Growing and using purple loosestrife in the landscape
Purple loosestrife for garden decoration
Loosestrife is best grown from seeds, as this plant looks better if you plant several bushes in a row.
I purchased the seeds of the "Pink Pearl" variety from the English company, grew them according to the instructions on the package and now I am experimenting with them in the garden. The loosestrife grows up to 1 m tall, the stems are rigid, like a shrub, erect, bright purple-pink inflorescence in the form of an ear 15-20 cm long.
After the end of flowering, dried purple spikelets do not lose their decorative effect from rains to autumn, and the leaves by this time acquire a reddish tint. The plant does not litter with seeds, not aggressively, there are no creeping root shoots, it grows in a bush, like phlox. I suppose that after a few years the roots need to be rejuvenated by dividing the bush.
For the winter, I cut off the stems completely and cover the plant with them, it is better to remove the winter shelter early so that new shoots do not grow crooked. I cover young leaves in severe frosts in the spring, as they can freeze slightly.
If your plot is small, and you use it not only for recreation, but also for growing vegetables and fruits, there is always a desire to decorate the elements of economic activity that are visible from the side of your recreation area.
So I freed the protruding end of the garden bed with arcs for flowers, pushed it back by 70 cm, and planted pink-colored plants on the freed land. Several loosestrife bushes, planted in a row 1 meter long, played the role of a wall covering the arches and garden plantings. On the right, I planted a Japanese spirea bush with small pink flowers - it is half a meter high, in the middle there is a pink terry erigeron bush spreading from several roots, 30-40 cm high.Its bright green leaves cover the brown woody stems of the loosestrife.
The left corner of the bed goes to a large path and should be low, I planted a spreading pink phlox, but if it is not there, you can put a few stones in the corner of the bed and plant a creeping pretty pink phlox.
You can decorate a bathtub with water, a barrel, or a compost heap with a loose-leaf wall. My neighbor decided to make a rabatka along the wall of the house, stepping back half a meter from the wall. The foundation of the house was not a decoration for flowers, and here a loosestrife also helped out, it grew as a wall in the background of a rabatka 5 meters long, all of the same meter height.
Large-sized plants look good against the background of the loosestrife: conifers, Siberian irises, variegated euonymus, hosts in the near row, but it is better for flowering plants to be in harmony with the loosestrife, for example, pink roses. If the site has a small reservoir in the far corner, then in order to draw attention to it, you can plant loosestrife bushes in a wide arc on the far side of the reservoir, at some distance, which can visually increase the reservoir.
The loosestrife is also good because the wall can be transplanted to another place in late summer or spring. It is unpretentious, grows in any soil with any care.
I propagate this plant by dividing the bush, and you try to cut lateral shoots before flowering, I think it will work out. Good luck.
N. Krykova, gardener
Plakun-grass bushes require almost no maintenance. If they grow in sufficiently moist soil, they will delight with their flowering throughout the summer, without much care. The ideal landing site is the bank of a stream or an artificial reservoir. Watering is necessary only for those plants that grow in flower beds or flower beds. The plant needs regular abundant watering.
At the same time, the loosestrife bushes will not dry out due to a slight lack of moisture. These unpretentious plants will withstand both short-term drought and complete drying out of the soil. At the same time, old shoots will bloom brightly, and there will be fewer young ones.
The video will tell you about caring for a plakun grass and the beneficial properties of a plant:
General information about the willow berry plant
This plant has many names:
- lake linnet,
- maiden beauty,
- grandfather's beard,
- God's grass,
- plakun-grass and many others.
Popular rumor has come up with many other names, but the most popular and widespread weeping grass... Let's take a closer look at the peculiarities of the willow loaf in more detail.
Willow loosestrife - refers to perennial herbaceous plants, the family Derbennikovye (Lythraceae).
This species is distributed almost everywhere - Australia, Europe, North Africa, New Zealand, Ukraine, North America and Russia (everywhere except the Arctic).
Prefers nutritious and moist soils, as well as a lot of sun. The willow bush grows along ponds, rivers, lakes, marshes and in many other damp places.
Legend of the loosestrife
There is also an interesting legend that the weeping grass grew out of the tears of the Mother of God, which she shed during the torment of the cross of Jesus.
But skeptics say that this name comes from the natural mechanism of ridding the excess moisture of the plant itself. That is, in the morning you can see droplets of water flowing down the grass (like tears).
