When to plant carrots in the fall in 2020, planting before winter - what you need to know
What is the value of early vegetables? The fact that they appear when you want them most. This is the reason for the popularity of sub-winter sowing of carrots - you can get them to the table 2 weeks earlier than the earliest varieties of spring carrots ripen. In addition, sowing in the winter will make spring work easier for you, freeing up a lot of time that is so lacking at the beginning of the growing season. If you have never sowed vegetables before winter, then it is better to start the first winter sowing with carrots.
The goal we are pursuing in this article is to tell you in as much detail as possible about when to plant winter carrots, where to plant carrots and how to plant carrots correctly in the fall.
When to plant carrots before winter
Dates of planting carrots in autumn
Planting carrots in the ground before winter is carried out under certain conditions. Planting time for carrots depends on the local climate and the autumn weather.
For your work to be crowned with success, sow carrots only when persistent cold weather sets in and the average daily temperature is kept within 0-2 ºC.
When is it better not to sow carrots
Some novice gardeners make the mistake of sowing carrots before the cold sets in. As a result, the seeds germinate in the fall. Needless to say, these seedlings will not survive the winter? All in good time - wait for the cold weather and sow.
Planting winter carrots
After what culture to plant carrots
In order to grow a good harvest of healthy root crops, you need to know, after which you can plant carrots. The best precursors for carrots are considered crops such as:
Especially if humus or compost was introduced into the soil under them. But after crops such as beans and parsley, carrots are not grown.
Readers ask if carrots can be planted after carrots. Absolutely not - repeatedly carrots in the same place can be planted only after four years. And after the introduction of fresh manure into the soil, carrots in this area can be sown only after two years.
Carrots before planting - preparation
Planting carrots in open ground begins with the acquisition of seed. What varieties of carrots are better to sow before winter? For this purpose, early varieties are suitable, for example, Vitaminnaya-6, Shantane-2461, Losinoostrovskaya-13, Moskovskaya winter A-545, Nantskaya-4 or Incomparable. For winter sowing, you will need a quarter more seeds than for spring sowing, but do not seek to purchase pelleted seeds or those that are glued to the tape - you need regular fresh seeds that have not been pretreated.
Soil for carrots
A bed for carrots must be prepared in advance, before the cold weather. Loosen the deeply dug soil, make grooves in it 3 cm deep, compact the bottom in the grooves and wait for frost. Separately prepare dry soil in bags for filling grooves and organic fertilizer - humus, compost or their mixture with peat at the rate of 4-5 buckets per 1 m². It is best to store bags of soil and fertilizer in a frost-free shed.
How to plant carrots before winter
Planting carrots in the fall is done when the soil freezes by 5-8 cm.Even if by that time it snows, it's okay - clear the bed of snow, sow dry carrot seeds into the grooves, cover them with dry soil, mulch the area with a layer of harvested organic matter 3- 4 cm, compact it so that the wind does not blow up the mulch, and again cover the bed with snow.
Care for carrots after planting in the fall
If the snow has not yet fallen before the time of sowing the seeds, cover the mulch bed with spruce or pine spruce branches, but do not forget to throw a small snowdrift on the bed after the first snowfall.
In the spring, when the snow begins to melt, remove the spruce branches, and if there is too much snow, then part of the snow so that it melts faster. When the snow melts, install metal arcs on the garden bed and stretch polyethylene or non-woven material over them - this measure will speed up the sprouting process.
Features of planting winter carrots
Planting carrots before winter in the suburbs
Planting carrots in autumn and caring for them in the middle zone is carried out approximately at the end of October or at the beginning of November, when the soil temperature drops to 2-3 ºС and stable, but slight frosts set in - before the onset of real frosts, the sown seeds should have time to swell. Of the varieties of carrots, Losinoostrovskaya-13, Nantskaya-4, Incomparable, Moscow winter and the Callisto hybrid are most suitable for autumn sowing in the Moscow region. The depth of the seed grooves should be at least 5-6 cm. The order of sowing and subsequent care for podzimny carrots does not differ from those already described.
