What are the best carrot varieties for open ground
Carrots are one of the most popular vegetables among summer residents, therefore they invariably grow on every personal plot. At the moment, through the efforts of breeders, many varieties of this root crop have been bred, which differ from each other in terms of ripening, taste characteristics and characteristics of agricultural technology. That is why almost all gardeners are interested in how to choose the right varieties of carrots for planting.
The best varieties
Experts do not stop research work, creating more and more new varieties of carrots, as well as improving existing ones, increasing the content of sugars and carotene useful for our body. Although not only seeds of domestic but also foreign selection exist on the market today, it is recommended to give preference to seeds that are produced in Russia and are maximally adapted to our climatic conditions.
INChoosing the best varieties of carrots for sowing today, it is worth taking into account the fact that they are divided according to ripening dates - early, medium and late, the degree of yield, carotene content, storage terms, as well as the shape and color of the root crop. Let us dwell in more detail on the very first criterion for choosing carrots - varieties with different ripening periods for root crops.
The beauty of purchasing such seeds for open ground lies precisely in the fact that with a relatively low degree of yield and a lower sugar content than similar root crops, but with a late ripening period, you can get the first harvest of vitamin root crops after 80 - 100 days. Let us dwell in detail only on some varieties of early varieties.
Lady - by purchasing seeds of this sort, you can harvest the crop in 90 days. Root vegetables of this type boast a good content of the important element of carotene and excellent taste. It has flat and smooth to the touch vegetables, cylindrical in shape and red in color, capable of reaching 20 cm in length. The variety is characterized by high productivity, shows resistance to flowering, cracking, and has good immunity to diseases. Ideal for landing in all climatic zones - including the middle zone and the Urals.
Zabava is a hybrid that appeared thanks to the efforts of breeders of the West Siberian Vegetable Experimental Station. The ripening period of root crops - from the appearance of the first shoots to full maturity - can be at least 90 days. It has an excellent pleasant taste, the mass of root crops ranges from 80 to 200 grams, and can grow in length up to 20 centimeters. They also have a dense and juicy pulp. They show themselves well in the preparation of various dishes, as well as storage.
Nantes 4 is one of the best seeds that domestic breeders have successfully worked on. Ripening terms fluctuate in a fairly wide range - 80 - 100 days. The fruits have a high carotene content, they can grow up to 14 cm in length, have a characteristic cylindrical blunt-pointed shape and an orange color. Reach in weight from 90 to 160 grams. They are well stored under all conditions, suitable for growing in all corners of our country. They are widely used for the preparation of baby food, as well as medical food.
Sugar finger is an ultra-early ripening variety of carrots, since the period of its ripening to full readiness is somewhere between 50 - 65 days. It has beautiful, cylindrical shape and rich orange fruit, with a juicy tender center, the length of which can be up to 12 centimeters. Differs in a sufficiently high content of sugars and carotene useful for our body.
Video "How to choose the right carrot variety"
Root crops, which are characterized by a medium ripening period of vegetables, combine the best features of early and late varieties. By purchasing these seeds, you can be sure that you are getting the best varieties of carrots for storage. They are especially recommended for planting in areas with a fairly short growing season.
Balero F1 is a hybrid variety that ripens vegetables from 110 to 120 days. It is characterized by the presence of a cylindrical shape of root crops, which can grow up to 20 cm in length. They easily cope with an unpleasant soil crust, can tolerate small frosts on the soil surface with honor, and at the same time do not lose their excellent taste characteristics. The dry matter content of such vegetables is from 10, 5 to 12%, and sugars - from 6, 8 to 8%. Carrots of this kind not only make excellent salads and juices, they can also be frozen for the winter, canned, grown for bundled products.