Willow loosestrife - has a long stem of about 80-150 cm, some varieties reach a height of two meters. The stem has a tetrahedral shape.
The root is woody, thick and creeping. Leaves are oblong, up to 10 cm long. Spike-shaped inflorescences consist of a large number of star-shaped flowers.
After flowering, fruits appear in the form of a box, with small seeds.
The loosestrife blooms from July to August.
The main advantages of a loosestrife
This is a medicinal plant
As mentioned above, it is not used on an industrial scale, but official and traditional medicine welcomes the use of this plant. It should be noted that all parts of the plant are used. It is used for frequent headaches, urinary problems, colds and dental problems.
The roots and flowers are used to make a natural, persistent yellow food coloring.
The roots of the loosestrife contain tannins. The use of these substances has become widespread in fishing.
The nets are saturated with substances and they do not rot.
Honey resembles amber. And the taste is pleasant and tart.
The main and frequently used types and varieties of loosestrife
In total, there are 30 species of loosestrife; only 15 grow on the territory of Russia.
Often only two main types are used:
Lythrum salicaria - this is how it sounds in Latin. It is also called willow-like, because of the similarity of the shape of the leaves. A distinctive feature is the stem, covered with a hard fluff.
And the leaves are green in summer and turn red in autumn. This is the most unpretentious species, capable of withstanding the most severe weather conditions.
We will consider the most popular varieties of this type.
Robert - one of the most compact varieties reaches a height of 50-60 cm. It blooms with unusual flowers - coral, closer to salmon-red color.
Vortex (Swirl) - Designers love this strain for its airiness and translucency. The flowers have a delicate pink-lilac color. With the help of this variety, volume is created in garden compositions.
Lady sackville (Lady Sackville). Textured and tall bush. The flowers are lilac-crimson. Gardeners usually use it in the background of the entire garden composition.
Blush... Similar to the previous variety, only the flower has a delicate pinkish tint.
Gypsy blood (Zigeunerblut). The height of the perennial is approximately 120 cm. Very bright and green foliage, and the flowers are purple-pink.
Morden pink... A creamy shade of pale pink color, creates an amazing atmosphere in the front garden. Plant height is approximately 1 meter.
Candle fire (Feuerkerze). Dense, dark green foliage that blends well with dark shades of pink.
As we understand it, this is just a small part of the whole variety of varieties of willow loosestrife. Breeders are working intensively to develop new varieties with a wide variety of flower colors.
Lythrum virgatum - this is how the rod-shaped loosestrife sounds in Latin. More demanding on soils, therefore it is common in Altai. Slightly lower than willow loosestrife, but more lush and bright inflorescences.
Let's consider the most common varieties.
Pink gem (Rosy Gem). It is characterized by a high and beautiful inflorescence, bright pink hue.
Helen (Helene). The height of the plant is about 50 cm. The inflorescence has a purple shade of saturated color.
Purple drop (Dropmore Purple). This is the most frost-resistant variety of this representative. From mid-June to late August, it pleases with beautiful mandjent flowers.
It is a versatile plant that blooms all summer long. It is widely used in backyard gardens, and professionals in the design of landscape designs.
Types and varieties of penstemon
The genus has 250 varieties. We will take a closer look at the brightest and most popular varieties.
Hybrid (Penstemon hybridus)
The hybrid is grown as an annual, and sometimes covered for the winter. In any case, it should be borne in mind that this penstemon is thermophilic. The bushes reach 80 cm. Flowers come in a variety of colors and sizes, and are bell-shaped. The buds appear in June, wilted in the middle of autumn. Popular are:
- Purple Passion - burgundy flowers with pink throat
- Antony (Antony) - color mix
- Scarlet Queen - deep purple flowers, bright green leaves.
- Rubra (Rubra) - multi-colored buds, collected in loose inflorescences
Hartwig (Penstemon hartwegii)
Like a hybrid, it requires shelter for the winter, as it is thermophilic.
- Sensation - a two-tone color of the petals, obtained by crossing various Mexican species
- Chanson - bright purple or crimson buds.
Bearded (Penstemon barbatus)
Most varieties of the Bearded Penstemone reach 0.7-0.9 m. It is distinguished by large buds, which come in various shades. Flowering occurs in July-August.
- Navigator (Navigator) - is the only dwarf variety, which is only 25-30 cm in height. Its flowers come in different tones.
