A plant such as garden lily is directly related to the lily family. There are more than 80 different types of lilies in nature. Most of them were very popular among flower growers until, thanks to the efforts of breeders, many hybrid species were born.
Homeland of lily
In natural conditions, lilies can be found in Europe, Asia, and also in North America. A large number of different legends are associated with this beautiful flower. So, in ancient Greece, it was believed that lilies, painted white, are droplets of milk of the goddess Hera. For Christians, this white flower symbolizes the Mother of God.
Lily is often used in heraldry. Also, this plant was not deprived of attention by poets and writers. It has extraordinary beauty and healing properties.
Features of lily bulbs
A perennial like a lily grows from a bulb. Bulbs can be very small. So, their diameter can be equal to only 1 cm. But under natural conditions there are very large bulbs, the diameter of which can reach about 30 cm. Bulbs can have different shapes: ovoid or spherical. A large number of leaf plates are located on the shoots of the plant. The height of the stems can vary from 50 to 250 cm (depending on the species and variety). In some species, the leaf plates are twisted in a spiral, while in others, they are simply assembled into a leaf root rosette.
The plant has one cylindrical inflorescence, which includes all flowers. The inflorescence usually contains up to 16 flowers. It happens that up to 30 flowers grow on one plant, while they do not bloom immediately, but gradually. In this case, flowering begins from the top and gradually goes down. On average, each flower can live for about 8 days. In the central part of the flowers there is a pistil and 6 stamens. There are a large number of forms of the flower itself. In the wild, you can find lilies in both white and blue colors, as well as pink, apricot and orange. Also flowers can be multi-colored. The appearance of fruits on the plant occurs in the month of October. They are boxes with seeds inside.
Types of lilies with photos and names
There are a fairly large number of species, both natural and created by breeders. Below are the most popular types.
Such plants include hybrid as well as garden species (for example, lily of David, tiger lily, etc.). And the Dutch lily also belongs to them. Such plants are the owners of a relatively small bulb. They grow and develop normally in almost any environment. They are not afraid of either drought or too low air temperature. This species blooms very early in June. There are compact dwarf varieties, their stem height is not more than 40 cm, but there are also varieties with the length of the shoots reaching 100 cm. The flower has the shape of a bowl. A fairly large number of flowers can grow on one bush.
Martagon (Curly hybrid lilies)
There are about 100 different types of such plants. They have rather long stems. These species are distinguished by their high frost resistance. Any soil is suitable for growing all these species, while the illumination does not really matter. However, this hybrid species has not gained much popularity among flower growers.
It was from such a garden form that a lily of a pure white color was formed. This species does not have a very large number of varieties, but their flowers are incredibly fragrant, large enough and painted in rich colors.
This is not a complete list of lily species that grow both in nature and in gardens. Thanks to the labor of breeders, all new varieties appear. At the same time, hybrid plants have external differences, and also differ in the necessary growing conditions.
Garden lily charm. Titles + photos
Growing lilies outdoors
Growing lilies is a very fun process. It should be remembered that such a plant has an extremely negative attitude towards the transplant procedure. In this regard, it is recommended to grow it directly for several years. For planting lilies, experts advise choosing a sufficiently well-lit place, protected from strong gusts of wind. The most suitable soil for this type of plant should be loose, well-drained and rich in nutrients. In order for the flowers to grow better and hurt less, about 4 weeks before they are planted, ash must be added to the ground and everything must be dug well. Also, humus and peat are suitable for fertilizing the soil, as well as other mineral fertilizers that can be purchased at a specialized store.
When choosing a lily bulb in a flower shop, it is imperative to find out which species this plant is related to. The fact is that the features of care for different types of lilies are somewhat different. You should stop your choice on the strongest bulbs, on the surface of which there are no signs of damage, as well as rot. It should be borne in mind that the minimum root length for bulbs of these flowers is 5 cm.
It is necessary to plant lily bulbs in the autumn or spring, in some cases this procedure can be carried out in the summer. Planting plants in the spring is a fairly popular option. In this case, the bulb will be able to root well, get stronger and not freeze during the winter.
