Growing hypoesthesia in a city apartment
Hypoestes is a rare guest from Madagascar
An ornamental plant that will decorate your home with luxurious colors of oval leaves.
Lovers of rare domestic plants may not yet be familiar with the amazing flower of a completely extraordinary color. Such flowers are valued for the exotic beauty of their leaves and belong to the group of decorative deciduous plants, although pale purple small flowers with a white throat are in harmony with the unheard-of bright color of the leaves hypoesthesia.
Imagine a short, lush bush with opposite ovoid leaves, on which rare gaps of a traditionally green color coexist with many bright pink, purple, white spots and splashes. Indeed, such a cheerful and at the same time delicate color of the leaves is rarely found.
The homeland of this picturesque masterpiece is the tropical regions of South Africa and the island of Madagascar. The genus has about 150 species, belongs to the Akantov family, in culture, two or three species are most often bred.
Leaf grate hypoestes differs in soft, purple-red leaves. Its flowers are solitary, axillary, lavender. In the nature of the island of Madagascar, it is located in shady, humid places. Therefore, at home, we create conditions for tropical plants that are as close as possible to natural ones.
Hypoestes blood red is a shrub up to 50 cm in height with well-branched shoots. However, branching of shoots depends on our care of the plant: the more often we pinch or cut the tops of the shoots, the thicker and more elegant the plant will look. Its leaves are narrow-ovate, soft, 5-8 cm long and 3-4 cm wide. They are whole-edged, slightly wavy at the edges, which gives a special charm to these leaves in multi-colored splashes on a rare green field. Some varieties are completely pink-leaved with purple veins. The flowers are small, half-umbels, light purple. They are not the main advantage of this species, but during flowering hypoestes looks even more elegant.
Reproduction of hypoesthesia
After the end of flowering, the peduncles are cut and shortened too elongated shoots. Cut cuttings 7-10 cm long are immediately placed in a container with water so that they swim there and are well saturated with water. If you just put the cuttings in a glass of water, like ivy or pelargonium, they instantly wilt. But "head bathing" pretty soon brings these tropical sissies to life. At the same time, adult plants are quite hardy in indoor conditions, they gratefully accept regular spraying, but they can do without it.
When the leaves of the cuttings become elastic again (their turgor is restored), put them in a glass, preferably opaque, and cover with a transparent bag or plastic glass. It is more convenient to put a cup with cuttings in a plastic transparent bag and easily tie its edges. As the roots appear, the bag is slightly untied, and then completely opened. They keep this mini-greenhouse in a warm, bright place, but not in direct sun. On the south and west windows, during the summer excess illumination, the cuttings are shaded with paper, gauze, and a tulle curtain right on the glass. In conditions of high humidity, cuttings root rather quickly, forming a dense mass of white thin roots at the nodes. Now they can be planted in small pots, several pieces at a time, without untangling root tangles, so as not to damage the roots and quickly get a thick, beautiful bush. When planting in a pot, you usually already need to pinch the tops of the shoots that have stretched out during rooting.
The earthen mixture is traditionally recommended to be made up of 1 part of sod land, 1 part of humus, 1 part of peat and 1 part of sand. If there is no garden land in stock, use ready-made peat soils of a slightly acidic reaction with the addition of perlite, sand for better water and air permeability. In addition, it is good to add a complex or complete long-acting fertilizer (AVA with nitrogen, 1 tsp per 1 liter of mixture) to the substrate and thoroughly mix the soil with AVA powder. As usual, when planting on the bottom of the pot, we put expanded clay or washed coarse sand, or broken shards from old washed pots for drainage. Excess moisture should not stagnate in the pot so that the roots do not suffocate without oxygen.
This rule is true for almost all indoor plants, with the exception of aquatic and semi-aquatic plants, for example, cyperus (papyrus) spends its "root life" in water and does not suffer from its presence even at a quarter of the height of the pot.
Another rule is also true: newly planted rooted cuttings are placed in the shade or in a shaded place for several days, sprayed with warm, settled water, and species that are especially sensitive to dry air (hypoesthesia among them) are covered with a film, placed in a transparent bag, pulling together its edges in a word, they maintain an increased humidity of the air and substrate until rooting in the soil is completed and the leaves become steadily elastic. Now the shelter is gradually opened, and later removed completely.
Don't take these precautions too hard, but breeding tropical plants takes patience and attention. As soon as they grow up, the only concern will be timely watering and periodic spraying of the air around the plants.
Hypoesthetics in the home and office.
Elegant, joyful hypoestesses can act as soloists of your collection, live at some distance from the window, but not in the dark. All variegated plants need good illumination, otherwise their bright unusual spots will fade, or they may disappear, the leaves will turn green.
Hypoesthetics are very good in company with white-spotted fittonia, saintpaulias with pink, white, lilac or purple flowers. Bells will also look more impressive against their unusual purple-red or pink background. To compose the composition, you can use a suitable container - low, but spacious for several copies of partner plants. You can adapt a tray for them, on the bottom of which you pour fine expanded clay and spray it to maintain sufficient air humidity. In spring and summer, for hypoesthesia, an air temperature of + 20 ... + 23 ° С is sufficient, in winter - not lower than + 18 ° С.