- Pinacolada - bright, clean and rich pinkish, purple shades in landscape design are used to decorate alpine slides, rockeries and rabatok.
- Cocineus (Coccineus) - is winter hardy up to -35 ° C, therefore it is suitable for breeding even in Siberia. Its flowers are bright pink.
- Rondo - grows in the west of North America. The flowers are crimson, pale lilac or white.
- Twizzle Coral - reaches 0.7-0.9 m in height.Tubular flowers, red tone.
Digitalis (Penstemon digitalis)
Perennial species, reaching a height of 0.6-1.2 m. Digitalis has excellent frost resistance. The petals are pink on the outside, and white on the inside.
Consider the varieties of the foxglove species:
- Evelyn is a compact and dense semi-evergreen perennial with a height of about 0.6 m. It has narrowed leaves and thin tubular pink flowers with a snow-white throat with burgundy lines.
- Dark Towers - with dark pinkish petals at the base and lavender closer to the tips, withstands frost, but still needs shelter
- Husker Red - has foliage of an unusual shade - reddish with a bronze sheen. Therefore, it is also called dark-leaved. Flowers are white or pale pinkish, blooming all summer.
- Garnet (Garnet) - forms quite large bushes. In height, they reach 0.8 m, in width they grow up to half a meter. The color of the petals is wine-ruby.
- Pocahontas (Pocahontas) - stands out with thick burgundy stems. It reaches a height of 0.6-0.9 m.
Shrub (Penstemon fruticosus)
Perennial semi-shrub ground cover plant. It reaches a height of 0.4 m. Flowering occurs in late spring and early summer. The flowers are purple-blue or pale purple, collected in a brush, about 3 cm in length. Leaves are lanceolate or elliptical, up to 5 cm in length. Withstands frosts down to -15 ° C.
Ground cover perennial, reaching a height of 10-30 cm.Buds are purple or violet-blue. The first flowering occurs in June-July, possibly again in early autumn. In nature, he chooses humid places.
The plant belongs to flowering perennials, undersized, stems are thin, 30 cm in height. The leaves are long, lanceolate, 5 cm long, green in color. The edges of the leaves, as a rule, have small denticles. The flowers are purple or lilac, but they can be white or pink. They are tubular, up to 5 cm in length. The Scooler species blooms very profusely.
Stiff-haired (Penstemon hirsutus)
Penstemon of this variety reaches a height of 0.4-0.8 m. In June-August, it dissolves small pale purple, pink flowers. There is a slight pubescence on the surface of the leaf plates. The following varieties are popular:
- Pygmy (Pygmaeus) - soft lavender corollas on low 15 cm stems
- Albiflorus - with white flowers
Graceful (Penstemon gracilis)
Graceful undersized penstemon is grown as a perennial, grows up to 20-30 cm. Stems are dark purple with pubescence. The leaves are large, reaching 12 cm in length. The petals can be snow-white or slightly lilac.
Brilliant (Penstemon nitidus)
It grows in dry climates on the poor clay soil of Colorado. Therefore, it tolerates drought well. In addition, this variety is winter hardiness. Perennial penstemon Shiny reaches only 20-25 cm. Oval stem leaves are short (2.5 cm), with a bluish tint. Basal plates grow up to 9 cm, located on elongated petioles.
In central Russia, flowering occurs at the end of May. Numerous buds are collected in lush inflorescences. At first they have a pale bluish color. As they bloom, they become from raspberry to light lilac tone.
Lyell (Penstemon lyallii)
Reaches 60-90 cm. Pubescent shoots. Inflorescences consist of 2 or more flowers with purple petals. It must be protected from winter dampness.
Whitish (Penstemon albidus)
A short perennial, reaching a height of 10-30 cm. Forms bushes of 2-4 shoots. The sheet plates have a rough texture, reminiscent of sandpaper. Flowers can be white, pale pinkish and lavender. There are purple streaks in the pharynx. Flowering occurs in May-June.
Alpine (Penstemon alpinus)
A perennial plant, forms low-growing bushes with gray-olive narrow but long leaf plates, similar to a dense pillow of shoots and foliage. Flowers are somewhat reminiscent of snapdragons, have a bright blue color, collected in inflorescences of 4-8 pieces. Flowering lasts from June to September.
