How to properly preserve rose seedlings before planting
How often do we buy rose seedlings not when it is best to plant them on the site, but when they are sold at discount sales. And it happens that when we see the variety we like, we do not think at all about how to preserve the rose seedlings before planting. Even writing out tricky varieties via the Internet, we are unlikely to be able to guess exactly at the time of planting, so we create a problem for ourselves, which we then have to solve.
The problem of preserving planting material
The problem of preserving planting material arises not only when the purchase of seedlings is untimely, this happens when growing roses with cuttings, when you need to save cuttings with or without roots until spring. It happens that a summer resident wants to plant roses in the fall, but the weather fails, does not allow planting at the right time, and then it is too late. In this case, the seedlings must also be stored until spring.
The solution to this problem depends on a number of reasons. Here the condition of the seedling matters, whether it has sprouts, what is the state of the buds, whether the root system is open or closed. The time that remains before planting is very important, it depends on it what conditions for storing the seedling need to be created.
If the summer resident got hold of seedlings with a closed root system, this means that the roots, along with the lump of earth in which they grew, are in a container. There is no problem here, you just need to leave them where the temperature does not exceed +3 degrees.
If you bought roses with open roots, you should urgently take action, they do not just need to be left in the air, even throughout the day. Seedlings are often sold packed in beautiful boxes, there is even earth, but such packages have nothing to do with a closed root system.
The roots are often rolled up and tied tightly with polyethylene, this is not at all good for them. They may have long awakened buds, or even weak elongated shoots may grow - it is not known how much and how they were stored. So, if it was not possible to plant roses right away, you need to navigate in time and create suitable conditions for them.
Video "Storing seedlings until spring"
From the video you will learn about storing rose seedlings.
Trying to keep the seedlings at home
Home conditions do not shine with a variety of options, but a refrigerator can help out, even if you have to store planting material for up to two months. This is very useful when the seedlings ordered from a nursery or an online store are delivered unexpectedly quickly. The revival of the flower market in Europe is happening too early by our standards, because they start planting a month earlier than ours. Here is a chain reaction activating even our fairs - it is better to buy imported varieties exactly when they are so massively offered. The result is a wonderful planting material in the middle of winter. So what if it's April on the calendar, there is as much snow at the dacha as there were January days.
It doesn't matter if the seedlings are purchased in March or April. Expand them, remove the packaging, inspect, assess the condition of the roots and shoots. The roots need to be straightened if they were bent or rolled up, then carefully wrapped in polyethylene with holes for air circulation or craft paper. Shoots can remain outside such packaging. This package should be placed on the shelf of the refrigerator and kept at a temperature of +1 to +3 degrees. Every 5 - 6 days, using a spray bottle, it is advisable to moisten the seedlings. This is ideal for seedlings with dormant buds.
If it's not that the buds have woken up, but the shoots are already growing, then the plant needs to be given a vertical position, because new branches always grow upward, and if they grow at an angle of 90 degrees to the main shoots, then the bush will look, to put it mildly, unpresentable.
It is better to cut or pinch young shoots, they are still weak, and their growth only weakens the entire bush, because they feed on those nutrients that he managed to accumulate during his short life, and the root system does not work. To save him, you need to take any dish with a volume of at least five liters (a saucepan, a pot, a plastic bottle, a bucket), drill holes in its bottom, put pebbles (expanded clay or pebbles) on the bottom for drainage, fill the soil with peat and sand, or even one peat and plant a rose. You need to plant carefully, straightening all the roots. After that, the rose is watered and placed on a loggia or glazed balcony. You can put a bag on top of the shoots, but do not create a greenhouse effect. Such conditions allow the seedling to grow, but very slowly - the cold inhibits the growth of shoots, and the root system is formed, additional roots grow. The main thing is not to allow subzero temperatures, if frosts intensify, then the rose can be transferred somewhere or simply wrapped up.
The seedling planted in a pot will then need to be gradually accustomed to fresh air and sunlight before planting on the street. This is done by carrying it out first in the morning for a short time, then in the mornings and evenings, gradually increasing the time of "walks". It is very important that the rose pot is kept at a temperature of about freezing, and then warmed up as the temperature rises outside. If you grow it for at least a month on a windowsill in the warmth of an apartment, then it will be a very vulnerable and painful plant.
