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Ariocarpus fissuratus 'Godzilla'

Ariocarpus fissuratus 'Godzilla'


Succulentopedia

Ariocarpus fissuratus 'Godzilla'

Ariocarpus fissuratus 'Godzilla' is an odd plant with a strongly structured surface. It is a popular Japanese cultivar, and there are…


Ariocarpus fissuratus 'Godzilla' - garden

Origin and Habitat: Ariocarpus fissuratus is distributed in the Mexican states of Chihuahua, Coahuila, Durango, and Zacatecas, and in the United States in Texas (Hernández et al. 2004). It occurs from Presidio County, Texas southeast along the Rio Grande and near the lower Pecos River. In Mexico, it occurs near the Rio Grande in the adjacent states of Chihuahua and Coahuila.
Altitude range: This cactus grows at altitudes between 500 and 1,170 (1500?) metres above sea level.
Habitat and Ecology: These plants are characteristic of dry limestone plains (and areas of gentle slopes), ridges and low, rocky hills of limestone chips among the Chihuahuan desert scrub (xerophyllous scrub), rarely occurring in gypseous soils. The stems are normally flush and well camouflaged with the soil surface resembling limestone chips in shape, colour, and texture, rendering the plants extremely cryptic. They are greyish-green in colour, sometimes taking on a yellowish tint with age. These cacti are difficult to spot in their natural habitat. When they are found, it is usually due to their pinkish flowers. In times of severe drought, the whole above-ground portion of these plants can shrink and be covered by rock fragments, but the taproot remains alive. Many exist as only small, isolated populations, and they were in danger of extinction because they were sought by plant collectors, up to date there is some illegal collection of the species from the wild but at a diminishing rate. For this reason they are protected plants in the regions where they occur. This species is still locally abundant in its appropriate habitat.

  • Ariocarpus fissuratus K.Schum. in Engl. & Prantl
    • Anhalonium Engelmannii Lem.
    • Anhalonium fissuratum (Engelm.) Engelm.
    • Mammillaria fissurata Engelm.
    • Roseocactus fissurams A.Berger
    • Roseocactus fissuratus (Engelm.) A.Berger

Description: Ariocarpus fissuratus is a geophyte plant that produces a star-shaped rosette of fleshy, deltoid to hemispheric tubercles, which have no spines and lie almost flat on the soil surface. They are usually solitary, rarely giving rise to side shoots from old areoles, they grow extremely slowly, to 20 cm in diameter. This species is considered a separate entity from Ariocarpus bravoanus (including Ariocarpus bravoanus subsp. hintonii) following Hunt et al. (2006).
Tubercles: The tubercles, about as long as wide, are closely packed and form a coarse mosaic. Exposed faces of tubercles, deeply fissured on either side of the central areolar groove, are coarsely rugose, and are often sharply angled apically and with a lateral longitudinal furrow on each side of the tubercle, along the edge.
Areoles: The areoles are up to 3 mm wide, sometimes confined to middle of tubercle faces instead of extending to tips.
Roots: Each plant has a large turnip-like taproot, which lies below the soil surface and serves for water storage.
Flowers: These plants have a woolly crown, from which emerge bright pink-violet flowers up to 2,5-5 cm, 2 times wider than long when fully expanded. Flowers last for 3 to 4 days.
Blooming season: October, November.
Fruits: white or green, with lots of seed.

Subspecies, varieties, forms and cultivars of plants belonging to the Ariocarpus fissuratus group

Bibliography: Major references and further lectures
1) Edward Anderson “The Cactus family” Timber Press, Incorporated, 2001
2) James Cullen, Sabina G. Knees, H. Suzanne Cubey "The European Garden Flora Flowering Plants: A Manual for the Identification of Plants Cultivated in Europe, Both Out-of-Doors and Under Glass" Cambridge University Press, 11/Aug/2011
3) David R Hunt Nigel P Taylor Graham Charles International Cactaceae Systematics Group. "The New Cactus Lexicon" dh books, 2006.
4) Fitz Maurice, B, Sotomayor, M., Terry, M., Heil, K., Fitz Maurice, W.A., Hernández, H.M. & Corral-Díaz, R. 2013. Ariocarpus fissuratus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.1. . Downloaded on 21 June 2015.


