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Growing pear varieties Favoritka

Growing pear varieties Favoritka


The new variety of Chelyabinsk breeders quickly gained popularity. Autumn pears are always of great interest, so it's worth getting to know the new product. Moreover, due to winter hardiness, the variety can conquer vast territories of the country.

Description of the variety

Ural variety, allocated by well-known pear breeders E.A. Falkenberg and F.M. Gasymov. In 2008, the variety was submitted for state variety trials. Originator - South Ural Research Institute of Horticulture and Potato Growing. Pear of autumn consumption period. Removable maturity occurs in September, shelf life is 1.5 months.

The tree is medium in all senses - medium height, medium spreading, medium density. Possesses high winter hardiness and resistance to scab, fire blight and gall mite. Fruiting begins in the fourth year after planting a one-year seedling and lasts more than a dozen years. The yield is high and regular. 35 kilograms of fruit are removed from one tree. Fruit of universal purpose - for fresh consumption, preparation of compotes, dried fruits. No data was found on self-fertility.

Favorite fruits have a short pear-shaped shape, large. The average weight is 180 grams, the maximum weight is 250 grams. The color when taken off is green, upon reaching consumer maturity it is yellow-green, sometimes with a blush. The pulp is white, juicy, sweet, and has an excellent taste. Tasting score - 4.5-4.7 points.

The average weight of the Favorite pear is 180 grams

In the Urals, the variety is already popular, it is offered for sale by several nurseries. Perfectly complements the early summer Krasula and the summer Severyanka, which have long been loved by the Urals.

Planting pear varieties Favoritka

This pear is planted most often by residents of the Urals, but in the Middle Lane they are already looking closely at it. The fact is that, as a rule, pears bred in the Urals, then grown in warmer regions, acquire an even better taste and larger sizes.

Choosing a place and time of boarding

The choice of a place for the future pear tree should be taken responsibly - after all, he will have to spend more than a dozen years there. Pears often bear fruit up to 50-60 years of age and older. The best place for pears is on a southern or southwestern slope, well lit and ventilated, protected from cold northerly winds, and has loose, well-drained, slightly acidic soil. And also this place is dry, not flooded, without stagnation of water.

It is better to plant the Favorite in early spring before bud break. At this time, when nature wakes up, the seedlings grow quickly, take root well, and by autumn they gain strength for the upcoming wintering.

Purchase and storage of a seedling

It is best to purchase Favorite saplings in one of the Ural nurseries - in this case, their quality and compliance with the declared varietal characteristics will be guaranteed. But you can also purchase them from trusted sellers outside the region. This is done in the fall, when nurseries carry out a mass excavation of planting material for sale. Choose a one-two-year-old plant with a well-developed root system and smooth bark without cracks or damage.

The roots of the seedling must be well developed

Until spring, the purchased seedling is stored in the basement or buried in the ground. Previously, the roots are dipped in the so-called talker made of clay and mullein so that they do not dry out. Basement storage temperature should be between 2-5 ° C.

For the winter, seedlings are buried in the ground

Seedlings of pears with a closed root system can be up to five years old and can be planted in the soil from April to October.

Step-by-step instructions for planting a pear

The planting process begins in the fall. For this:

  1. A landing pit is being prepared. Its approximate dimensions are: depth - 60-70 cm; diameter - 80-100 cm.
  2. If the soil is heavy, drainage from expanded clay, crushed stone, broken brick, etc. should be laid on the bottom. The layer thickness is 10-15 centimeters. If the soil is sandy, then instead of drainage, a layer of clay of the same thickness is laid.

    If the soil is heavy, drainage from expanded clay, crushed stone, broken brick should be laid on the bottom.

  3. The pit is filled to the top with a mixture of black soil, peat, humus and sand, taken in equal amounts. Add 400-500 grams of superphosphate, 2-3 liters of wood ash, mix with a shovel or pitchfork.
  4. For the winter, the pit is covered with some kind of waterproof material, for example, roofing material, film.
  5. In the spring, a few hours before planting, a seedling is taken out and its roots are soaked in a growth stimulant solution. To do this, use Kornevin, Heteroauxin, Epin, etc.
  6. The hole is opened and part of the soil is removed from it so that a small hole is formed in the size of the root system of the seedling. A small mound is poured in the center, a wooden peg about a meter high above the ground is driven in next to it.
  7. The plant is planted so that the root collar is at the soil level as a result. It is convenient to use a wooden lath or stick for this. They cover the earth carefully, trying not to damage the roots, and compact it layer by layer.

