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Photo of Aucuba Japanese and Himalayan

Photo of Aucuba Japanese and Himalayan


Photo of indoor plants

Briefly about leaving

The plant grows well in rooms with dim lighting, feels great on the north window, but species with variegated leaves still need brighter light. The plant is not thermophilic, the optimum temperature in summer is from 18 to 20 degrees, and in winter - from 10 to 14. Water the aucuba abundantly in summer, and the rest of the time it is watered moderately so that the soil does not sour. Air humidity should be in the middle ranges; in winter, the plant will most likely have to be sprayed. Top dressing is carried out from March to August, inclusive, weekly alternately with organic and mineral fertilizers.

In March, the plant needs to be pruned a little, and young shoots should be pinched. From October, the plant retires until the end of winter, at this time they do not feed, they watered more carefully. Aucuba should be transplanted annually up to 4-5 years of age, and after that - if necessary, every two to three years. Reproduction can be carried out by apical cuttings throughout the spring, and the seeds must be sown immediately after harvest.

Read more about aucuba care

Photos of popular species

Aucuba Japanese and Himalayan

In the photo: Aucuba himalaica / aucuba himalayan

In the photo: Aucuba himalaica / aucuba himalayan

In the photo: Aucuba japonica / Japanese aucuba

In the photo: Aucuba japonica / Japanese aucuba

In the photo: Aucuba japonica / Japanese aucuba

In the photo: Aucuba japonica / Japanese aucuba

In the photo: Aucuba japonica / Japanese aucuba

In the photo: Aucuba japonica / Japanese aucuba

In the photo: Aucuba japonica / Japanese aucuba

Literature

  1. Read the topic on Wikipedia
  2. Features and other plants of the Garrieva family
  3. List of all species on The Plant List
  4. More information on World Flora Online
  5. Indoor Plants Information

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Aucuba flower. Growing aucuba. Aucuba care

Aucuba (Aucuba) is an evergreen plant from the "Garrievaceae" family; it is also ranked among the "Cornelian plants". The homeland is the subtropics of the East Asian continent. Represents undersized trees or shrubs.

Description, features and types of aucuba

Aukubu adored by gardeners and those who have a special passion for the evergreen representatives of the flora. For the first time this plant was brought to Europe in the 8th century. A shrub with unusual leaves attracted attention.

The edges are brightly marsh, and the middle is painted yellow. There may be specimens with blurry white specks of various sizes. Aucuba plant absolutely not whimsical, you can even forget about it for a while - it will not be offended, but will steadfastly wait for watering.

It can be bred using cuttings and seeds on open ground and indoors. Aukubu considered a real ornamental plant. It fits perfectly into any space.

Pictured is a golden aucuba

At first glance, it may seem artificial. Used for landscaping large halls, botanical gardens and greenhouses. People saw in the leaves aucuba resemblance to a piece of gold-bearing rock. In everyday life they dubbed "gold" or "sausage". Breeders distinguish two main types: Himalayan and japanese aucuba.

Aucuba himalayan Is a shrub with evergreen leaves, reaching a height of three to four meters. Leaves to the touch, as if lifeless, have a matte green color. The surface of the leaf is not immediately covered with specks, but only in the second or third year.

It is believed that the color of the markings will depend not on a genetic predisposition, but on the influence of external factors. A lot of small flowers appear, they are inconspicuous and barely noticeable, forming umbrellas.

In the photo, aucuba himalayan flower

Aucuba plant do not pollinate on their own. Distinguish between representatives of male and female destinations - these are two separate bushes. In order for it to bear fruit, they resort to the crossing procedure. The fruits form bunches, their ripeness is indicated by their bright red color. Ripe berries resemble dogwood.

Aucuba Japanese - a tree-like plant. Stems are opposite along the trunk, also tree-like. Leaves deserve special attention. They are large in shape (length 20 cm and width 6 cm), the surface is shiny, harsh to the touch, as if artificial.

On the edges there may be teeth, elongated along the entire length. In color, they are monochromatic or painted over with various specks in shape, and in color, depending on the ecosystem.

If you look at amateur aucuba photo, then specks can create fancy patterns across the entire plane of the sheet. It blooms with inconspicuous shaggy inflorescences.

