Tree peonies: what are they and is it worth planting them on the site
The Chinese call the peony the king of flowers, and deservedly so - the spectacular caps of large double flowers have many colors, and the lush foliage is decorative even after flowering, which lasts about two weeks in late spring or early summer. There are several types of peonies; in summer cottage gardening, they are usually planted herbaceous or tree-like. They differ in the structure of the stem: if the former are perennial plants with thin green stems that die off for the winter, leaving only the roots under the snow, then the latter are deciduous shrubs with thick lignified shoots, wintering under cover or without it, depending on the climate.
Tree peony: description of the species
Such peonies are often planted alone, they can also be used as an accent flower beds of perennials. With its bright colors, the tree-like peony will decorate the gazebo, arch, area near the house. You can even grow a hedge from tall bushes.
Tree peonies, thanks to large beautiful flowers, look great both in group and in single plantings.
The appearance of the bush and flowers
The bush usually has several lignified, pale brown trunks 1–2 m high. Roots are large, brown, branched, with a thickening at the beginning and with thin roots on the sides. Leaves are green, delicate, feathery, with wide lobes. On thick stems, reddish buds bloom in spring, which consist of small, tightly adjacent scales.
The flowers of the tree peony are large, single, double, semi-double or smooth, reaching a diameter of 25 cm.The color depends on the variety: they can be:
- almost black.
Of these, after flowering, edible fruits appear in the form of a five-pointed star, filled with large dark seeds.
Photo gallery: bushes, flowers and fruits of the tree peony
The petals of a tree-like peony can be two-colored, with one color smoothly passing into another.
The timing and duration of flowering
Tree peonies live for a very long time, up to 20 years, and the older the plant, the more abundantly it blooms. The buds bloom 2 weeks earlier than the herbaceous variety, and bloom a little longer - up to 3 weeks.
Tree peonies bloom two weeks earlier than their herbaceous counterparts.
Optimal conditions for growth and flowering
The tree-like peony does not tolerate heat well. In summer, when the air temperature is over 27 ° C, the bushes should be watered at least 2 times a week (the amount of water is 1-2 buckets under the bush, depending on its size), and in cooler weather - once a week. Lack of sufficient water will immediately negatively affect flowering, but heavy overflow also harms peonies - they can get sick with gray rot.
With overflow or close location of groundwater, tree peonies can get sick with gray rot.
To determine whether it is time to water the peony, touch the ground under the bush: it should have time to dry out.
Treelike peonies tolerate the mild winters of the southern regions of Russia well, and in areas where the temperature drops below -25 ° C, gardeners often complain that the plants freeze out during the winter. Therefore, before the onset of cold weather, the bushes need to be covered with spruce branches and from above with spunbod.
When sheltering for the winter, the trunks of tree-like peonies are not bent down, but simply connected together and covered with spunbond
Peony likes to grow in a sunny place (more abundant flowering) or in a light shade (in such an area, the flowering takes longer and the petals do not fade), prefers well-drained loamy soils without a close location of groundwater.
Strong winds are dangerous for the plant, as even thick branches can break under the weight of lush buds.
The bushes should be at a sufficient distance from each other (at least 1 m) - so they will have enough food and moisture. The tree peony does not like an excessive amount of fertilizers, it reacts especially badly to an excess of nitrogen in the soil.
Tree peonies must be planted at a distance of at least 1 m from each other so that the bushes have enough light, water and food
These peonies do not tolerate transplanting well, they may not bloom for several years or even get sick. In any case, if the need to transplant an adult bush nevertheless arises, you need to very carefully dig it out of the ground, without damaging the earthen lump, and plant it in a new place, deepening the root collar 4-6 cm below the soil level, without trampling the soil so as not to damage fragile roots. After transplantation, the tree peony will not bloom for 2-3 years - such a long adaptation for the plant.
The young peony is also in no hurry to show itself in all its glory. At first, the bush will give 1-3 flowers and only in the fourth or fifth year after planting on a flower bed, it will be covered with buds. But then it will not need to cut off the buds on it in order to stimulate the formation of new ones (as in the herbaceous variety), every year more and more flowers will bloom on the tree-like peony.
When buying a tree peony seedling, do not expect rapid flowering from it - it will begin only after a few years
To start flowering, the peony must grow up to 60 cm.
In the fall, the lignified branches of a tree-like peony are not cut off, they are only covered as needed.
