Eggplant Marzipan F1: advantages, disadvantages of varieties and nuances of cultivation
Eggplants for Russian gardeners have long ceased to be an unusual exotic, they are grown in almost all household plots. Breeders, meeting the wishes of consumers, are constantly developing new varieties and hybrids. If you want large-fruited eggplants with excellent taste, take a look at the F1 Marzipan hybrid. This does not exhaust his merits. Having appeared on the market quite recently, the variety has already won the love of gardeners.
Varietal features, advantages and disadvantages of eggplant Marzipan F1
Eggplant hybrid Marzipan F1 was bred by Russian specialists, the originator is the company "Russian Garden". Other companies also release seeds, even improving their characteristics. For example, those created for Siberia are distinguished by better cold resistance.
The seeds of the Marzipan variety are also sold by the agricultural firm "Siberian Garden"
The hybrid is a recent achievement of breeders. The variety has not yet managed to get into the State Register, but there are all the prerequisites for this. And gardeners have already appreciated it.
Eggplants Marzipan F1, which appeared in the public domain quite recently, have already won the love of Russian gardeners.
Marzipan F1 was specially created for cultivation and stable fruiting in difficult climatic and weather conditions. Plants tolerate southern heat and drought well, an adapted option is a lack of heat in the north. Of course, cultivation in greenhouses and greenhouses is recommended in regions related to "risky farming zones". The hybrid can withstand temperatures ranging from 15 ° C (bushes stop growing) to 35–37 ° C (pollen becomes sterile). The critical minimum at which plants die immediately is 5 ° C; viability is maintained at a temperature of 10–12 ° C for 7–10 days. The optimum temperature for this hybrid to perform best is 25-28 ° C.
In terms of ripening, Marzipan F1 is a mid-season eggplant. From the moment the seed shoots emerge until the first sample is taken from the crop, 120–127 days pass. Each bush yields 1.5–2 kg of eggplants. Fruiting is extended, in the southern regions it continues until mid-autumn.
The height of the plant when grown in a greenhouse reaches 1 m, in the open field - 70-80 cm. The bushes are standard, not spreading, the stem is upright, powerful, stable. The lower part is often lignified. The leaves are large, the flowers are almost always solitary (less often they are collected in inflorescences of 2-3).
The bushes of the eggplant Marzipan F1 are tall, but for such dimensions they are quite compact
On the bush, 4–5 eggplants ripen. But the quantity is compensated by the quality. The fruits are large, weighing 450–600 g (some specimens up to 800–1000 g). The shape is almost regular, cylindrical or round. The average length of an eggplant Marzipan F1 is 15 cm, diameter is 7–8 cm. The pulp is soft creamy, dense. There are very few seeds, they are very small.
The fruits of the F1 Marzipan hybrid are large, regular in shape
The skin is deep purple in color, glossy, thin, but firm. This is the reason for the good transportability and keeping quality of the fruit. Ripe eggplants, even at room temperature, can be stored for 25-30 days without losing their presentation and quality.
The taste is very soft, delicate, it has earned positive reviews from both professional tasters and amateur gardeners. The bitterness characteristic of many varieties is not felt. Perhaps this is the reason for the "sweet" name. Eggplants Marzipan F1 are good both in any main dishes and in homemade preparations. They do not need to be peeled and soaked in salt water.
Eggplants Marzipan F1 have an unusual, almost sweetish taste, so they do not need soaking during cooking to discourage bitterness.
The hybrid is characterized by good immunity. Diseases typical of Solanaceae rarely attack it, pests also do not show much interest.
Hybridity means the inability to collect F1 Marzipan seeds for planting for the next season. Varietal characteristics with this method of reproduction are not preserved.
Video: personal experience of growing eggplant Marzipan F1
Hybrid care tips
There are not so many categorical "requirements" to the gardener for the eggplant Marzipan F1. If you listen to them, it will have a positive effect on the yield:
- Substrate quality. Good aeration of the soil, regular loosening and the introduction of humus or rotted compost provides fruits weighing up to 1 kg. The best predecessors for F1 Marzipan are all types of cabbage, cucumbers and legumes.
- Photophilousness. When planted in a shaded place or even in partial shade, the skin of the fruit will not turn purple, at best - light lilac or greenish-brown. Plants will grow more slowly.