Japanese aucuba on the photo

Flowers aucuba are located very close to the stem and are almost invisible. The berries are collected in bunches, and their ripening is evidenced by their color in red or orange.

For the design and landscaping of spaces, use aukubu with variegated leaves. To create mini hedges in corridors or halls - shrubs with bright and shiny leaves.

Florists do not recommend growing aukbu at home. Almost all parts of the plant are very poisonous. Not only residents of the house can suffer, but also pets, who so often like to feast on greens.

But if so the soul lies precisely with this Asian specimen, then it is recommended to put it in walk-through rooms, loggias, verandas. The most popular among them are miniature trees. aucuba.

Blooming aucuba

Growing aucuba

Aucuba - a bright representative of the flora of Central Asia, will spread to the territory of India, Taiwan, Japan, Korea and Tibet. The plant did not immediately attract particular interest, because it is very toxic.

Only Tibetan monks actively used dried parts and flower juice for the preparation of various potions. Tinctures help with some cancers.

When aucuba tree appeared in the European open spaces, it began to be appreciated for its evergreen appearance and variegated leaves. In the complex, they created neat, bright, hedges.

The plant has been observed to repel some pests and reduce the population of dung flies. When evaporated, toxic substances are released that paralyze those flying. It is not harmful for a person in small doses, but when transplanting, work should be done with gloves.

Aucuba berries look like dogwood

Like any southern plant, aucuba grows slowly, this fact does not prevent her from looking great with her variegated leaves. If in its natural habitat it reaches two or more meters, then thanks to cultivation, it has now acquired more compact forms. Its average length is approximately one meter.

Aucuba indoor does not require special lighting and is better for diffused sunlight. Usually I place it in western, southern, eastern places. If there is not enough natural lighting, then they resort to using artificial lighting lamps.

Temperature is the most important point when growing aucuba... The thermometer indicator should always be in the range from +15 to +20 degrees, not higher.

At higher rates, aucuba ages quickly and sheds leaves. In winter, they adhere to the norm from +8 to +14 degrees, but not lower than +4. Perfectly tolerates wintering on cool terraces, in conservatories and loggias.

As for the humidity of the air, it is not necessary to spray in the summer. But, as for the winter period, when watering is reduced, the humidity is compensated for by additional spraying. If the temperature in the rooms is always below +12 degrees, there is no need to increase the humidity.

If a leaves turn black aucuba, then this indicates that watering is not done correctly. The reason is that there is no taxonomy, that is, it is necessary to water at approximately equal intervals of time.

For example, three times a week in small doses, rather than once and a whole bucket of water. Closely monitor the earthen lump, you can always see on it you need to water aucubu plant or not.

Aucuba care

To look after aucubi not that difficult. The only thing that this plant loves the most is the place. If he likes it, then the tree will delight you for a long time with bright green or variegated foliage.

Soil for aucuba a combined one, consisting of turf, peat, foliage, humus, sand and clay, is suitable. The substrate is replaced with a fresh one once a year, when handling shrubs.

As for fertilizers, then aucuba not particularly demanding. It is possible to feed with fertilizers during the intensification of growth, alternating minerals with organic matter. This will make the leaf and specks appear brighter.

They are transshipped in the spring in wide pots. Young saplings every year, and those that are older - every few years. When transplanting aucuba pruning, removing old and weak stems, pinching the upper parts of the shoots. Propagated by cuttings from the top of the plant. Cut to the third leaf and place in an earthen lump.

Aucuba turns black due to oversaturation with moisture. Leaves and roots are covered with spots. It is advisable that there is drainage at the bottom of the pot, to prevent stagnation of water. After watering, after half an hour, drain the excess liquid from the pan, you can even wipe it dry. The reason black aucuba leaves may be too dry (warm) wintering.

Review and price of aucuba

Marina from Krasnodar: - “For her suburban greenhouse I bought exactly aukubu Himalayan. Lacked in the overall yellow decor. The contrast of the yellow and green leaf attracted attention.

It took a long time to choose a place for her, as the florist advised to take a closer look at the plant's behavior. We decided on the eastern side, there is plenty of light. "

Average price of aucuba Japanese in flower shops is: a plant up to 30 cm - from 500 rubles and above a plant up to 40 cm - from 1000 rubles and above a plant up to 50 cm - from 3000 rubles and above.


