How to extend the life of flowers from a bouquet: is it possible to grow a rose from cuttings at home
Regardless of whether you are the owner of a magnificent rose garden or have never tried growing flowers, when you are presented with an armful of buds of amazing beauty, an irresistible desire arises to extend life and grow a rose from a bouquet. Throwing royal plants into the trash can sometimes not raise the hand - someone dries the buds, and someone leaves the cuttings in the water in the hope that they will give roots and in the future will again please with the delicate beauty of their flowers.
Choosing the right stems and cutting the cuttings
The secret is that not all purchased flowers are suitable for further rooting. The buds grown in domestic greenhouses have the greatest chances. In most cases, one cannot expect a good result from imported roses, because when sent from other countries, the flowers are treated with various preparations, preserving them for a long time. As a result, it is difficult to call plants alive, and they are not able to give roots.
Video about growing roses from a bouquet
So, we found out that imported roses for rooting will not work. You don't even need to waste time on Dutch specimens with long stems - it is almost impossible to get roots from them. To increase your chances of a successful outcome, follow these guidelines:
- it is better to root flowers from a fresh bouquet, because after standing for four days in a vase, flowers may lose their ability to take root;
- green flexible stems are just as undesirable as hard woody ones, the best option is a soft stalk that starts woody;
- the stem of the cutting should have a bud above and below;
- do not choose stems that are too thick or too thin for propagation.
Ideally, it is better to immediately, as soon as you receive a bouquet as a gift, decide whether you will admire it for several days or immediately take the chance to propagate beautiful flowers by rooting the cuttings on the very first day.
Not all purchased flowers are suitable for further rooting.
If you decide in favor of the second option, carefully remove the unopened buds and blossoming flowers. You can put them in a glass vase or in glasses of water so that the beauty of the bouquet is not wasted. Now it's time to start directly with cuttings: cut the stems of the roses into cuttings 15-30 cm in length, so that at least two buds remain on each cuttings. Cut the top leaves in half to reduce evaporation of moisture from the plant, just remove all other leaves and thorns.
There are no special differences in how to propagate garden roses by cuttings at home, and how to plant a rose from a bouquet.
The stalk is cut above the upper kidney by a centimeter and the same amount below the kidney located below. Cut the lower end of the cutting at an acute angle with a well-sharpened knife, and cut the upper end strictly in a straight line and seal with paraffin from the candle. The cuttings are ready - you can put them in water with potassium permanganate for a day, or in a solution that enhances the growth of the root system.
Soil preparation for cuttings
The soil for planting cuttings should be light enough and have good breathability. An ordinary universal primer is not bad for these purposes; you can purchase it at any specialized store.Another option is to prepare the soil for planting yourself. For this, garden sod land (two parts), well-rotted leafy land (one or two parts) and sand (one part) are taken. All this must be sieved to remove inclusions of lumps, pebbles and debris, and mix thoroughly. Then the soil should be calcined in the oven to destroy pests, weed seeds and pathogens of various diseases. The container for planting cuttings should be about 20 centimeters high. A drainage layer is poured into it, then the prepared soil, into which the cuttings are planted. It is advisable to pour a layer of clean calcined sand (about three centimeters) on top. This will allow good moisture and air access to the base of the cutting.
We transplant cuttings into the ground and grow roses from a bouquet
There are no special differences in how to propagate garden roses by cuttings at home, and how to plant a rose from a bouquet. Cuttings in the same way are installed in pots or boxes with a drainage layer, river sand and earth, require the same careful care and can be transplanted into open ground when the first fresh leaves from the buds appear.
Cuttings of roses from a bouquet are installed in the same way in pots or boxes with a drainage layer.
The main thing is to make sure that when planting cuttings:
- the second kidney remained on the surface of the earth;
- the soil in pots with cuttings was constantly slightly damp;
- plants in the home have been provided with a "greenhouse effect" using transparent film or plastic bottles.
Video about growing roses
In the first two years, all the buds will have to be cut off from young bushes so that the roots of the plant continue to develop successfully. When growing roses in an apartment, you will need to regularly spray the plants with room temperature water. Watering should be done in moderation in the mornings and evenings, avoiding waterlogging. Indoor flowers will need to form a bush by cutting off underdeveloped, matured and intertwined branches.
How to grow a rose from a bouquet in potatoes
Growing a rose in a potato is one of the simplest and at the same time effective methods for rooting a stem from a bouquet.
An interesting fact. The secret is that the potato creates a constant moist environment for the cuttings and at the same time provides it with nutrients. The same root vegetable protects a young plant from hypothermia and other external factors.
For planting roses, large or medium potatoes are selected, preferably even, smooth, without diseases and rotten areas. Ideally, it is best to take a young potato (if the season allows). The most important thing to do is carefully cut out all the eyes from the potato to avoid germination. Otherwise, there is a chance, instead of a beautiful rose, to grow a spreading potato bush. After that, using an awl, a narrow knife or a long nail, a hole (not through) is made in the potato with a diameter slightly larger than the thickness of the cutting.