Eggplant Marzipan F1 Can Survive a Deficit of Heat, but Not Light
Eggplants have a long growing season, so they are almost always grown by seedlings. The "Achilles heel" of this hybrid, like many eggplants, is a fungal disease "black leg", which can completely destroy the crop already at the seedling stage.... There are eggplant seeds that have already undergone antifungal treatment at the production stage, there are more resistant to this disease. Unfortunately, this does not apply to Marzipan F1, his disease strikes very quickly. Therefore, at the stage of growing seedlings, prevention is necessary. Wood ash is added to the soil (a tablespoon per 2 liters), before planting, the seeds are soaked in a solution of crimson potassium permanganate or treated with any biofungicide (Alirin-B, Gamair, Planriz, Bayleton). The seedlings are fed exclusively with mineral fertilizers, organic matter is a possible source of spores of the pathogenic fungus.
Video: growing eggplant seedlings
The seedlings of Marzipan F1 are placed three per 1 m². The interval between them is 50-60 cm, between rows - 70-75 cm.
The aboveground part of Marzipan F1 is massive, since the plants are tall, the roots are fragile and weak in comparison with it. Immediately after planting, it is recommended to tie the plants to a trellis or other support. Then the lateral shoots are also fixed. Otherwise, the bushes under the weight of the harvest can simply "turn out" from the ground.
The simplest structure for tying eggplants is a wire stretched between two posts, but more complex structures are also possible
Video: how to tie up eggplants correctly
Regular watering is very important for Marzipan F1. Do not let the soil dry out. With uneven watering, eggplants of this variety crack quickly. In hot weather, daily watering may be required. Any method that excludes the ingress of water droplets on the plant is suitable. A good yield determines an increased need for a crop for nutrients. Top dressing is always combined with watering.
Video: features of eggplant cultivation
Formation is mandatory for F1 Marzipan bushes. Before the first fork, all overgrowth is regularly removed. Above, 2–4 of the most powerful and developed shoots are left. The resulting stepchildren are pinched every 10-15 days when they reach a length of 3-4 cm.
Eggplant Marzipan F1 needs regular formation throughout the active growing season
Video: the formation of an eggplant bush
Reviews of gardeners about eggplant Marzipan
Eggplant hybrid Marzipan F1 is a very successful combination of external presentability of fruits and their wonderful taste with good yield, relative lack of capriciousness in care and the ability to adapt to different weather conditions. The variety can be recommended to both an inexperienced gardener and a competent gardener.
Black handsome - eggplant for a warm climate
Eggplant is a heat-loving vegetable, therefore, even in the middle lane, its cultivation in unprotected soil is fraught with difficulties. But in the south, starting from the Central Black Earth Region, this is the most common gardener. One of the relatively new varieties intended specifically for open ground in warm areas is the Black Beauty eggplant. Its popularity is growing rapidly, since the variety has so many undoubted advantages.
Forum of gardeners Your Garden
Your Garden Internet Club is a community of people who are passionate about the cultivation of garden plants.
To be honest, I really want to have my own eggplants on hand, but. I still can't manage them.
I really look forward to those who share their experience.
Took from the site of the Gardener. By mailing.
Eggplant (Solanum melongena)
Eggplant is native to the tropics of Southeast Asia. In India, Pakistan, Burma, eggplant grows wild and as a perennial plant. We have this sissy grown only one season. Various varieties and hybrids can grow from 20 to 180 cm, fruits (for botanists these are berries) are also different in weight - up to 3 kg. There are many leaves, they are large, in color from green to dark purple. Seeds are flat, small, viable for 4-5 years.
Eggplant has a very long growing season - from germination to technical ripeness, at least 100 days pass in early varieties and 130 in late-ripening ones. Therefore, it must be grown through seedlings (sowing in mid-late February, 2-3 months before planting seedlings).
Seeds germinate at high temperatures - 25-30 ° C and constant humidity (the boxes must be covered with glass or foil). Seedlings will appear in 7-14 days and from that moment the temperature drops to 18-25 ° C during the day and 14-16 ° C at night. Young plants are very sensitive to low temperatures and die at 8-10 ° C after a few days. The soil should always be moderately moist, not dry out.
When the first true leaves appear, the seedlings are transplanted each into a separate container. Water the soil abundantly before replanting and repotting carefully to avoid damaging the roots. Usually, eggplants are painful to transfer, but if you do it slowly and carefully, injuries can be avoided. The light regime is very important for good growth and development - plants should receive 12-14 hours of light every day.
