5 exotic plants, which are no more difficult to grow in the country than a cucumber
All summer residents, of course, are familiar with cucumbers, tomatoes, cabbage, carrots and beets. They are planted every year, saving the family from having to spend money on the same products in stores. However, there are some exotic crops that are just as easy to grow, but all the neighbors will envy.
This is the most popular exotic vegetable among summer residents. It is also called African cucumber or jelly melon. He comes from Africa, is completely unpretentious and usually does not get sick, the fruits ripen in just 120 days (like late-ripening tomatoes), so the plant is great for the middle lane. The culture belongs to vines, so it is best to plant a kiwano next to a gazebo or near a fence. It will be a wonderful decoration for the garden, especially when it begins to bear fruit. Unusual fruits instantly attract attention. Kiwano tastes unusual. It looks like a cross between cucumber, lime, avocado and banana. Ripe fruits can be eaten straight from the bush. To do this, it is enough to cut them in half, and eat the contents with a spoon. As a snack, the pulp is mixed with soft cheese and smeared on bread. The fruits that have not yet ripened are pickled like cucumbers. Their taste is similar, and in a jar the dish looks very impressive.
The plant belongs to the pumpkin family. It is also a liana that will perfectly decorate any gazebo, porch, wall or fence. It grows quickly, branches well and completely intertwines the support, not capricious. It has very small fruits that grow no more than 2.5 centimeters in din. It tastes like a cucumber, so housewives often pickle and pickle it. Fruits ripen in 75 days, so melotria is suitable for places where summer is short. To grow between plants, you need to leave about 50 centimeters. Loves the sun, so it is better to plant on the sunny side. Care requires the same as for simple cucumbers.
It differs from ordinary radish in that pods are not used for food. It tastes like a radish, but contains more pungency. Young people need to eat it. If overexposed and pruned late, the pods will become coarse and too spicy and visibly different from radishes in appearance. These are dense and well-nourished bushes more than 2 meters in height, and about a meter in diameter. If there is no support, they fall to one side, so it is better to tie them up. The plant can eat not only pods, but also leaves with flowers. They will be an excellent decoration for salads. Root vegetables are edible too. They reach quite large sizes and reach up to a whole kilogram. The culture tolerates heat well and will survive drought.
In appearance, the chufa resembles a drupe. It is also called "earthy almond". It belongs to the sedge family and has a nutty taste. Chufu can be called the most picky plant among the exotic. Even in bad weather and without careful maintenance, it will give out up to 60 underground nodules. With a favorable summer, their number will increase to 150 pieces. In a very hot summer, chufe still needs periodic watering. Top dressing can be omitted.
Jicama beans or yam beans are similar to the well-known beans. It has the same leaves, the same inflorescences (most often lilac) and similar pods. True, they are poisonous, so eating them is undesirable. Her most delicious and useful food is underground. Yam bean tubers can be compared to potatoes and radishes. They have a rough skin that needs to be removed, as well as a juicy and crunchy flesh with a slightly sweet flavor. It tastes like a mixture of carrots, radishes and apples. Fresh root vegetables are usually cut into thin slices or small cubes, sprinkled with lemon juice and added to salads. Jicama is also boiled as a side dish. The tuber retains its juiciness and remains crispy. Unlike potatoes, it contains few calories, so it will appeal to those who choose diet food. Ripens in 120 days. You can keep it in the refrigerator or cellar, but it is stored for only a month or two. The best option would be to freeze it for the winter.
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Exotic plants in the country
Many of us have tried growing citrus fruits, coffee or loofah. And certainly the eyes of gardeners lit up at the sight of unusual fruits in supermarkets: who did not want to impress neighbors and acquaintances with vegetables with a strange shape and unusual taste! Which of these exotic plants is worth experimenting with and is it possible to grow exotic plants in the Moscow region, say Siberian scientists and forumhouse.ru participants.
Exotic in the garden
Scientists of the Central Siberian Botanical Garden have been studying plants exotic for Russia since the second half of the 90s. The attention of specialists from the laboratory for the introduction of edible plants was attracted not by fruits, but by the most promising vegetable crops: vigna, momordica, kiwano and benincasa.