Vitamin 6 is another excellent mid-season variety that is characterized by a high content of carotene and sugars. It was zoned in the Moscow region, and has proven itself well due to its high yield and excellent taste. It has cylindrical fruit with blunt ends. It has a good keeping quality and is perfect for preservation. It is very loved by gardeners due to its high content of vitamin A. If you use it raw, rubbing and adding healthy olive oil, it will have a beneficial effect on the functioning of your eyes. And the presence of a large amount of beta-carotene will help everyone to strengthen the body's immune system, will also help strengthen hair and bones, and will be able to improve the functioning of the thyroid gland.
Honey - by purchasing seeds of this variety of domestic selection, you get root crops from 16 to 18 centimeters long, having a regular cylindrical shape and a beautiful red-orange color. Such carrots are able to grow and develop normally on loamy and sandy loam soils, and the period of their full ripening is approximately 70 - 100 days. It has a greater presence of sugar and carotene than other mid-early varieties. Shows high immunity to various diseases that can cause a lot of trouble for vegetable crops.
Olympian F1 is a mid-season type of root crop, which you can really eat after 108 days. It has vegetables that are similar in shape to cylinders, also having a small cone, reaching a length of 20 - 23 centimeters. These carrots can weigh between 115 and 130 grams. They have a rather juicy and tender flesh of a beautiful orange color (both vegetables and the middle). Carrot yield is about 7 - 8 kg per square meter.
The latest varieties of carrots of domestic selection have a ripening period that ranges from 110 to 130 days. They are not only distinguished by high taste characteristics, but also can be stored very well for a long time.
Boyadera - the crop of such a root crop can be harvested on your own personal plot in about 4, 5 months. Such vegetables are large in size, can reach up to 30 cm in length, they are also very juicy and sweet in taste. Well suited for both fresh consumption and preservation for the winter.
Karlena is another beautiful late-ripening carrot that has a characteristic rich orange fruit. Such root crops are recommended to be planted only on fairly fertile and loose soil, and also to provide them with good timely watering.
Red giant - the ripening period of vegetables of such a culture can drag on even up to six months. As a result, rather large fruits ripen, the length of which can be up to 27 centimeters. They have a smooth and smooth surface, pleasant to the touch, and have a characteristic cone shape. The crop can be stored without any problems, observing some simple rules. These vegetables are very sweet and tasty. They are advised to grow on highly fertilized plots of land, while watering them often and to a large extent.
Flyovi - the term for the ripening of such a culture can take up to 4 months. Its fruits, which are bright orange in color, can grow up to 25 centimeters, and also have a regular cylindrical shape. They are also very sweet and juicy. They can be well stored for a long time, they have a universal purpose.
Video "Sowing in open ground"
How to properly plant this crop in open ground - you will learn from this video. The main techniques and secrets are described.
Carrot seeds: the best varieties for outdoor use
Carrots are an unpretentious root vegetable that is extremely useful for the body. It is easy to grow it in a garden plot in the open field, even for a novice gardener. The main thing is to choose the right variety. What types of carrots are found and how to grow them, it is worth getting to know in more detail.
Carrot varieties for Siberia with medium ripening
The list of the most popular includes:
- Vitamin 6
- Altai shortened.
Features - good taste and amicable ripening.
Grows well on soils with weak acidity. The fruits are large in size and rich in orange color. The shelf life is 3 - 4 months.
Differs in resistance to diseases and pests. Reacts well to feeding. Pros - excellent yield and high taste.
Viking is not picky about soil fertility. Grows well on loamy soils. The fruits have an oblong shape and rich taste.
The plant is demanding for watering and loosening the soil. The seeds germinate well.
Attention! The disadvantage of this variety of carrots is that it often suffers from fungus when over-watered.
Loves acidic and podzolic soils. The vegetables are shaped like an elongated cone. The shelf life is short, only 3 months.
Grows well on soils with low acidity. It is immune to pests. The fruits ripen together and have a bright orange color.
A distinctive feature is large, dense fruits. The downside is that the seeds do not always germinate well. The variety is resistant to temperature extremes.
