The medicinal properties and contraindications of horse chestnut
Horse Chestnut is a powerful tree with a gorgeous dense crown that can be seen in any park or yard. Its greatness and beauty cannot but amaze. It has long been used in folk medicine to relieve symptoms and treat many conditions. A detailed description of this type of chestnut, medicinal properties, methods of reproduction, planting and care can be found below.
Morphological characteristics of the Horse Chestnut
Common horse chestnut is a plant belonging to the Horse chestnut family. It has a powerful root system that lies deep in the soil. The trunk is powerful, dark brown in color, topped with a spreading dome-shaped crown. The tree can be up to 35 meters high.
Leaves are pale green, palmate and practically without teeth with oblong petioles. In the spring, the growing season begins, and white flowers, enclosed in panicles, bloom. Each panicle has 1 to 5 fruits that look like bolls covered with a lot of thorns.
If you open these boxes, you can find one or more nuts, which everyone calls a chestnut. The walnut is a shiny dark brown color with a small rough waist in the middle.
Chestnuts ripen in late summer and early autumn.
How and where does the tree grow
The horse chestnut came to us from the southern side of the Balkon Peninsula. To be more precise, these are Albania, Bulgaria, Greece, Serbia, Macedonia. Mostly this plant grows in the wild in deciduous forests and feels comfortable next to ash, alder, linden, maple... In the vastness of the Russian Federation, the common horse chestnut is planted in a temperate climate zone.
Fruit horse chestnut necessary collectwhen they start to fall off on their own, this is a signal that they are already ripe, mainly in October.
How fruits are eaten
Despite the fact that the nuts are similar to each other, however, the fruits are similar only externally. Not all chestnuts are edible... That is why it is not for nothing that the horse chestnut has such a name, because its fruits should not be eaten by humans. In places where it grows, it is fed to pets. These nuts taste bitter, so animals do not immediately begin to eat them. Usually, they are simply ground into flour and added as an additive to animal feed. What kind of chestnut can you eat?
But real chestnut can be eaten. In southern Europe, it is eaten baked, raw, fried and boiled... Dried fruits are used to make flour and add it to baked goods, sweets, cakes. They can also be made a worthy substitute for coffee.
To distinguish a horse chestnut from an edible one, you need to pay attention to the inflorescences. In a real chestnut, flowers are collected in oblong earrings.
Useful properties and application in traditional medicine
Chestnut is a valuable nut that has many beneficial properties. It includes:
- Saponins... They have a positive effect on increasing the tone, permeability and elasticity of venous vessels, thereby removing blood stasis. Activates the production of catecholamines. Strengthens the walls of venous capillaries and eliminates pastiness by reducing lymph flow.
- Tannins... They are necessary to create protection due to their bactericidal and astringent properties.
They are indispensable for inflammation of the oral cavity, wounds, burns, problems with the digestive tract, as well as poisoning of the body with plant poisons and heavy metals.
- Starch - the most important source of energy. When it enters the body, it turns into glucose. He is also responsible for coordinated muscle work.
- Large amount of vitamins, which are so necessary for the human body: A, C, E, K, vitamins of group B.
- Glycosides are necessary for the correct functioning of the heart, improvement of the nervous system, urination, and removal of phlegm from the lungs.
- Lots of macro- and microelements: Ca, Fe, Ni, Zn, B, Cr, Se, I, Ag.
Chestnut is also enriched with pectin, lecithin, carotene, flavonoids and organic acids, globulins, fatty oils.
This rich composition can significantly improve human health, therefore it is widely used in traditional medicine. How chestnuts can help the body:
- Removes pastinessb and inflammatory reactions.
- Prevents liquefaction blood.
- Reduces viscosity blood.
- Reduces permeability capillaries.
- Prophylaxis with thrombosis.
- Bounces back pH of gastric juice.
- Takes off muscle spasm.
- Normalizes secretion gallbladder.
- Increases speed blood flow.
- Expands vessels.
- Reduces cholesterol.
- Improves performance heart and liver.
- Chestnut extract removes toxins, heavy metals, salts and radionuclides.
If you use chestnuts at least several times, then you can forget about taking multivitamin preparations.
There are many options for how to use chestnuts. For medicinal purposes, flowers, bark of young branches, seeds, seed skins, leaves and fruits are used. Infusions, decoctions, drops are made from them.
Contraindications for admission:
- individual intolerance;
- disease thrombocytopenia, or decreased blood clotting;
- sharp gastritis and stomach ulcers;
- violation menstrual cycle;
- pregnancyespecially in the first trimester;
- atonic constipation;
- hypotension - lowering blood pressure.
How to plant an ordinary chestnut
Blooming chestnuts are just a sight for sore eyes. Many people dream of planting this tree in their yard or summer cottage, but few know how to do it right. In order for the horse chestnut to take root and delight you with its beauty, you need to familiarize yourself with the following rules:
- It is not necessary to buy seedlings to plant chestnuts, one ripe chestnut is enough.