    The root collar of the seedling should be located along the lower edge of the rail

  8. Tie the seedling to the peg using elastic material.
  9. A tree-trunk circle is formed around the tree, raking an earthen roller along the diameter of the planting pit. It is convenient to do this with a flat cutter or a hoe.
  10. Water the soil with plenty of water so that there are no air sinuses left in the root zone.

    Water the soil with plenty of water so that there are no air sinuses left in the root zone

  11. After 1-2 days, the trunk circle is loosened and mulched. To do this, you can use humus, rotted sawdust, hay, etc. The thickness of the layer should be about 5-10 centimeters.
  12. The central conductor is cut to a height of 70-100 centimeters. The twigs are shortened to a length of 20-30 centimeters.

Features of growing and subtleties of care

Pear Favorite needs the usual care for this culture. Standard methods and techniques of agricultural technology are applied to it, taking into account the characteristics of the variety.

How and when the pear is watered Favorite

In the first years after planting, the tree should be watered quite often - 10-12 times per season. In the future, the number of waterings is reduced. Be sure to water the pear before flowering, after flowering and during the summer 3-4 more times. Before leaving in the winter, do abundant water-charging watering. In case of a lack of moisture, the fruits become smaller and may even crumble. The amount of water should provide soil moisture to a depth of 25-35 centimeters. The use of mulching allows you to increase the intervals between waterings, reducing the need for loosening.

What and when the pear is fed

A planting pit well filled with fertilizers will provide a young tree with food for 3-4 years. After that, the pear is regularly fed.

Table: what and when the pear is fed

Trimming

Pruning of the Favorite pear is carried out according to the usual algorithm for this crop. In view of the average height, it will be appropriate to apply the formation of the crown to it in the form of an improved bowl. This shape provides good sunlight and ventilation of the crown. It is convenient to care for it and harvest. It must be remembered that the branches of the Favorite are literally strewn with heavy fruits and sag under their weight. Therefore, it is necessary to provide for the device of supports for the branches for the ripening period of pears.

Crown formation

It is not difficult to give the crown the shape of a bowl and it is done like this:

  1. The next year after planting, in early spring, choose 3-4 future skeletal branches, located at a distance of 15-20 centimeters from each other and growing in different directions. They are cut by 30-40 centimeters. All other branches are cut into a ring.
  2. The center conductor is cut over the base of the upper branch.
  3. After 1-2 years, 1-2 branches of the second order are selected on the skeletal branches and cut off by 20-30 centimeters. The rest of the branches growing on the skeletal ones are removed.
  4. In subsequent years, care is taken to ensure that all branches remain of equal length. Otherwise, one of them can dominate and take on the role of a central conductor, and this cannot be allowed.

    For the Favorite pear, the shape of the crown is like a bowl

Regulatory trim

Since initially the crown of the Favorite is prone to medium thickening, and the bowl-like formation further enhances this tendency, it must be thinned every year. This is done in early spring, removing the shoots growing inside the crown. In this case, moderation must be observed - excessive pruning leads to the loss of part of the crop.

Supportive pruning

To maintain a constant and high level of fruiting, it is worth carrying out maintenance pruning. It consists in shortening young green shoots by 5-10 centimeters. This prompts the appearance of additional overgrowing branches on them, on which fruit buds are laid. This operation is carried out in the first half of summer, when there is a rapid growth of young shoots.

Sanitary pruning

This pruning is carried out in late autumn, when the sap flow stops. At the same time, dry, diseased and damaged branches are removed. They should be burned, as they may contain spores of pathogens of fungal diseases.

Diseases and pests - the main types, prevention and control

The favorite, like most young varieties, has increased resistance to the main diseases and pests of the pear. Complementing this property with the implementation of sanitary and preventive measures, the gardener will avoid many possible problems in this regard.

Prevention of diseases and pests

For the purpose of prevention, they regularly perform the following types of work:

  • In autumn, after the end of the season, they put things in order in the garden. They collect fallen leaves, weeds and burn them. In this simple way, they get rid of hibernating pests and spores of pathogens of fungal diseases.
  • At the same time, it is worth examining the bark of the tree - there may be cracks and other damage on it. If they are identified, treatment should be undertaken. To do this, the cracks are cut to healthy wood, disinfected with a 1% solution of copper sulfate and covered with a layer of garden varnish. This will protect the tree from bark diseases such as gommosis and black cancer.
  • Now the trunks and thick branches of the trees need to be whitewashed. For this, a solution of slaked lime is prepared with the addition of 1% copper sulfate and PVA glue. Whitewashing prevents the bark from sunburn and cracking. In addition, lime prevents insects from moving along the tree, which usually rise to the crown in early spring.
  • Before the onset of frost, they dig up the soil of the trunk circles, trying to turn over the layers of earth. At the same time, pests wintering in it will be raised to the surface and die from frost.

