How to grow radish seeds at home
Radish is classified as an early vegetable, depending on the variety, it can ripen for several weeks from the moment of germination. But the picture from the package does not always correspond to the grown vegetable, so that such a situation does not overtake you and it is most reliable for you to grow seeds at home on your own. There is nothing difficult in this, the main thing is to observe some nuances.
You need to start with the fact that the radish is an annual cruciferous plant. In the first year, you can collect seeds from it for future sowing, but only after they were personally convinced of the full compliance of the grown vegetable.
A feature of reproduction is two ways of growing a mother plant, this is what the stem is called, from which the testes are later collected.
It is advisable to sow radishes early, preferably under a film, since the testes take a long time to ripen.
Choosing a variety
Generally speaking, any vegetable you like will do the trick for harvesting radish seeds. Even one stem left will give a sufficient amount. You need to choose a mother plant like this:
- First of all, the vegetable is inspected, it should be flawless, smooth and elastic.
- The radish fruit must fully correspond to the declared variety, have all the peculiarities of color and taste.
- The tops of the selected stem are green, dense, without pests and diseases.
It is such a stem that will give the seeds of the best quality, if you follow certain rules for planting and growing a mother plant. According to gardeners, one mother plant can produce about 20 g of seeds, while a thousand seeds weigh 7-10 g.
Before choosing a variety, make sure it is not hybrid. Pure-sorts or plants of the first reproduction will be ideal, they will retain all the properties of the selected variety.
How to properly grow radishes at home
After we have decided on the variety and selected a suitable stem, it is necessary to find out by what method we will grow radishes to obtain seeds.
Experienced gardeners distinguish between two methods for growing radishes for seeds:
- Non-transplanting is rarely used, this is due to the fact that this method gives less seeds, their ripening is delayed for 160 days. At the same time, there is a threat of dusting when radish and other, less liked varieties of radish can "join" your stem. With the direct method, the plant is not dug up or transplanted, it continues to grow in the place where the seeds were sown.
- The second, more common is the transplant method of growing radishes for seeds. It allows you to select outwardly more beautiful root crops that will exactly match the picture on the package. Testes will ripen with this method early, after just 120 days.
In order to grow radishes for seeds in this way, I completely dig out root crops at the stage of full maturity, select only varieties that are ideally suited to the description. After that, the tops of the boles are cut off, the cuttings are left about 3 cm. The horse system is also shortened, no more than 4 cm is left, the dive will help the plant to drive out the peduncle faster, on which radish seed pods are subsequently formed.
After such procedures, it is worth choosing a place for planting the uterine stem, here special attention should be paid to neighboring plants, among them there should not be other varieties of radishes, radishes or other crucifers. It is best to plant root vegetables away from the main beds, in a quiet place protected from the wind.
There should be enough sun for the trunk, as well as moisture. The distance between the plants should be at least 40 cm; during planting, you must strictly monitor that the rosette of the petioles is not sprinkled with soil. It is important to prune and replant on the same day to avoid drying out the root crop.
With proper care, after 2-3 weeks, the stem will drive out the arrow, on which the buds will soon appear, and then the flowers themselves. In radishes, they are not very beautiful, usually yellow or white, collected in a spikelet, but with a strong odor. After the plant has faded, pods are formed on the arrow, in which the seeds will be until fully ripe.
When the peduncle reaches 60-70 cm, it is advisable to tie it to a peg so that the testes do not fall to the ground.
How to assemble
You can harvest radish seeds after they ripen in the seed pod. The main sign of maturity is a change in the color of the pods, from green they turn into pale yellow or beige. Usually this period occurs in the middle of autumn, at this time it is worth cutting off the peduncles with testes and drying them in the attic or shed. There must be good ventilation in the room, otherwise the pods will simply rot. You can also dry it in the kitchen or on the balcony of a city apartment.
After the cut arrows dry well, you need to get the seeds themselves. But not always, with a simple splitting of the pods, only seeds are poured out from there, often with them husks and other unnecessary impurities fall into the collection container. Everyone wants to have clean seeds, how can you do this? There is one simple and proven way.
