Large plantain - use in the treatment of various diseases
Plantain is a medicinal plant that lives nearby
By chance I read an article about plantain in an American veterinary journal. Its author recommended making a litter for cats and dogs from the leaves of this plant. It is quite possible that the animal will taste a vegetable bed - plantain is very useful for any living organism! I followed the advice of a specialist and, waiting for summer, made our cat Fena a bed of plantain, which she really liked. Being in the thickets of plantain while collecting leaves, I thought that I must definitely study the beneficial properties of this amazing plant.
So, big plantain (Plantago major L.) belongs to the plantain family Plantaginaceae, which includes many types. At the end of the arrow there are small filmy mauve flowers, collected in a cylindrical spike.
The fruits are small rounded capsules containing a large number of small croup-like seeds (up to 60 thousand of them can ripen on one plant). The seeds are dark brownish red in color, odorless and practically tasteless.
The habitat of the plant is the side of roads, paths, in meadows, wastelands, near houses. An interesting feature of the plantain: if the soil in which it grows is moist, the plant lifts its leaves; if the soil is dry, it presses the leaves against it to create a shade that retains moisture.
The medicinal properties of plantain
The seeds can often be far from the plants on which they are ripe. Sticking to the feet of passers-by, to bags or bales of cargo, they end up in the holds of ships, in wagons, cars and airplanes. When unloading, the seeds fall to the ground, germinate, and the plants that have grown from them are often found in new territories with good living conditions. This is how the plantain was brought from Europe to America.
The indigenous inhabitants of America - the Indians - call the plantain the "Trace of the White Man" ("planta" - from the Latin. "Sole, foot").
For medicinal purposes, plantain herb, seeds and roots are used.... The leaves contain mucus (about 10%), glycosides, flavonoids, bitter and tannins, phytoncides, citric and ascorbic acids, vitamin K, provitamin A, carotene, resin, saponins, proteins, potassium, polysaccharide complex, traces of alkaloids, amino acids, organic acids (salicylic, benzoic), essential oil, enzymes, factor T (increases blood clotting) and others.
The seeds contain fatty oil (up to 22%) and mucus (44%), steroid saponins, oleic acid. The seed coat contains a water-soluble mucus composed of highly branched arabinoxylanic acid.
Plantain preparations have a fairly wide range of therapeutic effects and are used as an analgesic, expectorant, diuretic, diaphoretic, anti-inflammatory, antitumor, anti-sclerotic, wound healing, antispasmodic, hemostatic, antimicrobial and sedative.
One of the most beneficial properties of this plant is its ability to absorb water and form a viscous gel that can be used to regulate digestion. Due to the lubricating action of mucus, plantain facilitates the movement of the contents of the large intestine, stimulates peristalsis and moisturizes the feces. Plantain is useful as a dietary aid in people with type II diabetes, it lowers postprandial glucose levels and also helps fight cholesterol.
The cholesterol-lowering effect of psyllium has been proven by many studies in humans, monkeys, rabbits, guinea pigs, chickens, and hamsters. One of the possible mechanisms of action of plantain is to stimulate the synthesis of bile acids and the diversion of liver cholesterol for this purpose.
In pharmacies you can buy a ready-made preparation from leaves plantaglucid, which doctors prescribe for the treatment of gastritis and gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer.
Diseases for which large plantain is used
|Indications for use||Dosage form|
|Bronchitis, whooping cough, bronchial asthma, tuberculosis||Broth, infusion of leaves|
|Fever and cough of tuberculous origin||Root extract|
|Atherosclerosis, hypertension, coronary heart disease||Infusion of leaves|
|Radiation diseases, malignant tumors of the gastrointestinal tract and lungs||Infusion of leaves|
|Hypacid gastritis, gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer with normal or low acidity||The drug plantaglucidum (Plantaglucidum), purchased at the pharmacy|
|Chronic gastritis, gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer with normal and low acidity of gastric juice||Fresh leaf juice|
|Inflammation of the bladder||Root decoction|
|Intestinal, uterine, pulmonary, gastric and hemorrhoidal bleeding||Juice and infusion of leaves|
|Toxicosis of pregnant women||Fresh leaf juice|
|Corneal wounds||Leaf juice|
|Diseases of the mucous membrane of the eyes||Seeds|
|Burns, tumors, purulent wounds, boils, fresh cuts and insect bites||Seed preparations|
|Bruises, fresh cuts and wounds, chronic ulcers, fistulas, abscesses, boils||Water infusion and fresh juice from the leaves|
|Diabetes mellitus and dyspepsia||Leaf and seed preparations|
Preparation of medicinal products from plantain
1. Plantain leaf infusion: 1 tablespoon (5 g) leaves pour 1 cup boiling water (200 ml), let it brew for 15 minutes, drain. Take 1 tablespoon 3-4 times a day 30 minutes before meals.
