Today, even in gardening with considerable experience, it is difficult to find a site that is not ennobled by elements of landscape design. In addition to growing vegetables and berries, gardeners are increasingly decorating their plots with various ornamental crops.
Brunner has gained great popularity due to its decorativeness and unpretentiousness. This plant can withstand frosts down to -30 degrees. Without losing its appearance and without degenerating, it can grow in one place comfortable for it for up to 15 years.
Description of the plant
Brunner belongs to the borage family. It is a low shrub with heart-shaped leaves on rather tall pubescent petioles. The height of the bushes can reach 60 cm. In the wild, it decorates the banks of rivers, lakes and streams, but can also be found in pine, fir and beech forests.
Named after Samuel Brunner, a botanist from Switzerland. But among gardeners the name "forget-me-not" has stuck because of the similarity of flowers. The only external difference is that the forget-me-not has a yellow center of the flower, and the brunner has a white one.
Types and varieties of brunner
In total, there are 3 types of brunners:
Brunner large-leaved (Brunnera macrophylla) - her homeland is the Caucasus. Outwardly, it is a small shrub about 40 cm tall with a powerful rhizome, from which densely pubescent stems with dark green pointed leaves in the shape of a heart extend to the sides. Flowers with a shade from lilac to dark blue with a white spot in the center are collected in panicles. The flowering period is from the end of April to the end of June. It is most popular with gardeners, since the leaves do not change color until deep frost.
Brunner Siberian (Brunnera sibirica) - owes its name to the place of its origin - Western and Eastern Siberia. Its long and strong rhizome develops a whole network underground, from which processes cover the ground with a carpet of plants. Does not form a bush. Flowers of dark blue color rise above wrinkled and dense leaves in panicle inflorescences. Prefers shady, humid places. The flowering process lasts from the end of May for a month. Further, the plant almost dries up, but from mid-August it is covered with new greenery, which it retains until frost.
Brunner eastern (Brunnera orientalis) - the homeland is the countries of the Middle East. It does not differ in particular decorativeness, therefore it is not used as a decoration for plots, but grows only in its natural environment.
Large-leaved Brunner varieties
Since of all the species, Brunner's large-leaved is the most attractive for landscaping, it was she who became the basis for breeding various varieties.
Jack Frost - "Frost" is translated from English as "frost". The variety has such a name for a reason: the leaves look as if covered with frost - green veins on a silver background. Forms a fairly large bush, reaching 60 cm in height. It blooms from May to June and is characterized by increased frost resistance.
To maintain the decorative effect of the leaves, constant moisture is required. Therefore, the northern part of the site is quite suitable for planting, protected from prolonged exposure to sunlight, where water stagnates in the rains. It is not worth planting in full shade, as well as in the sun.
Variegata - low grade - up to 35 cm. Leaves of emerald color with a transition at the edges to white.
Prefers partial shade. When planted in a sunny place, the leaves will burn and lose their decorative effect. It can also completely discard foliage in case of drought.
Looking glass - translated as "mirror". It is only 20 to 35 cm high. A silvery shade prevails in the color of the leaves. The flowers are pale blue with a diameter of 5 to 7 mm.
Shady and semi-shady places are suitable for planting. The bushes keep their shape well and are quite resistant to fungal infections. Perfect for curbs and shaded parts of rockeries.
Kings Ransom - shrub from 40 to 55 cm in height. The leaves are large with dark green veins on a light gray background, creamy along the edges. Differs in abundant flowering from late April to mid-June. In warm autumn weather, flowering may resume, but in this case, it is better to remove the inflorescences so that the plant does not lose strength before winter. Grows well in partial shade with regular watering.
Millennium Zilber - the emerald leaves of this variety are covered with a scattering of small white spots closer to the edge, which makes it more recognizable among the rest. Growing conditions are the same as for other varieties.
Silver Hut - if you translate the name from English into Russian, then it will sound like a "silver heart". Anyone who sees the leaves of this Brunner variety will immediately understand why it was named that way. As if dozens of silver hearts with a thin green edge and veins frame the flower stalks. The bush reaches 40 cm in height and up to half a meter in diameter. Thanks to the dense leaf blade, it can withstand even direct sunlight and is not afraid of an excess of moisture. The acidity of the soil is not demanding.