One of the most cold-resistant species. Fruits are small, oblong, conical in shape. The shelf life is 3 - 4 months.
Loves slightly acidic soils. Reacts well to feeding. The downside is that it does not tolerate sudden temperature changes.
Carrot varieties with different characteristics
The popular vegetable has rather monotonous characteristics: an oblong root vegetable with a sweet, firm and juicy pulp. Breeding work on this crop has reached the point that you can choose very early varieties (from the moment of planting to harvesting 70-85 days). With a shelf life of up to 12 months, with root vegetables suitable for cooking, with a thin skin and crunchy flesh without a core.
Choosing a vitamin root vegetable
When studying the classification of carrot assortments, it is worth taking a closer look at those varieties that are most suitable for your climatic region. The characteristics of the soil on the site also play an important role, and the main thing is to decide for what purposes we will grow this useful vegetable.
In order for the vegetable to remain tasty and not acquire a freshish aftertaste during long storage, there are some varieties, for juices, dressings and cooking - others.
Still others are good in fresh snacks and for decorating salads, but they lose their taste during heat treatment, and when some varieties of carrots are stored, the flesh becomes loose and tasteless.
The earliest carrot
Early ripening varieties ripen 85-105 days after sowing in open ground. Some ultra-early hybrids become quite juicy and crunchy within 2 months from the moment the seeds were sown.
Early carrots usually do not have a high shelf life. Fairy variety with orange-red lined carrots with a pointed tip (length 10-16 cm) gain 175 g each, with a yield of about 4.6 kg / m2. The Fragrant Fairy is cultivated for fresh consumption and juicing.
Large-fruited Finhor (120-165 g) bears excellent fruit in a temperate climate.
In good years, up to 8.4 kg / m 2 of carrots can be harvested. Dessert taste, small heart and delicate skin distinguish Finhor from other early maturing.
Another brainchild of Russian selection - Tuchon - an ideal cultivar for Central Russia. Elongated fruits of 170 g each with a rich bright orange center - carrots with a bright taste are suitable for canning in pieces for the winter.
Crunch is successfully grown in harsh climates. Children will be delighted with the crunchy and very sweet pulp. The weight of the root crops is over 100 g, the length is 12–16 cm, the marketable yield is about 3.2–4.5 kg / m2.
Mid-season carrot varieties
NIIOH 336 received at the All-Russian Research Institute of Vegetable Growing 40 years ago. The cultivar with red-red flesh is universal in consumption and has a high keeping quality. Amazing juice and delicious puree are obtained from root vegetables. Carrot yield - 5.7 kg / m 2, which will help to increase the loose arable layer.
Forto are chosen so that in the middle of summer there is fresh carrots on the table, especially since the variety is able to continue without losses until the next sowing season. The mass of carrots is about 112 g, they grow up to 22 cm, so it is recommended to grow the vegetable on light sandy loam soils.
The sugar queen has been cultivated in the middle zone of our country for several decades. I fell in love with a variety of German breeding for its good yield - 3.7–4.5 kg / m 2 and a high content of carotene (up to 21 mg / 100 g). The average weight of a root crop (12-15 cm) can reach 230 g.
Niagara variety suitable for the Moscow region and in the Far East they do not refuse it. Summer residents are attracted not only by the sweetish middle with a huge amount of carotene (more than 20 mg / 100 g), but also by the yield - up to 6 kg / m2. The hybrid is frozen in portions and used for salads and stews.
Favorite late-ripening carrots of our gardeners
In late-ripening root crops, technical maturity occurs in 128-145 days. These carrots are excellently stored and have a firm pulp with a good taste.
Carrots Autumn king more than 9% of sugar accumulates. At the stage of full maturity, the vegetable acquires a sugary honey flavor, but this is a very valuable quality for making baked goods and sweet sauces. Also, carrots are used for preservation, put in the first and second courses and even make jam from it.