These plants will feel very comfortable in aquariums that are no longer used for their intended purpose. It is easier to provide higher temperature and humidity in them in winter. But hypoesthetics are also planted in boxes, combining with flowering low-growing balsams, gelksina - a lush rug of thin shoots with tiny round leaves, ivy, ginura with purple pubescent leaves, begonias with colored reddish leaves or the usual ever-flowering begonia. Lush bushes of hypoesthesia are placed as a colored rug on the surface of the ground of large tub plants, especially if the lower part of these large-sized plants is bare.
Hypoesthesia in the garden landscape.
But, perhaps, the most amazing property of hypoesthesia is the ability to grow in the open field in summer as an elegant carpet plant. There are miniature varieties for this, but the usual medium-high hypoesthesia can be cut regularly, maintaining the set height of the "rug". It is important to keep it hydrated regularly. Ordinary carpet crops can serve as a partner of carpet hypoesthesia: irezine, alternantera, coleus Bluma, Primorskaya cineraria, petiolate cineraria, as well as undersized sedums, bryozoan, thyme, obrieta, arabis, herbal cloves and other ground cover plants.
Photo by the author
How to grow pineapple at home
Pineapple can hardly be called a tree, but it can also decorate the interior, so we included it in our list. Pineapple is beautiful during flowering, and if you take good care of it, then after five years you can taste it.
In order to grow pineapple at home, you need to cut off its top. It is placed in a pre-prepared soil mixture - peat and sand in equal proportions. To preserve moisture, cover the pineapple with a jar or plastic bag on top. After the top takes root and the bush grows up, it is transplanted into a large, but shallow container. The soil for transplanting is prepared as follows: sand, turf and leaf humus are mixed in equal parts. It is important for pineapple that there is a lot of space - only if this condition is met, it is possible to wait for fruits from it in the future.
Pineapple is afraid of cold weather, so the coldest temperature in the room where it is grown should be 18 ° C. Ideally, it is better to keep it at 25 ° C. As a rule, the pineapple will not always have enough sunlight, so in the winter, provide it with additional lighting with a fluorescent lamp.
Pineapple needs additional nutrition, so gardeners recommend feeding it with organic fertilizers once a month. It is best to use mullein for this purpose (we described the recipe for its preparation in detail in the section on growing pomegranates). In active periods of growth and development of pineapple, 2 times a month, you can apply mineral fertilizers like Flower or Rainbow, clearly following the rules specified in the instructions.
Watering an adult pineapple is sufficient once a week. Water for irrigation is taken warm, settled. Ideally, if it is rain or melt water. In most cases, boiled water with a pinch of citric acid is used to water pineapple. If it suddenly happens that you have watered your pineapple too hard, you will have to change the substrate.
The plant also needs to be sprayed. In summer, water the pineapple often and abundantly so that the water saturates the entire soil. In winter, you should not get carried away with this.
To plant a tree, a little soil and a pot with drainage holes are often enough. Well, you need to make a little effort - where can you go without it? But the tree that will turn out in the end will delight you for a long time and create a mood in the house.
Have you had a successful experience of growing fruit trees at home? Share in the comments!
Types of polisias
The following plant species are grown in room culture.
- Shrub polisias (Polyscias fruticosa). Shrub about 2 m tall with large, 20 cm double- and triple-feathery leaves and a toothed edge of the leaf plate. This is a very decorative look with a dense openwork crown.
- Poliscias dull-leaved (Polyscias obtusa). Shrub with shiny leaves with 3 - 5 lobes and a lobed edge.
- Polisias fern-leaved (Polyscias filicifolia). Tall shrub, exceeding 2.5 m in natural conditions. Leaves are long, 30 - 50 cm. Densely spaced pinnately dissected lobes. The plant itself resembles in appearance a bouquet of fern leaves.
- Poliscias paniculata (Polyscias paniculata). Low shrub with short, up to 20 cm long, leaves. Lobes with a serrated edge, broadly lanceolate or oval, with a pointed apex. The common cultivar 'Variegata' has green leaves with yellow spots.
- Policeman helmet (Polyscias scutellaria). It differs from other species not only in leaves, but also in the structure of a rather thick trunk, from which thin little branching shoots extend straight upwards. The leaves consist of three rounded lobes with a slightly serrate edge. In addition to the variegated varieties of this plant, there are varieties with a slightly different shape of the share: with a prickly edge or weakly lobed. The most popular of these is the 'Marginata' - with a fine-toothed leaf edge and a wide white border.
- Polisias Balfour (Polyscias balfouriana). Dense, low shrub with light gray-green shoots. Leaves with three large (about 7 cm) rounded lobes, along the edge of which there is an uneven, intermittent white border.
One of the most popular varieties in this species is the 'Pennockii'. It differs in the larger size of the leaf plate with a marbled, green-white color and wide white stripes along the veins. The ‘Variegata’ variety, with a white border, is no less popular.