Fotev Yuri Valentinovich (senior researcher Central Siberian Botanical Garden (CSBS SB RAS), Cand. s.-kh. Sci., specialist in the introduction and selection of new and vegetable crops, author and co-author of 45 varieties included in the State Register of Breeding Achievements of the Russian Federation):
- The system included such selection criteria as genetic diversity, the duration of the growing season, the value of the biochemical composition, productivity, keeping quality, resistance to diseases and pests, the efficiency of reproduction (seed production), heat demand and others (including the simplicity and manufacturability of methods of processing products and compliance with the traditional taste preferences of the inhabitants of Russia).
Vigna, or asparagus beans - an amazing plant with fruits 50-60 cm long. This is a kind of our beans, however, the quality and yield of exotic is much higher. Vigna has a high taste, contains a large amount of vitamins, pectins, protein. By the way, that's why cowpea is also called "vegetable meat". Fruits can be frozen, fried, stewed, canned. In our country conditions, the easiest way is to grow new varieties of cowpea - Yunnan and Siberian sizes.
Benincasa - another vegetable with a valuable biochemical composition. The plant helps with ulcers of the gastrointestinal tract, allergies, diabetes, nervous diseases, helminths. Benincasa is characterized by a fairly short growing season, ease of cultivation, and high stable yield. The Akulina variety, bred in Siberia, is distinguished by its outstanding keeping quality of fruits - up to 3 years! Quite large fruits - with grainy pulp without pumpkin aroma, thin rind on top is covered with a thick layer of natural wax. The vegetable is used fresh, stewed, fried, canned, and candied fruits are made.
Kiwano - one of the most popular exotics among summer residents, resembling a cucumber. Hence another name - African cucumber, as well as jelly or horned melon. A new variety that can be grown in our summer cottages is the Green Dragon. This unpretentious plant from the pumpkin family is characterized by good keeping quality - up to 6 months indoors. The vegetable has a pleasant taste and contains a lot of potassium. Kiwano is also a beautiful, thick and thorny vine. She will decorate the fences of the site so that "not a single enemy will pass." Kiwano is consumed fresh and canned. The fruits look very impressive on the table and in jars.
Momordica - a unique plant with a rich chemical composition (contains momorharins, vitamins, pectins, alkaloids, insulin-like peptides). Scientists from the Central Siberian Garden have developed a new frost-resistant variety Gosha. The vegetable has proven its medicinal properties in diabetes and immunosuppression, hypertension, viral and oncological diseases. Momordica is easy to grow and has a short growing season. The fruits have a spicy and spicy taste - a real exotic! They are used fried and stewed, frozen, canned, and tea is brewed.
Many visitors to FORUMHOUSE who try to grow exotic and rare plants in the conditions of Moscow and the Moscow region face such problems: the fruits do not have time to ripen or have a bad taste, the plant may not bear fruit at all. And I want to grow exotic plants in the garden!
- In order to succeed in growing different crops, it is necessary to take into account their biological needs related to their origin as fully as possible. It is useful to know that chayote is a short-day, thermophilic plant that blooms no earlier than August-September when the length of the day is shortened, therefore it is not particularly productive in a temperate climate and central Russia.
Where to get seeds
- You can use seeds isolated from fruits from the supermarket, but the result will be completely unpredictable. The fruits of vegetable crops, tomatoes and sweet peppers are often of hybrid origin, therefore the sown seeds and plants from them will be heterogeneous, including in terms of the size of the yield, the size and quality of the fruits. It is better to buy seeds from trusted sellers, companies you trust, or originators of varieties.
How to grow these crops
- All of these crops are thermophilic and do not withstand frost. It is better to grow them in seedlings, sowing seeds on April 15-25 in a cup in a room or greenhouse and planting ready-made seedlings in the soil of a film or polycarbonate greenhouse on May 15-25. Vigna can be sown directly into the soil of the greenhouse on May 15 - 25. Kiwano can be grown outdoors, planting seedlings after the frost has passed. All crops are grown with a garter to a horizontal trellis located at a height of 1.8 - 2.0 m.
What other exotic fruits in the Middle Lane are grown by members of the forum.
Forumchanka Ni4ka notes that a very decorative berry is worth attention - jminda, or strawberry spinach. Planted in a permanent place, it begins to grow directly from under the snow, and blooms in early May. The berries produce a delicious effervescent kvass of a pleasant red color, with a velvety taste and a pleasant fruity aroma.
