The fig tree is one of those that certainly can boast the most ancient origins and has arrived within the Mediterranean area from a whole series of countries in the Middle East, namely Turkey, Syria and Arabia.
The fig plant represents a tree that can reach quite high heights, since it reaches seven to eight meters: it is a tree that has quite high leaves, with three and five lobes, characterized by a good thickness and the fact of being decidedly wrinkled.
There are numerous varieties that have the particular characteristic of guaranteeing the production of two types of fruit: the harvest of the first fruits takes place during the period between May and June and are called with the term fioroni.
These fioroni have particular characteristics: it is mainly the fact that they have a large size.
The second fruit production, on the other hand, takes place during the period between August and September and are characterized by taking the name of real figs and have a decidedly smaller size compared to fioroni.
Fig trees are characterized by guaranteeing a production that is around twice a year: these trees are defined with the term biferae, while all those fig trees that have the characteristic of producing only once a year fruits, on the other hand, are called unifere.
Suitable temperature for the fig plant
The fig is a very easy plant to grow: in fact, it does not present particular needs and requirements, except for the fact that it does not have a great resistance against temperatures approaching freezing.
In fact, when the climate presents temperatures that are around eight to ten degrees below the level of freezing, then the life of the entire plant is strongly at risk. The fig is a tree that develops perfectly within all those stony and calcareous soils, while it is characterized by not preferring all those too clayey or too humid soils.
The leaves of the fig plant they are characterized by having rather large dimensions and for being deciduous, as well as having a typical light green color and for being rather hairy in the lower part. The domestic fig has only and exclusively female flowers and has three types of fruit inside.
Among the main cultivars of the fig we must certainly underline the fact that many differ on the basis of different elements: among others, we can certainly mention the production, the color, the shape that the fruit takes and the destination of the product.
With reference to the production, there is the possibility of finding a large number of uniform varieties, which have the particular characteristic of producing only real figs, while on the contrary the bifera variants have the particularity of producing both fioroni and supplied.
As for the production of cimaruoli, reference is made above all to all those places that are characterized by a rather long summer season and a typically warm and temperate climate.
The most important cultivars that are grown within the Italian boot are the following: Marchesano, Cantano, Pissaluto, Verdino, Pazzo, Coppa, Arneo and many more.
Among the most important biferae we have the possibility to find the Fracazzano, Sessune and Napoletano variety. The fruits are characterized by having a white or greenish color, as well as having a spherical shape, completely flattened and elongated piriform.
Figs have the particular characteristic of being able to be eaten fresh or after they have undergone the drying procedure.
In the event that dried figs are taken into consideration, the cultivars have, among their main characteristics, the fact of having an extremely early ripening, in addition of course to the production of white products, with rather dense pulp and the typical elastic and very resistant conformation .
Climate and terrain
The most suitable climates as regards the cultivation of the fig plant are essentially the temperate-warm ones (which are also those that prefer olive trees and citrus fruits).
The winter temperatures, when they drop below the threshold of -8 degrees centigrade, have the particularity of being able to cause considerable damage to both the buds and the branches of one year, while the resistance of the fig plant is not to be doubted. saline winds, in addition to coping well with periods of drought.
Among the main dangers for the fruits of the fig tree we can, without a shadow of a doubt, also include continuous rains and hailstorms: in particular, when they are in the so-called ripening phase, the fruits are greatly affected by these excesses. of the climate and are forced to split apart, as well as assume a tendency to become much more acidic.
The fig is one of those trees that tend to develop well within those soils that are loose, fresh, with a good depth and above all they can count on an excellent amount of organic substance present inside them.
The fig can also develop on rather poor and stony soils, while on the contrary it cannot grow on those that are too humid or clayey.
Among the main characteristics of the fig tree there is also that of being cultivated to a large extent within the countries in the Mediterranean Basin: especially in Italy, fig crops are found mainly in Puglia, Abruzzo, Campania, Tuscany and Sicily. .
The fig, as we have already said several times, multiplies by cutting, after having taken the 2-3 year-old branches, considering a length of 30-40 centimeters, which must be planted, in most cases , in the last months of the winter season.
The multiplication of the fig also occurs through a rooted sucker, which is used for the reform of senescent and perishable fig plants. Another interesting solution is that represented by the possibility of multiplying the fig tree by grafting, especially when the decision is made to change the variety once the plant is finished.
Following the planting, the seedlings have the particularity of shrinking up to one meter and there is the possibility that they will be grown in pots, but also using a globe system with planting spacing.
Fertilization is completed after inserting mature manure, during the coldest months of the winter season.
The harvest, on the other hand, is carried out more than once during the year: particular care must be taken and great care must be taken to avoid destroying the peduncle and ruining the peel, since, once ripe, the syconia are particularly delicate.
Figs have a very particular characteristic of keeping little, since they are intended for fresh consumption which occurs immediately or are used dried.
The average production that can be counted for each fig plant can be considered around 50 kilograms.
As for the propagation phase of the Fig plant, it is good to underline that there are several alternatives and possibilities regarding the multiplication techniques of this plant.
First of all, we are going to tell you about the simplest and also the fastest technique to put into practice, since it involves the eradication of all those suckers that are rooted inside the adult fig plants or stumps.
Alternatively, there is the possibility of exploiting another technique, which is used, in particular, inside the nurseries and which corresponds to the cutting.