Cultivar originally from Germany - Rote Riesen, which is especially popular among gardeners in the Central District, lies until spring and shows good results - up to 4 kg / m2.
The variety, known for more than 20 years, is most often grown for processing: from one hundred grams of carrots, amazing lecho, dried snacks and salads are obtained.
Dutch for over 20 years Royal Forto grade with elongated fruits (18–20 cm) with a blunt tip are grown in the middle lane. Root vegetables (weighing up to 120 g) are distinguished by tender pulp, which is good in salads, stewed and pickled.
The yield of Royal Forto reaches 5 kg / m 2. This variety is a godsend for vegetable growers, whose areas are located on loose sandy soils, long-fruited carrots ripen best there and are very pleasant to the taste.
Root weight Golden autumn can be from 85 to 134 g. Conical slightly pointed fruits (16-18 cm) with a juicy center are used for making juices, gravy and salads and in baby food. The maximum yield per square meter on fertile soils is 6 kg.
Harvest varieties of carrots for open ground
Late ripe Berlicum Royal differs in amicable response - this carrot can be harvested up to 5–7 kg / m2 and more.The high content of nutrients in root vegetables allows them to be used with equal success raw and for culinary purposes. Strong carrots with elastic skin rarely break, the variety is suitable for mechanized harvesting.
Yield Moscow winter 515 (fruit - up to 16 cm) with an average ripening period surpasses the previous variety - up to 8–8.5 kg / m2. Carrots, known to gardeners for more than half a century, withstand negative temperatures, do not deteriorate for a long time in the basement and can be eaten fresh and pickled. Poured with juice, it weighs up to 190 g, it is processed into juice, canned, dried and baked.
Chantenay 2461 - This is a classic carrot variety, known since the 40s of the last century. Simple agricultural techniques will help to achieve a stable yield of a universal variety (up to 18 kg / m2) even for novice gardeners.
Chantenay has several varieties, differing in characteristic features. But in general terms, the root crop Chantenay, blunt-pointed with a wide base, reaches 16-18 cm in length with an average weight of 180-200 g. The variety is resistant to curliness and fusarium.
Yield Champion - mid-season Red giant, its performance reaches 12-14 kg / m2. Slightly pointed carrots take 100–160 g each. Canned food, frozen and puree for baby food are obtained from these carrots very tasty and aromatic. Rot and excess moisture does not spoil the carrots for a long time.
The sweetest varieties of carrots
The average sugar content in carrots is 4%. But some varieties accumulate up to 8-10%. The sweetest varieties are considered varieties Children's - Baby-candy (8,5%), Children's breakfast (10%), Baby sweetness (8.4%), and Children (8.2%) and Sweet tooth (8,7%).
These carrots are ideal for baby food, baking and juicing. These varieties are demanding on lighting, and without disease prevention they can suffer from gray rot and fusarium. Caterpillars and bears also often damage sugary roots.
Carrot varieties resistant to carrot fly
The main enemy of the vitamin vegetable is the carrot fly, which can lay eggs twice in a season and destroy most of the carrot beds. Many gardeners argue that the pest larvae are not so cunning if the seeds are planted in cold soil in early spring.
As for varietal resistance, the most "courageous" in relation to carrot flies are considered varieties that were bred in the last century. Among the modern ones are distinguished varieties Ibiza, Khrustyashka and Monanta.
As a result of hybridization in the vegetable market, there are seeds of not only orange carrots, but also pink, red, bluish, yellow and even purple.
According to historical references, the first carrots were dark purple due to the concentration of anthocyanins, so there is nothing strange in such a color of its root crop. Hybridization has changed the color of the modern vegetable thanks to the carotene in the pulp.
But still, for a domestic gardener, carrot roots with such a peel and pulp are exotic. Below is a selection of purple carrots from the State Register, which received a lot of positive reviews.