Young eggplants are planted in greenhouses in mid-late May (outdoors, they are grown mainly in the south). By this time, the seedlings should have 6-7 true leaves, a well-developed root system and a thick stem. For a painless transplant, the plants are again well watered and planted, without deepening, into the prepared holes.
Eggplant needs very nutritious soil, light, breathable, slightly acidic or neutral. On heavy, clayey, very humid, a large harvest is not necessary. You also need a lot of light and heat - already at 12 ° C the plants do not grow. The optimum temperature is 20-26 ° C. There should always be enough moisture, otherwise the buds and flowers will fall off, the fruits will be deformed and bitter, and the yield will decrease. Water for irrigation should be warm - 33-35 ° C.
A prerequisite for successful cultivation is mulch - the roots of the eggplant are powerful, but superficial and easily damaged when loosening. The mulch will help retain moisture, provide additional nutrition to the roots, and allow air to pass through well.
Eggplants branch well and in order to get a harvest, you have to sacrifice stepchildren shoots. Usually 3-5 shoots are left, if the area allows, then more. On one plant, usually 5-10 full-fledged fruits ripen, the rest of the flowers have to be removed again. Yellow, diseased leaves close to the ground, as well as shoots located below the first flowers, are removed.
The flowers can fall off on their own due to poor pollination (eggplants self-pollinate, wind pollination in the greenhouse is difficult), insufficient humidity, low temperature (at 18-20 ° C, the fruits do not set).
For a good harvest, it is necessary to feed the plants with fertilizers: once every two weeks, sprinkle the soil with ash (eggplants require a lot of potassium) and water with slurry. Water every week with herbal infusion (it contains a lot of nitrogen, potassium, trace elements) and the “Radiance” preparation - it will help prevent various fungal diseases, to which eggplants are very susceptible.
Frequent ventilation of the greenhouse will help reduce the risk of rot. When watering, you should try not to get on the leaves and stems. Crop rotation will help to avoid diseases - you can not place eggplant after potatoes, tomatoes and other nightshades.
The harvest (in the direction of its decrease) is strongly influenced by such factors: a small amount of light, rare or irregular watering, heavy, very wet and poor soil.
The first fruits ripen at the end of July, 3-4 weeks after flowering. They begin to acquire a color characteristic of the variety - it is very important not to miss this moment and prevent the fruit from lightening and bitterness. In addition, young eggplants taste better. Overgrown fruits accumulate potent poison solanine, therefore, only fruits are eaten at the technical stage of ripeness (the acquisition of the color inherent in this variety and a shiny surface). When the seeds begin to ripen (in biological ripeness), the eggplants become bitter and coarse, lose their luster, the skin wrinkles, brown spots appear on it - all this is unsuitable for eating.
Eggplant fruits are stored in the refrigerator for about 10 days, they are immediately eaten or allowed for processing.
Currently, a lot of different varieties and hybrids of eggplant have been bred - genetically free from bitterness, resistant to diseases and unfavorable environmental conditions, of various shapes and colors, early and late, long-term storage. There are plenty to choose from.
Early ripening - Robin Hood, Violet Miracle, Vera, Amethyst, Diamond. Late - Solaris, Giant, Ping Pong. Well kept - Pelican, Ping Pong, Violet Miracle, Giselle. Robin Hood is harvested in all conditions, Valentina and Solara - with a lack of solar heat. Disease resistant Quartet, Sailor, Violet Miracle, Vikar. The sailor is also striped.
Eggplant fruits are a light and nutritious product, when they are eaten, the level of cholesterol in the blood decreases, the work of the heart improves, salts and toxins are removed from the body. Copper, which is very abundant in eggplants, promotes blood formation and helps with anemia. The juice has bactericidal properties.
Tomatoes are an undesirable eggplant neighbor, so if you have 2 greenhouses, plant them in different greenhouses.
Growing eggplant seedlings Royal caviar
Compliance with the timing of sowing seeds for seedlings, as well as proper care of a young plant, significantly affects the quantity and quality of the future harvest.
Features of sowing seeds
Eggplant planting material needs pre-sowing preparation, which includes 3 processes: calibration, disinfection and stimulation. Calibration is carried out in order to select from a large number of seeds, only large and full-bodied, which are distinguished by good germination. For this, the planting material is placed in a slightly salted solution for several minutes.
The seeds that remain at the bottom of the container with the solution are further used for sowing.