Description of Japanese aucuba

Is everyone guessing why the Japanese aukuba is often called "sausage tree" or "golden tree"? They do not eat it, the bush does not look like sausage either. But the shape and color of a shiny leathery sheet with a jagged or almost smooth edge vaguely resembles thin slices of sausage. In good conditions, many yellow spots and dots form on the sheets. Then the bush looks "golden".

The individual leaves of Aucuba japonica grow very large

Aucuba blooms with inconspicuous small flowers, which are collected in paniculate inflorescences. Orange fruits (drupes) are not worth picking, because they are poisonous.

There are two types of Japanese aucuba: with green and variegated leaves.

Distinguish Japanese aukuba from Aucuba himalaica, the homeland of which the Eastern Himalayas are considered, can be based on some external features. It has elongated and narrower pointed leaves, and after flowering, starting in March, red fruits ripen.


Difference in origin, external differences

The variety of fruits, which is attributed to the King, is formed only from pollinated flowers. Non-pollinated buds give a classic persimmon. In this case, 2 types of different berries can form on one tree.

However, one should not assume that all types of persimmons formed after pollination are called Korolek. There are many different varieties depending on a number of traits. For example, in Russia, by 2019, 14 types of persimmons have been officially tested and recognized. Only a part of them is called Korolkov.

The fruit, developed from a pollinated bud, takes on a round or slightly flattened appearance. Its color from orange at the start of ripening to the time of full ripeness changes to brown. This feature is associated with the second name Korolka - chocolate persimmon.

Classic persimmon has a bright orange uniform color. Its shape depends on the type of tree on which it was formed. The fruit is more elongated than its counterpart, formed from a male flower.

Attention! Subject to the growing conditions, the color of the berry does not contain clearly distinctive zones, as, for example, in many varieties of apples or pears.


The healing properties of aucuba

Aucuba is not just a beautiful and easy to grow plant. It contains active substances in its leaves that can destroy certain bacteria in the room that are harmful to the human body. Aucuba not only regulates the air microflora, but can come to the aid of its owner at the right moment and provide first aid, for example, in case of injury or burns. The leaves of the plant are applied to superficial wounds, tumors, local burns, frostbite areas, bruises. Using them, one must remember that all parts of the plant are poisonous and, when compiling a particular recipe, it is necessary to strictly follow the recommended proportions of all constituent parts.

So, for example, in case of frostbite or burns, it is necessary to grind two leaves of the plant and apply this gruel to the damaged area. Cover with a gauze bandage and change the entire compress every two hours. Most often, recipes based on aucuba are recommended by traditional medicine specialists in Japan. The golden tree has an amazing ability to create an atmosphere of family unity and cohesion. It has a particular effect on people with high self-esteem, which has turned into constant bragging. It is difficult to be with such a person for a long time without fatigue and monotony in communication.

It is the atmosphere of peace and tranquility created by the aucuba that helps the friendly flow of conversation with such a braggart. The energy of strangers who come to visit will not bring unpleasant moments for the owner if this plant is in the room. And it is not at all necessary to look for a clover flower with four petals that bring wealth and happiness to the house. According to old beliefs and myths, it is enough to plant an aucuba in the house, take care of it and, with its help, open up new opportunities, talents, confidence in various matters. Therefore, a pot with an aucuba, presented as a gift to a modest and shy friend, is so highly valued, especially if he was born under the constellation Virgo. And also, they say that no one can offend the owner of a well-groomed aucuba, which will reliably protect and decorate the house, being a good talisman in the life of any person.

And this talisman gives a happy chance to fully reveal their talents and abilities, sparkling like the Golden Tree in any company with bright ideas, proposals that are interesting to others. *** Maybe all new plant species really come from the flowers of seven continents, which are part of the famous "diplomatic bouquet" presented to Catherine II by King George III? Among the 226 components of the bouquet was a beautiful stem with amazing leaves of the aucuba plant. To preserve this original gift, the Empress built a special greenhouse in Pavlovsk for the acquired seedlings of these plants. So the descendants of the historical bouquet are still alive. You can learn the details of this amazing story by visiting the Tsaritsyno Museum-Reserve.


