recommended to take lemongrass after 18 hours, otherwise you will face a sleepless night.
Schisandra chinensis is a unique stimulant. The tonic and refreshing effect of its berries and seeds was known as early as the 5th century.
Contraindications to the use of Chinese magnolia vine
Since the Chinese magnolia vine is one of the strongest natural stimulants, its use is contraindicated in arterial hypertension, cardiac disorders, epilepsy, hyperexcitability, sleep disturbances, increased intracranial pressure, overexcitation, arachnoencephalitis, arachnoiditis, chronic liver diseases and acute infectious diseases.
Also, it is necessary to refrain from the use of products containing lemongrass, it is necessary for pregnant women, women during lactation, people with vascular dystonia and children under 12 years of age.
To avoid insomnia, do not take lemongrass preparations in the afternoon.
Side effects of lemongrass: tachycardia, increased gastric secretion, insomnia, headache, allergic reactions and increased blood pressure. Treatment with Chinese magnolia vine should be carried out under medical supervision and only after a preliminary examination.
The author of the article: Sokolova Nina Vladimirovna, naturopathic doctor, phytotherapist
Chinese schisandra: description
Both words in the name of the plant are speaking, like the first and last name:
- Schisandra - because the aroma of flowers, leaves, berries is flavored with citrus notes, although it has nothing to do with them.
- Chinese by origin. The area is not limited to the Middle Kingdom - in Korea and Japan, on the Russian Kuriles and the mainland of the Far East, there are dense thickets of fruiting liana.
On sunny edges or clearings, river valleys or burned-out areas - where there is more sun, free space, and the vines of Schisandra chinensis grow, capturing space upward and in breadth.
A gardener who does not take into account this feature and who has planted a low and delicate bush anyhow, in 5 years will grab his head:
- The superficial root system gives such abundant growth that dozens of lemongrass offspring will appear in neighboring beds and flower beds: half a meter from the mother bush is not the limit. Grasping the sprout in order to pull out the uninvited lemongrass, you can "plow" all the ground to the place where the vine was originally planted.
- Clinging to any support, at first very delicate reddish stems, and then lignified, strong shoots, branching in all directions, will stretch upward. And if an apple tree or a pear, a thuja or a spruce, a gazebo or a pergola with carefully nurtured climbing roses comes across, then sooner or later the buildings and plantings will be decorated with bunches of red berries. One and a half dozen meters - this is the length of an adult liana.
These are the main characteristics of lemongrass - overall, important for a careful choice of location and proper planting. In general, to describe the culture, it is worth mentioning:
- With this length of shoots, the trunk at the base is strong, strong, covered with dark brown scaly bark - rarely exceeds 3 cm in diameter.
- The foliage is planted very densely - the green cover is practically impenetrable, giving a thick shadow.
- Oval leaf plates are dense, bright green in summer, lemon-yellow to leaf fall.
- The flowers are almost invisible to the inexperienced eye: small inflorescences on thin long pedicels are lost against the background of a rich crown. But, looking closely, it is difficult not to appreciate the charm of wax petals. Vine blooms by the end of June.
- Ripening, by the end of summer, small green beads turn into red beads, clinging to the petiole. The bunch, reminiscent of either currant or grape, reaches 10 cm. And the number of dense matte balls filled with explosive taste, and in diameter not exceeding 7 mm, is not less than 10-20 pieces.
- The dense juicy pulp has a sour main taste. The skin is salty. And the stone fills the gamut with bitter-spicy shades. It is difficult to parse this scale into specific notes. At home, berries are characterized as the fruit of five flavors.
- The yield from one vine is about 5 kg.
Important! Sometimes the fruit is called "polyberry", since all the balls are the result of pollination of one flower.
Flowers and fruits
Lemongrass flowers are 1.3–1.8 cm in diameter, creamy white, with a delicate pleasant aroma. Male flowers are slightly smaller than female ones, with white stamens accreted along their entire length, so that only yellowish anthers remain free. After flowering, male flowers fall off along with the peduncle. Female flowers have a greenish pistil, consisting of numerous carpels. Lemongrass is pollinated by small beetles and hymenoptera (bees, wasps, bumblebees, etc.).
Schizandra is unstable to late spring frosts. Vines bloom around May 25–31. Male flowers bloom 1-2 days earlier than female ones. Plants bloom for one to two weeks.
Lemongrass Chinese. Ripe bunches of berries
The fruit is a juicy composite leaflet, resembles a cylindrical brush 2–16 cm long and contains (under the conditions of the Non-Black Earth Zone) from 2–4 to 15–25 red berries.The mass of the brush reaches 7–15 g. Each berry contains 1–2 seeds. In 1 g - up to 40-60 seeds. They germinate unevenly.
The fruits ripen in mid-September. The brushes can hang on the vines until the leaves fall (until the first half of October). During the period of full fruiting, up to 2.5 kg of fruits are obtained from one 15–20-year-old plant. In the conditions of the Leningrad region and to the north, lemongrass gives abundant harvests every 2-3 years. This frequency of fruiting is primarily due to the influence of weather on the formation of flowers (in July-August).