Selaginella or scrub (Selaginella) - an inhabitant of the tropics and subtropics, the Selaginella plant represents the Selaginellaceae family. Under natural conditions, Selaginella lives in the humid forests of tropical latitudes, so it can stay in a dimly lit place for a long time. She is not afraid of an excess of moisture, since her roots do not rot. The plant is capable of developing in any conditions: on rocks, in trees, on the banks of reservoirs, in rocky areas.
Selaginella comes from the family of lycopods - representatives of ancient species of vegetation. A short herbaceous plant has shoots of a creeping or ascending type. Many root growths grow from them. Small five-millimeter foliage is arranged in two rows, has the shape of a tile, it can be either with a glossy surface or with a matte surface. The color of the foliage covers the entire palette of green, there are even thin yellow veins. At home, selaginella is best grown in closed transparent containers, such as florariums, greenhouses, showcases, bottle gardens, that is, where sufficient moisture can be created. Most often, this houseplant has an epiphytic or groundcover appearance.
Caring for Selaginella at home
The plant loves diffused light and will tolerate light shading. Selaginella is able to grow even under artificial light.
The temperature range for Selaginella should be constant throughout the year: from 18 to 20 degrees. Also, the plant does not like drafts very much.
Selaginella requires high humidity, so it needs to be constantly sprayed 2-3 times a day. It will not be superfluous to keep the pot on wet pebbles or expanded clay.
Selaginella needs abundant watering all year round. This is the plant that is not afraid of overflow and root decay. The earth ball should never dry out, it should always be slightly damp. To achieve this, you can put the pot in a container of water for irrigation. Water is suitable for this soft, well-separated from room temperature.
The soil must be selected loose, with a sufficient amount of moisture and with an acidic reaction (pH 5-6). Peat, sand and leafy soil in equal proportions are quite suitable for Selaginella.
Top dressing and fertilizers
Selaginella is fertilized in the warm season once every fortnight with a complex preparation for plants with decorative leaves. In this case, the dosage is reduced by half from that indicated on the package.
Selaginella is transplanted into a wider pot once every 2 years. Transplanting is best done by the transhipment method. Don't forget to take care of good drainage!
Reproduction of selaginella
Selaginella can be propagated both by spores and vegetatively - by dividing the bush. Reproduction using spores is very time consuming and rarely used in practice. Therefore, it will be more applicable to separate the bush during the spring transplant.
To do this, five-centimeter rhizomes with shoots are placed in small pots with a peat substrate, 5-6 pieces together. The soil is moistened abundantly and the moisture level is kept constant.
Diseases and pests
Excessive dryness of the air is very harmful for Selaginella, in such conditions it can be struck by a spider mite. Soapy water and actellic with a concentration of 1-2 drops per liter of water will help save the plant from the pest.
Possible difficulties in growing Selaginella
- Darkening and dying off of foliage - too hot.
- Pulling shoots and blanching foliage - little light.
- Withering and softening of the leaf plate - lack of air at the roots.
- Selaginella grows poorly - there are few nutrients in the soil.
- Drying of the tips of the leaves - dry air.
- Leaves curl - the presence of drafts and hot temperatures.
- Leaves lose color - direct sunlight.
Popular types of selaginella
It is a herbaceous perennial plant that forms pads like sod moss. It has thin leaves and short, weakly branched shoots. Its leaves, oval on the sides and heart-shaped in the middle, are green in color and jagged along the edges. Grows best when suspended.
It is a perennial small shrub with branched shoots. Stems can be either simple or single-branched, smooth and flat, without division into segments. Leaves on the sides are separated from the main mass, have the shape of an oval. In the center, the foliage is rounder and green in color. It grows in ampelous form.
The perennial groundcover of selaginella has straight stems 30 cm in height, which grow and begin to adhere, forming root ends in the air. Its shoots resemble fern frond, sprinkled with the smallest green leaves. One of its varieties, watsoniana, has silvery-white stems at the ends.
An amazing plant that can change its shape, signaling the need for moisture. When there is little of it, it bends with its stems and twisted leaves, taking on a spherical shape. After watering, its 5-10 cm stems unbend, returning the plant to its original appearance. Because of this, it is called the resurrected one or the Jericho rose.
Selaginella Swiss (Selaginella helvetica)
This species forms densely woven pads from its twigs, covered with small leaves. The color of the leaves is light green, and they themselves are located at right angles to each other, have an oval shape and small cilia at the edges. The size of one sheet plate is only 1.5 mm long and 1 mm wide.
