How to create a continuous flowering flower bed in the garden
It is very easy to create a holiday feeling in the garden from spring to autumn. It is necessary to plant balsams, viola (pansies), coleus, catharanthus, primroses, Drummond phlox, petunias in the flower garden.
The main advantage of these flowers is their decorative effect throughout the summer. The short, compact bushes are so densely covered with flowers that even one plant can decorate any flower bed or flowerpot!
Firm "Agros" offers more than 200 types of flowers of the Japanese seed company "SAKATA" - the world leader in the selection and production of flower seeds. "SAKATA" presents to Siberians an amazing collection of viols (pansies) - more than 35 hybrids, primroses for a spring flower garden - 27 hybrids, 18 varieties of Drummond phlox, more than 40 hybrids of petunias, coleus, balsams, catharanthus.
Do you want your garden to be surrounded by airy clouds of pink, white, purple flowers? Stop your choice on petunias of the "Explorer" series
Petunia hybrid Explorer (Petunia hybrida)
A perennial plant grown as an annual. It has a sprawling habitus of a bush, the length of the shoots is up to 100 cm, it can be used as an ampelous or ground cover plant. The bush blooms profusely, blooms in early spring and continues to bloom until autumn frosts.
The diameter of the flower is 5.0-7.5 cm. The petals have a glossy waxy structure that reflects water, due to which the plant recovers very quickly after rain. Petunia is a relatively unpretentious and very plastic plant, not demanding on soils, tolerates drought, cold snap and slight frosts.
Very often gardeners ask: - How to properly grow petunia seedlings so that they are strong and bloom for a long time?
Seeds for seedlings are sown in the last decade of March, it is not worth sowing earlier, because daylight hours are still short, and the seedlings will stretch too much.
The seeds (the Japanese company "SAKATA" produces the seeds of petunias in a coated form) are laid out on the surface, but in no case covered with earth. The temperature required for germination is 20 ... 23 ° C.
The soil should not dry out; if watering is necessary, you can spray it with water from a spray bottle. When shoots appear (7-10 days), the bowls are rearranged in the brightest place and still do not allow the substrate to dry out.
If seedlings of ampelous hybrid petunias (surfinia, petunia Explorer) are grown, then the seedlings must be supplemented (daylight hours at least 14 hours). With a short day, this petunia builds up its vegetative mass, but blooms late. When 2-3 true leaves appear, the seedlings dive into cups with a diameter of 5-7 cm.
They are planted in open ground from the second half of May at a distance of 15-25 cm, ampelous forms - 30-40 cm.In order for petunia to bloom profusely, it is necessary to fertilize with complex fertilizer every 10-15 days, this is especially true for large-flowered hybrids.
flower culture specialist,
agronomist ATF "AGROS" LLC, Novosibirsk
How to make a flower garden all-season?
Flower arrangements always attract attention. However, not all of them are able to hold their gaze for a long time.
The simplest flower garden is done quickly and easily. The main thing is to have seeds or seedlings at hand. Until recently, some summer residents did just that.
It often turned out that for a month the flower bed delighted the eye with a riot of colors and shapes. Then the flowers faded and the remaining months, until the very winter, at best, turned green.
Beds of continuous flowering began to come into fashion gradually. As a rule, the time from idea to implementation takes only a year.
The main thing is to understand the basic principles and approaches to achieve your goal.
The first rule of creating a continuous flowering flower garden is to select plants from among perennials so that they bloom at different times.
It is necessary to achieve such a result that the flower bed is in flowers, from early spring to late autumn. Moreover, in winter it should not turn into a snowdrift.
For the first time, the layout of the plants will not hurt. The diagram can be drawn on paper or drawn up on a computer using a program.
When the flower garden is broken in an open area, tall plants are placed in the center. Closer to the edge - medium and low. Ground cover can be planted along the contour.
The same sequence is observed when decorating a mixborder located along a wall or fence.
In order to create a flower bed with continuous flowering of perennials, it is not necessary to collect dozens of varieties and species.
It will be enough to choose 7-9 species that bloom at different times.
It is advisable to take into account the flowering period of each plant, within 3-4 weeks.
The simplest calculation shows that for one flowering plant there will be two species in the wilting stage and the same at the flowering stage.
The composition can include decorative deciduous specimens and re-blooming.
To fill the resulting gaps, sowing of annuals is allowed, which can be changed every year.
How to create continuous flowering flower beds. Examples, description
A flower bed of continuous flowering of perennials is a beauty that does not require serious sacrifices and is ready to delight itself every year in a warm season.
Perennial beds have advantages over flower arrangements with plants that bloom for just one season. If you create a bright spot in the landscape with perennial flora, you don't have to worry about design for several years. The flowering process will be renewed annually. You just need to provide the plants with proper care to preserve the beauty of the flower bed.