But experts still advise planting lilies in autumn. The roots have time to start before the first frost. However, in this case, the grower should take all the necessary measures for the successful wintering of the bulbs. These flowers are usually planted in the first month of autumn. But at this time, the grower may have difficulty buying high-quality bulbs. It is possible during this period to transplant the lilies available on the site.
It should be remembered that it is necessary to plant such plants in spring and autumn according to the same principle. The first step is to prepare the hole by digging it out. At the bottom of the hole, you need to pour sand, and then lower the onion into it. The roots must be carefully straightened, and then again pour sand into the hole. From above, the bulb must be covered with soil, and upon completion of planting, it is necessary to water the plant abundantly enough. Planting depth directly depends on the type and variety of lilies. So, it can be equal to 15-30 cm.
A fairly deep planting postpones the beginning of flowering, but at the same time such a lily gives a greater number of offspring. By the onset of the autumn period, such a plant has time to grow, and if necessary, at this time, you can transplant a lily by simultaneously multiplying it. However, not in all cases it is required to wait for the onset of the autumn period, so a lily transplant can be carried out immediately after the plant has faded.
- you need to dig out the flower with a pitchfork (this will protect the bulbs from damage);
- the root system must be doused with water;
- then young shoots are separated and immersed for some time in a weak solution of manganese potassium;
- the roots must be trimmed so that they are about 10 cm long;
- lilies are planted in the soil.
This flower is not demanding to care for. It needs to be watered on time and weeds removed. During intensive growth, the lily needs a lot of moisture. However, you should try not to flood the plant, as it does not like excessive dampness. On hot summer days, watering is carried out in the morning and evening hours, while it is recommended to mulch the soil so that it does not dry out very quickly.
The 1st feeding is carried out in the spring after the emergence of shoots. When flowering begins, lilies are fed with phosphorus-potassium fertilizer. Fertilizers necessary for feeding can be purchased at a specialized store.
Often, hybrid oriental lilies tolerate wintering very poorly. It is recommended to cover such a flower in rainy weather, this will avoid strong soaking of the soil and the development of rot on the bulbs. You only need to air the lilies when the sun is shining.
The lack of flowering may be due to deep planting. The rapid wilting of flowers is associated with overheating of the soil. In this case, its surface must be mulched.
How to care for lilies. Garden World site
Only one pest can appear on the plant - the lily beetle. It is recommended to collect it by hand. The fact is that chemical treatment can significantly spoil the appearance of the foliage.
When the lily has faded, you need to wait a while and only then collect the seeds. Watering is carried out until late autumn or before the transplant.
It is necessary to store the bulbs correctly. So, the bulbs should be cleaned from the soil and dried.
Astrantia flower - planting and care in the open field, varieties with a description, photo
The spectacular but little-known perennials of Astrania can be used in a variety of ways in the garden. They have a delicate silhouette, flowers with numerous protruding stamens, similar to brooches in the shape of stars. They are decorative after flowering. Learn how to grow Astrantia - planting and care in the open field, photo varieties, plant propagation.
- Description of the plant
- Popular varieties
- Planting in the garden
- Pick-up location
- Growing in the garden
- Frost resistance
- Diseases, pests
- Application in the garden
Garden geranium, unpretentious to growing conditions, depending on the species, can be tall or undersized, it differs not only in size, but also in the color of flowers. You can choose a bush suitable for a flower garden or rockery, choosing from several varieties. The following perennial varieties of street pelargonium are most popular with gardeners.
- Balkan (large rhizome).
It has a thick branched rhizome, the bush grows up to 30 cm. The leaves are long, dark green, in autumn they acquire a yellow-red hue. Peduncles are long, inflorescences are red or purple in color. In the photo below you can see the shape of the flowers in close-up.
An unpretentious herbaceous shrub that grows in one place for up to 10 years. Abundant flowering, bright purple inflorescences.
Differs in medium-sized purple flowers, branched erect stems 50-70 cm high. The bush remains compact, blooms all summer. In August, small seeds ripen, the variety multiplies by self-sowing.
- Blood red.