2. Plantain leaf decoction: Put 2 tablespoons in an enamel bowl, pour 1 glass of boiling water, close the lid and heat in a boiling water bath for 30 minutes. Cool at room temperature, drain. Add boiled water to the broth to the original volume (200 ml). Take 0.5 cups 3-4 times a day 10-15 minutes before meals.
3. Fresh Juice... Take 1 tablespoon 3-4 times a day 30 minutes before meals.
4. Infusion of seeds... Pour 2 tablespoons of plantain seeds with 1 glass of water, bring to a boil, cook for 10 minutes, drain. Take 1 tablespoon 1 time per day.
In spring, young, tender leaves are used to make salads, soups, green cabbage soup, especially useful for patients with gastritis and diabetes.
Soup: some nettle and sorrel leaves are added to the plantain leaves.
Salad: Put 100-150 g of plantain leaves and 50 g of nettle leaves in boiling water for 1-2 minutes, drain the water, chop the leaves and add 50-80 g of chopped onions. Season with sour cream (or mayonnaise). Add chopped boiled egg and fresh dill and parsley. The salad can be seasoned with grated horseradish, salt and vinegar (to taste).
Procurement of raw materials
For medicinal purposes, intact green leaves with small remnants of petioles are used, collected before the onset of yellowing or reddening (preferably in the flowering phase, in May-August). The leaves are washed in water and dried in the shade. Store dry leaves in tight packages in a dry, dark place for no more than three years.
The plantain is one of the oldest medicinal plants. Its medicinal properties were used in China and in regions neighboring with it 3 thousand years ago, the ancient Romans and Greeks also knew about it. The use of plantain for various diseases is very wide.
Plantain leaves: medicinal properties
An infusion of plantain leaves is used internally as an expectorant for colds, as well as for bronchitis, bronchial asthma, whooping cough, pneumonia, pulmonary tuberculosis, pleurisy. In addition, the infusion is effective as an antipyretic agent.
Preparations based on plantain, including juice, are used to treat diarrhea, anthrax, impotence, gonorrhea, lung cancer, enuresis, nephritis, and other diseases of the urinary tract, as part of the collection - for epilepsy in children, as an antihelminthic. They also have a calming effect and are used for high blood pressure. In addition, these drugs are used to treat stomach and duodenal ulcers (with normal or low acidity) and other diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.
Outwardly, the infusion (including fresh leaves and juice) is used as a hemostatic, anti-inflammatory, wound-healing and bactericidal agent for the treatment of bruises, wounds, cuts, chronic ulcers, phlegmon, boils, purulent wounds, as well as conjunctivitis. In addition, this remedy is used to treat weeping eczema and calluses.
Plantain-based preparations (including juice) have found application in inflammatory diseases of the oral cavity and nasopharynx. Freshly crushed plantain leaves, mixed with chalk, are used to treat erysipelas.
Plantain juice: medicinal properties
Juice from fresh plantain leaves inside is used for tachycardia, gastritis (with low or normal acidity), colitis, enterocolitis, urethritis, polyuria, impotence, as well as acute respiratory diseases and headache.
The juice from plantain leaves is used externally to treat corneal wounds, toothache, nosebleeds, as well as neurodermatitis and acne. Attention should be paid to another valuable property of the juice: in a 1: 2 dilution it inhibits the growth of pathogenic staphylococcus, in a 1: 4 dilution - Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and in a 1: 2 dilution it inhibits the growth of hemolytic streptococcus.
Plantain seeds: medicinal properties
The plantain seed infusion is used internally for diabetes mellitus, male and female infertility, achilia, tumors of the gastrointestinal tract, collected for cystitis, as a diuretic for nephritis and as an expectorant.
Psyllium seed powder is used as an anti-inflammatory agent for colitis, stomach and duodenal ulcers (with normal or low acidity).
Outwardly, an infusion of plantain seeds treat eye diseases, in the form of lotions they are used for conjunctivitis.
Plantain root: medicinal properties
In comparison with other parts of the plant, the plantain root is used little. Root extract - for fever and snake bites, milk decoction - for kidney and respiratory diseases, fresh roots or alcohol tincture - for toothache, and powder - externally, as a wound healing agent.
Plantain with honey: medicinal properties
Plantain with honey is an incredibly useful remedy that is used primarily for various broncho-pulmonary diseases, including chronic ones, as well as respiratory diseases. For these purposes, plantain syrup is prepared with sugar, and best of all, of course, with honey. Here, the healing properties of honey are connected to the medicinal properties of plantain. You need to prepare this remedy in advance, before the season of colds and store in the refrigerator.
