A simple and budgetary tool: how to use potassium permanganate correctly in the country
Potassium permanganate is an excellent antiseptic, therefore it is used for treating wounds, gargling, douching and bathing newborns, but this is only part of the possibilities of its use. Experienced summer residents actively use it in the garden, not only as a disinfectant, but also as a fertilizer.
Processing of bulbs and tubers
Planting material for onions and potatoes is vulnerable to diseases that negatively affect yields. To prevent infection, vegetables are treated with potassium permanganate.
For onions, prepare a solution of 3 g of the preparation and 1 liter of water. Soak the bulbs in it for 1 hour.
If signs of damage are already visible, dilute a more concentrated solution of 1 liter of water and 20 g of the drug, and then soak the seedlings for 20-25 minutes. The first type of solution is also suitable for processing bulbous flowers, for example, crocuses. For potatoes, prepare a solution at the rate of 1 g of potassium permanganate per 1 liter of water and immerse the tubers in it for half an hour. The bushes will grow healthier and more resistant to disease.
Against powdery mildew
The leaves of cucumbers, currants, gooseberries and zucchini are often affected by powdery mildew. At the first manifestations of the disease, dilute 3 g of the drug in 10 liters of water, and then generously spray the foliage and the ground near the plants. Repeat the treatment 3 times with an interval of 4-5 days and the disease will recede.
Closer to autumn, the cellar should be prepared for storing the harvest. Since last season, fungi and bacteria could form in the room due to prolonged lying of vegetables and fruits, as well as from dampness.
Only a bright pink solution is suitable for disinfecting the cellar.
Just pour potassium permanganate powder into the water until the liquid acquires the desired color, and then spray it on the walls, floor and ceiling. It is better to soak the shelves in the solution for 2 hours, and then dry in the sun.Before spraying, it is advisable to carry out a general cleaning with the removal of debris and the removal of cobwebs.
Before planting seedlings and seeds in the greenhouse, you need to disinfect. To disinfect the greenhouse, do the following:
- Clean the walls of dirt, and the path and soil from the remnants of last year's vegetation.
- Dilute 3 tsp. potassium permanganate in 10 liters of water.
- Spray the entire greenhouse with this solution, and then scrub well with a sponge.
- Air the greenhouse for 2-3 days.
Wear a respirator and gloves during prolonged work with potassium permanganate.
Against gray mold
Potassium permanganate will also help from gray rot. To rid strawberries and raspberries from this disease, dilute 1.5-2 hours of the drug in 10 liters of water, and then spray the bushes and soil around. The first treatment is carried out before flowering at the time of the growth of the first leaves, the second - during the setting of berries.Grapes are also susceptible to gray mold damage. To process it, dilute a more concentrated solution of 6-7 g of the drug and 10 liters of water.
Disinfection of garden tools
Knives, pruning shears, saws and other small gardening tools that are used with infested plants should be treated after each use. This will help prevent the transfer of infection from a diseased plant to a healthy one. To do this, prepare a solution of 1 teaspoon of the drug and 1 liter of water, and then rub the inventory with a sponge dipped in the solution. Shovels, rakes, forks are enough to process in September-October with the same solution and store in a clean place.
Before planting seeds, the soil must be pickled, even if it was bought in a specialized store, and the manufacturer promises good germination and yield on the packaging. Just dissolve 5 g of potassium permanganate in 10 liters of water heated to 60-70 ° C and water the soil abundantly.
After this treatment, the seedlings will be protected from pests and diseases.
As soon as the soil cools down and dries up a little, it's time to start planting.
Against late blight
Tomatoes, potatoes, peppers and other nightshade crops are often affected by late blight. A mixture of potassium permanganate and garlic will help get rid of it.
- Take 100 g of garlic with arrows and leaves, chop with a blender.
- Pour it with a glass of water and leave for 24 hours.
- Strain the infusion, add 1 g of potassium permanganate and mix.
- Before use, dilute the resulting concentrate in a bucket of water and spray crops affected by late blight.
This remedy is most effective at an early stage of the disease. To maintain the health of the nightshade tops, repeat the treatment every two weeks, focusing on the affected areas.