Video: growing tree peonies
Advantages and disadvantages of tree peony
The main advantages thanks to which gardeners choose this perennial bush to decorate their plots are beautiful large flowers and a long life. Besides:
- new flowers appear every year;
- blooms earlier and longer than the herbaceous peony;
- many flowers - more than 50;
One bush of a tree peony can grow 50 or more flowers
- no need to cut the buds to stimulate more abundant flowering of new ones.
There are also disadvantages:
- does not bloom for a long time after planting;
- does not tolerate a transplant;
- low frost resistance.
Popular varieties of tree peony
Most of the varieties of tree peonies are native to China, where this plant has been very popular for over 2 thousand years. There are varieties of Japanese, European and American selection. In Russia, Marianna Sergeevna Uspenskaya, candidate of biological sciences, has been engaged in the cultivation of beautiful shrubs for more than 30 years in the botanical garden of Moscow State University. One of the varieties is even named after her.
The peony bush of the Marianna Uspenskaya variety grows up to 1 m. Semi-double, white with pink streaks, fragrant flowers bloom on it. The variety is rarely affected by fungal infections, is resistant to lack of moisture, average winter hardiness.
The tree-like peony of the Marianna Uspenskaya variety is named after the candidate of biological sciences Marianna Sergeevna Uspenskaya - the main pion breeder of Russia
The tree-like peony of Sister Kiao reaches a height of 2 m. The flowers are double, white-red, up to 16 cm in diameter. The maximum flowering can be achieved on alkaline soil, provided there is good drainage. Resistant to diseases and pests.
The flowers of the Kiao Sisters tree peony are bicolor
The coral altar is a pink-coral peony with a sweetish aroma of large (up to 20 cm) flowers. Their petals have an interesting jagged shape. The bush grows up to 2 m, resistant to pests and diseases.
Coral Altar tree peony flowers exude a sweet scent
The peony of the early variety White Tower has snow-white flowers, double, crown-shaped, up to 25 cm in diameter. Resistant to diseases and pests. Shrub up to 2 m high, tolerates frost well.
The tree-like peony of the White Tower variety attracts with huge snow-white flowers
Green Jade is a peony variety with double flowers of an unusual light green color and a size of about 20 cm in diameter, up to 1.5 m high. The variety is resistant to disease, but needs shelter in winter.
Green Jade tree peony bushes do not tolerate winter frosts
The Black Pirate is one of the few varieties of tree peonies that can be grown in large pots, because the heights of the bush are only 50 to 90 cm. But the flowers of this baby are very spectacular, dark cherry with a black tint. It blooms relatively late, in mid-June.
The short, tree-like Black Pirate peony can be grown in large pots
Despite some difficulties with growing a tree peony, many grow these bushes with large fragrant flowers on their plots. It is important to plant a tree-like peony correctly and properly care for the plant, and then it will thank you with a long flowering.
Tree peony: varieties with names and photos, rules for planting and caring for flowers
The semi-shrub peony is better known as the tree peony. This plant belongs to the peony family. This plant became a product of the work of Chinese breeders, which explains the frequency of tree-like peonies found in the Middle Kingdom. Japanese breeders who have been growing semi-shrub peonies since the reign of the Tang Dynasty did not remain indifferent to this culture. This plant came to European countries in the 18th century, to the delight of gardeners and flower growers.
What are the groups and sections of peonies?
The classification of peonies is rather confusing and not well-established. Chinese varieties are less adapted to the cold climate of northern latitudes. The European taxonomy differs from the Chinese one by the presence of more frost-resistant varieties with improved characteristics. It is difficult to determine the differences between wild peonies and varietal ones.
All plants of the genus Peony are divided into three large groups:
• tree (shrub),
• intersectional, or ITO-hybrids (with signs of both).
Back in the middle of the 18th century, in the systematization of peonies, such characteristic features of these flowers as the structure of the flower, the shape of the leaves and the area of growth were used. Then, over time, the classification became more complicated. In 1946, the work of the German researcher F. Stern (Stern) was published, which in many countries of the world was recognized as the most meaningful list of plants of the Peony genus. The scientist divided it into three sections, and also identified and described 33 species and more than a dozen varieties of flowers.
In the USSR, this classification was used until 1961. Then the Soviet researcher L.M. Kemularia-Natadze described the species of peonies growing in the Caucasus and added a fourth section to the list. In 1981-1987, two more sections were added to the voluminous list. This was the merit of another Soviet scientist - M.S. Uspenskaya. With the development of molecular biology, the related "connections" of pions have been analyzed even more thoroughly. Chinese specialists joined this process, and as a result of a complete revision of the taxonomy of the genus Peony, it began to look like this.