After about three weeks of drying, the pods will completely dry out, and the seeds in them will ripen, check this by simple crushing. If the integumentary skin crumbles in your hands, then it's time to remove the grains.... After that, the pods, together with the seed pods, are accurately pounded, as a result, a homogeneous mass with small particles from different parts of the testis should be obtained.
Grind not very finely, just enough so that the pods open and the grains spill out of them.
After that, the resulting mass is poured into a container, poured with water and left for 5-10 minutes. During this time, all unnecessary cake will rise to the surface, and the radish seeds will settle to the bottom. Debris is carefully caught from the container and the water is drained. The seeds themselves are dried and laid out in prepared paper bags or in fabric bags.
Be sure to sign the harvested crop and remember that the seeds retain a good percentage of germination for 4-5 years.
So we collected the seeds from the radish, the process is not complicated and laborious. But you will definitely get the desired variety of root crops and you can save your budget at least a little.
I decided to find out why radishes are useful. To be honest, I was pleasantly surprised, as there were many useful properties. Some I have not even heard of. I will share with you the result of my searches:
- Stimulates and boosts the immune system. Helps in the fight against colds, destroys disease-causing viruses and bacteria.
- Radish contains a large amount of folic acid. So it is recommended for pregnant women. Yes, and women need it, so eat, dear ladies.
- Fights vitamin deficiency. Here radish sets records: only 250 g of this vegetable is enough to satisfy the daily intake of ascorbic acid in the human body.
- It is recommended to eat for people with diabetes mellitus, as the fruits reduce the amount of sugar in the blood, and even increase the level of hemoglobin.
- Fiber, which is part, normalizes metabolism, removes cholesterol from the body and puts in order the work of the gastrointestinal tract.
- Radish has a choleretic effect, relieves swelling. It is useful for the normal functioning of the liver and gallbladder.
- Helps the work of the cardiovascular system.
- Prevents the appearance of cancer. Of course, it will not be able to heal, but it will provide a certain degree of protection.
- It has a low calorie content (only 14 Kcal per 100 g), so it is recommended to use it to fight obesity.
You can find out about other useful properties of radish from the video:
Radish is harmful only if you consume it in excessive quantities. And, of course, contraindications must not be overlooked. These include the following:
- Cannot be used by people who have thyroid problems.
- Contraindicated in those who have ulcers - can cause their exacerbation.
- It is recommended to use with caution for those who have problems with the duodenum and liver.
Step-by-step instructions for planting radishes at home
The successful cultivation of radishes at home begins, of course, with the sowing of seeds. Not the most difficult stage, but it requires adherence to a clear scheme, thanks to which all seeds will successfully germinate.
In what container to sow seeds
The first step is to select a container for greenery. If the container is not suitable, then the roots will not be able to build up a normal weight, and the harvest will disappoint you. The radish container should be wide and deep: the depth is about 20-25 cm (the main thing is not less than 15 cm!), the width depends on the number of seeds that you want to plant.
A voluminous pot or a spacious rectangular box, container is great.
In addition to size, it is important to choose a container with drainage holes (excess moisture will flow through them, and you will protect your plants from rotting, fungi).
What soil to plant
Radish grows best in nutritious, loose, acid-neutral soil (pH 6.5-7.0), which has good water and air permeability.
For example, you can just buy universal soil for vegetable seedlings, it meets all the necessary requirements. You can also prepare soil on my own, for this, mix: non-acidic peat, soil from the garden, compost or humus, sand (in a ratio of 2: 1: 1: 1).
Advice! If you want to use the land from your garden, then you should not take soil from the garden where the representatives of the Cruciferous family were previously grown (cabbage, watercress, daikon, radish, mustard, radish itself). After all, they have the same diseases and pests that can infect your greenery on the windowsill.
Before using the soil, it is recommended to implement it disinfection (bake in the oven for half an hour, or hold over steam for 1.5 hours, and then spill with Fitosporin).
How to prepare radish seeds for planting
Radish seeds germinate well and without any pre-sowing preparation, they do not differ in tightness. But it is important to remember that at home, seeds are sown in much smaller quantities than in open ground. Therefore, it will be annoying if some of them do not germinate.
You can improve the germination of radish seeds with a simple preparation. For example, you can soak them in a growth promoter, for example, a drug, Zircon or Epin (processing must be carried out according to the instructions).