The cutting is one of the propagation systems of the fig plant and has the advantage of taking root very easily, since it is sufficient to bury pieces of branch that can have a length between 30 and 40 centimeters.
It is important to consider keeping only one gem out of the ground.
Reproduction by seed, in the case of the Fig plant, is not particularly recommended, since the plants that can be obtained do not always have the characteristics that derive from the mother plant.
Grafting is one of those solutions that are used, in particular, inside orchards, especially when you intend to replace a variety.
The fig is not one of those plants that are attacked with great frequency by parasites, although it must be emphasized that some of them certainly have the possibility of causing damage to the tree in question.
The insects that represent the greatest threat are represented by the fruit fly: it is a parasite whose larvae have the particular characteristic of digging tunnels inside the pulp of the syconia, which rot in a short time.
Equally dangerous are the scale insects, since they attack in particular the branches and the trunk and cause the decay of the fig tree itself.
When the cultivation of the fig should take place within compact soils and frequently subject to the formation of water stagnations, root rot can certainly be created on numerous occasions, which can favor the drying of the plant as a whole.
The virosis of the fig mosaic has the particular characteristic of attacking the leaves of the plant, but also the smaller twigs and the fruits, favoring the formation of malformations and an early drop with regard to the syconia.
Fig - garden
Mediterranean-style room with a peculiar domed ceiling, Il Fico features a window with a splendid view of Capri and a lovely terrace where enjoying relaxing moments in the shade of lush trees from which the room takes its name.
Prices vary depending on the period and length of stay:
from € 80.00 per person / per day in a double room with Dinner and Bed & Breakfast formula
from € 60.00 per person / per day in a double room with Bed & Breakfast formula.
Prices include: buffet breakfast, fresh linen, daily cleaning, air conditioning, free WiFi in the common areas, access to the swimming pools and agritourism's facilities.
Extra charge for double room-single use € 20.00
On request: massages, transfer from and to the airport and station.
A transfer service is available from and to the station. The service is available for a minimum of two people and the return fare is € 90.00 per person (including sea transportation).
* Tourist Tax
Local Tourist Tax is not included in the price. A supplement of € 2.00 per person per day for a maximum of 7 nights is applied. Children under the age of 18 are exempt from the tax. The tax should be paid in cash and it’s entirely devolved to the Municipality.
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Born in Genoa, Boccardo spent her childhood and adolescence in Nervi, then studied at a Swiss college, at the Poggio Imperiale girls' school and, for about three years, at a college in Sussex, England.  In 1965 she moved to Rome where she attended the Centro Sperimentale di Cinematografia. 
Boccardo made her film debut in 1966, in the Spaghetti Western Death Walks in Laredo she made her stage debut in 1967, alongside Raf Vallone in A view from the bridge.  From the mid-1980s she focused her appearances on stage, where she worked intensively with Luca Ronconi,  and on television. 
- Death Walks in Laredo (1966) - Mady
- The Wild Eye (1967) - Barbara Bates
- Inspector Clouseau (1968) - Lisa Morrel
- Snow Job (1969) - Lorraine Borman
- Detective Belli (1969) - Sandy Bronson
- The Adventurers (1970) - Caroline de Coyne
- A pink spot (1970) - Livia
- The Cannibals (1970) - Ismene
- Strogoff (1970) - Sangarre
- Between Miracles (1971) - Giovanna Visciani
- Equinox (1971) - Anna / A girl by the sea
- Stress (1971)
- Snow Job (1972) - Lorraine Borman
- Panhandle 38 (1972) - Connie Briscott
- High Crime (1973) - Mirella
- Massacre in Rome (1973) - Elena
- Shoot First, Die Later (1974) - Sandra
- A Black Ribbon for Deborah (1974) - Mira Wener
- The mazurka of the baron, the saint and the fico fiorone (1975) - Redheaded prostitute / The 'saint'
- The Last Day of School Before Christmas (1975) - Germana
- Silent Action (1975) - Maria
- The Raoul case (1975) - Delia
- Giovannino (1976)
- A Woman at Her Window (1976) - Dora Cooper
- Tentacles (1977) - Vicky Gleason
- Sudden (1979) - The German
- The Day Christ Died (1980, TV Movie) - Mary Magdelene
- Rome from the window (1982) - Olga
- Aphrodite (1982) - Barbara
- Nostalgia (1983) - Domenico's Wife
- Hercules (1983) - Athena
- The Assisi Underground (1985) - Countess Cristina
- Blood Ties (1986, TV Movie) - Sara Salina
- The Secret of the Sahara (1987, TV Mini-Series) - Yasmine
- Newlyweds (1988) - Assunta
- Horses are born (1989) - The Baroness
- The island adrift (1989) - Madamoiselle
- The Week of the Sphinx (1990) - Sara
- The knot in the tie (1991)
- The Return of Casanova (1992) - Amelie
- Declarations of love (1994) - Adult Sandra
- Fade out (1994)
- This is the garden (1999) - Carlo's mother
- Empty Eyes (2001) - Marco's Mother
- Virginia, the nun of Monza (2004, TV Movie) - Virginia's mother
- ^ tobcd Enrico Lancia. The actresses: from 1930 to the present day. Gremese Editore, 2003. ISBN888440214X.
- Felice Cappa Piero Gelli Marco Mattarozzi. Dictionary of the 20th Century Entertainment. Baldini Castoldi Dalai, 1998. ISBN8880892959.
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