    Before the onset of frost, they dig up the soil of the trunk circles

  • At the same time, the soil and the crown are treated with a 3% solution of copper sulfate or Bordeaux mixture in order to prevent fungal diseases and pests. In early spring, the treatment is repeated.
  • In addition, in early spring, the crown is treated with potent drugs: DNOC - once every three years; Nitrafen - in the remaining years. These drugs are effective against all known diseases and pests.
  • At the same time, trapping belts made of scrap materials (film, roofing felt, dense fabric) are installed on the tree trunks. It is a reliable protection against ants, weevils, caterpillars, etc.

    The hunting belt is made from scrap materials

  • Before flowering pears, prophylactic spraying with insecticides is carried out (this is the name for insect control drugs). At this time, Decis, Fufanon, Metaphos are used. The processing is repeated after the end of flowering.
  • And also after flowering, they begin to treat with fungicides (preparations for combating fungi). We can recommend Horus, Quadris, Skor and others. These treatments are carried out regularly at intervals of 2-3 weeks.

Diseases

In areas with a humid climate and in rainy years, the possibility of infection of the Favorite pear with some diseases is not excluded.

Moniliosis

It is a common disease of pome and stone fruit crops. The fungus multiplies by spores, which are most often brought onto the plant by bees during the flowering period. Affecting flowers, the fungus moves into shoots and leaves. Quite quickly, they fade, turn black, droop. Such shoots take on the appearance of frostbite or burnt by a flame. Because of this similarity, the disease has a second name - monilial burn. Infected shoots should be removed immediately, while capturing part of healthy wood. After that, the tree is treated with Horus. This preparation will not harm bees and effectively fights fungus on young shoots and leaves. It is used at an air temperature not higher than +22 ° C. Within an hour, the drug penetrates into the tissues of the plant, after which it is no longer possible to wash it off with rain. The protective effect lasts for 7-10 days, after which the treatment is repeated. The maximum number of treatments is three, after which the fungus develops addiction and the drug ceases to have an effect on it. The habit of addiction is inherent in almost all fungicides, so they should be alternated during the season.

If it was not completely possible to destroy moniliosis, then in the summer it can infect the pear fruits with gray rot. Such fruits become unusable and must be destroyed. At this time, it is recommended to carry out 2-3 treatments with Strobi fungicide. This drug quickly blocks the development of the disease and stops the spread of the fungus. It is non-toxic to humans; after processing, the fruit can be eaten after 20 days.

In summer, moniliosis affects pear fruits with gray rot.

Sooty fungus

This disease is preceded by damage to the pear by aphids or copperhead. This is due to the fact that both pests in the process of life secrete a sweetish liquid - the so-called honeydew. It is a breeding ground for the fungus. While developing, the fungus secretes excrement, which accumulates on the leaves and fruits. Initially, they have a grayish-white color, over time they darken and turn black, forming a soot-like coating.

Black plaque on the leaves is the excrement of a sooty fungus

Prevention of fungus is a measure to combat aphids and honeydew. Treatment is carried out with fungicides Skor and Strobi, preliminarily washing off the plaque with a strong stream of water from a hose.

Pests

It is highly recommended to start pest control with prevention. It is impossible to get rid of the larvae that have already penetrated into the bud, ovary, fruit. At this time, you can only slightly reduce the damage by collecting and destroying the affected parts of the plant and carrying out insecticide treatments.

Aphid

Aphids are brought into the trees by ants, which, like the sooty fungus, like to feed on honeydew. It is clear that if there are no ants, then there will be no aphids. Therefore, an effective preventive measure is the installation of trapping belts. A sign of the appearance of aphids is the formation of twisted leaves. Unfolding such a leaf, you can see small insects, which can be black, green, white, yellow, etc. If the tree is small, such leaves can (and should) be cut off and destroyed. The tree is treated with insecticides. In hot weather, it is better to use Fitoverm, which begins its damaging effect 12 hours after treatment, and complete destruction ends in 72 hours. In cool weather, it is better to use Decis, which will cope with the pest in ten hours and retain its protective effect for 2-3 weeks. This drug is effective against all insects.