Forumchanka Teana raised in the suburbs and lagenaria... It is also called a gourd or dish pumpkin. Young fruits are used for food: they are fried in oil, pancakes are baked, porridge is boiled, pickled, canned, caviar is made. A summer resident from one plant harvested more than 20 kg of exotic pumpkin fruits.
Tiny watermelon, aka melotria rough and African cucumber, a miniature plant whose fruits resemble cucumber in appearance and taste. Forumhouse.ru participants note that this culture is easy to grow in a balcony box, near a fence or pergola. The plant blooms and bears fruit from June until winter. Liana grows very actively, so it is planted if you need to quickly decorate any vertical plane in the garden. Dishes decorated with pickled melotria look original and cute.
Muscovite Donechka could not resist another miracle - dubious, she is a red cucumber. The forum member notes that in the middle lane, cucumbers ripen in September. The fruits of the plant - with soft juicy pulp and an unusual taste (for an amateur), quench thirst well. Cucumbers (in fact, this is another member of the pumpkin family) can be canned. The tubers of the plant are also eaten and used in medicine. Tladianta is used as a choleretic, diuretic and expectorant, astringent and antiscorbutic agent.
Fruits, grass, leaves and seeds are taken in the form of a tincture for headaches and hypertension, tea from yellow flowers is good for influenza.
Within the framework of one article, it is difficult to tell about all the exotic cultures that have interested summer residents. Learn more about whether it is possible to grow exotic fruits in the Middle Lane from seeds, whether it is worth planting in the country sarahu, or vegetable blueberrieshow to grow a vegetable sweetener steviawhat is good oat root and what other unusual plants the members of the forum have tried in their garden, you can in the topic "Garden rarities".
Homemade peaches are rarely seen. It is a deciduous plant and requires a cool wintering in a frost-free room (for example, on a glassed-in balcony). But, surprisingly, the stone peach blooms and bears fruit.
A tree will grow from a peach seed that can bloom and even bear fruit at home
This usually happens in the third year of life. Beautiful, apple-like, pinkish flowers appear on the plant in early spring, before the leaves open. If the flowers are pollinated, then the fruit may well be set. Of course, you should not count on a huge harvest, but it is quite possible to grow a couple of peaches on your own balcony.
Exotic flowers at their dacha
Ever wanted to turn your backyard or flower bed into a tropical garden? Exotic plants meet all the requirements of summer residents. They add value and beauty to your home with a unique look that you will love.
But in some areas, people are often hesitant to grow exotic plants because of the harsh climate that can harm them. However, these plants are actually very easy to grow and are able to thrive in most of our regions. There are even some varieties that can withstand freezing temperatures.
The key to growing exotic plants is choosing the right flowers for your climate and learning a few simple tips for caring for them. Since there are so many varieties available, selection is an important part of the process.
So how do you choose the right flowers or flowers for your yard? If you are not sure which plants will feel comfortable on our soil, consult those who already have experience in growing them. Such information on each type of flower is full on the Internet.
Before choosing plants, remember that the best exotic gardens are made up of a variety of deciduous plants. These plants are made up of different colors and textures and give the most interest to your landscape. It is best to choose a few taller bushes to accentuate your landscaping. Planting higher varieties is also practical because they will help provide shade for smaller plants.
The most interesting thing about planting exotic flowers is the large number of colorful options to choose from. Keep in mind that each plant has specific requirements that will be critical to its survival.
- African violet: indirect light, well-drained soil.
- Amaryllis: full sun, well-drained soil.
- Anthurium: indirect sun, well-drained land.
- Bird of Paradise: Full sun, plenty of water when watered.
- Blood lily: full sun / partial shade, wet ground.
Such regular watering implies the use of a special watering can, which you can always choose on the “All prices” product aggregator. Did you know that the anthurium flower is actually a thorn and not a brightly colored flower? It comes in white, red, pink, purple, orange, green, and several colors. Gloriosa combines a delicate fresh green stem with elegant yellowish-yellow stamens that run downward. Above them grow six wavy, glowing petals that will open up to you during flowering. There are two types: short ones with a bare stem and slightly taller ones with leaves and branches. The simple stem of Sterelicia, with its extraordinary vibrant flowering elements, ensures that you are unlikely to overlook this beauty.