Elongated cone-shaped roots purple caramel varieties reach 20 cm, gain weight 80–160 g. This carrot rarely suffers from black rot and flowering. The peculiarity is that the middle remains orange, and the rind acquires a red-purple hue. Cultivar indispensable for home cooking, stored for 8-11 months.
Hybrid Chocolate Bunny allowed for cultivation in all regions of our country. The high sugar content (up to 9.5%) and carotene (almost 20 mg / 100 g) is a challenge to the classic varieties, it can be frozen, stewed, canned and eaten fresh.
The peculiarity of the exotic is its appearance: brown-burgundy color of the peel. The yield of the variety is 4.8 kg / m2. Stays juicy and tasty until mid-spring.
Purple queen - a hybrid of domestic selection with a late ripening period. The curiosity has a light burgundy skin and a bright orange center.
The weight of the cone-shaped root crops is 90–190 g. The yield is about 6.8 kg / m2. It is harvested for the winter, and according to some summer residents, this is the best decoration for a festive salad and a quick snack.
In terms of their composition, the roots, painted in bright yellow color, differ significantly from the classic carrots. Yellow-fruited varieties owe their color to the xanthophyll pigment, which prevents the formation of cancer cells, and also contains lutein (yellow pigment) useful for the eyes. However, this type of carrot tastes less sweet and is more herbal than the carotene-rich orange.
Yellowstone Is a late-ripening variety, the first harvest of which can be tasted only after 120–130 days from planting. Fusiform root vegetables reach 200 g, in length can be up to 18-22 cm. For a change, Yellowstone is added to salads and snacks, but it is bland.
This year's novelty is mid-season Caramel yellow, this carrot can be grown anywhere in our country. The cultivar is frost-resistant, undemanding to fertilizing, like many other exotic varieties, while it bears excellent fruit - 6.5–8.7 kg / m2.
Long-conical roots are not inferior to the taste of classic carrots. Therefore, yellow caramel is good not only fresh, but also for vegetable stew and freezing.
Pale yellow carrots Golden pilaf with an average ripening period, it is distinguished by a high carotene content and high shelf life. The yield is 4.8 kg / m2, and root crops reach 200 g. This vegetable can be pickled in slices, added to casseroles and pies, and is excellent for allergy sufferers.
Selection of mini carrots
Dwarf carrot varieties have a delicate taste, the pulp poured with juice is well suited for canning, drying, stewing and decorating salads. Both adults and children are happy to eat such carrots raw.
Especially loved by compatriots Carotel Parisian, Polar Cranberry, Parmex and Rondo (not included in the State Register).
From my point of view, it is advisable to mulch small-fruited carrots, especially on the sand. Then the top of the mini-root vegetable will not turn green, and the pulp will be juicy and tender.
What varieties to sow before winter in a carrot garden
For planting before winter, early ripening frost-resistant varieties are chosen. They start planting when the temperature does not rise above +2 C °, so as not to provoke premature germination of seeds.
Mid-season Samson with a marketable yield of about 7.8–8.5 kg / m2, it is well stored and grows well on any soil. Elongated carrots weighing 120–150 g grow in length - 14–19 cm. Candied fruits, pickled and dried carrots, jam and caviar - this exemplary variety with a crispy sugar center is recognized as the best in the canning industry. The immunity of the cultivar allows you to avoid infection with fusarium and gray rot.
Old grade Incomparable planted before winter and summer. Mid-early carrots are cold-resistant, the yield reaches 7.1 kg / m 2. Incomparable has a high immunity, it is suitable for freezing and does not germinate until spring. Over the years, the variety has established itself as the best for industrial cultivation and the most win-win for amateur gardeners.
The emperor - An excellent variety with red-orange flesh and skin, ripening much later than others. The average product output is 3.9 kg / m 2. Slightly pointed carrots reach 190 g. The emperor is stewed, pickled and added to salads. But it is also appreciated for its frost resistance and such carrots can lie until the next harvest.