We store in the cold in the country
In the country, as a rule, there is a basement, it is suitable for storing seedlings and cuttings. Roses are pruned in the fall, this time is used by many to harvest cuttings, and they are planted for rooting in the spring. Seedlings that could not be planted in the fall, cuttings cut for spring planting, can be dug into the ground and left to winter in a cool basement.
The air temperature should not fall below zero and rise above +3 degrees, the ground and shoots (aboveground part) should be periodically moistened.
With the beginning of spring, dishes with plants should be transferred to the veranda, the same conditions will be obtained as on the glazed balcony - they will begin to grow, but slowly enough to wait for a real planting on the site.
Unplanned seedlings and cuttings can overwinter even in the snow, like bears in a den. To do this (of course, in the presence of abundant snow, which will lie until spring), you need to dig a hole in the snow with the corresponding dimensions in some dark corner of the garden. Put boards or spruce branches on its bottom, planting material on them, put a box on top or build a wire frame, cover it all with lutrasil and cover it with snow on top. Such a "house" is suitable for seedlings with dormant buds and for plants with sprouts, only the sprouts that are too large need to be cut off, and small ones should be slightly pinched.
Experienced flower growers advise not to buy a pig in a poke, the seedling must be considered from all sides. If you have already bought a beautiful package or received it by mail, you need to immediately unfold the plant and examine it. All damaged parts must be cut off, the cuts must be treated with wood ash. By the way, healthy roots on the cut should be light, they can be dipped not in ash, but in "Kornevin" or another means that stimulates root growth.
If there is a net on the seedling, it does not need to be removed, you can plant directly with it, it will soon rot. You don't need to rip off paraffin from the shoots either, it will not interfere with growth, it will soon fall off by itself. True, unscrupulous sellers can disguise stains on the trunks with them. If you find dark spots of unknown origin, gently wipe them with ordinary brilliant green. Before planting, seedlings should be treated with some kind of parasite remedy and closed with a bag for two hours. It happens that the planting material is infected with thrips or some other nasty thing that cannot be seen until they have multiplied.
If you are not going to plant the bush an hour after you brought it home, place it in a container of clean water at room temperature.
Video "Overexposure of seedlings until spring"
From the video you will learn how to overexpose seedlings in winter until spring.
How to keep rose seedlings purchased in early spring before planting
In this article, you will learn what you need to do to save your rose seedlings for planting. Especially those that were bought in early spring. Here are some simple rules to help you keep them before planting.
Rose seedlings are sold with open and closed root systems. In the first case, it is impossible to preserve them without first planting them in the ground, therefore, seedlings with an open root system necessarily require precipitation in pots with ordinary or aquatic soil. However, almost all modern seedlings that are sold from February to April have a closed root system. The roots of such a seedling are hidden in a special tube or under a film. They require special conditions. It is too early to plant them in the ground, so if the room is warm, they can be temporarily dropped into a box with soil. Then in May they can already be transplanted into open ground. But at the very beginning, in order to preserve them, experts advise to plant them in a special box with earth. This preservation method will help them mature on time. You should not buy in the store such rose seedlings that are already sold with buds or shoots - they will not take root at the first cold wind or frost.
However, regardless of the roots, most rose seedlings should be taken 10 days before planting in the ground. To prepare seedlings for growing in the ground, you need to do several basic steps.
- Unroll the roots carefully and examine them. Usually they are released long and folded in half. You need to carefully unfold the roots, carefully remove the damaged areas on them with scissors and reduce them to about 35 centimeters, or simply update the sections. Remember that the rose must be white when it is cut.
- The roots are best treated with activated charcoal or rootstocks. This increases the survival rate of rose seedlings and allows them to last longer. The useful substances contained in the preparation not only saturate the plant with minerals, but also destroy pests at least partially.