In addition, the combination of plantain and honey is used to treat various diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, including gastritis, stomach and duodenal ulcers, enteritis, enterocolitis, flatulence, colic, it is also valuable for atherosclerosis, pulmonary actinomycosis. A faster way is to take a large plantain infusion, to which, immediately before use, add 1 tsp. honey.
The benefits of plantain juice
The juice is used to treat the following diseases:
- stomach ulcer, duodenal ulcer
- enterocolitis, colitis
- inflammation of the bladder
- damage to the cornea of the eye
- Staphylococcus aureus
- Pseudomonas aeruginosa
- lung cancer with complex treatment.
For women plantain juice will be useful for:
Plantain with honey has a diuretic effect and is used to treat both adults and children.
Features of the herb plantain
Plantain has a short rhizome, from which cordlike thin roots extend. The composition of the root leaf rosette includes petiolate leaf plates. As a rule, representatives of this genus have leafless and erect peduncles. However, sometimes there are also such species in which leafy and branched flower stalks. The dense, end capitate or spike-shaped inflorescence consists of very small flowers that do not represent any decorative value. The fruit of this plant is a polyspermous capsule. As a rule, wind is involved in the process of pollination of plantain.
Plantain and its medicinal properties widely used in many countries of Asia and Europe. This plant is also called the "seven-veined companion", as it has vertical veins on the foliage. This name is even closer to him than the common one - plantain, since he prefers to grow not only near the road, but asks all animals or people as companions. Its ripe seeds stick, as if glued, to the skins of animals, shoes and clothing of people. But, nevertheless, its real name is as follows. This is largely due to the fact that even the plantain living near the path or near the road turns out to be more adaptable and grows well. It is not a hindrance for him - compacted and trampled soil.
In medicine and industry, plantain and Indian seeds are used. For treatment, the leaves of the flea and large plantain are used, since it is they that contain vitamin C, carotene and phytoncides. Extracts are prepared from the leaves and used as an expectorant. Plantain juice is used to treat gastritis and enteritis, as well as to improve digestion.
Why plantain is useful
The healing properties of this plant have been known since the times of Ancient Greece and Rome. At that time, doctors used its juice as a fortifying agent, treated eye and ear diseases with it, the leaves were used to stop bleeding, heal burns, ulcers, abscesses, dog bites.
Plantain has long been used in folk medicine.
Tibetan healers recommend plantain for cystitis and frequent miscarriages (plant seeds are used) for digestive disorders (herbal tincture) and diarrhea, accompanied by an increase in temperature (a mixture of plantain juice with honey).
Traditional Chinese medicine considers fresh plantain herb as a diuretic, hemostatic and wound healing agent, in addition, it is used to treat chronic bronchitis. The seeds are used for coughs, diabetes, obesity, constipation, infertility (both female and male).
In Mongolia, plantain is considered not only a hemostatic and diuretic, but also an antipyretic; it is also used to increase the general tone of the body.
Plantain is a green healer. Photo by the author
Official domestic medicine recommends plantain juice in the treatment of gastrointestinal diseases (anacid and hypocidal gastritis, colitis, enteritis, acute and chronic enterocolitis, gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer with reduced secretion of hydrochloric acid). Important! For gastric ulcer with high acidity and hyperacid gastritis, plantain preparations contraindicated... Their use is not recommended, and with increased blood clotting, a tendency to form blood clots.
In folk medicine, plantain preparations (juice, infusion and decoction of leaves, syrup, tincture, dry seeds and their decoction) are used in the treatment of inflammatory diseases of the respiratory system (bronchitis, laryngitis, pneumonia), kidney diseases, hypertension, chronic ulcers, abscesses, boils, wounds and cuts. Diluted juice can be used to gargle, rinse the eyes in case of inflammatory processes.
Interesting: domestic literature claims that the most pronounced healing properties are expressed in the plantain (although at the same time it is said about the similarity of the chemical composition of various species of this plant). But in the reference book, translated from the German edition, we read: "The big plantain is used in folk medicine much less often than its lanceolate relative."
Various types of plantain have healing properties.
Plantain seeds are harvested as a feed additive for birds. They have a beneficial effect on digestion, normalize the activity of the gastrointestinal tract and enrich the diet of birds with vitamins.
Young leaves large plantain can be used in cooking: salads are prepared from them, they are added to side dishes for meat and fish dishes. In some European countries, it is grown as a vegetable crop deer-horned plantain (Plantago coronopus) - it is eaten fresh (in salads).