Zamaniha: medicinal properties and contraindications, planting and care, photo
Zamaniha (lat.Oplopanax, Echinopanax) - a genus of shrubs of the Aralievye family, growing in the coniferous forests of Japan, Korea, China, the Far East, the USA and Canada.
The genus includes only three species, but the most famous of them is the tall lure, whose rhizomes and roots are used as a medicine.
Planting and caring for the bait
- Landing: planting parts of the rhizome or seedling in the ground - in early spring, before the start of sap flow.
- Lighting: partial shade or shade.
- The soil: light and fertile sandy loam or loamy soils.
- Watering: the first time - twice a week, spending 7 liters of water per seedling. An adult plant will need watering and evening spraying with warm water only during periods of abnormal drought.
- Top dressing: does not need.
- Reproduction: parts of the rhizome, dividing the bush. The seed method is impractical and time consuming.
- Pests and diseases: unknown.
- Properties: a useful plant that has a tonic, stimulating, diuretic, antidiabetic, adaptogenic, anti-inflammatory, analgesic, restorative, immunostimulating and stimulating effect.
Read more about growing zamanihi below.
Zamaniha is a shrub 1.5-3 m high with a creeping long rhizome, with long, brittle and thin branches and light gray straight stems covered with thin thorns, and they are especially densely located in the upper part of the stem. Sharp-toothed and fringed at the edges of thorny hairs, light green leaves of zamanihi reach a diameter of 35 cm, consist of 5-9 shallow lobes and are located on petioles, also densely covered with small thorns. A small number of thorns are scattered along the upper part of the leaf plate, and on the lower side, the thorns are located only along the veins. The large leaves of the lure are concentrated on the top of the trunks, giving the plant an unusual appearance. Axillary inflorescences up to 18 cm long, covered with rusty hairs, are formed by several umbrellas, consisting of small greenish-yellow flowers. The fruits of zamanihi - juicy berries from 5 to 12 cm long with two seeds - become bright red when ripe, which adds decorativeness to the plant.
Growing bait outdoors
Landing a lure
Under natural conditions, the bait grows in the shade, therefore, in the garden area, you need to find a place for it under the trees or create a shade artificially by installing a polycarbonate canopy with a light transmission of 5% over the place where you are going to plant the plant. In addition to protection from the sun, the enticement will have to organize a barrier from drafts and wind. As for the preparation of the soil, it is necessary to dig it up in advance with sand, humus and ash, and immediately moisten it well before planting.
Zamanihu can be propagated by seeds, but this is a long process that may not work, since the seeds of the plant have low germination. It is better to get the zamaniha rhizome, cut it into pieces and plant them in the spring, before the sap flow begins, on the prepared area. It is not necessary to deeply deepen the rhizome segments, just sprinkle them with nutritious soil.
If you have a good lure bush, dig a pit about 80 cm in diameter and about the same depth under it, lay a thick layer of drainage material (broken brick, rubble or fragments of ceramic tiles) 15-20 cm thick on the bottom and plant the plant, filling pit with a soil mixture of garden soil, humus, sifted sand and a small amount of clay, leaving the root collar at surface level. Water the trunk circle liberally after planting.
The lure is unpretentious in leaving, she quickly adapts and rarely gets sick. At first, you will need to water the plant twice a week, spending 7 liters of water per seedling. Make sure that the soil around the bait is loose, and remove weeds in a timely manner. With good care, the bait will show healing properties in the seventh year of growth.
The bait plant does not need feeding, and an adult bush will need watering only during periods of prolonged drought, the rest of the time the plant is content with the amount of moisture that natural precipitation gives. But the lure bush will not refuse from the evening spraying or sprinkling in the hot summer season.
As for preparing the plant for winter, the bait only needs protection from frost in the first year after planting: cover the seedling with coniferous paws, tow or burlap, and in winter, as soon as it snows, throw it under the seedling. When the plant gets stronger and grows up, it will not need to be covered, unless the winters in your area are snowless, but if there is little snow and the frosts are strong, the lure for the winter needs shelter and at a mature age.