How to create a continuous flowering flower bed?
The list of plants for a flower bed directly depends on its location. Let's take a look at the main sites on the site where you can arrange a flower garden, and consider which plants are suitable for their design.
The flower garden is located in a sunny place along the path
It is more logical to arrange it so that it can be viewed from all sides. Therefore, in the center we place tall plants that grow up to 100-150 cm (delphinium, lupine, weigelu, daylily), and along the edges, relatively undersized perennial flowers and shrubs (Japanese spirea, heuchera, euphorbia, cinquefoil, cuff, cloves).
In addition, in order for the flower garden to be elegant from spring to autumn, it is necessary to take into account the timing of flowering. On such a flowerbed in May, lupine blooms in June and July - heuchera, cuff, carnation, alpine, daylily delphinium pleases in August.
Not only perennial flowers can grow on a flower bed, but also shrubs that have a long flowering period: from the end of June to the very frost, Japanese spirea and cinquefoil shrubs usually bloom. The beauty weigela also charms 2 times per season - in early June and late August.
The flower garden is in the shade and surrounded by paths
In the shade, it is usually necessary to plant plants that do not thrive in direct sunlight or prefer moist soil. Shade-tolerant hosta, badan, geranium, thuja, irises, horizontal juniper correspond to these conditions.
Moreover, it is necessary to correctly arrange the plants in height. Knowing that hosts, incense and geraniums grow up to 30-40 cm, they are planted in the foreground. Closer to the middle of the flower garden, taller plants are placed: thymus spherical, larch on a trunk, irises, daylilies, aquilegia.
It should be remembered that shade-loving plants please, as a rule, not with flowering, but with their delicate and juicy foliage or needles. Therefore, shady flower beds are more monochromatic.
A flower bed along a fence or wall
When decorating a flower bed along a fence or wall, you should also follow the rules for planting plants in the form of a "ladder". Therefore, undersized shrubs or flowers are planted in the foreground.
In the above diagram, Japanese spirea and ground cover roses are placed closer to the edge of the flower garden. It is no coincidence that a juniper is planted between them, it serves as a dividing layer between two shrubs blooming at the same time.
To give the flower garden a more solemn look and create the effect of symmetry in it, tall plants with a pyramidal crown are planted along the fence. The basis of this composition is made up of panicle hydrangea bushes located in the center.
The white summer flowering of hydrangea is supported by pale pink candle-shaped inflorescences of Douglas spirea, symmetry is emphasized by pyramidal thuja beautifully standing on both sides of the flower garden. Delphinium sets the color in the autumn and its height enhances the effect of "striving upward".
A flower bed separating the recreation area from the garden
Typically, these flower beds are located in a sunny spot in the middle of the site. In such a composition, plants are planted, the height of which reaches no more than 2-3 m. This is necessary so that they do not create a large shadow.
In early spring, the flower garden is decorated with conifers: junipers, spherical and pyramidal thuja (for example, the vertical is emphasized by the pyramidal thuja Smaragd). Closer to summer, the baton is intercepted by the viburnum-leaved Luteus and irises, and groundcover roses, hydrangeas and alpine carnations are responsible for summer flowering.
Flower garden at the entrance to the site
The flowerbed at the entrance to the backyard area should be the brightest and most impressive. Here is an example of such a flower garden:
The year-round whitish-blue needles of the dwarf spruce Glauka Globoza will not leave anyone indifferent. In contrast to it, it is worth planting a green horizontal juniper.
The spring season in the flower garden is opened by the Nippon Snowmouth spirea, then the cinquefoil, Japanese spiraea, euphorbia, Douglas spiraea and tree hydrangea bloom. Heuchera also brings a certain color to the flower garden - all thanks to its bright red foliage.
The main rules for creating a flower garden
Thus, when creating a flower garden on the site, you must follow 4 rules for planting plants.
- Determine whether the flower bed will be in the shade or in the light.
- Choose plants based on the conditions of maintenance (soil moisture, access to light).
- Choose crops with different flowering periods.
- Distribute the plants according to the "ladder" principle: from the lowest at the edge of the flower bed to the highest in the background.
Selection of green shrubs
Green shrubs are a universal element of any flower bed, since they almost always organically complement a flower arrangement of plants of one year or perennials planted with their own hands. Unlike low-growing trees, ornamental shrubs grow much faster, and their vitality is much higher. For example, branches of a green shrub that have been caught in the night frost can be cut off, while its attractiveness will still be preserved. If you compare them with herbaceous plants, then green shrubs do not need to be planted every season and dug out for the winter.