As a fertilizer
Manganese deficiency in the soil leads to a decrease in immunity and crop yields. The main sign of deficiency is a sharp yellowing of the leaf plate, but the veins remain green at the same time. The usual potassium permanganate will fill the deficiency of the element. To prepare the fertilizer, dissolve 3 g of the substance in 10 liters of water and water the beds. The volume of this solution is enough to process 3-4 m² of plantings.
Potassium permanganate fertilizer is suitable for carrots, peas, potatoes and beets. It is introduced into the soil at the end of June and mid-July.
But in the spring it will be useful to feed raspberries, currants and gooseberries with potassium permanganate, this will accelerate the formation of berries and strengthen the immunity of shrubs. Potassium permanganate is a cheap but effective drug that will solve many problems in the garden and in everyday life. The main thing is to correctly observe the dosage of the agent, so as not to burn the plants, but, on the contrary, to improve them and fertilize them.
A site about a garden, a summer residence and houseplants.
Wood ash contains many chemical elements that are essential for horticultural crops. Therefore, such an inexpensive and easy-to-prepare top dressing is so loved by our gardeners.
And I am no exception: I use it everywhere. And over the years of its application, I managed to deduce a number of rules for myself, which I want to share.
Ash, along with other elements, contains potassium, calcium and phosphorus - and all in a form readily available to plants. So the fertilizer turns out to be unique and extremely useful, and most importantly, natural - without any chemistry.
The quality of the ash depends on which tree it was obtained from. The most valuable is birch firewood. But conifers are not suitable for these purposes: there are too many resins in them. The average benefit will be from fruit trees. Ash must be sieved before use. The case is dusty, but necessary!
What materials can you use?
The simpler the structure, the cheaper the material and the lower its consumption, the more profitable the construction. Following this golden rule, we will consider options for making the foundation, frame and roof of an inexpensive summer summer cottage.
Wood for all types of construction
The most affordable and easy-to-use material is wood. In a few days, you can assemble the base, frame and roof of the gazebo from it. In passing, we note that a support frame made of a bar, for which a columnar foundation is required, is not required for a budget gazebo.
A light canopy can be built without it by burying oak or larch posts in the ground 40-60 centimeters. To increase the resistance of wood to decay, the ends of the pillars are treated with bioprotection or simply burned over a fire for 5 minutes. After this heat treatment, the service life of the racks increases significantly.
Whoever objects to this option, let him remember the history of wooden architecture in Russia. In those days, not only simple log cabins, but also boyar houses were built on wooden columnar foundations.
A cheap gazebo can do without a plank floor. To do this, the area allocated for construction must be covered with fine gravel mixed with sand and tamped well. If you want to place the gazebo on the lawn, then there is no need to remove the turf. Soft grass underfoot - no artificial turf can replace it. There is enough sunlight for the normal growth of plants under such a canopy, and rare watering of the "living floor" will not bother you.
An inexpensive wooden gazebo can be made not only from lumber. If you are going to cut a couple of old fruit trees, do not rush to let them firewood. Parts of the trunk of an apple or pear, cherry plum or cherry are excellent stands for a summer cottage.
A picturesque frame made of trunks will look great under a wooden plank roof. To ensure tightness, thinner boards need to be filled on the seams between them, and then the entire roofing flooring should be covered with an indelible antiseptic. As foundation posts, you can use hemp, uprooted after cutting the trees.
A good master has no waste. Therefore, all the commercial wood (boards and trimmings of logs) left over from the construction of a log house can be successfully used for the construction of a summer cottage.
Metal is expensive, we only use it for racks
Anyone who is used to doing everything thoroughly can abandon wooden posts for the frame and buy four square steel pipes (50x50 mm, wall 3 mm) of suitable length. Even without pouring a concrete columnar foundation, they will stand in the ground for at least 20 years. To save money, the roof strapping, rafters and the lower stiffening belt in this case can be made from wooden bars, attaching them to the pipes with self-tapping screws.
A more expensive capital option is drilling wells for installing cuttings of an asbestos-cement pipe with a diameter of 100 mm, pouring it with concrete and installing a wooden frame, we do not exclude. You can use it if you want to make a plank floor in the gazebo, raising it from the ground surface by 15-20 cm.
