Growing multi-tiered onions
Winter is the time to get acquainted with new crops for the garden. Although someone tiered bowprobably familiar, because more than a century has passed since he arrived in Russia.
It is strange that this culture has not received mass distribution. Most likely, this was due to the fact that the tiered bow does not have a dormant period, and in warmer climates, it would probably vegetate continuously.
Before the start of shooting, in appearance, the bed of a multi-tiered onion is no different from an onion. Basal bulb is oval, medium-sized, pungent in taste, covered with purple or violet-red husks. Fisty leaves with a bluish waxy bloom, large, juicy, up to 80 cm long. Thus, the feather yield is 5 kg per 1m², not counting the fact that the bulb of the multi-tiered onion is also quite conditional.
In place of the planted bulb, a multi-tiered onion (like a onion) grows 2-3 replacement bulbs from the second year of the growing season. But unlike onions, a multi-tiered onion can grow in one place without transplanting for 3-6 years, until it becomes cramped, because it is not afraid of frost and even in winters with little snow can withstand temperatures up to -40 ° C.
From the second year of life, the multi-tiered bow begins to expel its amazing arrows, on which, instead of flowers, children grow - small onions.
At first, the arrow looks a little like a garlic one, but then a continuation grows from its center, on which the second tier is formed, and then the third. Air onions are arranged in a circle of 4-10 pieces on each tier. At the very first, they are larger, almost from samples of onions, and on the subsequent ones they are smaller. But they are all equally viable, and while still on the maternal arrow, they are already releasing green leaves and growing the rudiments of roots.
The air bulbs ripen in early August and are no longer firmly attached to the arrow, and the arrow, under their weight, tends to lie on the ground - to plant its children. Therefore, at the time of shooting, it is necessary to make supports for the arrows and do not delay the cleaning of the children. By the time the air bulbs ripen, the underground replacement bulbs also finish their development and begin to expel green leaves. If at this moment you feed the onion and create additional conditions for it, then you will be provided with greens right up to the snow.
Both puffed bulbs and adult bulbs can be used for winter forcing green feathers in boxes on the windowsill or in a heated greenhouse by bridge planting. Since a multi-tiered bow does not have a dormant period, it starts to grow immediately after disembarkation. The greens are harvested when the feather is stretched to a height of 30 cm, together with the bulbs, or they are cut off, leaving 5 cm above the neck. With the latter method, you can get up to 20 kg of green feathers from 1 m² for the entire period of forcing.
In the open field, multi-tiered onions can be grown in both perennial and annual crops. The land for planting it should be allotted fertile, with a slightly acidic reaction, without stagnant water, but sufficiently moist, clean of weeds, and, most importantly, freed from the snow as soon as possible. It is best to form ridges with a height of 10-20 cm, depending on the composition of the soil, and fill them with organic (1 bucket per running meter) and complex mineral fertilizers. Filling the soil should be thorough, especially if you plan to grow multi-tiered onions in a perennial culture and get not only greens from it, but also a harvest of air bulbs.
Small onions can be planted with two to three-line ribbons. The distance between the ribbons is 50 cm, between the lines in the ribbon - 20-25 cm, between the bulbs in a row - 10 cm.The planting depth is 2-3 cm from the top of the bulb to the soil surface, large ones are planted a little deeper, small ones - a little shallower. Planting time can be any, the onion takes root well even in the middle of summer, when it is propagated by dividing an adult bush. The main thing is that it has time to take root well before frost. For better rooting, regular watering is carried out until the first leaves appear.
In the spring, after the snow melts, the remnants of last year's dead leaves should be removed from the garden bed, the aisles of the onion should be loosened and top dressing should be given with a solution of mineral nitrogen fertilizer or a solution of organic fertilizer. Subsequent top dressing is carried out after cutting the greens with nitrogen and potash fertilizers, instead of potash fertilizers, ash can be used - in a liter can per running meter of the ridge. If you cover the plantings of multi-tiered onions with foil in the spring, then the harvest of green feathers can be obtained two weeks earlier.
Air bulbs can not be planted in the year they were harvested, but saved until spring. To do this, well-ripened, but not sprouted onions are dried in a draft and folded into mesh, cloth or paper bags and stored in a dry, cool place with good ventilation until planting. Air bulbs keep well even at sub-zero temperatures (but not lower than -15 °).
Oddly enough, but at the moment only one variety of multi-tiered onions has been zoned, but there are quite a few local varieties of populations, stable and fruitful, so the lover still has plenty to choose from.