Selaginella or plaunok
Calathea - home care
Every plant breeder who has ever seen a calathea will forever fall in love with the amazing beauty of its gorgeous large leaves. A perennial plant belonging to the Marantov family, it grows in wildlife in the tropical forests of South America.
The amazing leaves of the plant adorn the drawings that mother nature generously awarded the perennial with. Some compare them with a tortoise shell, others with a peacock's tail. But one thing is clear to absolutely everyone: you cannot argue with the natural beauty of this amazing perennial.
In total, about 300 species of kalata are known. Such an unusual name for the plant comes from the Greek word "calathos", which means "basket". The explanation for such an amazing name can be found quite simply. In ancient times, baskets were woven from the surprisingly strong root leaves of this perennial, as well as household utensils and many, many other things for everyday use.
The three-membered calathea flowers can be either apical or axillary. Nature has awarded them with a variety of colors: white, yellow, red. They gather in the so-called colossal thyrsus.
After centuries and decades, calathea has not lost its relevance. Plant breeders are happy to breed this "tropical beauty" in their homes. However, one obstacle awaits them. Calathea cannot be attributed to those plants that are "unpretentious" to care for. You will have to tinker with this perennial, and sometimes it will be very hard. But this game is worth the candle! In gratitude for the good, timely, and most importantly - proper care, Calathea will reward you with excellent growth and flowering. Go for it!
Selaginella - gardening
Lamb family. Homeland of the tropics of America. This is a rather delicate and demanding plant that does not tolerate drafts and dry room air, nevertheless it is successfully grown by indoor plant lovers.
Selaginella martensii Selaginella martensii is a bush with erect stems, up to 30 cm tall. With age, the stems become lodging and aerial roots appear. The branches look like ferns with small thin green leaves. There are varieties with silvery-white stem tips.
Selaginella scaly Selaginella lepidophylla - a funny plant that can be found on sale dry - is something like a shriveled light ball of dry leaves, but poured and placed in a humid environment, it opens and forms a small bush with small green leaves.
On sale you can also find species - Selaginella without pegs Selaginella apoda - ampelous, very similar to a fern with light green leaves Selaginella hooked Selaginella uncinata - a small ampelous plant with bluish stems and leaves Selaginella Emmel Selaginella emmeliana small leaves like a small bush with a very small bush with cypress Selaginella Krausa Selaginella kraussiana - with creeping stems and filigree yellow-green leaves.
Temperature: Moderate, but not higher than 18-19 ° C, in winter not lower than 12 ° C.
Lighting: Selyaginella prefers a moderately lit place, light partial shade. Grows well on northern windows. In a too shaded place, the plant will grow poorly and will lose its decorative appeal. It grows well under artificial lighting.
Watering: Abundant in spring and summer, slightly more moderate in winter. Only soft water is recommended for irrigation.
Fertilizer: In the period from March to September, Selaginella is fed every 2 weeks with a complex fertilizer for ornamental foliage plants, the dose is taken half the recommended one.
Air humidity: Selaginella requires very high humidity. It is sprayed several times a day with warm soft water, or placed on a wide pan of water. Selaginella is suitable for growing in bottle gardens and terrariums.
Transfer: In two years, in the spring. Container for selaginella - wide, not deep bowls. The soil should be loose and moisture-consuming. Composition - 1 part of peat fibrous soil, 1 part of sheet and 1 part of sand. Good drainage is a must. When transplanting, the earth is not compacted and not compacted, it should not lose its looseness and let air through well.
Reproduction: Selaginella reproduces by dividing a bush with roots, as well as stem cuttings in spring and summer.
Nowadays, it is known for certain that garlic increases the body's resistance to infectious and colds, relieves fatigue after heavy physical exertion, lowers blood pressure, improves heart function, stimulates digestion, prevents atherosclerotic changes in blood vessels, and expands them. Clinical trials have found that garlic is effective in tuberculosis, helps in climacteric neurosis, accompanied by headaches and insomnia. Excellent healing properties with the same spectrum of action as sve.