- Polisias Guilfoil (Polyscias guilfoylei). Tall, up to 3 m, highly branched shrub with large double-feathery leaves. The lobes are pinnately dissected, with a jagged edge and a white or yellowish border.
Caring for the police at home
Despite such a variety of species suitable for indoor floriculture, the plant is not among the most popular, since it is quite demanding on the conditions of detention and reacts negatively to their violations. For a comfortable state of health, the policeman needs the following regime.
Universal rules for growing vegetables at home
Observing lush orchards and fruitful gardens, even an inexperienced person understands that not every vegetable, let alone fruit or berries, is suitable for growing at home. Each crop needs its own conditions, but general or classical rules that are directly applicable to all vegetable crops also exist.
- Planted seedlings, seeds or seedlings, both vegetables and berries, love space.
- The slightest "struggle" for moisture or nutrition will only do harm.
- Lack of light and a falling shadow from a nearby pot reduces the chance of getting a good harvest, or achieving fruiting at all.
- Plants or some varieties of vegetable crops with a branched and powerful root system are absolutely not suitable for growing in a flower pot, so you should not even experiment, since a fiasco is almost guaranteed.
3. Harvest cuttings
It is convenient to harvest vegetable seeds. But many flowers, shrubs and trees do not grow well from seed, or it takes a very long time. In addition, hybrids, in principle, do not have seeds, and their reproduction occurs in other ways. Almost all perennials, most shrubs and vines, and many trees reproduce by cuttings. Take the time to get a few cuttings and plant them in damp perlite. After a few weeks or a month, leaves will appear on the handle, and it will take root.
How to create a mini-garden in a city apartment?
To grow your own herbs and vegetables, you do not need a huge vegetable garden in the countryside, because it is quite possible to organize a mini-garden on the balcony or windowsill of a city apartment. How to adapt your living space or balcony for growing greenery? We will tell you more about this in the article. There is also a lot of useful information about the garden, you can find here https://ogorodniki.com/
Growing food at home is a hot trend and a green choice as it can help reduce CO emissions.2 when transporting greenery and reducing the amount of plastic waste (packaging). Plus, home gardening is also a relaxing and fun activity for the whole family - especially now that most of us are spending more time at home. Creating a city garden does not require much effort and investment, but it brings a lot of positive emotions.
MUSHROOMS IN THE GARDEN AND GARDEN - TIPS AND FEEDBACK
FOR MUSHROOMS ON THE BED
It's good when not only vegetables grow in the garden, but also ... mushrooms. Previously, it seemed exotic, but now more and more summer residents dream of getting their own mushroom meadow.
Oyster mushrooms, honey mushrooms, shiitake grow on a cellulose substrate, so a fresh stump or a bag filled with sawdust or straw will do for them.
In early May, drill several holes 5-7 cm deep and 3-5 cm in diameter in a fresh stump or chock. Fill them with mushroom mycelium (sold in garden stores). Place in the shade and water occasionally.True, you will harvest the crop only next year, but you will receive it until the wood turns into dust (3-4 years).
If you want mushrooms this season, you have to work hard. Scald a bucket of sawdust with boiling water, cool. Fill them in a transparent plastic bag, mixing with the packaging of mycelium. Make holes for ventilation and leave in a dark place at a temperature of + 15 ... + 20 degrees, for 2-3 weeks. When the sawdust is covered with a white bloom, inspect the bag and in places where mushroom embryos will be visible, make slots through which they will continue to grow. Keep the bag out of direct sunlight and spray regularly with water. Then the bag will bear fruit up to three months, after which you will have to prepare a new one. And the contents of the old can be used as fertilizer.
Forest in the vegetable garden
Ryzhik, boletus, boletus and porcini mushrooms need fertile soil or compost.
In June, remove a 15 cm layer of soil, 30 x 30 cm, around the mushroom growing in the forest. On the site, take a damp place shaded by trees, dig holes 15 cm deep, throw a couple of handfuls of compost into each and lay the soil with mycelium on top. Cover with hay, pour plenty of water. If the mycelium was intact, you will collect the first mushrooms this year. If a clod of earth has crumbled, they will appear only by next summer.
IN THE GARDEN FOR MUSHROOMS
Can you grow mushrooms on your site? Sure! And strong boletus, and boletus, and boletus can perfectly take root in your dacha.
True, this will require the presence of a forest edge on the site or nearby with birches, spruces or aspens growing on it. After all, most of the valuable forest mushrooms are in a complex symbiosis with trees.
Pour overripe porcini mushrooms with rainwater, stand for about a day, then strain through a rare cloth and pour this water with numerous fungal spores on the selected area under the trees.
Transfer the small pieces of mycelium carefully dug out in the forest (from a matchbox) to the chosen place. Place them carefully in shallow pits, cover them with grass mat and moisten them slightly.
You can lay pieces of fresh mushroom caps on a loosened mat under the trees. After 3-4 days they should be removed and the bedding should be moistened.
You can also plant dried pieces of hats, but they must already be placed under the bedding.
If you did everything correctly and the weather was favorable, then the next year you can get a small harvest of mushrooms. Your harvest will surely grow every year!
© Author: Viktor Krylov Leningrad region