Planting carrots before winter in the Urals
Planting and caring for carrots in the fall in the Urals is identical to similar events in the Moscow region. As for the varieties, it is best to sow before winter the varieties Nantskaya-4, Mo, Moskovskaya zimnyaya, Vitaminnaya-6, Altayskaya shortened and Incomparable. Do not forget to cover well the bed with carrots for the winter with mulch and spruce branches.
Planting carrots before winter in Siberia
Planting and caring for carrots in Siberia for the winter begins with the choice of a variety. The best of them for growing in the harsh Siberian climate are considered Nastena-sweet, Altai shortened, Dayana, Shantane, Queen of autumn and all the same Nantes-4, Vitamin-6 and Losinoostrovskaya-13. The best time to plant carrots in Siberia is from about mid-October to mid-November.
For podzimny sowing, a site protected from the wind is needed with loose fertile loamy or sandy loam soil of a slightly acidic or neutral reaction, which will not be too compacted during the winter. The bed is located on a hill so that the snow melts faster in spring. The sowing depth is at least 2 cm, and the distance between the seeds in a row is 15 cm. After sowing, cover the carrots well for the winter, and when the snow begins to melt, remove the cover.
- Read the topic on Wikipedia
- Features and other plants of the Umbelliferae family
- List of all species on The Plant List
- More information on World Flora Online
Sections: Garden plants Umbrella (Celery) Plants per M Root crops
Spring is the usual time for planting beets for many summer residents. However, it makes sense to perform the procedure in the fall. The following significant the advantages of planting a root crop before winter:
- The harvest will ripen earlier (for 2-4 weeks) than root crops after spring sowing.
- Save time, which in the spring is already very small because of the numerous summer cottages.
- Root crops have a stronger immunity to diseases, pests, grow stronger, healthier, because the seeds are tested in winter natural stratification.
- You can save time on the preparation of planting material, because in the fall you cannot soak or germinate seeds.
However, this procedure has its own limitations:
- There is always a risk of warming, due to which the seeds can germinate, and then die during frost.
- Podzimnye root crops are not suitable for long-term winter storage.
Choosing the right variety
Sowing carrots in the winter will give an excellent harvest if you use early maturing, frost-resistant varieties. Planting the following seeds gives good results.
- Chantenay. Carrots contain many vitamins. Root crops grow large, sweet, conical in shape. Their weight reaches 250 grams.
- Nantes. A popular variety that produces sweet, juicy and vibrant fruits. Their weight is up to 160 grams, length is 16 cm.
- Losinoostrovskaya. Juicy and sweet carrots, the fruits of which reach 16 cm in length. It is often used to make juices.
Here are some tips to help you when choosing seeds:
- Short, round roots ripen first
- Elongated varieties yield better yields
- Foreign hybrids produce even, smooth roots that are good for sale.
- Seeds of Russian producers are better adapted to domestic conditions.
In order for the carrots to sprout quickly and amicably, you need to use only fresh seeds. They are used 25% more than in spring planting.
Planting raspberries in the fall before winter
For autumn planting, take annual root shoots that have grown from adventitious buds on the roots of mother plants. They are dug up and the roots are examined. Cut off damaged and too long ones. So that the raspberry saplings take off well.
Planting begins when replacement buds appear on the root collar of the seedling. This period is determined by leaf fall, which indicates the termination of plant growth. The timing of planting raspberries in the fall, as already mentioned, is September-first half of October, that is, about 2 weeks before the ground freezes.
Prepare the soil by marking out the rows, taking into account that the shrub grows in one place for up to 12 years.
When lowering into a trench or planting hole, the roots of the plant are straightened and made sure that they do not bend upwards.
After planting, the bushes are covered with a nutrient mixture and trampled so that the root collar remains at ground level.
Saplings are cut, leaving 15-20 cm of the trunk above the soil. Pruning during planting is essential for the normal development of the root system.