Pumpkin seeds - a folk remedy for depression
Pumpkin seeds contain fatty oil, ascorbic acid, vitamins K, D, A, E and group B, calcium, potassium, silicon, phosphorus salts. Pumpkin seeds are also rich in zinc, which is necessary for the normalization of the brain, stimulates the activity of the circulatory, digestive, reproductive, musculoskeletal systems and organs of vision. The zinc contained in them is especially necessary for the male body for the prevention and treatment of prostatitis. To do this, you need to eat at least 20 pumpkin seeds daily for two months.
Parsley decorates the table at any time of the year, and both leaves and roots have high taste in it. A pinch of crumbled parsley with its aroma perfectly flavors hot dishes (cabbage soup, soups, broths, borscht), gives a pleasant taste and aroma to vegetable marinades and canned food. Dried parsley is also held in high esteem among housewives - its leaves and roots. The spice prepared in reserve retains its natural color and fragrant smell for a long time. Its leaves and roots contain salts of potassium, calcium, phosphorus, iron and the like. The special scent of petru.
For a long time, our ancestors, who called the dogwood only the almighty doctor, used them to treat all kinds of ailments. This is not surprising, because the fruits contain a lot of glucose, fructose, organic acids (especially malic, nicotinic), tannins, nitrogenous and coloring substances, essential oil, phytoncides, vitamins C and P. Berries are effective for anemia, inflammatory diseases of the liver and kidneys. They are advised to be included in the diet for skin diseases, eczema, to restore metabolism, and also as a means of preventing the development of sclero.
The abundance of leaves, light, heat promotes self-active photosynthesis and the formation of a large amount of plastic substances required to build new tissues. Taking into account the hard work of the tree at this time and, usually, the lack of moisture (even with an abundance of rain this year, the soil at a depth of, for example, 10 cm is often dry), it is very important to mulch the soil on the trunks and in the aisles. The soil under the mulch always retains moisture, even on the hottest days. It perfectly develops microflora and various upholstery.
Asian lily hybrids
The variety of Asian varieties is impressive. Considering that Asian hybrids have the best adaptability to the Russian climate, gardeners have the greatest opportunity to arrange paradise on their garden plot. It is this lily group that is characterized by the greatest variety of color of flowers and their structure. And, on top of that, every year more and more varieties are bred. Asian hybrids began to spread in the fifties of the last century. Their story of conquering the world began with breeder Jan de Graft (America),.
For some reason, cherries do not bear fruit
In the spring the gardener sees: "Cherry orchards stand like drenched in milk." But this is only external well-being, seeming. Take the trouble to come closer to the cherry tree, close to its flowers, examine them carefully, or better armed with a magnifying glass. In the border of pale pink fragrant petals, beckoning to the flower shaggy workers - bees, look out pale green stamens with anthers, among them a pistil. An external cursory examination of the flower does not seem to say anything, but take a closer look and see that the upper part of the pistil is blackened. This means that it is important.
Raspberry gray rot (botrytis)
At the beginning of its development, berries are affected: separate softened brown spots are formed on them. The spots grow quickly and cause complete rotting of the berries, which are covered with a thick gray velvety bloom. Berries become unsuitable for human consumption. Brown spots appear on the stalks, quickly covering them in a ring, which inevitably causes drying of the still green ovaries. On the leaves, gray rot forms massive blurry dark gray decaying spots. After that, with a strong development of the disease on young shoots, it occurs in internodes.
Why watercress is good for you
Watercress is one of the oldest vegetables consumed by humans. In the West, watercress is eaten raw, while in the East it is blanched, decanted and flavored with a light oil dressing. In China, watercress is served with salt, sugar and wine, and is also used to make soups. This mustard-flavored salad is appreciated by gardeners for its early maturity, undemanding growing conditions and high nutritional quality. And in its healing properties, watercress is in many ways superior to carrots, beets and cabbage. Its leaves are pleasantly tart.
The strawberry nematode is a small parasitic worm with a length of 0.5 to 1 mm. They suck the juices from strawberries and some other cultivated plants (for example, raspberries) and inject enzymes into their tissues that disrupt metabolism. Affected plants have modified leaves, shoots, petioles, hearts. On strawberries, two types of nematodes come across: strawberry and stem. Plants with signs of damage by nematodes are immediately dug up and burned or buried deep in the soil outside the site. Infected leaves are poured with 4% formalin solution.
These plants are native to Europe, Western Asia and North Africa. The cool climate favors tulip growth. But these plants can also be grown in the south if the bulbs were stored at 40 degrees Celsius before planting. Those tulip varieties with colored petals are called “torn” tulips. The flowers of their bulbs are known for the presence of stripes of different colors and / or cuts along the edges of the petals. This variety is as attractive as possible. The rupture of the petals is possibly caused by some viral cause.