Now that you are well versed with the most popular tropical colors, it's time to get some style inspiration! Tropical flowers are ideal when you want to add a fresh and vibrant feel to your home or event setting.Growing such plants, you can use them for your own business by opening a small flower workshop.
If you want to put tropical flowers from your flower bed in a vase, then they should be carefully cut from the stem:
- Cut the stem diagonally with a sharp knife.
- Use a clean (glass) vase and fill it with approx. 7 cm of tap water at
- room temperature. Use cut flowers for a mixed bouquet.
- Make sure the ambient temperature is correct (max. 20 ° C).
- Do not place exotics in a draft, in the sun, or near central heating.
- Top up the vase with tap water regularly.
Only in this way you will not harm living plants and will be able to enjoy flowers in the house for a long time.
Exotic plants at home: growing, care
The foliage of these plants is rich in essential oils with bactericidal properties. They fill the room with a pleasant aroma, and also have a calming effect on its inhabitants, relieving irritability and nervousness, improving mood and normalizing sleep.
For planting exotic crops at home, first of all, it is necessary to select planting material, seeds or seeds. They must be taken from ripe, healthy fruits. They are planted in soil intended for growing seedlings of vegetable crops. To disinfect the soil, it must be spilled with a weak solution of potassium permanganate.
The pineapple fruit ripens in six months, starting from the moment of flowering. Pineapple bears fruit once in a lifetime. Photo: thinkstockphotos.com
Avocado moves to homes from the forests of South America. True, you will hardly wait for the fruits, but a beautiful plant with proper care is provided to you. To get an avocado plant, you need to take into account that it is quite difficult for a weak sprout to break through the thick wall of the stone. Especially if, before sowing, she managed to lie down and dry out. Therefore, for some time it should be kept on moist soil or sphagnum, in a warm place without drafts. The air temperature should not fall below 20 ° С, and the earth should be warmed up to 25 ° С. Otherwise, the bone will die.
Avocado does not tolerate direct sunlight, loves moisture. But overdried soil can threaten with dropping of foliage. Photo: thinkstockphotos.com
For planting kiwi it is necessary to carry out the correct preparation of the planting material. Seeds selected for planting should be well washed from the pulp. This process can be made easier by leaving them together with the pulp on a flat dish for two days at room temperature. The pulp that has begun to deteriorate will more easily move away from the seeds. Then the planting material must be slightly dried and planted in grooves 1 cm deep. The emerging seedlings must be thinned out, in a container with a diameter of 9 cm there should be no more than two seedlings. After they grow up a little, they are transplanted again, already seating the plants in separate pots, substituting them for each support.
Kiwi seedlings cannot stand the sun's rays, so it is best to keep them in the shade. Plants require abundant watering. Photo: thinkstockphotos.com
Ornamental plants - exotics
October 31, 2018 / Gennady Litavrin, member of the Moscow Flower Club on Novinsky
Sooner or later every gardener wants to make his garden unique and inimitable. Of course, the main parameter of beauty is thoughtful landscape design, but the plants themselves play an important role, because it is to them that the admiring glances of passers-by, neighbors and guests of the garden are riveted.
Such plants are certainly exotic trees, shrubs and rare perennials, which, it seems, is unrealistic to grow in our climate. There are indeed difficulties in cultivating them. Many of the exotics are thermophilic sissies, so you have to tinker with them, growing in pots and storing them in a frost-free room for the winter or insulating them in various ways. In this article, we will consider some types of exotic plants that are quite winter-hardy in the conditions of the Moscow region.
What to choose for your favorite garden among a huge variety of plants? What will grow well and please? Trial and error is indispensable here.
Among the trees, the most beautiful are magnolias (Magnolia). They hold the palm among the exotic plants of central Russia. I already wrote about the culture, winter hardiness and varietal diversity of magnolias in the article "Magnolias in the middle lane - it's real!"
Another amazingly beautiful tree is the liriodendron (Liriodendron) or tulip tree. The plant is given a 6-7 zone of winter hardiness according to the USDA (and the middle zone of Russia is zone 4). However, it has been growing beautifully in my garden for over 15 years. Over the years, I never froze, reached a height of 4 m. True, it has not bloomed yet, but the beauty of the leaves is mesmerizing. Liriodendron loves fertile, slightly acidic soil and sun exposure.