- For the chestnut to sprout, you need it soak in water, and when it swells and is saturated with moisture, it can be safely planted in the ground.
To make the process go faster, you need to change the water more.
- After 14 days the first shoots will appear.
- When the chestnut has sprouted it can be put in a pot of soil and leave in a cool room until spring comes.
- At the end of May, you can start disembarking... Better if it is not a particularly hot day.
- In order for the seedlings to be stable and hardened, you can several weeks before planting take them out into the fresh air and leave for a couple of hours. Next, you need to leave for a longer time.
- Before planting chestnuts they should be outside all day, and then another day.
If you want to plant the seedlings, then you need to make sure that the roots and trunk are intact, without signs of disease and plaque.
First of all, you need to choose the right place for the future chestnut cultivation. It is necessary to choose an area so that it is well lit and has a lot of space and space. It is better not to plant chestnuts in front of houses, outbuildings and businesses.... Also, within 5 m, there should not be any buildings that would interfere with the penetration of the sun into the crown. Another important point is that nothing obscures the seedlings.
The land should be fertile, great if it is black soil. If the type of soil is sandy or clayey, this can lead to decay and acidification of the roots.... Also, little oxygen will get into the roots.
If the soil does not have certain minerals or elements, then it is necessary to replenish the balance. For example, if it is a loamy type of soil, then you need to add sand, and if it is a sandy type, then clay. You can also use organic fertilizers such as compost or manure.
Planting a chestnut is not at all difficult. To do this, you need to dig a hole 55-65cm wide... Next, you need to make fertilizer and mix it with the ground. Here you can use humus and dolomite flour.
It is imperative to look at the pH. It should not exceed 6.0. When the soil is acidic, lime can be added to it.
Next, we put a seedling and bury it with earth. Then we tamp the earth with our hands and water it. It is worth remembering about weeding in order for the roots to develop faster. You can also make a support so that the tree does not break if there is a strong wind.
Chestnut care and reproduction
Although the horse chestnut tree is not whimsical, however, it is worth taking care of it and properly looking after it. Top dressing should be applied in the fall. Nitroammofosk can be used as fertilizer, and after a year you can make the following fertilization: add 20 g of urea and 1 kg of mullein to a bucket of water. Mix all components and water the seedling.
To saturate the soil with oxygen, one must not forget to mulch it and add peat or wood chips.
Until the chestnut has matured, regular watering is necessary.
Horse chestnut is an amazingly beautiful tree with chestnuts that have a storehouse of nutrients. They are the favorite plants to be used in landscaping. The most important thing to remember is that horse chestnut cannot be consumed, but only real chestnut is allowed.
Taking infusions, decoction or on their own will significantly improve your health and enrich your body with vitamins and minerals.
In this way, this tree not only brings beauty and purification of the air, but also significantly affects the internal state... Since it is not expensive and easy to maintain, it is very beneficial to plant it in suburban areas, parks, highways.
Horse chestnut - medicinal properties and contraindications
Horse chestnut - deciduous tree of the Sapindov family. Its snow-white panicles adorn the alleys of thousands of cities and towns. But the flowers and fruits of the horse chestnut not only look spectacular, but also have medicinal properties. They are used in cosmetology and folk medicine to treat various diseases.
Biochemical composition of horse chestnut
Horse chestnut has many medicinal properties due to the fact that its bark, flowers, fruits and seeds contain flavonoids of several groups. The raw materials of this tree contain:
- coumarins (reduce capillary permeability, thereby increasing their resistance)
- glycoside esculin (increases blood circulation in veins, increases the production of antithrombin and stimulates the antithrombotic activity of blood serum)
- saponin escin (reduces blood viscosity).
Horse chestnut also has a high content of glycosides. That is why it has a beneficial effect on the condition of the skin of the face, hair and body.
The medicinal properties of horse chestnut
Thinning blood, reducing its coagulability and strengthening the walls of blood vessels are the main medicinal properties of horse chestnut, therefore, its use is indicated for varicose veins, thrombophlebitis and hypertension. The fruits of this plant fight bad cholesterol and remove excess salts from the body. They are used to treat:
- increased blood clotting.
Indications for the use of horse chestnut tincture are cough and asthma, since it has unique healing properties - this remedy can literally in a few days:
- eliminate inflammation in the bronchi
- remove phlegm
- facilitate blood flow to the lungs.
Decoctions from the peels of the fruit of the tree are used for diseases of the liver, spleen and gallbladder. They improve digestion, relieve pain and swelling. Due to the fact that the tincture of horse chestnut fruit has wound healing and other medicinal properties, its use is indicated for burns and boils. By making lotions with this remedy, you will relieve itchy skin of any etiology and speed up wound healing. Horse chestnut has a sedative effect on the body. That is why it is used to treat:
- increased excitability.