According to her, the genus is divided into 5 sections: Paeonia, Moutan, Onaepia, Flavonia and Sternia.
Section Paeonia - the most numerous. It includes 26 species of herbaceous peonies that grow in the Caucasus Mountains, southern Europe, Japan, China, and Asia Minor. The structure of the leaves combines the species - they are double or triple triple. The color of the flowers is varied - deep pink, pink-violet, red, purple.
Section Moutan Are tree-like peonies with lignified shoots. The taxonomy of this section is not well-established, since many species of peonies in the wild are rare and insufficiently studied. The section includes two subsections: Delavayanae (peonies with dissected leaves) and Vaginatae (plants with rounded leaves).
Third section Onaepia consists of two species: Brown peony (Paeonia brownii) and Californian peony (Paeonia californica). These plants are native to North America and Mexico. Their leaves are indented, the petals are brown-purple.
Fourth section - Flavonia... It includes 8 types of herbaceous peonies. The flowers of these plants contain flavone, a coloring pigment that gives the petals a pale yellow or beige color.
The fifth section cannot be ignored - Sternia... Peonies of this section are in Western tradition referred to as the Paeonia section. Russian researchers distinguish 8 species in a separate list. These are plants with three-triple, deeply cut leaves and purple, deep red, black-burgundy flowers.
It is believed that the pink peonies of the French collection, bred in huge numbers in the 19th century, are endowed with special beauty. Many varieties obtained by selection in France have survived to this day. Some varieties of the "flower of the emperor" - as the peony was called in China, especially deserve the attention of not only professional gardeners, but also lovers of exquisite beauty.
Such peonies outwardly resemble a rose - large rounded petals, wide, of the same size. The following varieties are prominent representatives of this special variety of peonies.
- Solange. The age of the "retro flower", belonging to the old French selection, is approximately equal to a century. As gorgeous as Chinese porcelain, the peony is striking in its magnificence. In diameter, the inflorescence can be up to 180 mm, the most delicate petals are painted in pastel pink and cream shades, the combination of which adds to its attractiveness. The plant is well adapted to difficult climatic and weather conditions.
- Miss FD Roosevelt. The flowers are large with a diameter of 22 cm of rich pale pink color. Bushes are tall, dense, abundantly flowering.
The main difference between these varieties from the rosy ones is the presence of many stamens in the core of the flower, which give the plant individuality. The structure of the inflorescence is no different. Of the popular varieties, several can be noted.
- "Ballerina". Outwardly, the inflorescence resembles a ballerina's skirt. The splendor of the flower is given by wide double petals that cover the core. The plant pleases with flowering already at the end of May, turning a flower bed or a section of a garden into a "valley of pink dreams".
- "Beev" - a bush 90 centimeters high, strewn with large carmine-pink flowers, on each stem there are only 3 buds.
- Goody - mid-early perennial shrub with calyx-like flowers. The color of the petals is crimson pink, bright. Low-growing bushes - up to 0.7 meters.
- "Pink Cloud". In the middle of summer, the plant literally resembles a light air cloud of pale pink color - so abundantly the bush is strewn with medium-sized, crown-like flowers. The herbaceous peony is unpretentious, grows well, enveloping everything around with a heady aroma. Openwork foliage of a rich dark green color covers strong stems 80-90 centimeters high.
- Pink Giant. A novelty variety, translated from English means "Pink giant". A herbaceous perennial plant, bred in the middle of the last century in the Netherlands, more than justifies its name. Large flowers of pearl-pink color in diameter are 20 cm. The inflorescence consists only of compact double petals, the stamens are absent - they are transformed into petals, giving pomp and fullness.
The bush, which blooms at the very beginning of summer for 6-7 weeks, requires a standard support in the form of a ring - the stems can lean to the ground under the weight of numerous flowers. Pink Giant peonies amaze not only with their beauty, but also with their special unpretentiousness: they tolerate drought and frost well, needing only an abundance of sunlight. During the flowering period, they emit a sweetish aroma.
- "Peach in the Snow" - this is an unusual tree-like peony, the flowers of which have a unique color: the snow-white petals, moving towards the center, gradually turn into pink. During the period of abundant flowering, the plant looks amazing - the rarest color of the inflorescence against the background of greenery of dissected leaves. Perennial blooms in late spring - early summer, flowers are medium in size, but there are a lot of them.