Collection of lure and storage
For medical purposes, the entire underground part of the zamanikha is harvested. Raw materials are harvested in September or October, when both leaves and fruits fall from the bush. The rhizome is dug up together with small roots, cleaned of soil, cut off the ground part and dry or rotten areas of the rhizome, after which the raw material is washed under running water, cut into pieces, laid out on paper and dried in the shade under a canopy or in a room with good ventilation. Pieces of rhizomes must be periodically agitated and turned over so that they dry evenly. To speed up the process, you can use a dryer or oven, setting the temperature to 50 ºC.
The finished raw materials are put in cloth bags, paper bags or cardboard boxes and stored in a dark, dry, well-ventilated room for no more than three years.
Properties of enticement - harm and benefit
The beneficial properties of zamaniha are due to the chemical composition of its roots, which include the following substances: essential oil, alcohols, aldehydes, phenolic compounds, free acids, glycosides, hydrocarbons, resins, flavonoids, saponins, coumarins, and minerals. Zamaniha has a tonic, stimulating, diuretic, antidiabetic, adaptogenic, anti-inflammatory, analgesic, tonic, immunostimulating and stimulating effect.
Zamanihi drugs help to lower blood sugar levels, increase blood pressure, as well as physical and mental performance, increase the amplitude of heart contractions, increase urine output and motor activity, improve vision and sleep, eliminate insomnia and migraines. The use of zamanikha in the treatment of diabetes mellitus, tuberculosis, neuroses, hysteria, rheumatism, atony, atherosclerosis, fever, diseases of the central nervous system has shown a significant and lasting effect.
Zamaniha is used in the form of infusion, tincture and tea. Tincture of zamanihi sold in a pharmacy, but you can prepare it yourself: 30 g of crushed rhizomes are placed in glass dishes, 300 ml of seventy percent medical alcohol are poured, hermetically sealed, placed in a dark cool place for two weeks, then filtered into a dark glass container and consumed 30 drops three times a day for insomnia, irritability, fatigue, lethargy or mood swings.
Infusion of enticement: mix equal parts of dry crushed raw materials of zamaniha, St. John's wort, mint, blueberry leaves, elecampane root, tripartite string, field horsetail, rose hips and chamomile flowers. Steam 15 g of the mixture with 300 ml of boiling water, let it brew for several hours in a dark cool room, then strain and take 60 ml for diabetes mellitus 4 times a day.
It is not recommended to use zamanihi preparations for hypertension, pregnancy and individual plant intolerance. Be careful with the ground part that contains poisonous substances. Do not exceed the recommended dosage and do not give drugs to entice children.
- Read the topic on Wikipedia
- Features and other plants of the Araliaceae family
- List of all species on The Plant List
- More information on World Flora Online
- Information about Garden Plants
- Information on Perennial Plants
- Information about medicinal plants
- Shrub Information
Sections: Garden Plants Perennials Flowering Medicinal Shrubs Aralia Ornamental Deciduous Plants in the West
Description of the common loosestrife
The common loosestrife plant grows up to 1 m. Its stem is simple, erect, branchy at the top, pubescent.
The leaves are lanceolate or ovate, their edge is even, the surface is smooth. The length of the leaf reaches 10 cm, the width is 4 cm. The bottom of the loosestrife leaf is slightly pubescent. In shape and color, it looks like a willow leaf, which is the reason for the name of the culture. On the stem, the leaves are arranged oppositely in several pieces.
Flowers of a bright yellow hue, medium-sized, five-part, their diameter does not exceed 1.5 cm. There are also five stamens inside the inflorescence. The budding period lasts all summer, from early June to late August. The flowers form paniculate inflorescences along the entire length of the stems.
A bush that grows in the shade blooms with small self-pollinated inflorescences. Its green part does not suffer from lack of light.
Fruits appear in August, are a spherical capsule. Small and light seeds are formed in it. The roots are creeping, their processes are long, located deep underground.
The common verbain grows in a humid environment, preferring the proximity of water bodies.