- Dry roots can be dipped in water. After that, they will become more susceptible to drugs and are smeared with root. After processing, the roots must be carefully straightened and covered with sawdust. Some experts recommend planting them in peat. You can buy it at the store. It contains many beneficial substances that will help the roots to survive. Then the seedlings need to be watered with thawed, preferably snow, water, covered with a bag and put on a balcony or veranda. You should not remove the package from roses, as the light will begin to activate the growth of the buds, which can lead to the fact that they will grow, but will not take root later in the ground. If the night is cold and frosty, do not remove the bags - the seedlings will grow slowly and may freeze. If the nights are not so cold, without frost, the bags can be removed, but then you will have to water them practically all the time. Water for irrigation must also be thawed. However, under the bag, the growth of the kidneys slows down, and the root system will gain weight. Subsequently, this will help the seedlings to take root in the ground. Here's how to save early spring rose seedlings before planting.
- Before boarding the box with plants must be kept in the fresh air. Thus, rose seedlings will adapt and take root perfectly in the ground, if only you take them out in cloudy weather during the day, evening or morning. At first, 2 hours are enough, then you can put them on for the whole day and only after about 5 days can roses be planted in open ground.
Plants often have paraffin wax on them. It is not necessary to remove it - the kidneys themselves will break through it. It is needed to protect roses from the negative effects of the environment. Then the roses will take root, and soon they will delight you with their beautiful color.
It is easy to buy a ready-made rose for planting, now you know what to do to grow beautiful flowers, but how to grow a rose from a bouquet is interesting. Let's find out now.
How to preserve seedlings of roses with ACS before planting in the ground?
No need to plant anything in pots now. Topalovich's roses come in packages. If there are large sprouts (and they appear if the roses were not stored correctly), then break them off.
Put roses in boxes, boxes in bags, wrap with tape so that no water gets inside. And bury the boxes in the snow. If it is not possible to bury it in the snow, then wrap this "doll" in paper and on the bottom shelf of the refrigerator. As a last resort, you can put it between the balcony doors. the storage temperature should be as low as possible (but not very negative).
If roses come with ACS, then if there is coconut or peat, moisten it, wrap the roots with it, wrap it with wet newspaper on top and put the rose in a PE bag up to the stems. The stems should be facing outward. Tie the throat well at the bag. And then everything is as described above: box-package-snow ...
Hmm ... I understood the first option better: a box, a bag, snow. I will bury it, from the north side of the house or veranda
Spring holiday! Love, family happiness and well-being, fulfillment of desires!
Last year, in February, I received 21 boxes of roses. There the roots are wrapped in foil. And I bought them because I watched Yulia's video (Mineeva, I think). On the Internet, you need to search "in the garden or in the vegetable garden." She has a lot of useful things there. So, you need to take out the rose, remove the film, put it back in that box, without doing anything with the roots! and cover with peat, earth. I covered with purchased land. Put the box itself in a plastic bag. And water as the earth dries up. All my roses survived calmly, I planted them already at the end of May (there was no time for them!). They grew, bloomed! And one rose stood in this state until September. I didn't know where to stick it. And earlier - about five years ago, I will buy, and they will dry up by April. Another time I bought it, put it in the refrigerator, it seemed like they were alive by the time of landing, but they had already died in the open ground. And according to Yulia's method - they not only wait for planting, but feel comfortable, several roses even gained color.
roses from boxes-2016
roses and geyhera venis
this is a Canadian rose, does not freeze even at -40
We planted 2 roses from cardboard tubes in tall "pots": one with buds, the second with shoots and leaves (bought in mid-February) I keep on the balcony (+ 8..10 at night, in the afternoon until 20), slowly, but growing.
Please tell me, 1) what is the minimum temperature for seedlings with leaves? (I can regulate the temperature by reducing the ventilation gap of the door to the balcony, or moving it away from it)
2) break out or shorten the shoots by 2/3? (they write that breaking out forces new buds to awaken, and shortening helps to save nutrients for root growth, but without leaves, there can be no completely normal growth either)
3) is it worth watering with a stimulant (for example, root)?
I am very interested in YOUR opinion about these nuances, tk. everything I've read before is a dispute between two opposing opinions. Thanks in advance!
Mila, good evening!
Firstly, your roses look very lively and well-groomed, especially the one on the right. Secondly, there are always disputes and there will be, you will not get away from them. We must listen to everyone and do as you see fit. About your questions. As far as I understand, since the night temperature does not fall below 8 C, then you will not be able to lower it on the balcony either. Well, do not, this is a completely normal and comfortable night temperature for roses. In the afternoon, if it is within +10. + 15C is good too. I would not break out the shoots, the plants look normally developing. Unless only those that grow inside the bush.They will simply interfere with the development of other branches and the airing of the bush itself.