To protect seeds from various viruses, they are soaked in a weak solution of potassium permanganate for 30 minutes. The final stage of pre-sowing preparation is the processing of the material with growth stimulants, which are sold in specialized stores. In the case of purchasing treated seeds, you do not need to additionally prepare them for planting.
It is recommended to sow the seeds in separate small containers, since the weak roots of the plant do not tolerate the picking procedure well. The seed is not recommended to be immersed in the ground when planting more than 1.5 cm.For cultivation, it is necessary to choose a loose, nutritious soil with a neutral or slightly acidic environment.
Eggplant is a light-loving plant, so it grows poorly in low light conditions.For this reason, it is recommended to keep containers with seedlings in the light. For uniform growth of a young plant, it must be turned to the light source every 2 days.
If the seeds were sown in February, when the daylight hours are still too short, the seedlings must be provided with additional lighting using fluorescent lamps.
Until the first shoots appear, it is allowed to moisten the soil with seeds from a spray bottle. Otherwise, the topsoil can be washed out. After the seedlings sprout, it is recommended to water the seedlings immediately after the topsoil dries.
The video shows the cultivation of Severyanin eggplant seedlings.
Northerner eggplants, which are considered difficult to grow and care for, will continue to be and always will be favorites on our tables. In addition to their excellent taste, they also have a number of medicinal properties. Their regular use helps to lower cholesterol levels, prevent atherosclerosis, cleanse the liver, remove salts, carcinogens and radionuclides from the body.
Tomato heart of a buffalo characteristics and description of the variety - Garden and vegetable garden
- 1 Photo, reviews, description, characteristics, yield of the tomato variety "Buffalo Heart"
- 2 Tomato heart of a buffalo: characteristics and description of the variety, its advantages and disadvantages, the secrets of growing tomatoes
- 3 Description of tomato Buffalo heart and outdoor cultivation
- 3.1 Characteristics of the variety
- 3.2 How are tomatoes grown?
- 4 Tomato Buffalo Heart: characteristics and description of the variety, photos, yield, planting and care
- 5 Tomato variety Buffalo heart, description, characteristics and reviews, as well as cultivation features
The tomato variety “Buffalo Heart” has been grown by gardeners on their plots for a relatively short time.
Nevertheless, he enjoys well-deserved love among domestic farmers. A characteristic feature of the variety are large tomatoes.
It is also in demand due to the large number of positive qualities.
Siberian breeders worked on the appearance of the “Buffalo Heart” tomato variety. The variety was obtained at the beginning of the 21st century.
Tomato variety "Buffalo Heart":
- Rounded heart-shaped
- With smooth skin tinged with a bright raspberry pink color
- With dense, fleshy pulp, with few seeds
- Average dry matter content
- The number of seed chambers is insignificant
- Quite large in size.
Weight varies from 500 to 1000 grams.
- Determinant type, not standard, medium leafy
- Mostly they grow up to 80 cm, but when grown in a greenhouse structure, they reach more than 100 cm
- The inflorescence is simple, intermediate type
- The peduncle has an articulation.
Buffalo heart tomato: characteristics and description of the variety, its advantages and disadvantages, the secrets of growing tomatoes
Breeding activity is actively moving forward, expanding the variety of tomato crops and surprising farmers with the latest varieties with interesting properties. Our detailed review of the innovative Buffalo Heart tomato contains characteristics and descriptions of the variety, yield indicators, photographs of ripe tomatoes.
The variety is distinguished by simple agricultural technology and incredible resistance to diseases of the Solanaceae family. And the reviews of those who planted the Buffalo Heart will allow you to be convinced of its merits using real examples.
How to grow seedlings
Sowing seeds begins 2 months before planting seedlings in the ground.
The soil mixture contains the following components: 2 parts of peat, 1 part of garden soil, 1 part of washed river sand and 0.5 part of humus with the addition of a complex fertilizer with a high content of potassium and phosphorus. The prepared soil is disinfected with boiling water. For looseness, add sphagnum or coconut flakes.
Seeds are sown in a common wooden box or individual containers. Before planting, disinfection is carried out in a weak solution of potassium permanganate for 20 minutes.
To improve germination, the grains are soaked in a growth stimulator overnight.
After the dried grains are laid out on a wet cloth and left in a warm place for germination of sprouts.
Reference! While the seeds are in a wet tissue for 3 days, the temperature is drastically changed: overnight the grains are left on the lower shelf of the refrigerator, and during the day they are transferred to a warm place again. This kind of early hardening will not only increase germination, but also in the near future will help to better adapt to outdoor conditions.