Photos of common lilac varieties with descriptions


Lilac "Andenken an Ludwig Spath" ("Andequin en Ludwig Shpet") often found under the name "In memory of Ludwig Shpet". Inflorescences are dark purple-purple, flowers are large, simple, fragrant. Bushes are tall, straight. One of the most popular dark-colored varieties among gardeners.

Lilac "Aucubaefolia" ("Aucubafolia") - the variety stands out for its unusual foliage. Pay attention to the photo of this variety of common lilac - each leaf is painted with golden yellow dots and stripes, resembling the leaves of the Japanese aucuba. It blooms with fragrant large inflorescences of semi-double lilac-blue flowers. Bushes up to 3 m high.

Lilac variety "Charles Joly" ("Charles Joly") - inflorescences violet-purple with cherry saturation, consisting of large double flowers. Tall bush.


Lilac variety "Condorcet" ("Condorcet") - purple-pink buds open into large double flowers of lilac color. A very popular variety.Bushes 2.5 m high.

Lilac "Madame Lemoine" ("Madame Lemoine") - an ageless variety of the 19th century breeder V. Lemoine, still captivating with snow-white inflorescences of double fragrant flowers. Bushes are upright, tall.

Variety "Michel Buchner" (Michelle Buchner) - lilac-purple buds open into medium double bluish-lilac fragrant flowers. The inflorescences are dense. Bushes are dense, of medium height.

"Monique Lemoine" ("Monique Lemoine")... Like the wine in the photo, this is a variety of common lilac with snow-white panicles, consisting of large, double flowers with pointed petals. The bushes are medium-sized. One of the last masterpieces of the Lemoines.


Lilac "President Grevy" ("President Grevy") - blooms profusely. In large inflorescences collected simple and semi-double flowers of lilac-blue color with a distinct blue. Bushes are tall. The cultivar is sometimes mistakenly marketed under the name "Condorcet".

Lilac "Sensation" ("Sensation") - a variety with a unique contrasting color. Simple large purple-red flowers have a clear white border around the edges of the petals. To admire this contrast, the bushes should be planted near the paths or cut into bouquets, from a distance this inflorescence becomes ordinary. The bushes are vigorous.

Lilac variety "Hydrangea" (Gortenziya ") - large inflorescences of simple lilac-pink flowers resemble panicle hydrangea inflorescences, for which the variety got its name. The bushes are vigorous.


Lilac "India" ("Indiya") attracts purple-purple with a reddish tinge inflorescence of large simple flowers. Bushes of medium height, up to 2.5 m.

The list of lilac varieties from the photo cannot but be supplemented by the unusually beautiful variety "Olimpiada Kolesnikova":

Its purple-purple buds set off double pale lilac-pink flowers. Inflorescences are acute pyramidal. Bushes of the "Olympiada Kolesnikova" variety reach a height of more than 3 m.


Propagation of the "golden tree" by seeds and cuttings

The Japanese aucuba reproduces vegetatively and generatively. But specimens grown from seeds develop very slowly, and varietal characteristics are often lost. This is especially true for breeding hybrids.

In order to propagate aucuba using cuttings, a lot of effort and money is not required:

    Separate the cuttings from the mother plant in late summer or early fall. This differs the aucuba from most indoor flowers, the planting material from which is obtained in spring, before the beginning of the active growing season.

It is better to cut cuttings for propagation of aucuba at the end of summer.

Aucuba stalk cut for rooting must have a minimum of 2-3 leaves

Aucuba stalk is rooted in a wet mixture of sand and peat

The established aucuba stalk is transplanted into a separate pot after the appearance of the first pair of new leaves.

Young aucubi change their capacity every year for the first three to five years. When transplanting rooted cuttings, delicate roots should be handled with care.

Aucuba is grown for its gorgeous foliage. Indeed, the plant immediately attracts attention. It is even sometimes mistaken for artificial because of its dense, bright leaves, as if made of plastic. The Golden Tree takes root equally well and exists both in large lobbies and in small apartments, creating an atmosphere of the mysterious East by its very presence.


Watch the video: How To Root Tree Cuttings