I wish this healthy and productive viviparous onion to appear in your garden.
A. Kremneva, agronomist
Also read: Multi-tiered bow, useful properties, agricultural technology →
Harvesting and storage
1-2 feathers can be cut to the table at any time, but the first mass cutting of the crop is carried out only in mid-June... If air bulbs are not needed, the arrow is also removed, then the onion will actually be single-tiered, this season it will be possible to cut the foliage 1-2 more times. Leaves are eaten immediately or stored for 2-3 weeks in the refrigerator in a bag. The excess crop can be cut up and frozen.
Air bulbs are ready to be harvested in the second half of summer, when they acquire a color corresponding to the variety. They are removed if they easily come off the peduncle. If they are needed for planting, they are slightly dried.
Onions are not very interesting for eating fresh, so the onions are usually pickled.
The tiered onion is an interesting plant that is very easy to care for. Usually it is grown for greens, but many housewives also know how to process air bulbs into delicious preparations.
Skoroda onion (Allium schoenoprasum) is a perennial (grown in culture as an annual, biennial) plant with a false stem and bulb, forming up to 150 or more branches by the fourth year of life.
He's a chive bow
The leaves are tubular, 25-45 cm long, 2-3 times thinner than that of the batun and multi-tiered onions. Floral arrows are thin, 30-50 cm high, delicate, very juicy. The flowers are narrow-bell-shaped, pink, lilac, purple (there are also forms with white flowers) in dense, spherical or oval umbrellas with a diameter of 2.5 cm bloom in the second year of life, in May or June. The fruits ripen in July-August.
Decorative variety: 'Forescate '- more vigorous, 60 cm high, flowers are light purple-pink.
How to grow onions from seeds
Late autumn or early spring is considered the right time to plant perennial onions with seeds in open ground. Sowing made in the frozen soil of a pre-prepared bed is good because it allows the seeds to soak in moisture in early spring and germinate at a time suitable for the plant. This makes it possible to get an early harvest of young onions 2 weeks earlier compared to spring sowing.
Spring sowing has its advantages. When planted in early spring, a larger percentage of seeds emerge. Onion beds are less overgrown with weeds. The soil with this sowing is looser, and the plants develop better.
When choosing a way to grow perennial onions from seeds, you need to pay attention to the peculiarities of the climate. In the southern regions, where spring begins early, the soil quickly loses moisture, sowing seeds in early spring is more suitable.
Where the winters are snowy, and the melting of snow continues until the end of April, frosts continue until mid-June, the baton can be planted in the ground before winter.
Onion. Growing onions
Onion. Growing onions. Onion varieties. Onion cultivation. How to grow onions.
Shallots, Batun Onions, Chives, Slime Onions, Allspice Onions, Tiered Onions, Leeks. How to grow
Ramson. Varieties and cultivation technology
Bulbous vegetable plants require fertile soil with a high concentration of mineral salts. Onions grow well on cultivated sandy loam soils. For it, you need to make average doses of mineral fertilizers in combination with the use of manure for the previous crop. It is better to add all fertilizers immediately to the main dressing, since onions do not respond well to feeding. Excessive nitrogen prolongs the maturation of the bulbs.
Contains the same vitamins as onions. It also has a more delicate and sweetish taste. It gained particular popularity in French cuisine, where it is used to prepare a variety of sauces, such as Bernese. However, shallots are very difficult to peel. But at the same time, it gives a unique taste if it is added entirely to goulash or finely chopped into a salad dressing.
Leeks have a more delicate taste than onions. It has a more onion flavor, so it is used in dishes to add a special flavor. Soil and sand get stuck between the leek leaves, so rinse it well before cooking.
To do this, the onion is cut in half lengthwise and placed vertically under running cold water.
How to grow leeks? How to grow leek seedlings?
How are leek seedlings grown?
Leeks are grown through seedlings, which are planted in the ground at the age of 60-70 days. Seeds for seedlings are sown in early March so that they are ready for planting in early May.
What varieties of leeks are grown?
Leek varieties and their description
How to grow wild garlic? How to grow a victory onion?
Victory onion (bear onion, wild garlic) is a wild-growing perennial onion. In Russia, there are mainly two closely related species: the victory onion, common in Siberia, the Far East and the Caucasus
Varieties of tiered onions and their description. How to grow tiered onions?
Why is this bow called multi-tiered?
Multi-tiered onions (Egyptian, Canadian, horned, viviparous) are characterized by high healing properties.