- Pink Hawaiian Coral. A description of this variety should start with its many advantages:
- the plant is previously herbaceous, the flowering period is in May
- able to keep the bouquet fresh for many days
- flowers with the scent of freshly cut grass in a pink-coral shade
- the shape of the inflorescences - a bowl with a diameter of 16 cm
- petals - semi-double with white veins
- the core is filled with stamens of a rich bright yellow color
- leaves are glossy rich green
- bred in the States at the end of the last century
- famous for its frost resistance, suitable for regions with cold climates.
- Pink lemonade... The double flower of the subgroup of bomb-shaped peonies has a delicate lilac-pink color. The core is lush, decorated with numerous stamens of various colors with a predominance of rich yellow. It looks very much like bubbles in a glass of lemonade, which, in fact, gave the name to the whole variety. Perennial is a bush no more than 0.8 meters high with straight stems. The flowering period is the first half of summer.
- Pink vanguard... Perennial. The variety was developed at the beginning of this century in the United States of America. Large semi-double petals of the most delicate pink color look spectacular on green foliage with a bluish tint. The center of the flower is formed by a combination of sunny yellow stamens and red markings. The hybrid variety is characterized by increased frost resistance and abundant flowering. It begins to bloom early, filling everything around with a heady aroma.
- Dresden Pink. A herbaceous variety of peonies with a spherical flower, which is often called the "Dresden carnation". Indeed, the corrugated symmetrical petals, tightly packed into the inflorescence, resemble a giant carnation. The flower, pink with a silvery sheen, looks luxurious against the background of dark greenery. The flowering period is short - only 10-12 days of abundance of colors in June.
Ideal for both group and single plantings.
A tree-like bush with medium-sized pink flowers. A feature of the variety is its rapid growth - plants in a short period reach a height of 80-90 centimeters. The flowering period falls at the end of the summer season.
Possessing a pleasant smell, the plant will be an excellent decoration for a garden path. Flowers are also suitable for creating rock gardens. A bush planted on the shore of a reservoir will remind the landscapes of famous artists with its reflection on the water surface. In short, flowers can transform any space. Admiring beautiful perennials, an association emerges with harmony and naturalness.
- Pink Delight. A cheerful peony with distinct personality. Charming light pink flowers with a golden core, despite the faint smell, attract an abundance of insects. The inflorescence is loose - this makes the flower seem even more tender. The bushes are neat, they consist of strong stems with lateral buds. A plant with double petals will fit well into any flower garden.
Planting a herbaceous perennial near your home or gazebo will add a touch of romance to your garden.
- Pink Double. A unique hybrid that is obtained by crossing a tree peony with a herbaceous one. The hybrid plant has strong stems capable of holding fully blooming flowers above the greenery of the bush. The petals of the opened bud are pink, diluted in the center with golden stamens. The shade of the bud is complex and can change color as it blooms from deep pink to pale. Short perennials with a weak, unexpressed aroma are rapidly gaining popularity.
They are perfectly adapted to almost any climatic zone. An early flowering variety is planted along garden paths, in flower beds or on the shore of a reservoir.
- Clems Pink Annone. Peony is a masterpiece with a preference for loamy soil. Propagating by a bulb, it likes a high soil moisture content. Sun-loving bushes are crowned with large dense structure flowers of a white-creamy-pink hue. Delicate buds are composed exclusively of double pink petals. Tall bushes bloom in June and July.
Plants are unpretentious, need watering, weeding and annual feeding. They tolerate winter well.
- "Pink cotton candy"... The year of selection of the pink hybrid is 2000. Bushes are undersized with strong stems. The bud, devoid of stamens and seeds, exudes a faint aroma. The shape of the inflorescence is spherical. Terry petals of complex texture. Leaves are rich in dark green color. A beautiful compact perennial of early flowering.
Winter-hardy varieties of tree-like peonies in white (with photo)
'August'... The flower is goblet, retains its shape until the end of flowering. Petals (13-15 in number) are pure white, with a light pink, almost imperceptible spot at the base. The filaments are white with six pistils, the stigmas are light yellow, the staminodial disc is light pink, reaching 1/3 of the height of the pistils. The height of the bush of this winter-hardy variety of tree peonies is 120-130 cm. The leaves are large, bright green.