Choosing a place for planting brunner
Usually Brunner flowers are planted in flower beds, near fences and garden paths - it will look great on any part of the garden. Before planting a brunner in a prepared place, study its characteristics and location requirements - it all depends on the variety you choose.
The great advantage of the Brunner is that it feels comfortable in partial shade and in places with high soil moisture. That is, where most plants will either be inhibited in growth, or get sick with a fungus. Therefore, with its help, you can ennoble those corners of the garden, where the sun looks only in the first half of the day.
Planting brunner large-leaved
The most optimal time for planting brunners in open ground is from July to early August. Brunner does not require any specific soil for his planting, but it is still better if the soil is moist, loamy and heavy.
Brunner is categorically forbidden to plant in the spring, since during this period it is extremely susceptible to various diseases and pests. But if you still decide to plant the brunner in the spring, then it is better to do this together with the lump of earth in which it grew before the transplant. It is better to plant a brunner on a cloudy day or any other, but in the evening.
When planting a flower, it must be divided - this will rejuvenate the plant. After flowering, the ground part of the brunners is cut off, and the roots are dug up. Rinse the dug roots well and remove rotten and old parts. Next, the main root is cut into pieces. Delenki must have buds of future sprouts.
Cut parts of the root (delenki) are laid out in pre-prepared holes and buried in them. It is very important not to forget to water the buried roots well. The soil can be mulched so that the young growth does not suffer from a lack of moisture and overheating.
Landing is carried out as follows:
- The aboveground part is cut off, leaving 10-12 cm.
- The rhizome is dug up and washed in a large container with water.
- Defective root areas are removed.
- With a sharp knife, carefully divide the rhizome (easier along the line of the natural collapse of the bush) so that there is at least one bud on each part.
- Delenki are seated in the soaked holes and dug in with earth so as not to fill up the root collar.
Growing and caring for large-leaved brunner
The plant is so unpretentious that it does not even need watering, if, of course, it is planted in a good place. The overgrown Brunner will not let weeds. But you still need to keep track of the weeds and do weeding if necessary. The only thing that will not interfere with the successful cultivation of Brunner is mulch in hot summer and winter.
It is strictly forbidden to dig or loosen the soil under the brunner - you can damage the roots, which are usually located close to the surface of the earth. Before wintering, it is better to cut off the aerial parts, leaving hemp about 12 cm long.
In the spring, you can scatter granules of complex fertilizer directly over the snow to accelerate the growing season and richer color of the leaves.
Brunner reproduces vegetatively (by dividing the bush) and seeds. A favorable time for planting and transplanting comes after the end of the flowering period, that is, in August. By this time, the laying of future shoots just ends. If it is necessary to plant a bush earlier, then it should be dug out with a large margin and transported without sprinkling an earthen lump.
Seed propagation is a more painstaking job, since self-seeding is rare. The seeds ripen around the end of July. For normal germination, they need stratification within 3-4 months, so Brunner must sow before winter.
Diseases and pests
Drying of foliage in a brunner, if it is planted in a sunny area, cannot be called a disease. Rather, these are problems due to a violation of agricultural technology, which are eliminated by transplanting the plant into more favorable conditions.
But fungal infections in the form of powdery mildew or brown spot are a real attack in a rainy summer. Even such a plant that is loyal to excess moisture in the ground is not able to withstand fungal infections at high humidity and low air temperatures.
The fungus spreads very quickly. Therefore, in order not to allow the plant to lose its decorative effect, all affected parts should be removed and treated with Bordeaux mixture or other suitable means. As a preventive measure, you can spray it with phytosporin once every 2 weeks.
From insect pests, aphids (especially if there are a lot of ants in the area), whitefly or miner moths can attack. "Green soap" or tar solution will help with aphids. Against the rest, it is better to stock up on several bags of complex insecticides in advance.
Brunner in landscape design
The plant looks spectacular along the paths, will decorate any alpine slide or rockery. It also looks magnificent as a lower tier in multi-storey flower beds. Favorably sets off tall flowering perennials in mixborders. It goes well with wild garlic, ferns, juniper and horned goat weed.
All Brunner varieties feel comfortable next to water bodies, making their shores airy green. This plant alone is capable of turning any nondescript site into an exquisite and elegant one for a long time and without much hassle.