Varieties of allspice onions and their description. How to grow sweet onions?
What does a fragrant onion look like?
Allspice is a perennial herb with long narrow leaves of light green color, the arrow is short, woody with a loose openwork umbrella and white flowers.
Slug onion varieties and their description. How to grow a slime onion.
What is a slime onion?
In nature, this type of onion is found in the steppes, on meadow and stony soils of Western Siberia, in Eastern Siberia, in Northern Kazakhstan.
How are chives grown? What conditions are necessary for growing chives, chives.
Chives do not form bulbs. It is grown as an annual, biennial, and perennial crop.
What varieties of chives are grown?
Varieties of chives and their description
How is the onion grown? Necessary conditions for growing batun onions.
You can get green onion-batuna in an annual or perennial culture.
What varieties of onions are grown? Varieties of onion-batun and their description
How are shallots different from onions?
Shallots are a type of onion. Presumably, the homeland of this type of onion is Asia Minor. In Russia, it is also known under the names kuschevka, shrike, family. Grown throughout Western Europe.
All about growing onions. Growing onions from sets. Problems with growing onions.
Shallots: planting, care and cultivation
In cooking, onions are used in the preparation of many dishes. Onions come in different colors and tastes. Onions are well known to everyone, but shallots began to gain popularity among summer residents and culinary specialists. But not everyone knows what it is, and many ate it more than once, but did not know the name.
Shallot is a unique type of onion. It has several names - family onion, shrike, kuschevka. The main feature of shallots is that they keep well. In a dry place it can be stored for 2-3 years without germination.
Shallots are multi-seed. One bulb can be a nest of several small bulbs (from 4 to 10). This bow comes in white and blue. Today, most summer residents prefer to plant it.
Shallot growing system
Shallots must be planted in the last decade of April and be in time before May 5 (no later). Before planting, soak in hot water (water temperature is about 50 C) for 30 minutes, you can add vitaros to the water.
Then cut off the hangers and plant them in the soil, not often (at a distance of 15 - 20 cm from each other). To do this, you need to draw a line in the ground along which the planting will take place, and put the bow along it. Do not plant deep, but set. Because the ideal planting for an onion is a bulb above the ground, roots in the ground. Then pour an earthen mound 2 cm high on top of the bulb.
Water, feed and loosen the onions along the edges of the hill and gently from above. Gradually, the hill will slide, the bulb will become bare and begin to grow.
Many people dislike shallots because of the small size of the bulbs. In order for the crop to be larger, the planting bulb must be cut lengthwise into 2 parts. In this case, she will produce 2-3 larger bulbs.
Diseases and pests
Like any plant, shallots are not immune to pests. Kerosene is well suited to combat them. A strip of fabric must be wound into a ball and soaked well with kerosene, and then stretched around the entire perimeter and left, not a single fly will damage it.
Onions suffer most from downy mildew. You can save a plant from this disease by spraying it with homme with the addition of paste.
Cook the paste liquid (from 4 tablespoons of flour), dissolve the hom in hot water. Strain the home and paste, bring the whole mixture to 10 liters and spray until the onset of the illness. Re-spray after two weeks and forget about it forever.
Shallots in cooking
Shallots have a very savory taste. In its raw form, most prefer other types of onions, but when cooking, they choose shallots. It is more tender, lacks pungency, does not have a strong onion flavor. European and Russian restaurateurs use this bow. There are many times more vitamins and nutrients in shallots than in onions. He also has very delicate and tasty greens, so this onion is definitely more suitable for those who like to cook salads.
Multi-tiered onions, cultivation, properties
The multi-tiered onion is a type of onion that is highly frost-resistant, thanks to which the plant has gained considerable popularity among gardeners. This perennial plant overwinters in areas where onions cannot grow outdoors.
In the wild, the plant is found in the Altai mountains, in the north of Mongolia, in Eastern Siberia. The multi-tiered bow got its name for its unusual appearance, sometimes it is called "Egyptian bow", "horned bow", etc. On its arrows in several tiers grow airy bulbs, which are also called bulbs.
These bulbs do not lose their germination even in winter, remaining on the soil surface. The multi-tiered onion is eaten with young leaves, which are cut in early spring and early summer and eaten fresh.
Bulbs and basal bulbs are also used to prepare various dishes.They are not as tender as those of onions, but they are more pungent and bitter in taste and after cutting they retain their juiciness for a long time. In cooking, they are salted, pickled, dressings are made, and added to salads.