‘Anastasia Sosnovets’... The flower is non-double, the petals are two-row, slightly corrugated along the edge, white, with a bright magenta spot at the base. Filaments are white, closer to the anthers with a raspberry tinge. There are five pistils; stigmas are light yellow; the staminodial disc is light. Bush up to 1.5 m tall, compact. The leaves are medium-sized, with a dark green tint.
'Spring Waltz'... The petals are pure white, with an almost black spot at the base, the filaments are white, the staminodial disc is red-purple. The height of the bush is up to 120 cm.
‘Vorobievsky’... The flower is non-double, goblet, retains its shape until the end of flowering.
As you can see in the photo, this winter-hardy variety of tree-like peonies has almost pure white petals, only at the base there are thin magenta lines:
The staminoid disc is white. Filaments are light lilac below, five white pistils above, stigmas are light yellow. The bush is up to 1.5 m high. The leaves are green.
'Maria'... The flower is semi-double, the petals are two-row, pure white, slightly wavy along the edge. Filaments are light. There are five pistils, stigmas light, staminodial disc white, slightly colored at the apex. The bush is 120-130 cm high, spreading. Leaves are light green with an anthocyanin border.
'Tatyana'... The flower is semi-double, retains its shape until the end of flowering. Petals 2-3-row, white, with a small crimson spot at the base. The staminodial disc is white, the staminate filaments are crimson pistils 5-6, the stigmas are light yellow. The bush is 100-120 cm tall, spreading, multi-stemmed. The leaves are small, delicate, green, with anthocyanin coloration.
Here you can see photos of tree-like peonies, the description of which is presented on this page:
Tree peony 'Irina' in the photo
'Stefan' tree peony pictured
Hoffmann's tree peony photo
List of popular dark varieties with photos
Modern breeders do not stop working on the development of new, most effective varieties. Dark varieties also appear with new, sonorous names. Gardeners love these elegant, tall, yet unpretentious plants. They look amazing! They will decorate any garden, adjoining territory or city flower bed.
They were given appropriate names - attractive, alluring. I must say that these beautiful names really match the appearance. Let's list the most popular varieties - this is the real pride of breeders!
Black peony varieties
- Black pearl (Hei hai bo tao)
- Black Panther
- Black hydrangea (Hei xiu qiu)
- Black gloss (Wu jin yao hui)
- Dragon (Wu Long Peng Sheng)
- Black Crown (Guan Shi Mo Yu)
- Dark Eyes.
They differ in the duration and time of flowering, the shape and structure of the bud.
What is the difference between tree peonies and herbaceous ones?
Experienced growers are well aware that peonies are of two types: tree-like and herbaceous. The difference between them is immediately striking - this is the size and firmness of the stem. Treelike are shrubs, their trunks can look very impressive, they have a brownish woody tint typical of shrub trunks. The herbaceous variety has a softer green stem.
Interestingly, black varieties can be both tree-like and herbaceous. And there are also hybrids. This means that such a hybrid was bred by crossing tree and herbaceous varieties. Hybrids can have a wide variety of properties. Let's get acquainted in more detail with the most prominent representatives of the magnificent family of black kings of the flower bed.
Black Pearl (Hei hai bo tao)
One of the most widespread and favorite varieties of flower growers is Black Pearl, or Hei hai bo tao in Chinese. It is believed that this is one of the best options if you evaluate the appearance, unpretentiousness, and showiness of the buds. It is no coincidence that this variety has a Chinese name! It belongs to the Sino-European hybrids.
- compact, rounded bush
- bush diameter up to 1 m
- terry, velvet petals with a glossy shine
- flower diameter - from 12 to 15 cm
- profuse flowering from mid-season
- the petals are maroon.
The impressive name "Black Panther" has a tree-like peony with large, very dark buds. The core is golden, and this only gives the plant an even more elegant look. This color emphasizes the depth of the chocolate color of the bud.
The main characteristics of the magnificent "Panther":
- height up to 1.5 m
- semi-double petals, corrugated
- diameter - 18 cm
- belongs to the tree species.
"Black hydrangea" (Hei xiu qiu)
"Black hydrangea" is of the herbaceous type. Has a beautiful dark purple hue. Country of origin - China.
- flowers in the form of a ball
- diameter - 14 cm
- medium flowering variety.
Black Gloss (Wu jin yao hui)
The magnificent beauty "Black Gloss" has silky wine-colored buds, while the petals at the base are dark purple.
- height of an adult plant: 2 m
- flowers up to 18 cm in diameter
- high frost resistance: up to -35 ° С.