Aphids are carried on trees by ants

Pear Copper

In all countries of the world, this small insect, no more than three millimeters in size, is found. It knows how to fly and jump, for the latter quality they call it a leaf-beetle. In the gardens of Russia, as a rule, there are red, spotted and ordinary copperheads. They overwinter in cracks in the bark and fallen leaves, so they can survive only in areas with relatively warm winters. In early spring, they crawl out of their shelters and start eating. The female sucker lays eggs, from which the larvae crawl out, feeding on the juice of young shoots, leaves, ovaries, fruits. The result of the defeat is fallen leaves and ovaries, small, hard, stony fruits. As an additional damaging effect - the appearance of a sooty fungus feeding on honeydew secreted by the larvae.

Copperhead larvae secrete honeydew

Before flowering, Komandor is effective, which is a systemic insecticide of prolonged action. Destroys flower beetle, aphids, sucker and other insects. Begins action 2-3 hours after spraying and completely destroys pests in a day. Retains a protective effect for up to two weeks. In summer, it is better to use biological preparations such as Iskra-Bio.

Pear flower beetle

It is a small weevil beetle that hibernates in the upper layers of the soil. In early spring, it crawls onto the crown of a tree. After a while, the female gnaws at the flower buds at the base and lays one egg at a time. After a week, the larvae appear, which, without coming to the surface, eat the inner pulp of the flowers. To avoid this trouble, in early spring, the crown is treated with DNOC or Nitrafen, and before flowering with Fufanon, as indicated in the list of preventive measures. After flowering, the treatment is repeated.

The flower beetle rises on the crown of a pear in early spring

Variety reviews

Unfortunately, there are very few reviews on the Favoritka variety on the Internet so far.

Pear Favorite is a rising star of the Urals. Possessing excellent taste, keeping quality and winter hardiness, it can compete with other autumn varieties. It makes sense for gardeners of the Middle Lane to grow it in their backyards and summer cottages. The pear is also interesting commercially.

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Hello! My name is Pyotr Vladimirovich. I am 63 years old. By education - a mechanical engineer.

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Pear Favorite

There are many fruit trees that are harvested in the fall. One of these is the Favorite pear. The variety is quite young, but has already become popular due to its resistance to cold.

The variety was bred in Chelyabinsk by breeders E.A. Falkenberg. and Gasimov F.M. The cultures of Dekabrinka and Forest Beauty were taken as a basis. There are also subspecies of this pear: the favorite of Klapp and the red-fruited clone of the American. Since 2008, the variety has been tested.

Pears Favorite: variety description and characteristics

  • Harvesting begins in early autumn.
  • The shelf life of the fruits is one and a half months.
  • The tree is medium-sized.
  • The variety tolerates cold well.
  • Resistance to pests and diseases.
  • Productivity is high since 4 years. Up to 35 kg are harvested from one tree. Fruiting lasts for several decades.
  • Eat fresh, boil compotes, preserves, make dried fruits.
  • The fruits are large. The shape is pear-shaped, shortened. Average weight - 180g. The color is green, yellow-green when ripe, there is redness on the side.
  • The pulp is light, pleasant to the taste, not hard, sweet.

Pear Favorit has become a favorite of the Ural gardeners; it perfectly tolerates the climatic surprises of this region.

Agrotechnics

This variety is grown mainly by the Urals, but it is gaining popularity in the middle lane.

The southern or southwestern slopes are best suited for planting. They should be well lit and ventilated. The soil should be loose, slightly acidic. The tree must be protected from the northerly winds. The place should not be heated.

Pears are planted in early spring. At this time, young trees take root well and later acclimatize faster, better tolerate cold weather. The seedlings are mainly taken from the nursery and are bred by selection. Varietal seedlings should have a good root system, the optimal age is 2 years.

Important! The bark should be smooth and free from cracks.

It is better to buy seedlings in the fall and store them in the basement at 2 - 5 degrees until spring. The roots are covered with clay mixed with mullein. Planted in April - October.