For installation on a grassy lawn, a prefabricated metal arbor is optimal. If you are satisfied with the price, then feel free to buy such a structure and put it on the site.
Two pipes and a piece of fabric - the gazebo is ready!
Continuing the "trumpet" theme, we will give another example of an inexpensive gazebo. Two bent pipes and a piece of sturdy fabric are all that is required to make an original summer shed.
The fabric canopy replaces both the roof and the walls here. It can be moved to any side, adjusting the degree of illumination in the gazebo and covering it from wind and rain. A stationary table and benches are not needed here. But a set of portable country furniture will come in handy.
Considering materials suitable for the construction of an inexpensive gazebo, one cannot fail to mention polycarbonate. From it you can make not only the roof, but also the walls of this structure. By bending a sheet of polycarbonate in the form of an arch and fixing it on a light frame, we get a "barrel" gazebo - a popular budget option for a summer residence.
The roof of the gazebo is the head of everything!
An inexpensive roof for a light canopy can be made from metal, polycarbonate, boards or asbestos-cement slate. All of these materials are easily and quickly mounted on a metal or wooden frame.
Those who want to build an original shingle or reed roof over the gazebo will first have to carefully study the technology and the nuances of its installation.
With proper installation, wooden and thatched roofs will last 10-15 years without replacement.
Side railing - lattice or fence?
Having dealt with the foundation, pillars and roof of an inexpensive gazebo, you can go to its side fence. Cellular polycarbonate will be one of the most profitable options here.
In addition to it, the garden gazebo can have fences made of openwork wooden lattice. It is attached to the frame pillars and the roof top trim.
If you plant climbing plants (grapes, ivy or hops) next to such a structure, then in a few years the summer cottage will look very picturesque.
Nature will generously fill an inexpensive frame made of wooden blocks with beautiful green "curtains" and will more than reward you for your efforts.
The side fence of the gazebo can be built from straight, not very thick branches using the technology of village wattle. They are woven between steel racks of thin pipes or ready-made branch "screens" are made and fixed on the main frame.
Can't build a cheap gazebo? Grow her up!
Despite the strange sound of this call, the cheapest gazebo is not built, but grown. For this, you can use willow seedlings. This tree is distinguished by its high growth rate and flexibility.
Anyone who wants to build a gazebo cheaply and can wait until it grows up should plant willow branches around its perimeter in the fall (diameter 5-15 mm, length 2-3 meters). This will take you the first step in organic architecture. This fashionable trend is actively developing today not only in the West, but also in Russia.
By tying a kind of spatial frame from living branches, you will only have to control their growth and periodically cut willow shoots growing inward and outward.
3-4 seasons and your dacha will be decorated with a free living building, and neighbors will begin to come for advice and bring friends on excursions.
Preparing a universal soil mixture for seedlings
In our free winter time, we prepare a soil mixture from the prepared ingredients. The simplest universal soil mixture can be prepared from 3-4 ingredients.
- 1 part leafy (decayed leaves) or sod land
- 2 parts of mature humus. Manure, even half-rotted, cannot be used, so as not to burn the young roots of the awakened embryo. Instead of humus, you can use weathered non-acidic peat (high moor) or vermicompost
- 1 part river sifted sand or sawdust, for loosening the mixture.
Mix the mixture thoroughly and place in containers (bags, boxes) for disinfection. Disinfection of the soil mixture gets rid of weed seeds, soil pests and diseases.
It is better to start harvesting components for soil mixtures in the fall. © Erin
↑ Sofa bench
This bench is very similar to the models mentioned above, but there are several significant design differences. To achieve maximum convenience and comfort, unlike the "bare" benches, a soft seat and cushions are laid here. They are made lower and are not used for dinner ceremonies. Also, soft benches are made deep so that you can fully relax on them.
Due to their size, such benches are not suitable for all premises and areas of the garden, but rather for spacious terraces and summer cottages. This particular sofa is made of sanded and varnished boards. The pillows are stuffed with soft materials such as foam rubber. They are also equipped with removable covers that can be washed.