Differs in abundant flowering, bright red flowers reach a diameter of 4 cm. A spherical bush grows up to 60 cm, leaves are light green, with a dissected pattern, turn red in autumn. Flowering lasts all summer. The photo shows a blood-red pelargonium bush in all its glory.
- Himalayan (large-flowered).
The bushes reach a height of 30-50 cm, leaves with rounded edges grow up to 10 cm long. The flowers are large, about 5 cm in diameter, purple, with bright reddish veins.
Large-flowered species, blooms from May to June with blue-violet flowers. The height of the bush is 40-60 cm, in autumn the green leaves turn red.
- Variety "Summer sky".
An unusually spectacular variety with large double flowers of a blue color, with a diameter of about 3 cm. Abundant flowering, the bush reaches a height of 50-60 cm.
It looks like a dense bush, reaches a height of 120 cm. Lilac-blue flowers appear in the middle of summer, do not flourish until autumn. The photo shows a close-up of the blooming health resort on a grassy meadow.
Transplanting and dividing bulbs
In order for a lily, planting and caring for which in the open field does not require special skills, to develop well and bloom, its bulbs must be regularly transplanted to a new place. Otherwise, their stems become lethargic, and the flowers become smaller. The frequency of the necessary transplant depends on the type of lily grown:
- Curly and American lilies without transplanting are grown up to 15 years.
- Oriental and Long-flowered lilies, OT and La hybrids are transplanted every 3-5 years.
- Asiatic and Tubular lilies can be replanted every year as they grow intensively.
Transplant in the fall
The optimal time for transplanting a lily, the care of which was organized according to all the rules, is early autumn. The bulbs are dug up in August or early September, a month and a half after flowering. By this time, they have accumulated a sufficient amount of nutrients and quickly take root in a new place. With late autumn planting, there is a high probability that the bulbs will not have time to take root and will die in the frozen ground.
Children are separated from the bulbs dug out for transplantation. Often they fall off on their own, but if the daughter bulbs are tightly collected in the nest, they are cut off with a clean knife, making sure to keep a part of the bottom on each bulb. Dividing the bulbs is the easiest and most reliable way to reproduce lilies, in which all the maternal qualities of the variety are preserved.
Dry and rotting scales are removed from the bulbs, and too long roots are cut off. They are treated with antifungal drugs: 1% solution of potassium permanganate, 2% iodine, 1% ferrous sulfate, and foundation. Then they are dried in a shaded, well-ventilated place.
It is advisable to plant lilies in a new place within a week after digging so that the bulbs do not dry out. Small daughter bulbs are planted separately for growing to a depth of 5-7 cm and after a year or two, they are again transplanted to a permanent place.
Oriental and OT hybrids of lilies are transplanted in the spring, since they fade only by the end of August. Their bulbs are dug up in late autumn, dried and stored in a cool place. Place them in plastic bags or plastic containers with ventilation holes and sprinkle with wet sawdust or moss to keep them from drying out. The bulbs are planted in a permanent place when the threat of recurrent frosts has passed.
Dividing the nest of lily bulbs in spring
Spring transplanting is also permissible when growing other types of lilies, before the appearance, or at the very beginning of the development of sprouts. It is important to take into account that during the spring transplant, lilies develop rapidly and the appearance of early shoots can lead to their death due to late frosts.
Lily transplant in summer
Snow-white lilies need a summer transplant, the vegetation cycle of which has its own characteristics. They enter the resting phase in July-August, and by September they are already beginning to form a new rosette. When transplanting, you do not need to cut the stem, but it is advisable to shorten the long roots to 7-10 cm. Water the lilies after the completion of the procedure should be abundant, stimulating the growth of new roots.
Dividing and planting lilies in July is also possible when growing Asiatic lilies. The dug nests are divided into separate stems with a bulb and immediately planted in a new place. In this case, the buds and existing flowers are cut off.
Growing lilies in the country is possible even for a novice florist, provided that he follows the rules for caring for them. It is important to remember that depending on the species, lilies need different conditions, the observance of which will be the key to abundant and colorful flowering.