4 delicious but unusual varieties of pears: neighbors will ask what kind of wonderful fruit grows in the garden
In addition to the traditional and familiar varieties of pears, there are very exotic and unusually tasty hybrids that are suitable for growing in temperate climates.
Compact trees of a mid-late Ukrainian hybrid grow up to 3 m in height. They have large leaves with a waxy bloom. Fruiting in the second decade of September.
The fruits are attractive in color: pink spots and dark green stripes are located on the yellow skin. In September, pears look the most decorative due to the increased color contrast.
The white, juicy, crunchy flesh is characterized by a sweet taste with spicy notes. The weight of one fruit is 130–150 g. Pears have an extremely long shelf life; they are suitable for consumption in January-February. The peak of taste is reached in March-April, subject to proper storage.
Pysanka is characterized by high frost resistance and good immunity. Needs regular watering, near-stem loosening of the soil, mineral and organic fertilizing.
Fruiting of the American late summer variety begins 3 years after planting and occurs in the second half of August. The hybrid is distinguished by its early maturity, regular fruiting, stability, high yield and excellent taste characteristics.
The fruits are good both fresh and canned. They are very decorative, have a dark red ruddy skin with a purple tint and numerous subcutaneous dots visible through it.
They have a creamy sweet pulp with a slight sourness and a characteristic delicate aroma. Stored for about 3 months. The weight of one fruit is 140–160 g.
The trees are medium-sized, with a compact crown, reaching a height of 4 m. They tolerate winter well, they are not afraid of scab and bacterial burns. They prefer fertile and breathable soil and are responsive to fertilization.
The Japanese hybrid is distinguished by exceptional hardiness, high adaptability, strong growth, early maturity and high yield. Fruiting in 2-3 years after planting. In the sixth year, 60–80 kg of pears can be harvested from one tree.
Differs in huge purple-red leaves with a waxy bloom. It is not afraid of scab, powdery mildew and fire blight, however, it is often susceptible to attacks by a shaggy bronze. Prefers sunny high areas without the slightest shade and cold air accumulations.
Nihonnashi has an original spherical-flattened fruit. The peel of pears is bronze-brown or greenish, with white dots and a long stalk, the pulp is chipping, juicy, with a sugary sweet taste. The weight of one pear is 150–400 g.
Low trees with a compact crown of the Asian variety Sekui have original large and shiny leaves. They take root well and begin to bear fruit in 1-2 years after planting.
They are characterized by frost and drought resistance, good immunity, high self-fertility and productivity. Suitable for small areas.
Unusual globular golden-bronze fruits with beautiful dots do not crumble when ripe and stay on the branches for a long time. They have a juicy crunchy dense pulp, without astringency, with a pleasant exotic, slightly spicy taste.
They ripen at the end of August, are well stored and perfectly transported. When stored for a long time, the taste of pears improves and becomes more intense. The weight of one fruit is 200-250 g.
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Any gardener wants to grow a fruit tree on his own plot that would give a good harvest. And of course, a garden crop such as a pear is an ideal option for such gardeners. Aromatic, sweet and very tasty fruits, of course, are liked by everyone. However, pears can be eaten not only fresh, they make delicious jams, compotes, as well as fragrant jam. However, before you start planting such a fruit tree, you need to find out which pear variety is best for your garden.
The best autumn pear varieties
The end of summer and the first half of autumn are great times for harvesting. During this period, fruits ripen on pears Autumn Yakovleva, Moskvichka, Conference, Talgar beauty.
The tall (about 15 m) tree bears massive fruit. Delicious yellow pears are covered with a subtle tan. Autumn Yakovleva is susceptible to many diseases, and therefore needs good care. As a reward for his labor, the gardener will receive a bountiful harvest - up to 160 kg from one tree. Inexperienced gardeners should not undertake the cultivation of this variety. It is recommended to grow it in the Lower Volga and Central Black Earth regions.
The tree is 7–9 m high and has a spreading brown or brown crown. There is almost no blush on yellow fruits. Instead, the skin is covered with rust-colored spots. The fruit is very aromatic and delicious. The crop can be harvested as early as 2-3 years after planting the seedlings.
The variety has been known since the end of the 19th century. It is very popular in Europe and southern Russia. In the second half of September, you can harvest. The unusually juicy and sweet fruits weighing 130–150 g have an elongated teardrop shape and are a bit like a bottle. Their distinctive feature is their tough, rough green peel. On the sides that have been exposed to the sun, brown, reddish or rusty spots appear. Fragrant grainy pulp is rich in juice. Its color can be pinkish, creamy or yellowish, and it tastes slightly tart.
Thanks to the free pollination of the Forest Beauty pear, breeders from the Kazakh Institute of Fruit Growing received a new variety. It is common in central Russia. From mid-August to the end of September, light yellow fruits with a red tint ripen on the Talgar beauty. The fruits weigh 160 g and have a sweet and sour creamy flesh with a dense granular structure. The Talgar beauty has a good immunity to scab. The harvested crop can be stored for 1–1.5 months.
Self-fertile pear varieties for the Moscow region
Most pear varieties bred in the last century are self-fertile, therefore, require the presence of a number of pollinating trees. But thanks to the efforts of breeders, new varieties and hybrids of pears have recently appeared, which are self-fertile.
Pear care - video
For cultivation in the Moscow region, it is recommended to plant the following varieties of self-fertile pears:
- August dew
- Elegant Efimova.
However, according to the experience of gardeners, the presence of pollinating trees nearby increases the yield of these pear varieties by about 1/3.
Pear seedlings - planting and care
To get good yields, it is important to adhere to certain rules for planting and caring for pears. The best time to plant is in spring or mid-autumn, as the root system of pear seedlings is underdeveloped. For this reason, young trees do not easily "get used" to the soil and grow poorly during the first two years.
How to help the seedlings adapt? Before planting, we prepare a special chatterbox (a bucket of earth and humus, 300 g of superphosphate), into which we dip the root part. After planting, the seedlings should be watered abundantly, and also be sure to cut off the ground part.
In order to avoid winter freezing, in the summer period it is necessary to feed the seedlings with nitrogen fertilizers in combination with enhanced watering and loosening.
Many pear varieties are self-fertile. So the key to high yields will be the planting of several varieties that will ensure inter-pollination.
After planting the seedlings, the formation and cutting of the crown should be carried out, which is extremely important for the crop yield. After all, a pear loves a lot of light, which means that it is necessary to ensure maximum access of the sun to its crown.
How to protect seedlings from pests? For this purpose, a solution of urea and water (700 g: 10 l) helps well, which needs to be treated not only the tree, but also the area around it.
The best pear varieties are those that are ideal for a particular area. And in combination with proper and regular care, a high yield of fragrant golden fruits will not keep you waiting!