A decoction from the fruit or bark of chestnut can improve digestion and eliminate inflammation of the gastrointestinal mucosa. It is used in the complex therapy of chronic diarrhea. From the leaves of this tree, infusions are prepared, which are an excellent pain reliever. They relieve pain in uterine and hemorrhoidal bleeding.
Contraindications to the use of horse chestnut
Horse chestnut has not only medicinal properties, but also contraindications. Therefore, before using any remedies made from its leaves, fruits, bark or flowers, be sure to make sure that you are not prohibited from taking them. Horse chestnut thins blood and lowers blood pressure, because of this, with hypertension, it is better to refrain from using drugs based on it. It is not advisable to drink them for those who suffer from diseases accompanied by poor blood clotting.
Contraindications to the use of horse chestnut tincture are:
- profuse internal bleeding (intestinal, stomach, or hemorrhoidal)
- low acid gastritis
- atonic constipation.
Any decoctions and infusions from the leaves and fruits of this tree should not be taken orally in case of menstrual irregularities. Individual intolerance and pregnancy are also contraindications to the use of horse chestnut.
The chemical composition of the medicinal plant
Horse chestnut is distinguished by its special richness of composition, thanks to which it can help with many diseases. The healing properties of the tree are recognized by both folk and traditional medicine. On the basis of chestnut, several medicinal preparations have been created, primarily aimed at thinning the blood.
Horse chestnut contains: flavonoids, saponins, thiamine, tannins, coumarins, carotene, mucus, globulin, lecithin, glycosides, fatty oils, pectin compounds, ascorbic acid, sugars, starch, uric acid, adenosine, adenine, guanine, phytosterols , fraksetin, scopoline, arginine, pectins, thiamine and bitterness.
In addition, vitamins are present in it: A, C, K, P and most of the group B. There are also macro- and microelements in horse chestnut, among which predominate: selenium, calcium, boron, silver, iodine, chromium, barium, zinc, iron and nickel.
Today, work on the study of the composition of this medicinal plant continues, and it is possible that other substances, most valuable to humans, will be found in it.
The medicinal properties of the horse chestnut plant and application
The medicinal properties of horse chestnut are due to the presence of nutrients in all parts of this wonderful tree - leaves, bark, flowers, fruits.
Horse chestnut preparations, due to their composition, reduce blood clotting, prevent the formation of blood clots in blood vessels, promote the resorption of existing blood clots, strengthen and tone the walls of capillaries and veins, and improve blood circulation.
Decoction of horse chestnut bark for gastric ulcer and intestinal ulcer, internal bleeding, inflammation of the joints:
- 2 tsp Pour crushed bark with 1 glass of boiling water, leave in a water bath for 1 hour, cool, drain. Take 2 tbsp. l. 5 times a day.
Tincture of chestnut fruit for joint diseases:
- Chop 10 ripe fruits, pour 500 ml of vodka, close tightly with a lid in a glass container. Insist in a dark place for a week, then strain. Take 20 drops 3 times a day before meals, and also apply externally in the form of compresses on the area of sore joints or rubbing, which enhances the effect of the tincture.
Tincture of horse chestnut flowers for arthritis, gout, radiculitis, neuralgia, osteochondrosis:
- Pour 50 g of flowers with 500 ml of vodka, close the lid tightly, leave for two weeks in a dark place, shaking occasionally, drain.Apply to rubbing as an anesthetic.
Due to the presence of esculin, rutin, tannins, horse chestnut preparations are used in violation of the venous outflow of blood, they are one of the best venotonic agents.
With varicose veins, thrombophlebitis, vascular disease of the eyes, hemorrhoids:
- Tincture of flowers or fruits of horse chestnut. 50 g of flowers or crushed fruits (seeds) pour 0.5 liters of vodka, insist in a sealed container in a warm dark place for two weeks, shaking daily, strain. Take 30 ÷ 40 drops dissolved in a small amount of water 3 times a day for 3 to 4 weeks. This tincture is used for rubbing with joint pain and rheumatism.
- Juice from fresh chestnut flowers. Squeeze 25 ÷ 30 drops into 1 tbsp. a spoonful of water, drink 2 times a day Edema and pain in the veins are reduced, blood clots soften and gradually disappear. Trophic ulcers of the leg with varicose veins are cleared, the healing process is accelerated.
In case of uterine bleeding - a decoction from the peel of the fruit:
- Recipe 1. 5 g of peel, pour 1 cup of boiling water, boil for 15 minutes, cool, drain. Drink 1 tbsp. l. 3 times a day.
- Recipe 2.1 tsp Pour 200 ml of boiling water over the crushed peel of the fruit, boil for 10 minutes, leave for 4 hours, strain. Use for washing with uterine bleeding.