High (Penstemon procerus v. Formosus A. Nelson)
Rhodoi from the highlands of California. High penstemon is no more than 12-15 cm, but it grows in width up to 0.5-0.6 m. The shoots are highly branching, forming a dense pillow. The first flowering in central Russia occurs at the end of May-June. With proper care, it can be repeated at the beginning of autumn. Dissolves small buds with blue petals.
Bell-shaped (Penstemon campanulatus)
This variety is a perennial that reaches a height of 0.6 m. The stems branch well from the very base. The petals of the buds are pink or lilac, in the center there is a white or pinkish spot. Flowers arranged in pairs are collected in openwork inflorescences of a fairly large size (about 15 cm). The buds appear from July to September.
Cobo (Penstemon cobaea)
Grown as an annual, forms vigorous bushes up to 120 cm.Stem leaves are sessile, root leaves are absent. Bushes are formed from 1-4 shoots. The buds are large, pale purple, pinkish or white. Corolla smooth inside and slightly pubescent outside. There are fiery strokes in the throat. Flowering occurs in May-June.
Rupicola (Penstemon rupicola)
Originally from North America. Looks beautiful on an alpine slide and when grown in containers. Lodging shoots, entangled with each other, reach a height of 10 cm. The leaf plates have a bluish color. Flowers are collected in one-sided inflorescences at the tops of the shoots. Petals can be lavender, red, pinkish. All varieties are very sensitive to moisture.
Pine-leaved (Penstemon pinifolius)
Penstemon pine is an evergreen dwarf shrub. Forms numerous weakly branching shoots. The leaves are narrow, no more than 2-3 cm wide, hence the name of the species. Shoots are erect, lignified.
Bright red buds are collected in inflorescences at the ends of the stems. The corolla is two-lipped, the lower one consists of 3 leaves, and the upper one is 2. Abundant flowering occurs in July-August.
Serrated (Penstemon serrulatus)
This species is also called sprawling, pointed. It is a semi-evergreen perennial that forms bushes from numerous shoots. They reach 40 cm in height and 30 cm in width.The flowers are tubular, purple-pinkish, 4 cm long.
When grown, unlike many penstemons, it prefers moist soil. Winter hardy.
Gray (Penstemon euglaucus English Proceri)
A groundcover perennial plant, reaching a height of 10-50 cm. The leaves have a grayish-green color, hence the name. Deep blue buds. Flowering occurs in the summer.
Halla (Penstemon hallii A. Gray Habroanthus)
Grows in Colorado at an altitude of 3500-4700 above sea level. The bushes are low, no more than 15-20 cm. The foliage is bluish-green, with thick plates. The buds are collected in racemose inflorescences of 5-15 pieces. The petals are bluish purple. Flowering occurs in summer.
Davidson (Penstemon davidsonii Greene Dasanthera)
It is a creeping perennial plant, the height of which does not exceed 5-10 cm. The buds are reddish-purple, 2-4 cm in length, collected in small inflorescences with few flowers. Grown in dry, sunny places with well-drained rocky or sandy soil, does not like stagnant moisture. Requires winter shelter.
The view has three options, differing in sheet plates:
- Var.davidisonii - with spatulate leaves
- Var.menziesii - plates have serrated edges and lanceolate shape
- Var.praeteritus - the flowers are slightly larger than the previous varieties, the leaves are sharp.
Vertical (Penstemon strictiformis)
Frost-resistant species with smooth, oblong-lanceolate leaves, which are located along the stem, and also form a basal wintering rosette. The peduncle holds blue, blue-violet bells, 2.5-3 cm long. Easy to grow, grows well in partial shade, forming dense thickets. The only condition is good drainage. Sowing is good in the fall. In spring, stratification is required within 1-1.5 months.
It is worth mentioning the beautiful varieties that are a mix of different species and can decorate the landscape as a perennial:
- Party Bells Red - neat red flowers
- White Bedder - pinkish buds for warm climates
- Midnight (Midnight Masquerade) - perennial, growing up to 1.2 m, with lavender flowers and maroon leaves
- Ice cream - lignified shoots and creamy flowers with a purple throat and the same strokes on the petals
- Heavenly Blue - bluish, for southern regions
- Chocolate Drop (Shokolate Drop) - purple-brown satin flowers
- Apple Blossom - white petals and pink throat and others.
Barberry Thunberg 'Golden Ring', photo, planting, cultivation, care, application
Barberry Thunberg 'Golden Ring'- shrub up to 1.5 m tall, reaches this size in 10 years, with a rounded, rather wide crown, red young - later dark red shoots.