Which carrots are best stored
Nandrin - a variety of Nantes Semko, known to our summer residents for almost 20 years. The storage of this carrot is the longest - up to 12 months from the date of harvesting from the garden. Root crops can grow up to 180 g, and the yield reaches 4-6 kg / m2. Heat treatment does not spoil the taste of Nantes, and during long-term storage, the center remains crispy and aromatic. With proper care, this carrot rarely suffers from rotting diseases and bacteriosis.
Carrots Losinoostrovskaya 13 reach a length of 15–17 cm, average weight 100–120 g. The advantages are obvious: juicy and tasty pulp, yield up to 6 kg / m2 and perfect storage for up to 10 months from the day of harvest. Therefore, the variety has been grown for many years on an industrial scale, in small farms.
Autumn queen - giant carrots, hiding a reddish core (sugar up to 11%). With an average weight of 230 g of carrots, the yield of marketable products of the variety reaches 6.8 kg / m2. Appetizing in any form, it does not crack and retains its taste for up to 6–8 months when stored in a fruit storage. The high tasting score of the Queen of Autumn makes summer residents buy this variety for planting every season.
What kind of carrots are grown in the regions
Experience shows that now there are carrots that are drought-resistant and adapted to the conditions of a harsh climate, which are distinguished by their juiciness, a high content of beta-carotene and retain their beneficial properties when properly stored for a long time.
There are several varieties Nantes carrots, which can be identified by consonant names (Nante, Nandrin and others). These varieties are a classic example of impeccable storage and resistance to many pests and flowering during a cold snap.
Chantenay 2461 and its variety type (Chantenay royal, Royal, Shantane) - large-fruited varieties, as well as the most productive and unpretentious (suitable for almost all regions of Russia).
Regardless of varietal characteristics, the maximum yield of carrots can be achieved by observing agrotechnical techniques:
- thinning 3-4 weeks after germination,
- alternate feeding with organic matter and mineral fertilizers at least 2-3 times during the growing season,
- weed control in the beds.
Harvesting should also be on time so that the carrots are juicy and well stored throughout the winter.
It is very convenient to plant seeds in a gel shell, but they need moisture in excess, otherwise germination will be very long. From my own experience, I can say that planting carrots and radishes together makes it very easy to find carrot crops in the future.
Radish sprouts much earlier - each garden bed is clearly visible, the subsequent thinning of carrot seedlings is also simplified, since the radish harvest has already been harvested by this time, which means the space between the carrot sprouts becomes larger.
Which carrots are best planted in the North-West of our country
Below are the varieties of carrots recommended for cultivation in the Leningrad, Novgorod, Kostroma, Yaroslavl regions and in Kaliningrad.
Considering that the humid climate of the regions is not stable, temperature fluctuations in the summer season, premature frosts are possible, the selection consists of those varieties that rarely suffer from blooming and cracking.
First of all, I would like to note Yukon F1, Nanko F1 and author's variety Medoc... A short ripening period and excellent taste characteristics will not let these carrots go unnoticed.
Grows well and bears fruit late Cardame F and Centaur, mid-season Yeshi, Vigilance, Karamba, Nanko, Shakira F1 and Charlotte hybrid - these are carrots for preparation, drying, baking and juices.
Carrot varieties for the Kuban
In the southern regions, carrots reach maximum yields, both summer residents and farmers know this. Salad hybrids and cultivars designed for the industrial production of baby food grow well here: Children's, Vigo, Narobi, Turbo, Children's vitamin... Quite good reviews for medium ripening carrots Emperor, Samantha, Red core and Chantenay varieties.
The best cultivars for the Altai Territory
The harsh climate of Altai has absolutely no effect on the yields of modern carrot varieties. Early and mid-season varieties of healthy vegetables work especially well.