Often sofas have an angular design that is acceptable for hi-tech and minimalism. Therefore, for their manufacture, a processed timber of the correct section is used. Such benches do not differ in a variety of pretentious forms, so it will be quite simple to design them. It is enough to prepare a strong frame and sheathe it with boards.
10 DIY Garden Tricks | PotGuide.com
This article was originally posted on KindReviews.com on December 1, 2014.
Looking through facebook pages, I constantly come across lists of life hacks that you can do yourself. I've seen the top 25 camping hackers, the top 25 home and office hackers, even the top 25 iPhone hacks. So now that I have the joy of roasting at the stake Starburst, I use paper clips to organize the wires on my computer desk, and my iPhone automatically switches Bluetooth when I plug it into the dock, I guess it's time to get started. break into the garden.
Some of these tricks are just simple twists and turns of what you're already doing with something new, some are handy home garden tools, some are really cool ideas that you can use from common objects.
1. Use label pencil ties to mark the plants:
Plant stakes, tape, markers, even wax crayons - they all eventually fail when they either pop out of the carrier or container, or wear out or rinse off until they are illegible. We all hate confusing plants - even more so, that there is tracking information on the label.
Use a zip tie or tag cable tie attached to a rod for a convenient tag that won't go anywhere. Mark it with good old lead pencil so it doesn't rub off or rinse off with water.
2. Use young coconut paste to heal plant wounds:
Whether it's a botched low-stress workout, the wrong clone razor, or a very hard cola, plant wounds are a reality for every grower. Open plant wounds not only endanger your crop by weakening its structure, but also leave your women vulnerable to infection. a whole universe of nasty bacterial, fungal and viral plant diseases.
Get a young green coconut from your local health food store and get out the creamy white pulp. Apply this product directly to plant wounds to speed up healing and increase the injured girl's resistance to stress and disease. You can wrap floral tape around the wound, or make a DIY plant patch using an alcohol wipe and some duct tape or duct tape.
3. Use aloe vera gel as cloning gel:
When it's time to cut clones and you're out of stock, just grab your handy aloe vera plant! Not only is it great for sunburn - the gel from the aloe vera plant is a great cloning gel, full of nutrients and hormones that will help it take root quickly. Simply rip the tip off the plant and dip the cuttings straight as in a store bought gel, then place in the medium, mist and dome as usual.
4. Use clothespins for low stress workouts:
Secure with clothespins to weigh down dominant peaks during vegetarianism and get an even canopy. Done correctly, it will help you control stretch and grow shorter, thicker plants with more buds.
5. Use old takeout containers for EVERYTHING:
No one wants cold, dried takeaway food, and packaging is an industry that focuses on keeping your General Tso's chicken keeping the temperature and humidity up on the (sometimes difficult) journey from the kitchen to your couch. , it might work for a pot as well.
Round opaque clear plastic delicatessen containers are a great medium for germinating seeds in a damp paper towel, and containers with an opaque bottom and transparent top can be great small greenhouses for growing seedlings or, if tall enough, for rooting clones. Large containers made from non-biodegradable polystyrene foam are fantastic insulated clone cups. Waxed white Chinese food boxes are not even bad nursery pots!
Whenever you recycle a food container for your garden, be sure to rinse it thoroughly with hot soapy water and use a mild bleach solution to sterilize it.
6. Protect the seeds with pouches, rice and a report cover:
Storing and transporting seeds can be challenging: you have to protect them from moisture, light, and crushing pressure. Place the seeds in a small bag, close it tightly and roll up. Place the rolled bag in another small bag and add some salt or rice to absorb any moisture that gets inside. Roll up the entire bag, insert it into the plastic sheet of the report cover, cut to size and secure with tape.
7. Make Your Own Low Stress Training Pots:
Low Stress Training is a great way to control the height of your garden and maximize yields by creating an even canopy. If you don't have an entire table for using the green lattice / screen method, and your plants are too thick to be pinned down with clothespins, you can tie the plant to the container it is in. Just drill the screws into the hard container. (like a five gallon bucket with drain holes at the bottom) for 12 hours, 2 hours, 4 hours, 6 hours, 8 hours, and 10 hours. You can now tie branches and shoots as needed, even adding bends and bends to create perfect shape.