If you do not want to use any drugs, then you can simply carry out soaking in warm water for two to three hours.
But you can protect yourself as much as possible from non-germinated seeds with the help germination... The seeds should be covered with a damp cotton cloth on both sides, put in a plastic bag and put away in a warm place (temperature is about 26-27 degrees). After 1-3 days, the seeds will germinate and will need to be sown into the soil immediately. Remember to check the seeds every day for germination and do not let the tissue or disc dry out. And specimens that have not sprouted should be discarded.
Radish sowing scheme
Having prepared everything you need, you can start planting. The following scheme will help to sow radish seeds correctly:
- Put drainage (expanded clay, perlite, broken brick) on the bottom of the box or pot, a layer of 2-3 cm is enough.
- Fill the space of the container with soil, leaving a small distance between the edges of the container and the ground (about 2-3 cm).
- Now grooves should be made on the surface of the earth (1 cm deep, at a distance of 5 cm from each other).
- Sow radish seeds in grooves 5 centimeters apart. If you are worried that some seeds will not germinate, then sow more often (every 1-2 cm), only later you will need to thin out the plants.
- Sprinkle 1 cm of soil over the grooves.
- Moisten the soil liberally with a spray bottle with clean water.
- After watering, cover the container, for example, it is convenient to do this with a film, a lid, or a film.
Sowing radish seeds in open ground
Having outlined the important points in growing a root crop, let's proceed directly to sowing radishes in open ground.
The most comfortable soil for him is loose fertile soil, fertilized with bokash, humus or compost, but not fresh manure. It is very dangerous with putrefactive diseases, and nitrates in vegetables. And radish is just one of those crops that accumulate nitrates especially actively.
For sowing seeds, grooves are made of the same depth, no more than 1-1.5 cm. So the seeds will sprout evenly. Seeds before planting, as a rule, do not require any additional processing, but it is not forbidden to soak them in a pink solution of potassium permanganate before sowing. Seeds are sown directly into the ground at a distance of 4-5 cm from each other. Then the top of the grooves is sprinkled with fertile soil or compost. After that, the ground is immediately watered well. If you plant radishes on a separate site, then the rows are placed at a distance of 10-15-20 cm.
Radish is very fond of watering, so it is watered daily, and in the heat even in the morning and evening. Only in this case will you grow a juicy, uncracked root crop. If it is not possible to water every day, organize drip irrigation, there are many ways to do this. Another way to retain moisture in the soil longer is to mulch the soil between plantings immediately after emergence.
How to grow a radish to get seeds from it?
Radish is a type of radish. This is one of the oldest vegetable crops, in colloquial speech - radish, in the spring one of the first in the country pleases us with cute, strong, juicy and tasty root crops with a unique pleasant spicy taste and aroma.
Radishes can be grown wherever there is sufficient sunlight and the soil is fertile enough, preferably with neutral acidity. Even in the smallest garden, you can get a good harvest.
I grow radishes in two steps: early spring and late summer. In recent years, three varieties of radishes have been growing in my dacha - French Breakfast, Togul and Ice Icicle. In order not to constantly worry about the availability of the necessary seed, I now harvest the radish seeds myself. It is not so difficult.
To get high-quality seeds, you need to remember that radish is a cross-pollinated plant, one variety can be pollinated by another variety, as well as by flowering plants of wild radish, which sharply worsens the cultivated radish variety. Since none of the neighbors near my site grows radishes for seeds, and I also harvest only one variety per season, I do not have radish cross-pollination, the seeds are of high quality, with almost 100% germination and varietal characteristics corresponding to the original variety ...
There are two ways to grow radish seeds: transplant and non-transplant (sowing seeds in the ground at a permanent place). I use the direct method, I do not transplant the radish seed roots to another place, but leave them in the same place.
In the month of June, when it’s time to harvest radishes, I leave one or two rows of root crops (10-15 pieces) on the seeds, as a rule, from the edge of the garden, I make a collar of earth around them and put 3-4 pegs (1, 5 m), so that when the radish actively goes into the arrow, there is something to tie up powerful stems. I select healthy plants for seeds, with large root crops typical of the variety (in shape, color, size). At the same time, I must remove the plants, prematurely, without the formation of a root crop, throwing out flower-bearing shoots, becausejust one such plant can clog all seed material.