Most recently, Altai vegetable growers approved copyright varieties Altai gourmet and Barynya, which are intended for canning and fresh culinary dishes.
Candy baby and baby joy - these are improved hybrids of the Detskaya variety, the sweetest and most delicious. And without carrots, Olympian F1, Deilians F1, Maliki and Nantes will have nothing to feast on by the coming of spring.
Carrot varieties for Bashkiria and the Urals
An unstable climate, dry winds and sharp cold snaps, with proper care, do not affect the yield of carrots. The selection below shows the most prolific varieties suitable for Bashkortostan, Orenburg and Chelyabinsk.
First, it is worth recommending early ripe Blues, Secondly, Holiday and Charovnitsa varieties, you can cook delicious snacks and sauces with them, they will also go well for gravy and marinades.
Large-fruited hybrid Baltimore F1 - the leader in productivity in this region, and Marlinka, Vitamin 6 and Vita Longa are universal varieties with impeccable fruit preservation in the fruit storage.
Carrot varieties for Siberia
In the harsh climate of Siberia, it is possible to get good yields of carrots, the ultra-early varieties are considered the best. But for storage and culinary delights, breeders have developed excellent cold-resistant hybrids that are resistant to flowering and are not inferior in taste to many others.
Early Fun F1 and Dunyasha - the best for salads and appetizers, Marlinka and Fig tree suitable for harvesting and stewing, and the roots of Sentyabrina and Carson F1 will be preserved until the very first summer days.
Varietal variety of cucumbers
A large number of varieties allows you to choose the best options that have disease and weather resistance of the region where the green plant is planned to be grown.
Domestic and foreign breeders have developed many hybrids that have no less affordable agricultural technology and excellent taste than the once loved cucumbers.
Among the top tips for growing vegetables, experts point to the need to plant several varieties at once... This makes it possible to evaluate the yield of different species under the same ripening conditions, to get at least some yield during drought or prolonged rains.
Collect the necessary and useful information about the varietal variety, the characteristics of the characteristics of zelents can be found below.
Why do they like carrots
A rich assortment of carrot seeds allows you to choose root crops with different ripening and storage periods, suitable for growing on sand and heavy loams, suitable for making juices, carrot caviar, dressing and even baking.
Carrots are a biennial herb with an edible root vegetable. The vegetable has been cultivated for 4000 years, earlier this crop was grown for the sake of fragrant leaves and seeds. The inhabitants of Central Asia were the first to start growing carrots.
Carrots come in orange, white, yellow and purple-brown rind. Some varieties bear fruit well only in temperate climates, many modern hybrids are not afraid of drought and surpass the long-known varieties in terms of productivity even in northern latitudes.
The flesh of the ancestor of the modern vegetable was woody, bitter, slightly juicy and very coarse, with a herbaceous slightly aromatic aftertaste.
Today, carrots are not only put in salads and hot snacks, but also marinades and candied fruits are prepared from it. Root juice is used as a food coloring, seeds - as a spice, and tops are used in folk medicine as an antihelminthic and laxative. And also carrots are ideal for baby food, useful for vitamin deficiency and anemia.
Late-ripening varieties of carrots for the Moscow region
For long-term storage, late-ripening varieties are more suitable. And in terms of the accumulation of nutrients, the early and mid-ripening ones bypass: with the same germination time - up to three weeks, the growing season lasts a month longer.Moscow late carrots are ready for harvesting 145 days after sowing.
In regions with a temperate climate, like the Moscow region, Moscow late carrots are not usually planted in early spring. Pre-winter sowing is practiced with the shelter of the ridge with spruce branches, bunches of cut out raspberry stems for snow retention and preventing the seeds from blowing out.
In the spring, the ridges are sown not earlier than May. Conical blunt-pointed bright orange root crops up to 20 cm long and weighing 0.2 kg in September will yield a yield of 6.5 kg / m 2, and sowing at the end of October in August will yield up to 10 kg / m 2