Christmas rose (Helleborus niger) - plant, care,

Christmas rose (Helleborus niger) - plant, care,

Christmas rose - a species apart among the hellebores….

The flowers of Christmas Roses arrive a little later in the garden than those of the snowdrops but they will cross in February… The Christmas roses form large clumps. The foliage is dense green, glossy and the flowering is very decorative for long weeks. Under certain conditions, in gardens with favorable soil, the Christmas rose will multiply easily. Christmas roses are not afraid of the cold or the lack of light.

Botanical name:

• Helleborus niger

See also the file: Hellébore (Helleborus orientalis) wide variety of hybrids.

Plant type:

• Plant: Perennial
• Foliage: persistent
• Type of plant: Very Hardy (-28 ° C)
• Family: Ranunculaceae - ranunculaceae
• Harbor : T
• Exhibition:
Sun to partial shade
• Plantation:
October and November
Flowering :
February to april
• Rooting:
• Cultivation area: All over
• Origin:

• Toxic:
Easy irritant sap and rihzoma

Special features of the Christmas rose:

The Christmas Rose has long been considered a magical plant. We treated the animals through a ritual that consisted of notching the ear of the beast to slip a piece of root ...
• Hellerorus niger, (black) the roots are black.

What advantages in the garden

• Easy to grow.
• Beautiful and early flowering.
• Long flowering during the winter months.
• Allows use as an indoor bouquet.

What soil for the Christmas rose?

• Cool, humus-bearing and well-drained soil.
• Appreciates limestone soils.

When to plant it?

• Put it in place as a priority in the fall - October, November, until early December

What exhibition?

• The Christmas rose more particularly appreciates the exposure of undergrowth, semi-shaded.

How to plant the Christmas rose?

In autumn, before severe frosts:
• Loosen the soil to a nice small height, 1/2 half a spade.
• Mix compost and potting soil with garden soil.
• Space the plants 40 cm apart.
• Replace the rest of the garden soil and mix.
• Firmly press down with your foot.
• Water.

When to multiply it?

• Divide the Christmas rose in the fall or in the spring.

How to multiply them snowdrops?

• With a spade, cut the tuft in half.
• Replant the clumps in the chosen places.

Interview :

• Keep the soil cool.
• Sometimes the leaves are damaged, remove them.

Diseases and Parasites:

• No illnesses.

Flowering Christmas roses:

• February to April.


• Helleborus Niger - Picotee Lady - White petals

Which plant does camellia match?

• Crocuses, Christmas roses, elven flowers.

Plant them in the garden, or in a large pot:

ATa garden: Perennial, rock garden, border, and in the lawn or in the undergrowth
• Pot : In a large earthenware pot with a lot of bulb for a beef effect. In a large container, at the foot of other perennials.


Soil and Watering

Foot size (WxH)

Space between
the plants

Sun and partial shade

cool soil, humus and drained.

30 to 40 cm x 20 to 40 cm

40 to 50 cm


planting period

Flowering period

without burying the collar

In autumn from October to early December

January to April

Photo by Meneerke Bloem - - Creative Commons

  • Type: flower and flowering plant
  • Height: up to 1m
  • Flower color: red, white, pink, green, purple
  • Desired exhibition: semi-shaded
  • Soil type: humus, drained
  • Foliage: persistent
  • Interview : easy
  • Sanitizer: no
  • Diseases and pests: black spots on the rosebush, aphids
  • Varieties: Helleborus niger, Helleborus orientalis, Helleborus corsicus, Helleborus foetidus

Hellebore (helleborus) or hellebore, also called christmas rose belongs to the ranunculaceae family. Perennial plant with evergreen foliage, the hellebore is the queen of winter thanks to its magnificent flowering this season.

There are about fifteen species of hellebores: the plant christmas rose white or helleborus Niger, the christmas rose from the East, the fetid hellebore, the Corsican hellebore. This diversification allows the hellebore to display several sizes and foliage. Hellebore flower varies between white, pink, purple, pale green, red tones. Whatever their variety, they all have 5 petals and their stamens are clearly visible. Their foliage also varies depending on the species.

Christmas roses give beautiful beds, colorful borders or also allow to have flower boxes in the heart of winter.

To note that hellebores are very toxic, whether for humans or animals. They should therefore not be eaten, whatever the part of the plant.


In the ground :
Prepare the soil a few weeks before planting the hllébores by adding compost or leaf potting soil to the garden soil. If the soil is heavy, add more sand to this mixture. Place the plant at the bottom of the hole without burying the collar because the hellebore should not be planted too deep. Planting is done from winter to spring. If you do this in winter, wait until the ground is well thawed. If you bought a container hellebore and the ground is frozen, water it regularly while waiting for planting. If you have to plant several feet of hellebore, leave a distance of 40 to 50 cm so that they develop well.

Pot :
Put a layer of drainage (pebbles, gravel or clay balls) at the bottom of the pot and fill it with a mixture of half garden soil and half leaf soil.

Plantation of Hellon

When to plant Hellon?

Plant helleboron in the fall preferably, especially in areas with hot, dry summers, which it will endure very well once established. Planting in spring is also possible.

AttentionВ: Hellon is poisonous, wear gloves when handling it!

Where to plant Hellon?

In the ground, choose a location in partial shade (except for Helleborus argutifolius) Sheltered from strong winds, north under a shrub or deciduous tree for example. Some like HelleborusВ Niger or Helleborus x sternii however need enough light to flower.

In pots or containers, on a balcony or terrace, install them in the shade of a wall, in containers much larger than the plants that need room to grow.

Hellenists in general love deep fresh soils quite rich in humus. A clayey but well drained soil will be perfectly suitable.

Most, very hardy, withstand temperatures down to -15В В ° C. They can therefore be planted in most regions of France.

How to plant Hellon?

  • Plant them in holes of about 40В cm in all directions in a drained land (where water does not stagnate) and space the seedlings approximately 40 to 50В cm.
  • Place planting soil or a handful of organic fertilizer at the bottom of the hole.
  • Handle the plants with gloves taking care of the roots which are fragile and which must not dry out.
  • Group them in groups of 3 or 4, or in borders for a better decorative effect.

Which plants to associate them with?

Christmas roses are planted in the undergrowth, in semi-shaded beds, borders and semi-shaded rockeries. Combine them with plants having the same needs, such as daylilies or small bulbs such as cyclamen of Naples, snowdrops, dwarf daffodils, lilies of the valley, etc.

Christmas roses grown in pots can be brought in at flowering time to a veranda or room in the house with little heat
. Cut flowers last one to two weeks in a vase, do not hesitate to pick a few to enjoy them in the house.

Video: Hellebores: The Christmas Rose