  1. A planting pit is prepared in advance with a depth of 70 cm and a width of up to a meter (for spring planting - from autumn).
  2. With heavy soil at the bottom, drainage is made from expanded clay, crushed stone up to 15 cm.If the soil is light, the same amount of clay is laid.
  3. A mixture is prepared from an equal amount of black soil, peat, humus, sand, 1/2 kg of superphosphate is added there, up to 3 liters of wood ash. All this needs to be mixed. Cover with roofing felt or foil for the winter.
  4. A few hours before planting, they are placed in a solution: Kornevin, Erin, Heteroauxin to stimulate growth.
  5. The soil is removed from the pit to the size of the root. Drive in a meter peg. The tree is planted so that the root bud is level with the ground. Fall asleep and compact.
  6. A tree is tied to a dug-in peg with an elastic rope. An earthen rampart is made around the tree, watered abundantly. After a couple of days, the ground around the tree is loosened and covered with mulch. To do this, use up to 10 cm of humus, sawdust or hay.
  7. The branches are cut to 30 cm, and the conductor is cut to a meter.

After the pear has been planted in the ground, it must be watered, fertilized and preventively treated against pests.

Watering

In the early years, you need to moisten 10 - 12 times per season, then gradually reduce watering by half. Be sure to water before flowering, after bud set, as well as 3 times during the summer and before wintering.

Important! If there is not enough moisture, the fruit may shrink or crumble. In order for moisture to be sufficient, it must saturate the ground to a depth of 30 cm. When mulching, watering can be less frequent, and it is not necessary to loosen it at all.

Fertilizing pears

If enough top dressing was poured into the pit before planting, the tree is not fed for 3-4 years. After this period, the pear begins to be fertilized.

  • Phosphorus-containing fertilizers are applied in the fall: 30 or 40 grams per square meter for digging.
  • Nitrogen-containing (nitrate, nitroammofoska) - used for digging in the spring of 30 or 40 g per square meter.
  • Potassium-containing fertilizers are applied at 10 grams per square in early summer. Make a solution and water the tree.
  • Boric acid. Make a solution of 0.2 grams per liter, which is sprayed during the flowering period.
  • Humus, compost, peat are used every three years in spring or autumn. Use up to 7 kilograms of organic matter for digging per square meter.
  • Mullein is used during the period of fruit growth 3-4 times with an interval of 10 days. Two liters of organic matter are diluted in a bucket of water. Watering per sq. meter - 1 liter.

In each season, you need to fertilize according to this scheme in order to get a good harvest.

Pruning pear trees

The branches are formed in the form of a bowl. This provides good lighting and ventilation. The tree is easier to care for and easier to harvest. The Favorite's yield is high, therefore, during fruiting, heavy branches must be propped up.

  • Crown formation. 3 or 4 skeletal branches are left, shortened by 30 cm. All the rest are cut "on a ring", without leaving a large hemp. Shorten the conductor to the base of the upper branches. After 2 years, everything is cut off on the central branches again, leaving a couple of shoots. Every season, make sure that there are no overgrown branches.
  • Regulatory trim. Trees of the Favoritka variety have a tendency to thicken the crown. In early spring, the branches growing inward are removed. This should be done in moderation so as not to lose the crop.
  • Pruning for good fruiting. In the first half of summer, many young shoots are formed. They are cut by 5 or 10 cm. This promotes the setting of new fruit buds.
  • Pruning to remove bad branches. Held in late autumn. All rotten and affected branches must be burned to get rid of pests.

All these pruning contributes to the correct formation of the crown, as well as good fruiting.

Pests and diseases

The Favoritka variety is resistant to pear diseases, but with all sanitary and preventive measures, you can get rid of many problems altogether.

  • In the fall, leaves, weeds and other debris are collected and burned in order to destroy the pests in them.
  • The bark must be checked. If cracks or other damage are noticed, the wood must be treated. The affected areas are cleaned to non-spoiled tissues and disinfected with copper sulfate 1%. A garden var is applied to this place. The procedure will protect against gommosis and black cancer.
  • The trunk and thick branches are whitened with a solution of slaked lime mixed with copper sulfate and PVA glue. This prevents the bark from cracking and the transfer of pests to the tree.
  • They dig up the earth around the trunk. The insects that were there will die in frost. They are also sprayed with 3% copper sulfate or Bordeaux liquid to prevent fungal diseases and pest infestations. In early spring, the procedure is repeated.
  • In March, they are treated with strong drugs DNOC or Nitrafen. They kill all pests.
  • Fishing belts are installed in early spring. These are self-made traps from roofing material, fabric, film. Such devices help against many types of insects such as weevils, ants, caterpillars.