Cultivated specimen, about 25 years old. Photo by: Cactus Art
In times of severe drought, the whole above-ground portion of these plants can shrink and be covered by rock fragments. Photo by: Agócs György
Ariocarpus fissuratus Photo by: Cactus Art
Ariocarpus fissuratus Photo by: Cactus Art
Ariocarpus fissuratus Photo by: Valentino Vallicelli
Ariocarpus fissuratus Photo by: Cactus Art
Ariocarpus fissuratus Photo by: Valentino Vallicelli
Ariocarpus fissuratus Photo by: Prof. Ilham Alakbarov

Cultivation and Propagation: Ariocarpus fissuratus is not too difficult in a greenhouse, although it grows extremely slowly (it starts blooming at the age of 8-12 years).
Soil: Use a loose mineral cactus mix with extra perlite or pumice and clay pots help the plants to dry out between watering.
Repotting: The plants need deep pots to accommodate the napiform unit formed by the stem base and the rootstock (or they will often simply crack your pots). Generally, they should be repotted frequently at least every other year in order to provide fresh soil. However, old plants become senile and have a tendency to succumb to disease and a weak root system. At this stage, as is well known, they die suddenly. So, after they reach 20 cm in diameter grow them slowly, and adopt a new repotting period, using intervals of every 3 years. Additionally grow them under drier conditions or with stronger sunlight. However, repotting doesn't necessarily mean they'll need larger containers.
Sun Exposure: Partial sun or light shade. They need a good amount of light, a place near the roof of the greenhouse helps drying the pot after watering.
Watering: They require moderately watering through the growing season. This can be done weekly during the summertime, if the weather is sunny enough, with a little fertilizer added. Kept this way, plants will show a healthy, although slow growth. Keep dry as soon as the temperature starts dropping in October and keep it perfectly dry in winter at temperatures from 5 to 15 degrees centigrade.
Hardiness: Winter care presents no problems at 5°C with plenty of light., but frost hardy to -10°C.
Pest and diseases: They are generally fairly easy to grow, especially if kept pest-free. They are susceptible to stem and root mealy bugs, and damage from these may well initiate fungal attack.
Propagation: By seeds, remembering that seedlings dislike strong light and dry conditions, but the grafted plants are typically rather tall- growing, compared with plants on their own roots, that are usually flatter to the ground.


CONCLUSION

Ariocarpus fissuratus is one of the more unique gems in the cacti family, quite unique that it is most sought after. They grow to have beautiful rosettes you can see from an aerial view, but they also can camouflage into Mother Nature as grounded plants.

They make the best “rock!” After several decades of watching this cactus take to its mature form, you will soon realize it was all worth the wait.

As always, living conditions must be factored into the care of your plants. This applies not only for ariocarpus fissuratus, but also for all plants outside this species.


Ariocarpus fissuratus

Ariocarpus fissuratus (formerly known as Anhalonium fissuratus) is a species of cactus found in small numbers in northern Mexico and Texas in the United States. Common names include living rock cactus, false peyote, chautle, [2] dry whiskey and star cactus. [3]

Mammillaria fissurata Engelm.
Roseocactus fissuratus (Engelm.) A.Berger
Roseocactus intermedius Backeb. & Kilian


Ariocarpus fissuratus 'Godzilla' - garden

Origin and Habitat: Japan (Nursery produced cultivar)

Description: The "Godzilla" has been probably developed by Japanese growers from Ariocarpus fissuratus, and there are several slightly different types (the Thais speaks of cloning) in circulation. The strongly structured surface and the deep colour of the plants are typical, but greener or woollier plants are in the variation range of this cultivar.
There are also some variegate and even crested forms of Godzillas.

Subspecies, varieties, forms and cultivars of plants belonging to the Ariocarpus fissuratus group

Notes: Sought by collectors seedling can up to 50 years to reach full growth of 15cm in diameter. For this reason the plants are frequently grafted to speed up the growth.


Ariocarpus fissuratus cv. Godzilla Photo by: Valentino Vallicelli
Ariocarpus fissuratus cv. Godzilla Photo by: Prof. Ilham Alakbarov
Ariocarpus fissuratus cv. Godzilla Photo by: Valentino Vallicelli
Ariocarpus fissuratus cv. Godzilla Photo by: Valentino Vallicelli
Ariocarpus fissuratus cv. Godzilla Photo by: Valentino Vallicelli
- This famous and unmistakable Japanese cultivar has dark purple-green "leaves" with a characteristic rough or wrinkled epidermis. Flowers are rich-pink to magenta and last for 3 to 4 days. Photo by: Valentino Vallicelli
Ariocarpus fissuratus cv. Godzilla Photo by: Prof. Ilham Alakbarov

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Cultivation and Propagation: It is not too difficult in a greenhouse, although grows extremely slowly. The plants need deep pots to accommodate the napiform unit formed by the stem base and the rootstock (or they will often simply crack your pots), , and a loose mineral soil with a well-drained substrate. They need a good amount of light. Watering can be done weekly during summertime, if the weather is sunny enough, with a little fertilizer added. Kept this way, plants will show a healthy, although slow growth.
Propagation: By seeds, remembering that seedlings dislike strong light and dry conditions and need to be repotted frequently. Eventually, as they become mature, they attain a maximum size of 20 to 25 cm. But plants are often grafted to accelerate growth as they would generally take at least a decade to reach maturity on their own, but the grafted plants are typical rather tall growing, compared with plants on their own roots that are usually more flat to the ground. It starts blooming at the age of 8-12 years.


Watch the video: Kakteen Erde und mineralisches Substrat selber mischen. Ariocarpus