Pour half a bucket of water under each bush.
Each seedling is huddled by 10-12 cm.
The entire plot of land is mulched under raspberry sawdust, peat, or chopped straw.
Check the quality of the fit. The bushes are tugging gently. If the seedling gives in and is pulled out of the ground, it must be transplanted, otherwise it will freeze out in winter.
Can beets be planted before winter?
Even in November, avid gardeners itch: they plant onions, and carrots, and flowers, and garlic. Are beets planted before winter, because most varieties of this culture cannot boast of tolerance to the cold? It turns out - you can. To get an early harvest, sowing beets before winter is an indispensable measure.
Why are beets grown before winter? To get the harvest a couple of weeks earlier. But completely podzimnyaya beets "spring" will not replace. Like any other "winter" vegetable, such beets are not stored for a long time. It is used immediately, exclusively for summer dishes - beetroot, salads, vegetable stews. Therefore, a lot of beets are not sown before winter: so that it will last for a month until the main harvest of beets planted in spring is ripe.
If you know how to sow beets in the spring, then winter sowing will not cause difficulties. But a couple of nuances, such as the timing of planting, the choice of variety and shelter, must be taken into account. We will now talk about these very nuances of planting beets before winter.
Beet varieties before winter: which ones to choose?
Two main criteria are resistance to bloom and cold resistance. Give preference to specialized podwinter seed varieties. Here are the best ones:
Winter beet А474
A universal podzimny beet variety, that is, suitable for planting in any region. It is a cold-hardy medium early variety with rounded roots without rings, maroon color. Resistant to cracking, blooming, and does not lose color during heat treatment. The heads grow up to 200-300 g.
Dark Horse Beet
Another good winter beet variety... Root crops grow large (300-400 g), slightly elongated, with very juicy, dark, burgundy-purple pulp, and without rings.
Beet Polar flat K-249
A good old variety, which is a real record holder of endurance. Suitable for growing in the northernmost regions. Extremely cold-resistant and resistant to flowers. It belongs to the early maturing varieties, the roots of their flattened shape resemble the Egyptian flat, although they grow a little larger. The beets of Polar flat K-249 also have disadvantages - these are the presence of rings of red and pink colors, as well as some angularity of root crops.
Beet Polar flat K-249
A high-yielding, tasty beet variety with dark red flesh and flat-rounded roots. This is an early ripe variety, the heads grow relatively small (150-200 g), but neat, uniform.
You can experiment with other cold-resistant varieties as well. It would be nice to plant pelleted seeds before winter, since the shell will provide additional protection from winter frosts.
Beets before winter: when to plant?
Beetroot is a cold-resistant crop, which means that the seeds begin to germinate already at 10 degrees. Therefore, it is better to be late for sowing by 2-3 weeks than to rush. If the seed of the beet still falls into the warm, moist earth, it will start growing and inevitably die.
Depending on the region sowing dates for beets before winter range from late October to late November. The earth should freeze up to -2 ... -4 degrees, and the air temperature should circle around 0 degrees. The ideal moment is when the frozen ground thaws for several hours on sunny days.
Of course, the beds must be prepared in advance. And not only the beds, but also dry land, and mulch, and fertilizers. Further - more about this.
Preparing for winter planting of beets
A month before frost, about mid-October, the site is prepared for planting. This is done in the same way as for the usual sowing of beets:
- they dig up, apply organic fertilizers and potassium-phosphorus fertilizers (5 l / m 2 and 10-15 g / m 2, respectively). Beets do not like acidic soils (tolerates weakly acidic ones, pH 6.2 ... 7), therefore, if necessary, deacidify it. Specifically for beets, dolomite flour is best suited (half a liter jar per "square" of the garden), but you can take ash, chalk or another deoxidizer. Do not forget to observe the crop rotation: do not sow beets after other root crops and cabbage, the best predecessors for it are nightshades, onions, cucumbers.