So that even in winter there are bright colors on the site, when planning a plan for planting plantings in a flower bed with your own hands, consider the following: decorative leafy shrubs are able to delight with juicy greens almost until frost, ornamental fruit shrubs, for example, cotoneaster or dwarf mountain ash - these are bright colors in the winter garden.
Green shrubs are classified into three groups:
- decorative flowering
- decorative leaf
- decorative fruit.
A flower garden of perennials is well decorated with ornamental-leaved shrubs, which are divided into: deciduous and evergreen. When choosing a type of shrub, consider the following features:
- Weather conditions and frost resistance.
- Demanding lighting (sunny area, partial shade or shade).
- Soil type.
- "Relationship" with neighboring plants.
When planting a shrub in a flower arrangement, consider the maximum size. Dwarf and miniature green shrubs and bushes, creeping forms are traditional elements in flowering areas. In addition to a beautiful background, such plants are able to block the spread of weeds on the site. The sunny area will be perfectly decorated with compositions with bright or multi-colored leaves:
- Japanese spirea with fiery red and orange leaves
- dwarf barberry
- golden cloud of thuja
- variegated honeysuckle
- green thyme.
To complete the floral arrangement, plant tall meadowsweet, shrub magnolia, hawthorn or forsythia in the last row. If the flower garden is located in partial shade, then preference should be given to the following types of shrubs: hydrangea, rhododendrons, heather. Plants with dark colored leaves are best planted in the shade:
- conifers (juniper, caparisok or berry yew)
- red and black elderberry
What flowers to plant in a flower bed so that they bloom all summer
A composition of unpretentious crops will give a good mood throughout the spring-summer-autumn season - at least 7-8 months a year. And the fact that care about such a landing is minimal only gives it a positive effect.
In your delights, you can focus on the color scheme. For example, a white flower bed of continuous flowering flowers will become a delicate accent of the entire site.
- fertilizers of all potential "tenants"
A set of seeds for a flower bed of continuous flowering should include decorative deciduous plantings, which, even in the presence of faded and lost their attractiveness bulbous, will become a decoration of the garden, covering the unsightly predecessors with their colorful leaves. The same role can be played by cereals, the decorativeness of which is usually preserved until frost.
A continuous flowering flower bed with peonies would be a win-win option. These perennials are not demanding in their care and with age, growing, they only improve the whole composition. But it is worth considering the fact that these plants need space and shade adjacent flowers with their rather high growth. Do not leave the territory near the peonies empty until it spreads its shoots, one- and two-year-olds will help.
The composition can be stationary - with only perennial plants.
- to study the requirements and draw up landing schemes, you will need to go through the recommended plans and just choose the most relevant
- minimum time spent on care
- budding gardeners get the opportunity to be proud of their accomplishments over the years.
Annuals for continuous flowering flower beds
Composition for beginners, as an experimental moment, could theoretically consist exclusively of annual plants. Then you will not have to worry about failures, and already having experience, start planning anew in the spring.
Regardless of whether one- and two-year-olds will be a simple addition or will become the basis of flower beds for the whole season, even experienced gardeners are recommended to use them due to their high decorative effect.
Annuals for a flower bed of continuous flowering with the names:
- annual chrysanthemums
- types of marigolds, zinnias
- rich varieties of petunias
- decorative types of sunflowers with yellow, red and even light green colors
- decorative corn
- annual dahlias
- hyacinth beans (Turkish beans).
- varieties of bells and carnations
Low-growing annuals for continuous flowering beds will hide unsightly faded areas and do not require effort to eliminate in the fall. They can also create a border. For example, ornamental cabbage is used. Small annuals also help perennials retain moisture and can bring aesthetic and olfactory pleasure with their fragrances.
Perennials for continuous flowering beds
Creating compositions from perennial representatives is the best option. Often they are the “backbone” of the flower garden, around which one- and two-year-olds are already located.
Beautiful flower beds of continuous flowering perennials will not do without such plants as:
- Bulb-resistant: crocuses, crocuses, iridodictiums, muscari, chionodox, pushkinia, redwoods.
- Rhizome-tuberous: spring, hellebore, liverwort, marigold, corydalis, anemone, brunner, viola or pansies, daisies.
- Spring-blooming tandems: yellow and doronicum swimsuits, iris-veronic, badan-primrose with subulate phlox
- Ground cover: stonecrop
- Compositae: Numerous species of perennial heleniums.
Preference is also given to such types of perennial plants as cornflower, loosestrife, lilies, monardo, bluehead, daylilies, rudbeckia, chrysanthemum perennials. Some highly decorative perennial crops are poisonous enough. They are planted in the absence of access to the site for children and animals. These include castor oil plants, the red-green-purple foliage of which will decorate any area and will be an excellent backdrop for undersized representatives.
Curly lianas can be planted near fences and fences as well as a background. Most delight with incredibly luxurious flowering. For example, large-flowered tunbergia.