End of flowering and preparation for winter
Brunner's large-leaved ceases to bloom in the summer, in July. Withered flowers should be cut off, leaving only the leaves. Leaves, unlike flowers, do not lose their beauty even before the onset of cold weather.
With the arrival of the cold pore, the brunner leaves should also be cut off, since they themselves will not fall off. After the leaves are completely cut off from the flower, it can be prepared for wintering. Brunner can spend the winter on her own, but additional help will not hurt her. It is enough just to mulch the soil with sawdust, leaves or humus.
Brunner in the garden
author Gumenyuk M.S., photo Ziborov T.Yu.
Our mood and well-being depends on the state of the garden landscape. And this, in turn, affects the health of the gardener and the success of his later life.
The artist, mixing colors on the palette, gets the shades he conceived and creates a unique piece. Likewise, gardeners select interesting plants that will make the garden a wonderful place, inspiring with its spectacular appearance.
Among the unpretentious garden plants, I really like Brunner. This cute plant is able to decorate any style of garden with its bright color of numerous small flowers and the beauty of the leaves - "hearts". Brunner is a real find for the shady corners of the garden.
A small curtain of Brunner under the trees in the shimmering penumbra, as well as next to the garden pond, can become exactly that beneficial factor affecting the subconscious that we sometimes lack so much!
The freshness of the brunner's luscious foliage and the multitude of blue-blue, like the spring sky, flowers give this plant a touching charm.
Brunner is a herbaceous rhizome perennial of the Borage family, species of this genus are very similar in appearance.
To decorate the garden, the large-leaved brunner is widely used, less often the Siberian brunner.
Brunner - variety Jack Frost ('Jack Frost')
Small leaves gradually grow and reach their maximum size in June. The plant is very elegant, forms a bright variegated spot in the flower garden. He lives well in partial shade. In the sun, especially in the hot weather, the leaves wither and come to their senses only with the evening coolness.
Neighbors for Jack Frost variety there can be plants with any shades of green, but not variegated, for example, ferns, hosts with green or yellow foliage, incense, as well as purple-leaved, for example, geychera, against which brunner looks even brighter.
This variety winters well in central Russia.... Propagated by seeds and dividing the bush in early spring before the leaves grow back or in the second half of summer.
If you do not cut off the faded "forget-me-nots", then the plant gives self-seeding, however, not abundant. And then there is an opportunity to "play" at the breeder, because the young bushes are all completely different - from completely green (return to the original form) to plants with varying degrees of silvery (from a few strokes to completely silver).
The first has entirely silver leaves without veins, the second, whose name means "Silver Wings", has broad silvery strokes along the edge of the leaf, resembling feathers, on a light green background.
All new varieties are unpretentious, decorative all season, grow well and winter, do not require careful maintenance. Since brunner forms a large mass of leaves, a lot of nutrients are removed from the soil, therefore, when planting, it is necessary to fill the dug hole well with humus, compost, and add ash.
In addition, plants love adding to the roots of nutritious soil, as the bushes stick out a little from the ground.
To make Brunner grow and develop faster, in the spring it can be fed with a small dose of a complete mineral fertilizer, better than a water-soluble one, for example, with kemiroi-lux or combi, or it can be poured with a humate solution.
Unfortunately, creating plants with very beautiful foliage, you have to sacrifice the size of the flowers. Although, maybe this is not a drawback. If you compare, the largest flowers are in the original species, in the Jack Frost variety they are smaller, and in the Silver Wings variety they are very tiny, but there are a lot of them in the inflorescence and this gives the whole bush an airiness.
Perhaps the next step in the Brunner breeding, there will be work to increase the size of blue flowers. What about? Silver has already appeared, now you can add a little blue.
Brunner's plant large-leaved Variegata SEARCH C2 H20-30
Brunner large-leaved: grows in the form of a sprawling bush, from a thick and long rhizome of which several branched stems extend up to 40 cm.The leaves are oblong, basal on long petioles, cordate with a sharp top, dark green above, grayish below and rough from pubescence, up to 25 cm long. Flowers up to 0.7 cm in diameter, in apical, paniculate-corymbose inflorescences, dark blue with a white spot in the center, outwardly similar to forget-me-not flowers. Flowering begins in late April - early May and lasts about a month. Warm, long autumn can bloom again.