During the summer, I regularly weed the radishes, water them and once in mid-June I feed them with a solution of chicken manure. Seed plants quickly grow actively, reaching a height of one and a half meters, throw out arrows, bloom and tie pods. As the bushes grow, I tie their branches to the established pegs.
In September, I start harvesting seeds. First, I cut off all the seed radishes at the root and send them to dry in the attic for two weeks. After the stems and pods have dried so that they are crumbled into small pieces when kneading in hands, I begin to extract the seeds directly from the pods. First, I separate the large stems from the pods and smaller stems with a pruner and discard them. Then, in a suitable trough with a mortar, I carefully grind all the remaining branches with pods to a fine homogeneous mass so that the pods burst and crumble. Radish seeds are quite strong and will not be damaged by this procedure. Pour the resulting crushed mass with water, all the pulp from the remnants of the stalks and pods floats up, and the radish seeds sink to the bottom of the container. I send the floating mass to compost, and once again wash the valuable radish seeds in clean water and sprinkle them on a clean sheet of plywood for final drying.
As a result, the seeds are about half of an ordinary glass - only about 100 ml. This is enough for me and all my gardening friends for a long time. And radish seeds are stored without problems for up to 5 years!
Radish is planted in early spring, as soon as the ground thaws. In most regions, this occurs from the second half of March to mid-April. Where the snow does not melt until May, the seedling method of growing is used.
In the spring, planting of varieties of the European variety - one-year-old radish, is carried out, but the two-year (Asian variety) can be sown in the fall, when frosts already come. In winter, it will not freeze, it will undergo natural stratification, it will germinate, and when the snow melts, the crop will give two weeks earlier.
Seed in open ground
Grooves with a depth of 2 cm are drawn on the bed, leaving 5 cm between them, and between each pair of such grooves - at least 15 cm. Thanks to such gaps, the grown plants do not shade each other. For the same purpose, the seeds in the grooves are laid out by the piece every 5 cm in a checkerboard pattern - this is the most common sowing scheme. Varieties with large root crops are planted less frequently.
The grooves are spilled with water. Then the seeds are laid out in them by hand or a special device is used. Some people stick the planting material on paper tapes with a paste, and then simply put them on the ground and fall asleep. The filled grooves are lightly pressed with a roller or the back of the glanders. It is advisable to mulch crops with high-moor peat, sawdust, then water and cover with a film or (even better) non-woven cloth. The film is removed when shoots appear, but the non-woven fabric can be left until the onset of heat - water, air and even sunlight penetrate through it, plants will be able to sprout and grow by lifting it.
Growing seedlings and planting
You can cook seedlings at home: sow radishes in boxes 10 cm high, provide them with regular moisture, bright light for 12 hours and an air temperature of +20 ° C during the day and +10 ° C at night. As you can see, this radish care is simple. It is advisable to lower the temperature to prevent the seedlings from stretching too much if the planting time is delayed.
Thinning crops it is easy to damage the delicate roots. The right thing is done by those vegetable growers who simply pinch off weak plants from the ground, and do not pull them out. Plants can be transplanted into the garden when the weather permits, regardless of the number of leaves. But it is not worth diving - if you damage the root even a little, then the plant will throw out a flower arrow.
Caring for the "bed on the windowsill"
If possible, it is better to keep the plants on the balcony so that the temperature did not exceed 15 degrees or in a well-lit room, but away from batteries. If there is too much heat, the plant will not form properly - luxurious greenery without roots.
Lighting should be sufficient, it will be necessary to increase daylight hours with a lamp... With a long daylight hours, the radish will turn out to be juicy, with dense pulp.
The plant loves moisture, so it is impossible to overdry the soil. But it is not recommended to moisturize too much, it is better to water often, but little by little.
Top dressing is not necessaryif the soil composition is well matched. Radish develops and ripens very quickly, having time to take all the necessary substances from the soil.
In no more than 20 days, without much hassle, an ecologically clean harvest of delicious radishes rich in vitamins and useful minerals will grow on the balcony or windowsill. You will delight your family and surprise your friends with a fresh root vegetable on your table.