The landing scheme should be extremely well thought out from the beginning. When choosing a particular type of plant, you should also indicate the exact timing for a given hybrid or variety for flowering. And if you want to get an optimal result with the help of perennials, then considerable efforts are invested in maintaining the appropriate conditions. This determines the ability of some to bloom twice a season. For example, if you use lupins, delphiniums, incense.
Experienced gardeners note the special resistance of some perennials to frost. Allocate:
- buzulnik (toothed and narrow-headed)
- decorative and shrub (spirea, cinquefoil, barberry).
True, shrubs are demanding on the allotted territory. And gradually they cover more and more space.
Conifers can act as a central part or background. And undersized conifers will perfectly cover uncultivated areas of the flower bed or become a border.
A round bed of perennials of continuous flowering should not include bulbs that require annual excavation, as this will inevitably damage the root system of other adjacent flowers. You will have to give up tulips, dahlias and gladioli. They are planted in late spring, when perennials are already delighting with their flowering, and digging in early autumn will harm the aesthetics of the site.
Highlights when creating an all-season flower garden
In order to create a flower bed of continuous and abundant flowering, it is necessary to take into account not only the flowering time of ornamental plants, but also the requirements for growing each of the crops. So when planting perennials, it is important to maintain the distances between them in order to provide them with optimal conditions for growth and intense flowering.
Also useful will be material with schemes for planting flower beds from annuals and perennials: https://diz-cafe.com/ozelenenie/sxemy-posadki-cvetnikov.html
Forming a flower bed of perennials of continuous flowering, I really want to see her smart for most of the year
The choice of pets for a flower garden should be approached with special care, taking into account such points as: the plant's exactingness to light, its drought resistance, the peculiarities of the soil preferred by the selected specimen and recommendations for caring for it.
Creating a flower bed of perennials, you can achieve an amazing picturesque effect using only 7-8 varieties of plants with different periods of flower opening. Further, start from the fact that the flowering period of each plant is no more than 3-4 weeks. This means that for each plant, which is in the peak of its flowering, there will be a couple of species of already fading or still just blossoming plant specimens. To make the picture more complete, you can supplement it with re-flowering and decorative deciduous varieties.
In order to make it easier to decide on the choice of plants, their quantity and color combinations, you can pre-draw a couple of options for continuous flowering flower beds. Having outlined the shape of the flower garden, you can begin to place the accents of the composition.
If the flower bed is equipped in an open area, then the center of the composition is filled with tall plants, and lower flowers are placed closer to the edges of the flower garden. When arranging a flower garden along the wall, tall flowers, occupying the back of the composition, act as the background for a low mixborder of undersized and ground cover plants.
One example of a continuous flowering flower bed is designed so that the flower garden retains its attractiveness from early spring to late autumn:
Plants for the flower garden: 1 - snow forsythia, 2 - lungwort, 3 - delphinium, 4 - herbaceous sunflower, 5 - Chinese miscanthus, 6 - paniculata phlox, 7 - daffodils, 8 - helenium, 9 - hellebore, 10 - Astrantia, 11 - whorled coreopsis, 12 - hare cabbage, 13 - geranium, 14 - aquilegia, 15 - catnip, 16 - sage, 17 - cushion aster, 18 - peach-leaved bell, 19 - outdoor flowerpot with seasonal plants, 20 - geranium, 21 - cuff soft
Continuous flowering flower bed
The real art that gardeners strive for are flower beds and flower beds of continuous flowering, created by their own hands. This solution guarantees the enjoyment of beautiful buds from spring to the first frost. To create such flower beds near the house, use the following secrets:
- Plant both perennials and annual crops on sites. Shrubs are also suitable.
- Pick plants that have roughly the same requirements for irrigation, sunlight, and soil.
- Do not plant aggressor plants, as they can force other crops out of the flower garden.
Before creating a flower garden, it is imperative to draw up a drawing on paper, placing the plants in the way they will be on the site. After that, list the flowers that you want to plant, indicate their exact location.
We suggest that you familiarize yourself with the list of perennial crops that are used to form a beautiful, almost all-season flowering:
- Snow-white snowdrops, cute crocuses, blueberries, primroses, tulips, daffodils, daisies, anemone, saxifrage are perfect for spring.
- For the hot season, use aquilegia, delphiniums, red poppies, fragrant lilies, white daisies, daylilies, peonies, carnations, rudbeckia, irises, cornflowers, Potentilla, sedum, geychera and bells.
- These crops will be replaced by autumn beauties - chrysanthemums, perennial asters, goldenrods, sunflowers, coreopsis.
How to make a beautiful flower bed correctly depends on the characteristics of the territory allocated for it, the color palette of the growing cultures, your own imagination and preferences.