Variegata: height 40 cm. Large heart-shaped green leaves have a wide, irregular white border. The flowers are small, bright blue.
Location: partial shade, in full shade, the plants stretch out, lose their decorative effect.
The soil: moderately moist soils.
Using: in the borders, since it does not grow, it keeps its shape all season, its leaves are neat. It can also be used for planting in shady rockeries, but in their most moist part.
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Of course, brunera blooms (its flowers look like forget-me-not flowers), but still the beauty of this flower is in the leaves. Brunner is often confused with forget-me-not.
Indeed, the plants are very similar, especially with their sky-blue flowers, but if you look closer and more closely, you will notice that the middle of the flower is white, and not yellow like that of forget-me-nots, and Brunner plants are more powerful and have many basal leaves and grow more actively , but still we often hear the name "forget-me-not", not "brunner".
Brunner belongs both in heart and soul to the Burachnikov family, complementing the company consisting of heliotrope, lungwort, umbilical and comfrey, cucumber herb and common bruise, and such a clever name is given in honor of the botanist who discovered this plant - Samuel Brunner.
Brunner gained popularity with only two of its types. Of these, the Siberian brunner, which grows in natural conditions in the south of Western and Eastern Siberia, is in first place both in terms of area and decorativeness.
It is a perennial and herbaceous plant, reaching half a meter in height and having a large number of basal leaves, long-petiolized, large and hard, colored dark green and often forming a tightly closed carpet.
Peduncles of this species brunners strictly erect, they proudly rise above the leaf canopy and bear sessile and slightly pointed leaves, and at the very tip they are loose and paniculate inflorescences. But this species is attracted primarily by flowers, they are painted in a deep blue color and have a diameter of about one centimeter.
During the flowering period, a pleasant, sweetish, slightly honey-like aroma spreads over the plants. It is also positive that in this species of brunner, flowering lasts more than a month, starting in May, or at the beginning of June and ending by mid-August.
Slightly less common in our country is another species - large-leaved brunner, although in natural conditions, for example, in the mountainous terrain of the Caucasus, it grows quite a lot, but not everyone can independently distinguish one species from another, which is why they often confuse large-leaved brunner with Siberian.
Indeed, these species are similar, their cardinal differences are only in height (large-leaved brunner does not exceed 30 cm) and in the diameter of flowers, in the latter they do not exceed half a centimeter.
Brunner has a large-leaved thickened and short rhizome, so if you are planning to transplant it to a new place, it will not be difficult to do this, however, you need to process the soil near the plant with extreme caution, you can easily damage the roots.
In culture, the large-leaved brunner has been known since the middle of the VIII century, but only recently it has also varieties that are mostly widespread in the USA and Germany, and cultivators are ranked based on the location of specks on the leaves.
To the first group of varieties Bordered leaf crops include Variegata, Dawnson's White and Hadspen Cream.
The second group is saturated with varieties with light spots on the surface of the leaf blade, these are Langtrees and Milleniumsilber, and the third group includes cultivators whose leaves are almost completely colored, this is Jack Frost and, of course, familiar to many Looking Glass.
One way or another, but both types of Brunner are extremely unpretentious, in fact, they are independent plants that do not require any special care or attention. But if you want to get a real, cultural brunner that will appear before you in all its glory, you must observe the following simple rules.
Growing conditions Brunner
When choosing a soil, preference should be given to a light and moist substrate, as well as a nutritious one, but a brunner can also grow on a soil of medium density, the main thing is that there is plenty of moisture.
When choosing a place for Siberian Brunner, do not forget that this is essentially a rhizomatous weed, close in features to the well-known dandelion, therefore, left without "supervision", in a fairly short time, it can conquer all your space, growing chic and beautiful, but most likely carpet you do not need.
Brunner's large-leaved does not belong to aggressive plants, it is more fragile and requires regular weeding, not being a competitor to weeds.
As for fertilization, both types of brunners will gladly accept light feeding with organic matter, mulching with peat or humus, and even the introduction of "mineral water". Fertilization can, by the way, extend the decorative effect of Brunner plants, and if you combine top dressing and the timely removal of already faded inflorescences and drying leaves, then the decorative period will last for a couple of weeks.