The cuttings are prepared in the same way as with other germination methods. It is good to pre-soak it for a day in a solution of "Kornevin" or any other stimulant of root formation. Another option is to dip the wet cutting into Kornevin powder.
Rooting cuttings in potatoes
A rose in a potato can be planted as in a pot. And in open ground, depending on the season. On open soil, a hole is prepared with a depth of about 2 centimeters. A layer of sand about five centimeters thick is poured into it for drainage.The stalk is stuck into a hole in the potato so that the lower bud of the rose is inside the root crop. After that, the shoot, together with the tuber, is lowered into the prepared hole in the ground and covered with fertile soil to two-thirds of the height.
Care of planted cuttings
In a permanent place, the cuttings are planted under a shelter, regardless of the planting season. In case you are planting cuttings later than mid-summer, it is best to plant them in pots. However, they will need shelter at first and in closed ground. The easiest way to hide it is to use glass jars or cut plastic bottles. The plastic will have to be slightly dug in or pressed into the ground so that the bottles are not carried away by the wind. If you have planted many cuttings at once, you can cover them with foil.From time to time, the cans need to be removed to ventilate the cuttings. The airing time gradually increases. Do not rush to remove the jar when the first young leaves appear. This does not mean that the plant is firmly rooted. The shelter is removed completely only when the rose is actively growing. Most likely, this will happen next year. The earthen coma must not be allowed to dry completely, however, excessive moisture will only damage the young plant and can contribute to its decay. "Epin" can be added to the water for irrigation and spraying. It is better to replant plants in open ground in the spring. Further caring for the planted cuttings will not differ from caring for any young roses.
If you decide to start rooting, keep in mind that flowers donated in winter take root the worst, in March the chances increase, and from summer bouquets most of the flowers give roots. But no matter what time of year you receive a bouquet, try to use the chance to prolong the life of beautiful roses - what if they give roots and can decorate your garden or windowsill?
The article was updated on 29.01.2018
How to plant a rose in a potato at home: photo, step by step
Roses are magnificent garden flowers that adorn the site with their large, fragrant buds throughout the warm season. Each housewife has her favorite varieties that I would like to increase in quantity and plant around the site. Propagation of roses by cuttings in potatoes is a fairly common technology that significantly increases the survival rate of planting material. The methods of growing roses in potatoes are simple and affordable. The technique does not require special skills, it is suitable even for inexperienced florists.
When is it better to root roses from a bouquet: the right timing
When grafting roses from a bouquet, it is very important to choose the optimal time for rooting. So, the flowers that were presented to you in spring or summer, and in the first half (June-July), are best suited for the Middle Belt (Moscow Region).
It is desirable to carry out cuttings on the same day when the bouquet was presented to you.
Although it is possible to root cuttings of roses in the autumn-winter period, it will be much more difficult, because in winter the daylight hours are very short and the room air is very dry due to central heating, while cuttings for successful growth need to be provided with high air humidity - 90- 100%.
Rooting methods for cuttings
Experienced flower growers who know how to root a bush rose from a cut bouquet practice several methods of performing this procedure. The most commonly used methods are in water, in soil with cover, in a potato tuber, in a bag. The features of each of them are discussed below.
Rooting of planting material in water
In order to easily grow roses from a bouquet at home, it is worth using the rooting of planting material in a glass container with water (settled or filtered), into which it is desirable to add charcoal for disinfection. This method is considered the easiest. Only the lower sections of the petioles are subject to immersion in order to prevent tissue decay.
Regularly (every 2 days), you should change the existing water to clean water within 2 - 3 weeks. After 15 - 20 days in the area of the slices, whitish growths will begin to be seen - the rudiments of the roots. This is a signal to transplant the cuttings into the soil. There is no need to rush to hold such an event, it is better to give the opportunity to form stronger roots.
Rooting cuttings in pots
Tips on how to grow a rose from a cuttings from a bouquet by rooting in pots from experienced gardeners can be heard quite often. The use of such a method ensures the development of strong roots that are resistant to unfavorable factors. Each cuttings must be provided with a separate pot or a plastic glass (0.5 l volume). Having placed the planting material in a common box, it is necessary to provide an interval between copies of at least 6 - 8 cm.
Initially empty containers are treated with a manganese solution, followed by drying. Further, it is filled with a soil substrate preheated in the oven, which contains: garden soil (2 shares), rotted compost (2 shares), washed sand (1 share). Florists who recommend growing a rose from a bouquet at home allow the use of purchased universal soil in order to save time.
Drainage (small stones) should be poured at the bottom of the planting container, after which the containers should be filled with soil, followed by manual compaction. In the groove made with a spatula or stick, you will need to carefully place the handle. The deepening of the two-bud specimen is carried out ensuring that only the upper bud remains above the soil surface, and the one-bud specimen is filled up to the level of the future shoot rudiment. Then the earth is compacted, watered.
To create a greenhouse effect, containers with separately planted cuttings are covered with glass jars, and the boxes are wrapped in foil. Solving the problem of how to propagate roses, you will need to ensure that the temperature is maintained at + 25 ° C during the day, + 18 ° C at night. Installation of containers in a strongly sunlit, draft-blown place is not encouraged. Dosed watering is performed as the soil dries up.