Dragon (Wu Long Peng Sheng)
This is a Chinese hybrid, which is what its name tells us. A tree-like peony, which differs in the height of the trunk and a unique shade of flowers - dark red, with a lavender tint.
- the buds are very large, up to 25 cm
- cup-shaped flower
- height about 2 m
- the plant has a pronounced aroma.
Sacred Mountain (Wu Long Tan Hai)
"Sacred Mountain" refers to Sino-European hybrids. It has large, very double petals of a rich dark purple hue.
- belongs to herbaceous peonies
- the plant grows rapidly
- has crown-shaped flowers
- late flowering begins in mid-summer.
"Sable" refers to interspecific hybrids. Flowers are simple in shape, with wide petals. Sable is a champion because it has the darkest shade possible.
What you need to know about the variety:
- leaves are medium green, large
- bud size up to 17 cm
- bush height up to 110 cm.
Black Crown (Guan Shi Mo Yu)
Included in the category of the darkest varieties.
- has buds up to 17 cm in diameter
- the petals are colored deep purple
- winter-hardy hybrid, requires shelter only in very cold winters.
"Bob" is distinguished by rather large flowers of a dark purple hue, with silvery highlights.
- height up to 60 cm.
- diameter - 22 cm.
- double or semi-double petals.
The variety with the meaningful name "Dark Eyes" (black eyes) has a unique dark chocolate shade. He has an interesting feature - burgundy-golden staminodes.
- height up to 90 cm
- diameter - 20 cm
- semi-double petals.
Brief description of popular varieties
In order for the peony bush to take root well on the site and delight the owners and their guests with its appearance for a long time, you need to choose a suitable variety for planting.
Peony Sarah Bernhardt was bred over 100 years ago. The stems of this herbaceous terry peony are 70-80 cm long. They have 2-4 large pink flowers on them. The bush of the plant is strong enough, so there is no need to support the branches with additional supports. Flowering, which can be observed for 3 weeks, begins in June.
Grows well in slightly acidic soils. When growing a plant on fertile soils in the first few years, you can do without top dressing. After 3-5 years, it is advisable to fertilize the soil with compost and apply mineral fertilizers before flowering. The cake is frost-resistant - it tolerates severe frosts well. A common breeding method is dividing the bush.
Peony Coral has varieties, each of which differs in color and a slightly modified shape of the bud. So, Sunset peony can be recognized by its peach color, Faye - red-violet, Charm - lilac, Beach - coral, Pink - pink. The buds of each of these varieties have more than a hundred petals, with the exception of Fey - the number of petals of this variety is about 30.
- The flowers have the same shape: large stamens of bright yellow color are in the center of the double petals.
- The length of the stems can reach 1 m. The flowering part reaches a diameter of 16-17 cm. The charm has a larger form - 20-21 cm.
- Each of the varieties of this variety has a pronounced aroma.
- Flowering can be expected in late spring, it lasts for 7-21 days. Sunset blooms for longer and maintains a fresh appearance until the end of the season.
- Powerful branched roots. When planting peonies, the distance between them should not be less than 85 cm.
- Plant care is standard.
- Frost up to 30 degrees is not terrible for him, even in the absence of shelter.
- Reproduction is carried out by seeds or by dividing the bush.
Peony Red with a deep red double bud is often used by flower growers in landscape design. The diameter of a dark red flower is 14-16 cm. The stems of the bush 70-90 cm high are strong, the foliage is split. Peony Red feels most comfortable in sunny areas, however, longer flowering is observed in specimens growing in partial shade.
This variety is resistant to pests and diseases, and is also frost-resistant. It is advisable to plant it in fertilized soil. In this case, the plant will not need additional nutrients for several more years.
Red peonies are usually propagated by dividing rhizomes in August-September. After the onset of frost, in late autumn, the stems of the plant are cut in such a way that 1-2 cm stumps remain above the buds. For the winter, it is better to cover them with unripe compost or peat. In the spring, the insulating layer should be removed immediately after the snow thaws, since the buds begin to grow rapidly.
Bartzella Peony - This mid-blooming flower is an American hybrid. The height of its spreading bushes is 80-90 cm. The leaves painted in dark green color gradually turn bronze. The diameter of a double flower is 20-25 cm.
It is bright yellow, lush, and red streaks can be seen at the base of the petals. Since the flowers do not bloom all at once, flowering lasts a month. The plant is winter-hardy, so only fresh plantings are covered for the winter.