About shortening. It is better to pinch in time, so you will less injure the plant itself. I would pinch the shoots over a 3-4-5 well-developed leaf facing out of the bush. Why is there such a run of 3..5 kidneys. It all depends on the length of the shoots, the speed and intensity of growth of this particular variety, or simply its developmental characteristics. Sometimes the length between 5 buds is less than the length of 3 internodes. Here you need to look at the plant itself and how it will develop further. Pinching will slow down the development of this shoot for 3-4 weeks. But in any case, you need to remove the buds. Better to let your roses bloom in the wild, in their permanent place. It is worth shortening the sprouts by 2/3 only when you have bought them already with the shoots that are strongly elongated from the lack of light, and if they have grown in you with normal development of the roots and the entire root system, then this is not worth doing. And your shoots do not seem very elongated, so I would not do that.
At the expense of stimulants. Yes, of course, it is worth watering, but only strictly following the instructions. For only the correct concentration of any drug will work for the good. Excessive concentration can work the other way around, in other words, like poison. And I would water and sprinkle with Heteroauxin, it works very well as a general strengthening stimulant of the growth of not only the roots, but the entire plant. To do this, dilute one Heteroauxin tablet in 1.0 - 1.2 liters of warm water and pour it over the roots and spray it on the entire plant from a spray bottle. Good luck to you!
How to preserve seedlings before planting
At the very beginning of the season, impatient gardeners sometimes take risks. Agree, it is difficult to resist buying a rare species of perennial or a unique variety of roses that have been dreamed of for several years. At the same time, garden online stores begin to deliver the ordered plants. With all this wealth that is about to come out of dormancy, something needs to be done to prevent growth and keep the planting stock until the optimum planting time.
Never make spontaneous, rash purchases. Consider buying carefully, even if it attracts you with its low price or rarity. Inspect the seedling, it must be in excellent condition, otherwise the plant will be difficult to maintain before planting. If you notice mold spots, rot, wet or mucus-covered areas on the bark or roots, you smell a suspicious unpleasant odor, if the rhizomes, roots or bulbs are sluggish, refuse to buy. The best option is to purchase high-quality dormant seedlings of perennials or ornamental shrubs. In this case, the kidneys should be dormant, but healthy, ready to start growing. Roots or rhizomes (if they can be seen) - white or dark, brown, appropriate for the species, healthy, flabby, without damage. For example, a bush rose seedling with an open root system should have 2-3 stems 20-25 cm long, 2-3 main roots 10-20 cm long, depending on the commercial variety, and a stem at the grafting site with a diameter of 0.5 cm. Often roses are sold in closed-root bags. At the same time, the shoots are covered with wax, which protects against desiccation. In this case, inspect the shoots - they should not be elongated and pale, and the graft site of the grafted rose should be intact. Healthy seedlings will survive storage well for 1.5–2 months and will quickly take root after planting.
There are four proven options for storing your future garden joy.
Home refrigerator. Store shrub and perennial seedlings at 1 to 5 ° C. For small planting units, a package of bulbs or 1-2 bushes, you can find a corner in the refrigerator. The best place is a container for vegetables, it is suitable for the temperature regime. Wrap the seedlings without a container with a slightly damp cloth, sphagnum moss and place in a bag. Wrap seedlings with closed roots with foil - this will maintain a constant level of moisture. Inspect the seedlings regularly for mold.
Glazed balcony. If there are a lot of seedlings, then you will have to arrange a special storage, for example, on a glassed-in balcony. Use cardboard boxes or wooden crates. Cover the bottom of the box with a layer of light substrate (sand, sawdust or peat), lay the seedlings, slightly moisten with a sprayer, sprinkle with the same material. Monitor the temperature on the balcony. If it is not insulated, but only protects from snow and wind, then in such conditions the seedlings will withstand fluctuations from +5 to –5 ° C. Is it getting warmer? Leave windows open. To equalize the temperature in severe frosts, use many layers of paper (preferably newsprint), polystyrene, additional cover with old blankets. A "balcony cellar" for storing vegetables, in which a constant temperature is kept, will be a good help.