When a rose from a bouquet planted in this way gave rise to a shoot visible in the leaf axil, one can judge the success of the procedure. As a rule, this happens after 30 days. A seedling can be determined for a permanent place after the formation of strong young shoots in it.
Germination in potato tuber
Studying the information on how to grow a rose from a bouquet in potatoes, you need to take into account that the use of this method makes it possible to create a regime with optimal humidity, feeding the growing roots with valuable carbohydrates.
The priority is the choice of visually healthy, not sluggish tubers, which should be pre-washed, subjected to peephole removal, disinfection with manganese solution, and drying. In each tuber, you need to make a deep (not through) hole, where the lower cut of the cutting, moistened with Kornevin, will be inserted.
In a bright, wind-free place of the garden plot, you will need to dig a trench (15 cm deep), the bottom of which will need to be covered with sand (a layer up to 5 cm thick). Tubers with cuttings are placed in a well-watered groove, covered with soil so as to ensure the location of the upper bud above the surface. After another irrigation, planting should be covered with jars, cut plastic bottles or film.
As part of further care, moderate watering is performed. The emerging sprouts are freed from the shelter after 2 weeks.
Growing in a package
This method, also called Burrito propagation of roses from an old bouquet, is the least widespread. Nevertheless, it is not difficult at all and is very effective. The prepared, soaked cuttings must be removed from the water, carefully put on the newspaper. The paper edges are folded, and then a neat roll is made with the planting material inside, which should be well moistened with water and placed in a bag. The recommended temperature regime is within the range: + 18 ... + 20 ° С.
Once a week, the bag is opened, the cuttings are carefully examined, the paper (if necessary) is moistened. Instances with identified blackened, rotten areas must be removed. In this case, the newspaper will need to be replaced. After 2 weeks, roots will form in the area of the slices.
Growing roses in potatoes at home
Now let's talk about how to grow a rose in a potato at home on a windowsill ... Prepare medium-sized pots in advance. Even the bottom halves of plastic bottles will do. Do not throw away the upper half - you will cover the plant with it, making an impromptu greenhouse.
Place a drain on the bottom of the pot. Then 3-5 cm of sand. Then place the potato with the cuttings. Fill the top with humus or special soil for growing roses (any soil mixture for flowers will do). Ordinary humus from the garden must be disinfected by freezing it two or three times for 2-3 days. After processing, it is desirable to add microflora reducing agents to the soil, for example Fitosporin.
Cuttings root best in a humid environment. To do this, regularly spray the cutting with water. Then cover with a jar or plastic bottle. A prerequisite for rooting is good lighting.
After the start of the growth of shoots, the jar can be removed, but not for long, gradually accustoming the rose to the usual atmosphere. After a week or two, it can be removed completely. Then the cuttings are planted in a permanent place in the ground.
Cuttings from a bouquet of roses
It is not difficult to make a young seedling from a purchased rose. If you really like the rose presented or bought in a bouquet and you want it to grow in the garden, you should cut cuttings from it. But how to grow a rose from a cutting if it is cut from a bouquet? To do this, you must adhere to some rules.
It is not difficult to make a young seedling from a purchased rose
- The bouquet is placed in fresh water. Once a day, it is drained and a new one is poured. It is recommended to take water separated, at room temperature.
- At night, the bouquet must be completely dipped in a bowl of water.
- When the petals begin to fall from the flower, it is necessary to cut the cuttings.
- Cuttings are cut 10-15 cm each, they should be from a green stem (not woody). Each cuttings must have up to 2 buds (that is, less than in the case of cutting cuttings from a bush). This will increase the chance of rooting the cuttings.
- Landing is carried out not at an angle, but vertically into the ground. One kidney must be above the ground.
After the planting procedure, the stalk from the purchased rose is watered and covered with a flask. If the care is carried out correctly, the cutting will be able to take root and grow.
Rooting in potatoes
How to root rose cuttings at home? It may seem strange to someone, but this procedure is perfectly carried out in ordinary potatoes. To carry it out, you need to take only freshly cut twigs.
In order for the cutting to take root successfully in this way, it must be pre-processed. To do this, each branch with an oblique lower cut must be moistened in a weak solution of potassium permanganate, and then immersed in a liquid mass made on the basis of water and aloe juice, mixed in a 1: 1 ratio overnight (12 hours).
After the specified time has elapsed, each stalk must be stuck into the potato tuber, from which all eyes must first be removed. Then all the tubers must be put in one container and sprinkle the resulting composition with earth, filling the pot by 2/3. After that, the ground must be watered with a medium solution of potassium permanganate (dark pink). At the final stage of such a procedure, the entire structure should be covered with a film in order to create a greenhouse effect, which greatly stimulates the process of root formation.
During the entire rooting process, it is necessary to water the cuttings only with well-settled water, as the top layer of the soil dries up. In addition, watering with sweetened water (2 tsp per glass of purified liquid) should be done every five days.