Peony Charm is a semi-double perennial plant. Its shrub 1 m high has strong long shoots with a red tint, dark green narrow foliage, often with a purple tint. Flowering begins in early summer, and the buds gradually change color - from dark salmon to rich peach-coral.
The diameter of a cup-shaped flower is 17-20 cm. In the center, bright yellow stamens are clearly visible. Gradually, the petals fade in the sun and become yellow. The variety is drought-resistant and frost-resistant, rarely attacked by pests and is quite resistant to diseases.
Peony Henry Boxtos is a hybrid of a lactic-flowered peony and a medicinal one. Bred in the middle of the last century.This variety with double petals has a distinctive feature - there is another bud inside the flower, so it is large and heavy. The height of the bush is about 1 m. Sometimes the stems have to be supported, especially when several flowers are formed on them.
Flowers are burgundy, sometimes red. Flowering can be observed for three weeks. Henry Boxtos prefers slightly alkaline or neutral soils. Better to plant it in a sunny area or in partial shade. Propagated vegetatively or using cuttings. Like many varieties of peonies, it is frost-resistant.
Kansas milk-flowered peony is very popular in China. Differs in spectacular appearance. Resistant to cold, waterlogging, drought. This perennial plant is characterized by a long flowering period - the beauty of double, bright red or white buds up to 29 cm in size can be observed in May-June.
Stems with wide, dark green leaves can grow up to 1 m in height. With good care, the Kansas peony can be grown in the same area for 10 years.
Peony Pink begins to bloom in early May and has a strong root system. Spreading bushes up to 1 m high with many stems. If the plant is more than 30 years old, then their number exceeds 30. Large flowers (diameter - 20-22 cm) of dark pink color with densely spaced petals.
Flowering is abundant and lasts until early July. Grows best in sunny areas in warm climates. Before the onset of cold weather, the stems must be cut off and the plant covered with leaves or peat.
Peony Solange was bred by French breeders at the beginning of the last century. The bush is relatively low, 70-80 cm high. White-pink or white flowers are heavy and large. 3-5 flowers are formed on each stem. The variety is characterized by prolonged opening of the buds and long-term preservation of flowers.
Flowering, starting in July, can continue until the end of summer. Agrotechnology is standard, but it is advisable to feed the plant from time to time, providing the plant with nutrients: before the start of the season, you can use compost for this, and during the budding period - complex mineral fertilizer. For the winter, the bushes are covered with peat.
The peony America variety was bred by American breeders at the end of the last century. This ornamental herb has strong, light green stems. The height of the bush is 70-75 cm.
Flowering begins in late May - early June. Reproduction is vegetative, since the plant has no seeds. The bush grows strongly, 2-4 buds are formed on the stems. Flowers with a yellow heart and two rows of red or white petals have a faint pink scent.
Of the festival
Peony Festival is a herbaceous plant up to 1 m high. Terry inflorescences are snow-white, but there are red stripes in the center and along the edges of the petals. The flowers are large, they are formed on the shoots in large numbers. Flowering is observed in June for 1-2 weeks. The variety is grown on any soil.
If the soil is well fertilized before planting, then no additional fertilizing will be required in the coming years. In the care of Maxim, the peony of the Festival is unpretentious and at the same time drought and frost-resistant. Reproduction is carried out by dividing the rhizomes. This work is usually done in late summer or early autumn.
Flowers of the Sorbet peony variety, semi-double or double with a diameter of 20-25 cm, are distinguished by a variety of colors - they can be yellow-white with pink splashes, pink, bright pink. The flower itself is three-layered with different shades that level out at the end of flowering. The bush is tall, it can reach a height of 90 cm.
During flowering, which occurs in July, a large number of buds are formed. The variety is unpretentious in care, grows well in sunny areas and in partial shade. On acidic soils, liming is advisable before planting the plant. The plant should be watered abundantly, but it is important to take care of the drainage. Sorbet is a frost-resistant variety that normally tolerates frosts down to -35 ° C.
Bushes of the Karl Rosenfeld variety reach a height of 95-100 cm. The diameter of flowers that have a raspberry or violet-red color and emit a sweetish aroma, the average is 12-18 cm. Flowering, which begins in August, is long and abundant. Terry petals have a wavy shape.
The plant feels most comfortable in a sunny area. Early spring mineral fertilizing and the introduction of organic fertilizers during the budding period are mandatory. Watering is necessary in moderation, and drainage should be provided.