For large compositions that combine various types of plants, it is better not to take Siberian Brunner, and if there is no way out, then it should be placed in the parterre zone, this should be done because of its peculiarity to interrupt the growing season.
In the midst of summer, the Siberian Brunner suddenly begins to dry up, its leaves are rapidly dying off and people who do not know this feature may think that the plant has died, but soon new, fresh leaves appear and the plant seems to be reviving again.
In this regard, the large-leaved Brunner is more interesting, its green mass remains in its original form throughout the growing season, only towards the end of the summer period and the onset of cool nights, the aboveground part of the Brunner fades.
Brunner plants are winter-hardy crops, however, for a more successful overwintering, it is advisable to cut off the entire aerial part of the plants a couple of weeks before the onset of stable cold in order to allow the slices to dry out. At the beginning of winter, if there are low temperatures and a weak snow cover, it is necessary to throw spruce branches on the plants.
I would like to say a few words about the reproduction of Brunner, for this both the division of rhizomes and the usual sowing of seeds are suitable (in case you propagate the species). Well, you can use Brunner to decorate plots and give them a landscape style, to form ridges and mixborders, flower beds, create alpine slides, grassy artificial slopes or rockeries.
If you manage to get the varieties, then you can use them taking into account the rich and varied color of the foliage, to create mixed compositions consisting of herbaceous plants and low shrubs, combining the styles and textures of the colorist.
If there is a desire, then you can try to do forcing the brunner, it is quite effective and not difficult.
Bruner unpretentious in care. Prefers lighted or semi-shady places, moist and fertile soils.
Planted in the shade of your garden, on loose soil, the Brunner bush is decorative from the end of April (the appearance of leaves) until the first frost.
Young leaves appear throughout the season, which gives the Brunner bush always a fresh, elegant look. Brunera is frost-resistant, which is important.
Bruner easily propagates vegetatively - by segments of rhizomes. It is preferable to transplant Bruner in autumn. But if necessary, in the spring, you can separate part of the rhizome and transfer it to a new place. When transplanting, the root of the bruner does not need to be deeply buried.
To get a lush bush, Brunners need to mulch the soil with peat, compost or grained humus before wintering. In the spring they are fed with full mineral fertilizer.
Pests and diseases Brunner is rarely affected.
Another secret in colors. Take a closer look: the blue brunner flowers inside are painted white, and the middle of the forget-me-not is yellow.
The forget-me-not plant is delicate, airy, while the brunner is powerful and strong, with large, expressive leaves.
Forget-me-not and Brunner are usually used in completely different compositions.
Brunner is good in perennial shady mixborders, in curbs, in massifs in the back of the garden, as well as in shady, well-moisturized parts of rockeries.
Forget-me-not looks great with spring bulbs, arrays with lilies of the valley, under the canopy of trees, near water bodies, as well as in flowerpots on the porch or terrace of the house.
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It is often complained that by August Brunner, and especially its decorative varieties, falls apart and looks sloppy. Here radical pruning (at the root) will help - no later than the first half of July, followed by top dressing and abundant watering. Young foliage will grow back, and lush bushes will delight until the end of the season!
I bought a large-leaved Brunner. Where is it better to land her?
And how to properly care for the plant?
Brunner large-leaved grows well and blooms in partial shade. Loves areas that are illuminated in the morning. If it is planted in an open, sunny place, then in hot weather the leaves may wilt slightly. Turgor is usually restored overnight. Sometimes you need to help the plants and water them in the morning or evening. Brunner is undemanding to growing conditions and grows well on poor, moderately moist soils.
She has superficial rhizomes, and they fill the soil so densely that there are practically no weeds next to the brunner.
By autumn, after flowering, some leaves die off. They need to be removed. That's practically all. But if in the spring, at least once every 3-4 years, you feed the Brunner with a full complex fertilizer and mulch the exposed rhizomes with peat or rotted compost, the plant will thank you with abundant flowering.
I got a plant with leaves, like a Brunner's, but its blue flowers are quite large. The eastern trachystemon is called (Trachystemon orientalis). They said it was a relative of the Siberian Brunner. Please tell me how to grow it?