Basic methods of dealing with slugs
In late May - early June, young slugs are born from eggs overwintered in the soil, which develop for two months, reach a mature age during this time and begin to reproduce. The female lays eggs in the most humid places - under heaps of grass, debris, under lumps of earth, near the root collar of plants. Slugs are nocturnal. During the day, pests crawl under lumps of earth, hide under plants, and at night they get out of their shelters and damage the plants. They harm the plantings of cabbage, tomatoes, cucumbers, strawberries, potatoes. I eat slugs.
For those who do not want to deal with indoor plants that require careful care, a flower such as aspidistra is suitable. Refers to decorative deciduous plants that can develop in poor light conditions. Loves darkened rooms, especially in hot weather. The plant is very bad when exposed to sunlight because it can easily burn the foliage. Aspidistra is not afraid of a sharp change in temperature and can stay for a long time on a loggia, terrace or in a winter garden.
When wide, long leaves sprout in all directions, the aspidistra looks even more beautiful. In America, this flower is called the "iron plant", which emphasizes its endurance and stamina.
It is listed in the composition of indoor flowers that are not blooming, you have already met the name and photo.
Herbicide analogues Zenkor
The drug Zenkor has analogues that also successfully fight weeds. The most famous is Metrizan, which is also produced on the basis of metribuzin. In addition, Mistral, Lapis Lazuli, Advocate, Monster are known.
Herbicides are widely used all over the world to protect plants from weeds, especially on large cultivated areas. In weed-infested plantings, a favorable environment is created for the appearance of various diseases and pests. This implies the loss of a significant part of the crop and the use of drugs with a significantly higher hazard class.
Caring for Selaginella
If you study all the features and preferences of ornamental vegetation, then caring for Selaginella at home will not seem too difficult. The main rule is compliance with the necessary requirements.
Lighting. The decorativeness of the plant is preserved only far from the solar light fluxes. Places for keeping Selaginella are chosen semi-shaded. North-facing windows are ideal. Plaunas are negatively affected by bright natural light, and they prefer artificial lighting.
Temperature readings. Tropical vegetation does not tolerate high air temperatures. The ideal climate for keeping Selaginella is twenty-three degrees with a plus in the summer and eighteen in the winter. Temperature readings that are too low or too high will stunt plant growth. Plauns do not tolerate drafts, but they like cool places and if they do not match their preferences, the leaves lose their color and subsequently die off.
Wet environment. The plant feels good only at high humidity. To maintain the necessary conditions, the vegetation is sprayed from a spray bottle several times a day with settled water. In order not to waste time on constant moistening, the pot with lyres is placed in a wide deep plastic box. On the bottom, which is laid out with a wide layer of expanded clay and filled with water. Set the pot with Selaginella so that the bottom does not come into contact with the water.
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Watering. Moisten the soil regularly. It should always be a little raw. But the bays should also not be abused, as this leads to decay of the root system. Perfect watering - organized through the stand. The plant independently absorbs the required amount of liquid. Only a one-time drying out of the substrate can change the flower beyond recognition. Foliage droops, curls and falls off. In winter, when the temperature drops, watering is reduced.
Fertilization. When six months have passed after the transplant, they begin to apply fertilizers. Further, the lymphatics are fed once every sixty days. During irrigation with nutrients, the soil is loosened well.
The plantings are saturated regularly according to calculated and specific rates. A complex of fertilizers specially formulated for this type of fertilizer is introduced. But there are some nuances in the event. An excess amount of nutrients not only enriches the culture, but can also destroy it. Doses should be calculated very carefully, not exceeding the established proportions.
One of the rare representatives of lycopods in indoor floriculture - Selaginella, spore plant. Several types have been introduced into the culture: Selaginella apoda, Selaginella kraussiana and its form Aurea, Selaginella martensii. All species are extremely demanding on air humidity and rarely do well in a room atmosphere. But if you create a plant composition, even in an ordinary round aquarium, the delicate emerald selaginella will not leave anyone indifferent. For cultivation, a loose mixture based on peat with the addition of sphagnum and sand is used.
The plant prefers moderate temperatures (+ 20-21 degrees) throughout the year. Of the advantages, it should be noted the exceptional shade tolerance.