Often, the plant is attacked by aphids and ticks, as well as fungal infections carried by ants, which usually appear with aphids. Therefore, in order to prevent all these troubles, it is advisable to make insecticidal and fungicidal treatment of plants with special preparations before flowering.
The herbaceous variety of peony Shirley Temple has a slender bush, the height of which usually reaches 75-80 cm. The diameter of large flowers of white-pink or white color is 20-25 cm. The leaves are colored dark green, but they usually turn red in autumn. Flowering occurs in July and can be observed for 2-2.5 weeks. The variety is unpretentious in care. It is only required to water the plant from time to time and loosen the soil around the bushes.
In the fall, you need to apply organic fertilizer, and then cover the trimmed bush for the winter. They can grow on any soil, but it is advisable to periodically fertilize depleted soil with mineral fertilizers. The variety is resistant to pests and diseases, tolerates frosts well down to -30 ° C.
Shirley Temple is propagated at the end of summer by dividing the bushes. It is important to quickly free transplanted specimens from winter shelter in the spring, since they need time to enter growth. Flowering usually occurs in the first year after planting.
Duchesse de Nemours
Peony Duchesse de Nemours refers to herbaceous peonies. On a medium-sized, spreading shrub, which is distinguished by a powerful root, shoots grow in all directions, which gives it splendor and volume. Beautiful dissected openwork foliage of a dark green color turns crimson in autumn, so even with the end of flowering, the plant looks unusual and attractive.
Milky-white buds, opening up, can reach 15-20 cm in diameter. Outwardly, they are similar to light air clouds. The bases of the terry petals have a faint green tint. They are colored soft yellow in the center and form a crown. But the peripheral petals are completely white. For some people, seeing the inflorescences of this variety creates the illusion of a glow from the inside.
Duchesse de Nemours is a medium late flowering variety. It starts in mid-July and lasts up to three weeks. The main advantages of this ornamental shrub are frost resistance (it normally tolerates 40-degree frosts), immunity to fungal diseases, and the absence of a negative reaction to wind and precipitation.
The Primavera peony was bred in the last century by French breeders. The maximum height of the shrub is 90 cm. Large flowers with a diameter of 16-18 cm have an interesting shape and color - outside the petals are white-pink, wide, and inside they are narrow, white-yellow.
Primavera blooms in July for about 2-2.5 weeks. Since the stems of the plant are thin, it is difficult for them to withstand massive buds, of which there can be 3-4 on each of them. Therefore, you should take care of additional support.
Peony Red Grace is an American hybrid bred in 1980. Inflorescences are dense, dark red. The diameter of the flower is 18 cm. The core resembles a large pompom, and after full opening, the flower is similar to a corrugated ball.
The petals on the outside are rounded. There are no side buds. The bush is high, often reaching 120 cm. Strongly dissected openwork foliage flaunts on dense stems. Spreading shrub, symmetrical.
The stems of the luxurious Armani variety can reach a height of 1 m. Large dark-burgundy flowers with thick double petals become darker over time. The number of petals that are evenly distributed throughout the flower is more than a hundred. The decorative properties of the plant are not lost at the end of flowering - at the end of summer, the foliage acquires a dark green color, and at the beginning of autumn - dark red.
The plant must be planted in soil rich in minerals. The most acceptable option is to fertilize the planting hole. Due to this, the first few years under the bush fertilizer can not be applied. Young plants must be covered with compost or peat for the winter.
Peony Joker was bred by American breeders in 2004. A characteristic feature of this variety is that it is a kind of chameleon that changes color during flowering. At the beginning it is pale pink with a more intense color of the edges of the double petals, and at the end the color is completely different - pink-red.
The stem, compared to other varieties, is low (about 75 cm), but the flowers are very large up to 30 cm in diameter. Leaves on strong stems, where 3-5 buds are formed, brown-green in color. The buds do not open all at once, so flowering, which begins at the end of July, can be observed for about three weeks.
The Joker variety prefers slightly alkaline or neutral soils in sunny areas. Poor bloom in partial shade and shade.
The height of the bushes of the peony Julia Rose variety is 85-90 cm. On strong stems there are a large number of bright green leaves in the form of thin feathers. Flowering begins in the second half of May. Semi-double flowers, the diameter of which reaches 17-20 cm, are pink at the beginning of flowering, then they turn peach-pink.
Bright yellow stamens are located in the center of the flower. The flowers have a delicate and very pleasant aroma. This variety is often used by flower growers when decorating landscaping sites.