  • Moniliosis. This is a fungus due to which leaves and flowers turn black and wither. Shoots look like after a burn. Affected branches should be pruned, grabbing some healthy wood. Treat with Horus at an air temperature not higher than 22 degrees. Repeat after 10 days. More than three times the same product cannot be used due to the addiction of the fungus to fungicides. If the disease continues, the fruit may be damaged. You cannot use them because they become rotten. Then the tree is treated with Strobi. The drug is strong, so pears can be eaten after 20 days.
  • Sooty fungus. It develops with the appearance of aphids or honeydew. They produce honeydew, which contributes to the spread of the fungus. Leaves and fruits are covered with a soot-like bloom.

Actions in the event of a pest attack:

  • Aphid. Ants carry it in, as they feed on honeydew. Trapping belts are used for wrestling. During the life of these insects, the leaves curl. The leaves on the tree are cut off or the drug Decis is used, which destroys all insects.
  • Pear honeydew. Small insect, otherwise called leaf beetle. With its invasion, leaves fall, fruits turn to stone. There are many varieties of it. In addition, a sooty fungus appears. The Commander is used for treatment. He destroys insects in a day.

It is better to carry out preventive treatment of trees in a timely manner in order to prevent severe infection with diseases and pests.

Advantages and disadvantages of the Favoritka selection variety

  • Winter hardiness
  • Pest and disease resistance
  • High yield
  • Good taste
  • Unpretentiousness.
  • It gives the first harvests only for 4 years.

The favorite is a good autumn variety, hardy and high-yielding. Due to their unpretentious care, trees can also be planted by inexperienced gardeners.


Growing and planting

The pear cannot be planted in the lowlands.

The Great Summer Pear variety is planted in early spring, as soon as the ground warms up. One-year and two-year seedlings are used. The prepared material is planted in the planting pit. The bottom of the pit is covered with fertilizers - this layer of nutrients will feed the seedling for several years. Before planting a tree, you need to dig up the nearby area well: the porosity of the soil increases, and with it the degree of moisture penetration increases.

For planting, a site in the lowlands is not used - it will collect water from the entire garden and stagnate (this phenomenon will lead to rotting of the root system). Other horticultural crops such as Saint Germain or Panna will be cross-pollinators for the young tree. Regular watering is established 2-3 weeks after planting the seedling, earlier the root system does not need water. Until the variety blooms, the soil at its root layer is not fertilized. Pruning is done in early spring.

Landing in the soil

Pears of the Oily Summer variety sit in ordinary soil. Avoid areas that are too moist or dry. Nitrogen and mineral fertilizers will help improve the quality of clay soil. It is better to choose a soil with a good drainage layer - such simple conditions will help the seedling in the first years of active growth. A seedling with elastic healthy shoots is selected. Before disembarking, it is carefully checked and washed. If the planting hole is prepared 2 weeks before the day of planting, the seedling is soaked in water for 3-4 hours.

Pear variety Big summer is pruned before planting - broken or rotten roots are removed. If it was not possible to plant a seedling in the spring, it is planted in the fall, but before the arrival of the first frosts. The depth of planting roots in the ground is 90-100 cm. Additionally, a peg is installed in the pit, which helps to anchor the young tree. Place the root collar 5 cm above ground level. The soil is poured on top of the root system and is well rammed. A roller is made around the seedling, which allows you to retain moisture around the rhizome. Immediately after planting, the tree is watered with 3-4 buckets of water.

Plant care

Garden crops that ripen early are regularly fed and watered. Also, the tree needs to form a crown. In autumn, the seedling is fed with mineral fertilizers, and closer to summer with phosphate-potassium mixtures. For adult crops, fertilizing the upper layers of the soil is ineffective, therefore, wells are made at a short distance from the tree, into which liquid fertilizer is poured. In the spring, early ripening crops are fertilized with nitrogenous substances. In dry weather, the roots and trunk are sprayed with fertilizers.

Summer Orlovskaya pear, like any early-ripening variety, is drought-resistant. One healthy tree has at least 10 liters of water. Irrigation takes place every 3 weeks. The older the tree gets, the less it needs watering. The number of irrigations is reduced, but the amount of water applied increases at a time). Increase watering during flowering, when the skin of the fruit is already yellow, and during severe drought. The last regular watering is carried out after harvesting - after that, the tree is watered as the soil clod dries. A tree is cut from the 2nd year - it is necessary to limit its growth in height. After that, the tree is pruned every 3 years - broken or diseased branches are removed.

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