Country cellar. Owners of country houses with a cellar, who have access to them in winter, can save planting material there as well. The cellar usually maintains a stable temperature and stores stocks of vegetables that require a temperature of 2–5 ° C. Place seedlings with roots vertically in a box or bucket, sprinkle with sawdust, sand or peat, slightly moisten. It is best to place them away from vegetables or cover them with an additional cardboard box or plastic bucket, this will help protect them from possible contamination if the vegetables suddenly start to deteriorate. Ornamental plants periodically inspect, check their condition, slightly moisten if necessary.
Prikop in a snowdrift. If there is no cellar, but the summer cottage is within transport accessibility, it makes sense to take the seedlings to the cottage and dig in the snow - it has not yet descended on many summer cottages in Latvia - or into a trench or pit prepared since autumn. Place the seedlings in a box or bucket, sprinkle with peat (you can take ready-made soil for seedlings). Choose a shady place on the site where there is no stagnant water, but the snow does not melt for a long time. Rake off the snow, put the container with the seedlings on the ground, cover with several layers of non-woven material, pour a snowdrift on top. You can delay the melting of snow if you put spruce branches on top. Such a shelter will keep the plants at a constant temperature of about 0 ° C, even a sudden cold snap or thaw will not harm them.
The most difficult task is to preserve plants that have begun to emerge from a state of deep dormancy. If you notice that the buds on shrubs, such as a rose, have begun to swell due to the high temperature, then try to slow down the process and place the plants in conditions close to 0 ° C. Are the buds beginning to sprout? Place the seedlings upright, plant them in a deep pot or bucket of loose soil or peat. This is important, since the sprouts will in any case rush upward, and it will be correct if they grow in their natural direction. Otherwise, the growing shoots will be directed horizontally after planting. Place the pots in a cool, bright place at 8-12 ° C. Before planting, place seedlings with an open root system in water for 5–8 hours, this will help dry roots to absorb moisture.
Bulbs of gladiolus, lilies and other flowers can wake up due to unstable storage conditions - high temperature and humidity or sudden changes, as well as bright light. Keep the bulbs in complete darkness at the optimum temperature (3-5 ° C) and humidity (about 70%). It is best to place them in paper bags and then in the refrigerator. If the first roots appear, cut them off, dry them a little and put them in a cooler place at 1 ° C. If both roots and sprouts appear, plant the bulbs in containers filled with soil and refrigerate again. Monitor the condition of the plants, do not allow excessive moisture, which stimulates growth. As soon as the weather permits and the soil warms up, plant the bulbs in the ground.
How to preserve seedlings before planting in the ground
If the seedlings were purchased in advance, they must be properly stored before planting. There are several suitable methods for this. Let's start with the simplest and most accessible to most.
Digging method or preservation under the snow
You need to find a place on the site where the snow lingers the longest. A hole is dug in a snowdrift, deep to the ground. A small depression is also made in the ground. Seedlings are laid out in it, it is possible with packaging. They are tilted.
On top of the rose, you need to fall asleep with fresh earth - purchased and spunbond. All this is covered with snow. In this form, roses begin to wake up at the same time as all other plants growing in the ground. Then the seedlings are planted when the ground warms up. The method is suitable for seedlings on which the buds are not more than 1 cm.
Refrigerator or refrigerator
This is also a good place to store seedlings. Before placing roses in it, it is important to check the ground underneath. If it is too wet, then you need to dry it to avoid root rot. The package is first unrolled, the roots are left open or sprinkled with peat. Too dry soil under the seedlings is also considered bad. To store them in the refrigerator, you need to slightly moisten the soil, and also sprinkle the branches with water.
Seedlings can be wrapped in damp newspaper, and then in cellophane. To keep the kidneys from developing, you need to maintain a zero temperature.
Storing at home
As a last resort, roses can be overexposed before planting and in the room. For example, if the kidneys are already too big. Then they are planted in containers so that the entire root system fits freely. You need to take nutritious soil. It is advisable to keep the temperature no more than 10 0 C. It is also important to shade the roses from the light. They are covered with cellophane from above.
How to save a purchased rose before planting: video
In this video I will show and tell you how to plant a rose seedling at home in order to preserve it before planting in the ground.