- heavy, clayey soils for beets are even worse than slightly acidic soils, - root crops will grow small, crooked. Heavy soil must be loosened by introducing coarse river sand or well-rotted compost.
- grooves are prepared. Depth - 2-4 cm, no more, row spacing - 20-30 cm.
- prepare the soil. After planting the seeds in the furrows, they will need to be sprinkled with dry friable soil. Prepare it, of course, in advance. You can buy it at the store, or you can make a mixture of garden soil and river sand with your own hands, and add a little well-rotted compost. The land is brought into a greenhouse, cellar or house.
- prepare mulch. The best winter mulch is spruce branches or peat. Mulching your beds for the winter will help you hedge against snowless or very cold winters.
Winter planting of beets
If you are interested, Are beets planted before winter prepared seeds (soaked), then remember: never! Exceptionally dry seed to dry ground. So if the furrows had time to powder the snow, do not be too lazy to brush it off with a hard broom, and then proceed to the winter sowing of beets.
It is also recommended to increase the seed density by half, or at least by a quarter. This is done to hedge against the death of weak specimens in frozen soil or freezing during germination.But if you are sure of the grade, and planting beets before winter not new to you - sow as usual.
After the seeds are laid out along the furrows, they are covered with dry soil, and mulch is laid out on top and the beets are forgotten until spring.
In the spring, you will need to remove the mulch and slightly loosen the aisles. If the plantings are covered with a film, and removed when the first shoots appear, you will get the harvest ten days earlier. After about a week, the first thinning is carried out, then they feed and carry out the same agrotechnical measures as in the spring planting of beets.
So, if you still doubted, is it possible to plant beets before winter, be sure: you can and should. In winter, a seed in the ground goes through all those stratification processes that you try to imitate in spring, soaking them and cooling / heating them on a battery in early spring, the earth is always rich in moisture and at first it will not need watering seeds that have undergone natural hardening are always more viable, disease-resistant and drought tolerant. After all, there is always more time in November than in spring.
Yes, sowing beets before winter is associated with certain risks, but choosing the right variety of beets for the winter, guessing correctly when to sow beets before winter, you can minimize these risks, but enjoy early beets even when the neighbors are just starting to tie the beets. Good luck, dear gardeners!
How to choose the time by region
Planting time in different climatic zones of our country differs depending on weather conditions in autumn and winter.
Consider where and when to plant a crop before winter.
Usually in the Middle Lane, the time for sowing onions in the fall comes in the second or third October decades. In years with a long warm autumn, sowing can be moved closer to November. But too much delay is still not worth it. In the last month of autumn, the weather can deteriorate sharply, then the seed will not be able to take root.
In this region, sowing is carried out before the beginning of the third October decade. Winters come here earlier than in the Middle Strip, so you should not wait for the last days of October. Indeed, in this case, the onions will not be able to take root and will not yield a harvest.
In Siberia, onions are usually not planted in autumn due to the harsh climate and low winter temperatures. But, for example, in 2020 the autumn was very warm, so the sowing can be sown until mid-October.
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The best varieties of winter onions
To get an early harvest, you need not only to decide on the timing of planting and prepare the soil, but also to choose the right varieties. It is necessary to buy exactly those varieties that are intended for planting bulbs in the fall.
Let's look at the most popular types of planting material:
- Radar. Differs in large fruits and resistance to shooting
- Arzamassky. The bulbs have white flesh and an elongated shape, are characterized by frost resistance
- Danilovsky. Fruit weight can reach 100 g. Differs in purple color and semi-sharp taste.
- Red baron. Early maturing variety. The fruits are purple or red in color, the maximum weight is 150 g
- Sturon. Round bulbs with white flesh are resistant to various diseases.
- Shakespeare. Frost-resistant variety, maximum fruit weight - 300 g.
- Senshui. Onions are not susceptible to powdery mildew and can weigh up to 250 g.
Of course, these are not all varieties that are suitable for planting before winter. These are just the most common and affordable planting materials.