8. Make your own fabric pots:
Cloth containers have become very popular in the past few years. Whether it's RootPots, SmartPots, GeoPots or others, these fabric pots offer the benefits of being nearly impossible to water, naturally air-prune, provide more oxygen to the root zone than standard containers, and are easy to pack and store. You can easily make your own from cheaply purchased geotextiles, such as weed control fabric (also called terrain fabric). For even more muesli effect, reuse old canvas bags and even old blue jeans to create top quality fabric pots. All you need is scissors, nylon thread, and a sewing machine (or a little patience and hand sewing skills).
Check out this complete guide for step-by-step instructions:
9.Tips for recycling organic compounds:
Okay, so this isn't technically a garden tip, but if you're a heavy smoker or joint, keeping a stock of tips (or crutches, as they are sometimes called) without ripping open your friends' cigarette packs can be a pain. The solution is at hand! If you have a garden, chances are you have a TON of stems. Oily stems are great for biochar, but thin stems never seem to make much sense (until now!): Insert a bunch of thin stems into a cigarette roller, load paper, peel off and cut to your desired tip size. Roll it into the next fatty stem. and thank you for not shelling out a couple of dollars on a book made of tiny pieces of cardboard.
10. Self-watering insulated mini-greenhouse for seedlings / cuttings:
I may not be the only potter who ever wanted to have a tiny one-cut greenhouse. Whether quarantining a freshly received clone, giving special attention to a finicky lady, or even just giving the little one natural light without spilling out the entire tray, there are tons of situations where a private insulated dome would be a great solution. Well, now it's as easy as paper. towel, styrofoam glass and plastic water bottle. Simply cut the bottle in half, poke a paper towel through the bottom of the cup like a wick, set the bottom of the cup to the bottom of the bottle, and place the top of the bottle over the cup. Add soil and a clone and you'll grow in a self-watered mini greenhouse! Check out the step-by-step instructions here:
http://www.instructables.com/id/Self-watering-thermal-insulated-greenhouse-for-see/ And get creative - your greenhouse size is only limited by the size of the plastic bottle and foam cup you can find!
Feeding flowers with ash
Ash fertilizer is especially useful for roses, lilies, clematis, gladioli and peonies. When planting seedlings of flower crops, 5-10 g of ash are laid out in each hole.
Flowers that have been attacked by pests are evenly powdered with ash infusion (with the addition of soap). Do this in the morning in calm weather in the dew or after rain. During drought, plants can be sprayed with room temperature water before treatment.
Now you know how to prepare top dressing from ash and how to use it correctly in the garden, garden and flower garden. This organic fertilizer is not only good for plants, but also safe for people and pets.
↑ Bench made of metal
It is easy to build a wooden bench for a gazebo, but making a metal bench is a little more difficult. When making it, there are several nuances that must be taken into account.
For work you will need: a welding machine, a profile or a pipe, boards, a grinder, bolts, paint. If the bench is decorated with bent parts, then pipe benders are used. The most common bench is performed without a back. Before starting welding work, draw a drawing.
The frame of the bench is welded from the crossbar. It is placed between the legs, its length is from 1.5 to 3 m.For the back of the legs, and for the back, a profile or corner is needed, the height of which is 70-90 cm.Two pieces are prepared for the seat, having a length of 35 cm.
The front supports, having a length of 50-65 cm, are fastened with pipes of 20 cm. On each side, the legs are fastened with bent 45 cm strips. The seat is assembled from three to four boards. The back is made solid or with openings. Boards need to be processed with a plane or bought ready-made. Before installation, they are treated with varnish.
When the welding work is completed, the seams must be sanded, primed and painted.
Of course, it is easiest for a beginner to make a bench out of wood. The material on the bench is not as expensive as the cost of the finished purchase of the bench. And by showing imagination, you can build a kind, beautiful garden furniture.
It is not difficult to create a bench for a summer gazebo. It is enough to familiarize yourself with the stages of work, choose the type of bench and draw a drawing. It can be made from wood or metal. If the bench is made of wood, it will be cheaper than creating a metal structure. You can also build a wooden bench yourself. But to assemble a metal bench, you will need to be able to own welding or you will have to ask for the help of a welder.