So let's take a closer look at a question like: Barberry Thunberg 'Golden Ring', planting, leaving.
Planting and care, photo in the garden
Loosestrife likes places with lots of sunshine and moist soil. With a lack of light, there will be no good, abundant flowering. The soil is needed moist, acidic, with a high content of humus. The loosestrife does not have any special requirements for the density of the soil; they master any areas well. In our south, we brought drip irrigation to the loosestrife bush.
To retain moisture in the soil, the use of peat, loose compost, cut grass is suitable. Mulching also creates favorable conditions for the ground beetle family, which perch in the bush and protect the garden from slugs. We periodically feed the loosestrife with infusions of weeds.
During the flowering period, to eliminate and prevent the appearance of aphids, the plant can be sprayed with infusions of tobacco, onion peels or peels from citrus fruits, but it is better to give them to ladybirds - they are happy to "graze" on the loosestrife.
Lateral shoots that begin to grow, interfering with the normal formation of the bush, it is best to pinch off. In spring or autumn, the stems themselves should be cut shortly. We usually cut them in the spring - the protruding shoots in the winter hold the snow well.
You can propagate the plant in any of the ways: cuttings, seeds, or by dividing the mother bush.
The content of tannins, essential oils and other useful substances in willow loosestrife makes it possible to use it in folk medicine. All parts of the plant have beneficial properties. The upper part of the plant must have time to be prepared before flowering, the roots are dug up in the fall.
- Lythrum is used for wound healing as it has antiseptic and hemostatic properties.
- It is used as a sedative. A pillow filled with dried leaves and flowers will give you a deep and restful sleep.
- In case of diseases of the respiratory tract, a decoction from the dried roots of the loosestrife helps.
- Brewed infusions of stems, leaves and flowers are used to treat stomach, prostatitis. It also helps with hemorrhoids.
- Herbal flower tea relieves headaches.
It is not for nothing that the sedum has acquired such popular names as rejuvenated, tenacious and live grass.
Plant from ancient times used as an antimicrobial and pain reliever.
In modern folk medicine, stonecrop is often used. On its basis, infusions are brewed. They are believed to help with heart disease, lung failure, and digestive problems (with the exception of gastritis and ulcers).
We can confidently say that sedum infusions tone the body and relieve fatigue.
But despite all the centuries-old fame of the healing properties of stonecrop, self-medication is not worth it. Do not forget that many stonecrops are poisonous.
Anyone can decorate their garden with stonecrops. It's hard to find a less moody handsome man.
Comes from the Latin word 'sedo' - to calm down, because the succulent leaves of certain species were previously used as a pain reliever. According to another version, from the word ‘sedeo’ - to sit, - the plants are pressed tightly to the soil, “sit”.
The genus contains about 500 species, distributed mainly in the temperate and mountainous regions of the Northern Hemisphere.
Sedum, or Sedum, or Hernia Grass, or Fever Grass (lat. Sédum).
Widely distributed in temperate zones in Europe, East Asia, North America, and also in Mexico (especially huge species diversity), few species grow in the southern hemisphere.
The name of the genus comes from the Latin word "sedo" - to sit and emphasizes the ability of these plants to adhere very tightly to any stone surfaces.
Plants of the genus - succulents, perennial herbaceous plants, less often - one-, biennial, and semi-shrubs, more often - undersized, sod-forming or with long shoots... Leaves are alternate, opposite or whorled, often clustered in rosettes, flat to rounded, mostly whole-edged, serrate at the edges. The flowers are collected umbrella-shaped, less often - solitary, axillary, bisexual, less often - unisexual, yellow, white to red, blue. Cross-pollinated plants.
Numerous winter-hardy species and a number of non-hardy in the open field are known in culture.... Some species from the latter group are actively grown in indoor floriculture. A number of species, such as the Siebold sedum, the caustic sedum (S. acre) and the Caucasian sedum (S. caucasicum), are able to winter in the open ground of central Europe.