Planting depth - 1 cm.The distance between the holes is 3 cm, between the rows - 1.5 cm.
After sowing, the ground is leveled from above and moistened with a spray bottle.
Then the containers are covered with film or glass and left in a room where the air temperature is at least 23 degrees.
Reference! Tomato variety Buffalo Heart is not a hybrid, so you can select the seeds for the next planting yourself.
The first shoots appear 7 days after sowing the seeds. When 2 true leaves appear on the sprouts, a pick is carried out into separate containers.
I plant diamond eggplant every year. He is my favorite. Always a great harvest. Delicious, thin skin. I also planted the Black Handsome, but he only took up a place, so I did not see the fruits from him.Eliseushka
The most unpretentious and stable eggplant - Diamond, bears fruit in any weather. Better experiment, there are many new varieties.Sunl
The diamond eggplant is pretty in shape, color and taste, and worse in yield than the King of the North, but no worse than all other varieties. In terms of height, all the varieties I grew were low, they grew in open ground with an agrospan shelter along arcs. From fourteen bushes in my garden, about three buckets of eggplant grows. I don’t know if it’s a lot or not, but we don’t need more.
This is how my eggplants, Almaz variety, grew. I planted them in open ground in the first year of gardening. I didn't know that this was a difficult task for the Moscow region, and acted boldly. There were ten bushes, I planted the overgrown seedlings, and even did not cover them, the leaves were badly burnt and took a long time to recover. But the harvest was good. For our small family, it was quite enough to eat and to preserve.Masha Petrova
This year I bought 4 varieties of eggplants: Diamond, Black Beauty, Swan and Japanese Dwarf. This dwarf did not ascend a single one! The rest - with varying degrees of success. Most of all I liked Diamond this year. Despite a very difficult summer, I did not disappoint.Lyubashka
The diamond is, of course, an old proven eggplant variety. But there are varieties and tastier!Kat-leo
Among the varietal diversity, the Almaz eggplant stands out. The variety is mid-season. From germination to harvesting takes 110-150 days. The plant is not tall - 45–55 cm. Fruit color - dark purple, shape - cylindrical, fruit weight - 100–165 g. Good because there is no bitterness, universal use. Sowing seeds in March (2-3rd decade), planting seedlings in May (last decade). The crop can be harvested from the end of July. The planting scheme is 70 * 40 cm. During the entire time, protection from the Colorado potato beetle with special preparations is required.Evelina
Eggplant is a rather whimsical culture, as it loves warmth. And to grow them, like tomatoes and peppers, you need seedlings. Therefore, for a long time I did not pay attention to the seeds of this culture. And only last spring, when they came to work for us to sell seeds, under the general excitement, I took a bag of Almaz eggplant seeds. I planted only three seeds on seedlings, for the sake of interest. Plants from these seeds developed well, they did not require any special care. In May, I planted the grown eggplant bushes in a greenhouse. Then the fruits began to appear. In the fall, I harvested. The excellent taste of the fruit should be noted. The family council decided that next spring we will buy these seeds again. The plans are to grow not three bushes, but much more.Lezera
At the dacha, I'm a beginner, I've been practicing for only three seasons, but I've already made some conclusions. For example, with regard to eggplant. I grew seedlings myself, bought different seeds. And only Almaz has not let me down yet. Moreover, the seedlings grew well, and then the harvest was good. Therefore, I think this variety is not very capricious. The seeds sat in the ground for a long time, I was already worried, I sowed another batch, but then all sprouted. Seedlings were enough for us, our relatives, and our friends. Provided for everyone. The harvest was good. The eggplants bloomed and bore fruit until autumn, only then came the cool days and nights, and the last eggplants failed to grow. Cut them off small. I am happy with this variety. All the others did not ascend well, after disembarking at the dacha they were taken for a long time, were ill and still died. Therefore, for now, I choose Diamond. The taste also suits me. I froze it for the winter, closed the salads - great!Degaev
The Almaz eggplant variety has many undeniable advantages that have ensured its steady popularity among Russian gardeners. This variety is most appreciated for its undemanding care and growing conditions. It is also worth noting the high yield, versatility of purpose, presentability and wonderful taste of the fruit. Of course, the non-capriciousness of this eggplant does not mean that it can be planted in the ground and simply forgotten. Landings will have to be regularly attended to. There are certain nuances of care that you need to familiarize yourself with in advance.