In the treatment of uterine fibroids:
- 1 tsp of roasted horse chestnut seeds powder, pour 200 ml of hot water, bring to a boil, as when preparing coffee. Take 200 ml 2 - 3 times a day.
Decoction of chestnut bark in the treatment of hemorrhoids:
- 2 tbsp. l. Boil chopped chestnut bark in 1 liter of water for 15 minutes, leave, wrapped, 8 hours (or in a thermos), drain. Use for baths (sitz baths) and douching. The broth can be used for lotions on leg ulcers with varicose veins.
Pharmacies sell the finished drug "Eskuzan" in the form of a liquid extract - a water-alcohol extract from seeds. The drug "Esflazid" - in the form of tablets and suppositories - contains escin and flavonoids from the leaves, prepared from the leaves and seeds of chestnut.
The drugs are used as a venotonic and antithrombotic agent for venous congestion and varicose veins of the lower extremities.
Horse chestnut preparations reduce blood clotting, strengthen the walls of capillaries and veins.
Tincture: horse chestnut, hawthorn, valerian, peony
If you are often worried about the heart, high blood pressure, arrhythmia, try making a simple herbal tincture. A time-tested recipe and millions of patients throughout Russia.
It is recommended not only as a method of treating traditional medicine: therapists, neurologists and cardiologists recommend the remedy to their patients.
The advantage of the tincture is that it consists entirely of natural ingredients. The alcohol base allows you to quickly absorb, even in the mouth. The effect is felt immediately.
How to prepare horse chestnut tincture:
- Buy horse chestnut, valerian, peony, hawthorn tincture at the pharmacy. Take 50 grams each.
- Pour these tinctures into one container.
- Let it brew for a day.
- Drink a teaspoon three times a day.
Effects on the body of valerian tincture:
Calms the nervous system, dilates blood vessels, has a beneficial effect on the intestines and digestion, relieves spasms. Helps with insomnia, is used in the treatment of the thyroid gland.
Normalizes blood pressure, favorably affects the work of the cardiovascular system, normalizes cerebral circulation. Reduces the manifestation of tachycardia, arrhythmias. Helps relieve dizziness.
Prevents heart attack and stroke, lowers blood pressure, preventing blood clots from forming. Helps in the treatment of hemorrhoids, thrombophlebitis. Fights any inflammation.
It is used for diseases such as colitis, gastritis, ulcers of the digestive system, uterine cancer, paralysis, concussion, epilepsy.
Helps to eliminate some diseases of the gastrointestinal tract associated with high acidity.
In combination, these tinctures have a beneficial effect on almost all body systems, help fight chronic sluggish diseases, which has a beneficial effect on overall well-being.
Eliminates the effects of stress, neuroses, takes care of the work of the heart and blood vessels.
Valerian is contraindicated in hypotension. In the presence or absence of diseases, you should consult a specialist.
The doctor will conclude that it is necessary to take the drug, or will prohibit it.
Severe pathologies of the gastrointestinal tract, larynx are a direct contraindication for ingestion of any kind of alcohol, including tinctures.
Pharmacy preparations with horse chestnut
At the pharmacy, you can buy horse chestnut medications:
- Aescusan - horse chestnut liquid extract, used for chronic venous insufficiency. Helps with hemorrhoids, muscle pains, cramps, swelling, ulcers, thrombophlebitis. In addition to the liquid extract, Aescusan is produced in the form of an ointment and gel. Read about horse chestnut ointment in this article.
- Esflazid - a domestic drug - venotonic, has pronounced angioprotective and tonic properties.
- Venitan - gel, has a venotonic, anti-inflammatory, anti-edema effect.
You can also buy 911 horse chestnut gel-balm at the pharmacy. It is an adjunct for the treatment of varicose veins and thrombophlebitis.
Contraindications for use
Horse chestnut has certain contraindications for use. Plant components not used in the following cases:
- low blood clotting
- severe pathologies of the kidneys and liver
- irregular periods
- individual intolerance.
Among side effects allocate:
- allergic reaction
- nausea, heartburn
- constipation, flatulence.
When applied topically, irritation may occur. In this case, the use of horse chestnut and preparations based on it is discontinued. During lactation, the use of horse chestnut should be consulted with a doctor.
You should also carefully apply chestnut-based medicines for stomach ulcers and significant cardiac pathologies.
In addition to the above, there are contraindications to the use of alcohol tincture based on flowers and fruits of horse chestnut:
- pregnancy and breastfeeding
- age up to 16 years
- atonic constipation
- hypoacidly acute gastritis.
In the matter of a long course of treatment with horse chestnut tincture, consultation with a specialist is necessary. It is also recommended to check the level of prothrombin in the blood during the period of use of this drug.