Sedums have been known to people since ancient times.... People used to heal wounds with the crushed leaves of these plants. There is even a myth that Telehos, the son of Hercules, was healed from a severe wound inflicted on him by the spear of Achilles with the help of one of the sedums. In the juice of large sedum (S. maximum), or hare cabbage, citric, oxalic, malic acids, as well as traces of alkaloids, are found. In folk medicine, the leaves are used as a wound healing agent and for burns. Sedum extract (sedum) is used as a biostimulant. The indications are the same as for aloe extract. At home, a liquid extract from stonecrop leaves is prepared in stages. First - the infusion, and then from it - the extract. To obtain the infusion, the raw materials are placed in an enamel bowl and poured with boiling water in a ratio of 1:10 (for internal use) or 1: 5 (for external use), covered with a lid, placed in a water bath for 15-20 minutes. The finished infusion is filtered and evaporated to half the original volume. Store in a cool place.
In the conditions of rooms, sedums do not bloom so often. This is most often due to a lack of sunlight and too high temperatures in winter. But they look great in all kinds of hanging vases, i.e. they are used as ampelous plants. And this is natural for them, since in nature they most often live, hanging on steep rocks. Sedums can often be seen in compositions with other succulent plants. Spreading over the surface of the soil and hanging over the edges of the flowerpot, they very successfully complement their taller neighbors, emphasize their harmony. The main thing is to choose the right plants for such joint cultivation. Sedums are pronounced succulents, which should be considered when caring for them.
Features of the
Location: photophilous (with the exception of the sprouting, Spanish), put up with only a slight shade, the color of the leaves of many species in the sun is brighter and more juicy, some even acquire a characteristic blush or tan. In low light conditions, they stop blooming and stretch out strongly, losing their appearance so that it is impossible to recognize them. The ochitnik is prominent and Fr. three-leaved put up with shading, and sedum escaping direct sun can not stand. Sedum should be placed so that the foliage of trees does not fall asleep in autumn. They do not know how to break through the recession layer in the spring. Drought tolerant. In one place without a transplant, they can grow up to 5 years.
The soil: all sedums are unpretentious, develop well on any cultivated soil with the introduction of a small amount of humus or compost soil.
Many species of sedum and stonecrop, live in mountainous areas on rocky soils and crevices of rocks... There are species that grow in nature on sandy slopes and talus (stonecrop, life-giving stonecrop), on limestones (Caucasian stonecrop), in gorges, shady places, on the edges and even under the canopy of pine forests (three-leafed stonecrop, poplar island). The latter require the most fertile soils. The sedum plant also blooms better and brighter when grown on sandy loam rich in humus. Fast-growing groundcover (such as stonecrop, Spanish) prefer fertile garden soil - ordinary, medium-weight, loam. When planting other species, sand, a small amount of compost and ash should be dispensed with. Mineral fertilizers should not be applied.
Tall and abundantly flowering sedum plants should be lightly fed from year to year with liquid organo-mineral fertilizers... They are very responsive to feeding, especially with nitrogen fertilizers or manure, "eating away" so that they lose their familiar appearance. However, "overeating" badly affects their winter hardiness.
© Olaf Leillinger
The most hardy in the middle lane of sedum - acrid, white, bent, prominent and false... But Lydian, Spanish, Siebold, Evers require small shelter in snowless, frosty winters and often do not have a “marketable appearance” in spring. But in the future, they easily grow back and after a small cosmetic repair of plantings and care they are decorative again. Some stonecrops (for example, stonecrop) have wide ranges, so that their clones and varieties, selected in different places, will have different winter hardiness. Alpine and northern specimens of such plants are more suitable for our climate, and those found in the Mediterranean can suffer in winter.
All sedums are susceptible to overgrowth or prolapse in the garden.... After 3-6 years, they must be divided or redrawn to maintain even carpets. Five years later, such stonecrops as Fr. caustic, oh. Spanish may require "rejuvenation". The essence of this operation is to remove old shoots and add fresh substrate. During flowering in some sedums (Evers, Siebold, thin-leaved), we recommend cutting off the inflorescences so that the appearance of an even carpet does not deteriorate.
Long, bare stems of sedum, such as stonecrop, can be sprinkled with leaf humus at the beginning or at the end of the season. In the rock garden you have to pour in the surface layer of fine gravel from time to time.
When leaving, it is necessary to provide for frequent and very thorough weeding, since sedums are completely uncompetitive with respect to weeds... However, sedum is an exception to the rule, as it is very aggressive towards other plants. It secretes substances that have a detrimental effect on other plants. Therefore, with this stonecrop, it is not without benefit to edging alpine slides and all kinds of flower beds, although this must be done very carefully.