Of the trees, I would also like to note the deer-horned sumac (Rhus typhina). It has been growing in my garden for 20 years. Height up to 3 meters. This plant is beautiful at any time of the year. The structure of the branches resembles antlers. In spring, feathery leaves bloom on tomentose-pubescent stems, soft and pleasant to the touch. In summer, dark red panicles of infructescence appear, which stay on the plant for more than a year. In autumn, sumac blazes with orange-red leaves. And in winter, velvet stems adorn the bare branches in the silence of snow. At the same time, it is absolutely not demanding. Grows in sandy loam, dry and in the sun.
Also contribute to the exotic garden design: tanning skumpia (Cotinus coggygria), catalpa (Catalpa), canadian cercis (Cercis canadensis), snowflower (Chionanthus) and blooming calicant (Calycanthus floridus). These plants need to choose a special place in the garden: they should be planted next to the house, in a quiet, windless place, with a fairly large amount of snow in winter. In severe winters, these shrubs can freeze slightly, but they are easily restored.
Such beautiful trees and shrubs require a retinue of equally beautiful perennials. What can I advise? Blooming clumps of trilliums, natives of North America, will look great next to the trunks of magnolias, liriodendrons and other trees. Some species, for example, Kamchatka trillium (T. kamtschaticum), Smalla (T.smalii), Chonoski (T.tschonoskii) grow in our Kamchatka and Sakhalin.
In my collection there are many species and varieties of this plant, but the favorite is the large-flowered trillium "Snowbunting" (Trillium grandiflorum “Snow Bunting”). He has large double snow-white flowers that turn pink over time. Will undoubtedly become a leader in ceremonial flower beds
In the partial shade of trees, you can plant glaucidium (Glaucidium) and terry sanguinaria “Flore Pleno” (Sanguinaria canadensis “Flore Pleno”). These are unpretentious plants that prefer fertile moist soils. Their flowering begins almost immediately after the snow melts. In glaucidium, against the background of large green leaves of an unusual shape, delicate lilac bell-shaped flowers bloom. And in sanguinaria, the flowers are like meringue cakes, they lie on the sheet like on a plate. It is impossible to stop looking!
Podophyllums are incredibly beautiful (Podophyllum). Especially the varieties "Kaleidoscope" ("Kaleidoscope") and "Spotty Dotty" ("Spotty Dotty"). Beautifully shaped leaves with an intricate pattern of brown and silvery spots, large white or red-crimson flowers and proven winter hardiness - these are the reasons to be interested in this exotic. Podophyllums prefer partial shade and moist, drained soils.
In sunny places, everyone will be surprised by the Mariland spigelia (Spigelia marilandica). I have never seen anything like it. The flowers are very bright, red, of an interesting shape with yellow petal tops. The plant is up to 40 cm high, prefers light fertile soils, responsive to feeding with complex mineral fertilizers in the form of a solution of 30 g per 10 liters of water.
The range of plants of the Gesneriaceae family for open ground is not large, nevertheless there is a plant of a very exotic appearance with thick smooth leaves and pubescent tubular flowers with a yellow-brown throat and specks. This is the Hemiboy subcapitata (Hemiboea subcapitata), very rarely found in anyone. It blooms in late summer and autumn until severe frost. Suitable for partial shade. It grows well on light fertile soil, forming underground stolons.
Perfect for shady, humid places palm-shaped kirengeshoma (Kirengeshoma palmata) with graceful stems and bright yellow flowers with dense, wax-like petals. It blooms in late summer, prefers moist acidic soil, reaches a height of 60 cm.
On the sunny side of the alpine hills, you can grow many beautiful plants, but the undisputed pride of the gardener will be the blooming prickly pear cacti (Opuntia). They grow well in the suburbs. They hibernate with me without any shelter and bloom every year. It is impossible to get used to this - every time you perceive a safe winter as a miracle! It is very interesting to watch them: in the fall, prickly pear stems wrinkle and lie on the ground. It seems that the plants are dying, but in the spring, filled with sap, they rise again. In May, active growth begins and buds appear. Opuntia reproduce well by cuttings, which are immediately planted in a permanent place.
For us, lovers of garden raisins, it's a great time to try to tame exotic beauties. Experiment, try, and the impossible becomes possible!
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