The ornamental foliage of this relative of the Brunner is preserved throughout the summer, not at all like that of the Brunner, whose beautiful curtain turns into pitiful ruins in the middle of the growing season. Until this summer, I was sure that this is a plant for growing in the shade, and its leaves will wilt in the sun. But this year I went to Valencia and there I visited the local botanical garden. I saw a trachistemon. And what - he is not at all shade-loving. It grows there in the rock gardens! That is, in a dry garden in full Spanish sunshine, under +40 degrees.
On nutrient soil, with sufficient moisture, foliage grows huge; on poor and dry, small foliage.
Alexander CHECHUROV, Cand. biol. Sciences, Moscow
My brunner bloomed twice last year - in spring and autumn. What is the reason for this anomaly? It just bloomed earlier only in spring.
Some perennials (brunner, delphinium, lupine) blooming in spring and early summer can bloom a second time in autumn. As a rule, re-flowering is observed in large, well-developed plants. Sometimes this happens when the peduncles are cut immediately after flowering. Re-flowering is favored by abundant fertilization and prolonged warm autumn. In areas with a temperate climate, it is recommended to remove the buds that appeared in the fall, since flowering at a later time weakens the plants, worsens the preparation for wintering. In warm climates, plants can be allowed to flourish.
Brunner Dianas Gold
Brunner large-leaved "Diane's Gold"
Herbaceous perennial shrub with a height of only 40 cm, heart-shaped leaves of lemon-yellow color. The flowers are painted in sky blue. This variety prefers to grow in sunny or slightly shaded places; in the shade, the leaves become salad green.
Brunner large-leaved (Brunnera macrophylla) - rhizome herbaceous perennials with large whole leaves and forget-me-not flowers, collected in paniculate or corymbose inflorescences. When planting, you should choose a location where they will be illuminated by the morning sun and in the shade in the afternoon.
It is recommended to use it in curbs, as it does not grow, keeps its shape all season, its leaves are neat, and diseases are not marked, and for planting in shady rockeries, but in their most moist part.
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• rhizome herbaceous perennials
• leaves are large, whole
• flowers are forget-me-not, collected in paniculate or corymbose inflorescences
Brunner is named after the Swiss botanist Samuel Brunner.This is a genus of herbaceous rhizome perennials of a small family of borage. In Russia, there are two types: the large-leaved brunner, originally from the Caucasian deciduous forests, and the Siberian brunner.
The rhizomes of these plants are not only long, but also thick. Several highly branched stems extending from it are leafy, rough-pubescent. Leaves are oblong, mainly basal, have rather long petioles, cordate, pointed apex. The color of the upper leaves is dark green, the lower ones are grayish. Young leaves appear throughout the season. The diameter of the flowers is no more than 7 mm, in appearance they resemble a forget-me-not, dark blue, in the center there is a white spot. They are collected in paniculate-corymbose, apical inflorescences.
Bloom from April or early May, flowering lasts a month. If the autumn is long and warm, then another flowering is possible. The plant does not require transplants and can grow in one place for up to 15 years. Prefers shaded areas and loose soil. Therefore, it is better to plant them in a place where the morning rays of the sun fall, and protected from daytime active rays. In a constantly shaded place, the plant will stretch out strongly, and in a constantly illuminated place it will need to take care of increasing the humidity of the air and soil.
Brunner grows best on clayey, constantly moist soils. With a lack of moisture, the leaves wither. Very rich soils, fertilized with manure, induce long-term, active deciduous growth, which is contrary to their nature.
Plant care is quite simple. It consists only in cutting off leaves that have lost their decorative effect. When properly planted, no additional watering is required. Also, if necessary, the plant needs to be weeded. There is no need to loosen and fertilize the soil, and no diseases were observed.
Brunner propagates by seeds, root division and rhizome segments. Self seeding is also possible. Transplantation and division is carried out towards the end of the summer, after the budding of the next year occurs. The separated plants take root well already in the fall, so they tolerate the winter period well and begin to bloom in the spring.
Brunner Siberian forms lush thickets, decorative, not only during the flowering period. And the large-leaved brunner is famous for its variegated foliage varieties, which, however, do not grow as quickly as species plants. These are some of the best plants for a shady garden.