Almost all sedum and sedum plants are extremely drought-resistant, so they should be watered only in a completely dry summer and, of course, in the first time after planting.
All varietal sedum and sedum plants are more capricious than their parent species... This is especially true for forms with unusual foliage coloration. They often develop "wild" green shoots, which must be plucked out, otherwise the unusual variety will soon turn green all over.
Large stonecrops in flower beds are either cut off after the first frost, or their dried stems are removed in the spring, since some people like the winter look of dry inflorescences powdered with snow.
Propagation by seeds, dividing the bush and cuttings. Sowing seeds is carried out in spring or autumn, in bowls or boxes, which are dug into a garden bed or placed in a greenhouse.... Seedlings are very small. When 1-2 true leaves appear, they dive into boxes or beds. Young plants bloom for 2-3 years. Four to five-year-old bushes are divided into 3-4 parts in autumn or spring. Sedum are cross-pollinated plants, and seedlings of varieties do not retain varietal characteristics and are very diverse. When grown together, varieties and even some species hybridize, giving unpredictable offspring. Many interesting varieties of stonecrop have been selected from orchards from such random free pollination products. Seed propagation is mainly used in breeding.
Cutting is the fastest, easiest and most reliable way of propagation... It is especially often used for propagation of stonecrops of the first group, since their shoots form air roots, which, in contact with the soil, quickly take root. Everything, even the smallest pieces of shoots that fell on the garden bed during dividing and transplanting, can take root. Sometimes stonecrops are carried by birds and mice, and then they appear in the most unexpected places.... But if you dig up these stonecrops, divide and plant them in the hole, like other plants, they will not give 100% survival, but can rot. Correctly plant them as follows: prepare the site, choosing all, even the smallest weeds, level the soil with a rake, slightly compact. Then the cuttings cut off at the soil surface are scattered or laid out on the prepared area and covered with a thin layer of garden soil (with the addition of sand), which is slightly compacted. Plantings should be watered, shading is desirable in hot weather.
The most effective cuttings in fog with a gentle regime. The rooting rate reaches almost 100% within 7 days. However, the use of greenhouses with fog is not the cheapest method (automated irrigation, subsoil heating, high water consumption and the preparation of greenhouses itself cost a lot). Much more profitable are the so-called plastic pallets (for example, 150 cells), which are filled with a mixture of equal parts of peat, river sand and turf. We plant 1-2 small cuttings to a depth of 1-2 cm. Water as the soil dries. Protect from direct sunlight and a warm but not damp place. The most suitable option is a greenhouse with tiered shelving. The survival rate is 70-100%, depending on the cultivar. By the way, the varieties differ from the original species in their lower rooting rate (on average by 15-20%).
Sedums are ready for transplanting into open ground after 2 weeks from the day of cuttings (no more, otherwise the stems will begin to stretch strongly. Seedlings grown in pallets have a clod of earth, therefore they are distinguished by rapid growth and suffer less when planted in a permanent place. In addition, they save money. time spent on pruning roots and forming planting units. The above method is unacceptable for Evers and Siebold sedums due to their botanical features. Even with very moderate watering, stem rotting occurs. For these species, harvested long cuttings (preferably "with a heel") should be planted directly into the ground and be sure to shade. Rooting rate is 90%. This method of propagation is suitable for other species, although it is more laborious.
To obtain a large amount of planting material, the method of winter cuttings is used.... Usually, sedum plant is propagated in this way, which is widely used in landscaping. At the end of flowering, before frost, flower shoots are cut, choosing the most powerful ones, and laid out in a dry, warm room on racks. First, the leaves fall, and then young shoots with air roots appear in their place. When the shoots reach a length of 4-5 cm, they are broken out and rooted in boxes. Cuttings root well at room temperature, but are not afraid of lowering it. With a lack of light, they stretch, and with an excess of moisture and low temperatures, they begin to rot. In May, cuttings are planted in open ground, and by autumn they bloom.
Large stonecrops, such as stonecrop, prominent, red-dotted, are propagated not only by cuttings, as described above, but also by dividing the rhizomes... The plants are dug up in early spring and carefully cut the curtain so that each section has both roots and buds from which shoots will grow. The wounds are dusted with a fungicide, and the cuttings are dried for several hours before planting, but not in the sun, but in a cool place.