In Russia, the plant can be found in the European part, Western and Eastern Siberia, in the Caucasus. In the world, culture is widespread in Eurasia, excluding the Arctic, and in North Africa.
The juice of the leaves of common loosestrife (lysimachia vulgaris) contains a large amount of vitamin C, up to 260 mg of the total. The leaves, stems and rhizomes contain flavonoids, tannins, silicic acid, saponins, primverase enzyme.
Planting and caring for Siberian fir
In order for the ephedra to fully grow and develop, and at the same time not compete with other garden crops, you need to choose the right place for it and plant it. It is also important to provide the plant with complete care at the initial stage, taking into account the requirements of the culture.
Fir can be planted in April or September. In the first case, you should wait until the ground thaws and the air temperature does not drop below + 10 ° C. When planting in the fall, it must be borne in mind that the seedling must have time to take root before frost. This will take him 3-4 weeks. Therefore, it is impossible to delay the deadlines.
Site selection and soil preparation
An open place should be chosen for the plant, but Siberian fir can also grow in partial shade. The culture is undemanding to the composition and acidity of the soil. But the maximum decorative effect can be achieved when growing ephedra on sandstone and loam.
Two weeks before planting Siberian fir, the site should be dug to a depth of 20 cm.Then make a hole 60 cm wide and 80 cm deep.A layer of broken brick 10 cm thick should be laid on the bottom.And the rest of the volume should be 2/3 filled with turf, humus, sand and peat in a ratio of 2: 2: 1: 1. Additionally, 5 liters of rotted sawdust, 200 g of superphosphate or wood ash should be added to the resulting mixture. At the end, mix everything thoroughly.
To create a hedge, the distance between plants must be maintained at 1.0-1.5 m, and for full growth next to other horticultural crops and buildings, maintain at least 3 m.
Best of all, judging by the reviews, Siberian fir takes root 4-5 years old with a closed root system. Therefore, such seedlings should be purchased for planting.
- Water the well abundantly, wait until the moisture is absorbed.
- Gently remove the plant from the pot without disturbing the earthen lump.
- Place it in the center so that the root collar is at the level of the soil.
- Fill the voids with earth, compact the surface at the base.
- Water again.
Rules for growing Siberian fir
This ephedra is one of the undemanding crops. But at the initial stage, a young seedling needs the increased attention of a gardener. Therefore, you should study the rules for caring for him.
Watering and feeding schedule
Siberian fir is demanding on air and soil moisture. Therefore, in the absence of rainfall for a long time, it is necessary to water the plant 1-2 times a week. In dry periods, you should additionally wash the needles from dust by sprinkling.
You need to feed the ephedra from the second year after planting. This should be done in spring and autumn, using organic matter and special mineral mixtures for conifers.
Loosening and mulching
After each moistening, the soil at the base of the seedling should be loosened to a depth of 1-2 cm. This procedure will allow air to reach the roots. During dry periods, you need to lay the mulch in a layer of 2-3 cm, which will prevent the formation of a crust on the surface of the soil. For this, you can use coniferous litter, tree bark, peat.
In early spring dry and damaged shoots must be removed. Also, to give a certain shape to the crown, pruning can be carried out during this period. But at the same time, you cannot cut off branches more than 1/3 of the length, otherwise the tree will take a long time to recover.
Preparation for wintering
An adult ephedra has high frost resistance, so it does not need shelter for the winter. But young specimens must be insulated to prevent freezing of the shoots and the root system. Therefore, in late autumn, a layer of mulch 10 cm thick should be laid at the base of the seedling. For this, humus or peat can be used. You should also additionally wrap the crown with agrofibre and lay the spruce branches on top.
Diseases and pests of Siberian fir
Ephedra has a high natural immunity. But if the growing conditions do not match, it weakens. Therefore, with prolonged stagnation of moisture in the soil, the plant suffers from fusarium. For treatment, it is necessary to water the ephedra with a working solution of the fungicide "Maxim" or "Previkur Energy".
Of the pests, the danger is hermes, false shield, fir moth and spider mite. Therefore, at the first signs of damage, it is recommended to use "Fufanon", "Actellik", "Fitoverm".