Sedum (Sedum) Adolf - Sedum adolphii. Homeland - Mexico. Abundant bush. The stem is erect at first, later - unevenly bending, up to 1.2 cm in thickness. Leaves are fleshy, strong, broadly lanceolate (scaphoid), about 4 cm long and 1.5 cm wide, 0.6 cm thick, young green or light green, old - yellow-green with a pinkish tinge. The top side of the sheet is flat, the bottom is convex. The inflorescence is lateral, hemispherical, about 12.5 cm long, of white flowers.
Sedum (Sedum) Weinberg - Sedum weinbergii. Succulent plant with recumbent and ascending fleshy shoots. Alternate and sessile leaves, ovoid or oblong, pinkish-green with a bluish tinge and waxy bloom. The flowers are white, in a corymbose inflorescence. Used as an ampelous plant.
Sedum (Sedum) Gregg - Sedum greggii. Synonym: S. varifolia (S. diversifolium Rose)). The homeland of the plant is Mexico. Perennial herbaceous plants. Annual shoots extend from the rhizome, at the beginning straight and glabrous, later creeping and weakly branched, 10-20 cm long. Leaves of young shoots are ovoid, small, 0.5 cm long, tiled, grayish-green in reproductive shoots 0.6-1.2 cm long, tiled, convex on both sides, light green. Flowers, 2-4 in number on a peduncle, 1 cm in diameter, yellow. Blooms in February and May.
Sedum (Sedum)Siebold - Sedum sieboldii. The homeland of the plant is Japan. Perennial herbaceous plants: dangling shoots, up to 30 cm long. The leaves are round, sessile, light green, reddish at the edges. The flowers are pink. Blooms in September and October. Valued as a hardy indoor plant.
Variegatis species have leaves with yellowish-whitish spots and whitish-yellow edges. Grown in rooms, it is resistant to culture.
Sedum (Sedum)compact - Sedum compactum. The homeland of the plant is Mexico. Perennial herbaceous plants, forming dense sod, thickened onion roots. Leaves oblong-ovate, 0.3 cm long, flat above, glabrous, grayish-green, densely tiled. Flowers, 2-3 on a peduncle, white, with a strong aroma. Blooms in summer, June-July.
Sedum (Sedum)red-colored - Sedum rubrotinctum. A short, compact plant with creeping shoots that rise with age. The leaves are densely located in the apical rosettes, rounded or spindle-shaped, acquiring a very beautiful color in the sun: the main background is dark green, and the upper surface is red. The flowers are bright yellow.
Sedum (Sedum) linear - Sedum lineare. The homeland of the plant is China, Japan. Perennial herbaceous plants forming dense sod shoots densely branched, creeping, rooting, leaves are linear or linear-lanceolate, up to 2.5 cm long and 0.3 cm wide, whorled, 3-4 each, light green, flat on top. The flowers are collected umbrella-shaped, yellow. Blooms in May-June. Used as an ampelous plant.
Sedum (Sedum) Morgana - Sedum morganianum. The homeland of the plant is Mexico. Perennial herbaceous plants, creeping shoots, up to 1 m long, densely leafy. Leaves are rounded, oblong-elliptical, 1.5-2 cm long and 0.5 cm thick, slightly flat on top, light green. Flowers, 10-15 in number, umbellate on the peduncle, 1.1 cm long, pink-red. Blooms profusely. Morgan's sedum is very good as an ampelous plant. Hanging baskets with long strands of stonecrop hanging downward can often be seen on windows.
Sedum (Sedum) potosinsky - Sedum potosinum. Perennial succulent plant with semi-bovine, later ascending branches. Leaves are linear, obtuse, rounded, sessile, alternate, light green with a whitish tint and pinkish-purple tips. In the axils of the stem leaves, at short intervals, shoots appear, in which the branches are collected in a rosette. The flowers are white. The plant grows quickly.
Sedum (Sedum) Steel - Sedum stahlii. The homeland of the plant is Mexico. Grows in the mountains at an altitude of 2300-2600 m above sea level. Perennial herb up to 20 cm in height. Semi-shrubs with creeping low-branched shoots. The stem is erect, almost unbranched. Leaves are opposite, ovate, 1.2 cm long and 0.8 cm wide, thick, brownish-red, with delicate pubescence of red-brown color. Peduncle branched, leafy. The inflorescence is apical, paniculate with yellow flowers. Blooms in August-September. Due to the development of new stems from easily falling leaves, it forms large groups. A valuable plant for indoor culture.