1. Storing rose seedlings in the refrigerator
Perhaps this is the most convenient and common way, because every home has a refrigerator. Seedlings with an open root system are wrapped in wet sphagnum or wet paper towels, put in a plastic bag, tied and stored in a vegetable compartment at a temperature of 0 to 3 ° C.
Seedlings with a closed root system (in containers) are also placed in the refrigerator - along with the container. They are simply wrapped in polyethylene to maintain the desired moisture level.
If you store different roses, attach a sticker with the name of the variety to each seedling.
How to properly plant a rose in the ground - My Village
The flowering of a beautiful rose cannot leave anyone indifferent - it will decorate any flower garden. But often inexperienced gardeners refuse to grow it, fearing difficulties in planting and caring for the plant. The reader will learn how to plant roses in spring correctly from this article.
Before going to the store for rose seedlings, you need to decide what kind of flower is suitable for a garden or flower garden. Over the years, breeders have bred many varieties of roses, which differ not only in appearance, but also in the method of planting and growing.
You can list the most famous varieties of roses:
- Tea room (hybrid of Chinese rose)
- Hybrid tea - a hybrid of a tea and a remontant rose, with a powerful bush more than a meter high
- Floribunda is an unpretentious variety with long flowering
- Grandiflora - a rose obtained from crossing a hybrid tea rose and a floribunda
- Groundcover - a huge shrub with abundant and long flowering
- Climbing - a rose with flexible creeping shoots, which are guided along special supports.
Do not forget that in our difficult climate, not all varieties of roses feel comfortable.
When is it better to plant roses - in spring or autumn?
Roses should be planted only in spring, when the soil is dry enough and warmed up to 10-12 degrees. Autumn planting of roses is possible only in the southern regions with long and warm autumn.
Choosing a place and time for planting roses in spring
Rose is demanding for heat and light, does not tolerate drafts, especially cold winds. It is best to place bushes near the walls of buildings or solid fences, which will protect the plant from the wind, and will give off the solar heat accumulated during the day at night. The shading of the rose in the afternoon is not scary to the plant.
If you plan to place rose bushes near large plants, you should remember about timely fertilizing, since large plants require more nutrition.
It is advisable to decide on a place for planting roses in the fall and fill the soil with rotted manure or compost at a dose of 8-12 kg per 1 sq. meter. If the soil is clayey, river coarse sand is additionally introduced, at least a bucket per square of area.
In the spring, the planting hole is prepared 10-14 days before planting the seedlings. A layer of crushed stone or expanded clay is poured into a hole 50-70 cm deep as drainage (this is not necessary on sandy soils).
Then, the pit is filled with a nutrient mixture of garden soil, peat, humus and sand in a ratio of 2: 1: 1: 1. This mixture is filled with superphosphate (120 - 140 g).
You can use another complex mineral fertilizer for flowers (Agricola, Kemira).
The time of planting seedlings is determined by the temperature of the soil, it should not fall below +10 degrees.
- In the middle lane and the Moscow region, the best time is the end of April.
- In Siberia and the Urals, you will have to wait until mid-late May.
Too delay with planting is also not worth it, the buds on the seedling should not grow. Closer to summer, spring moisture leaves the soil and the plant will need increased watering for rooting.
How to choose a rose seedling for planting in spring
It is not easy to make the right choice of a rose seedling among the variety of planting material presented. You should pay special attention to the appearance of the plant:
- leaves are green and juicy, without spots and yellowing and drying
- the bush has at least two shoots
- the vaccination site is clearly visible
- the trunk of the plant is strong, dry, without cracks on the bark and rot
- if a seedling with an open root system, the roots should be intact, developed, fibrous
- if the rose is in a container, there should be no traces of mold on the surface of the soil.
Roses are often sold in cardboard boxes, where the roots of the plant are packed in moss and sawdust. Before planting, seedlings of roses from boxes must be properly prepared.
To do this, remove the packaging from the roots, and carefully straighten all the roots. Dried or broken ends are cut off. For the prevention of various diseases, the roots of the seedling are immersed for an hour in a warm solution of a suitable fungicide. You can use a bright pink solution of potassium permanganate.
If the stem of the plant is covered with paraffin or wax, the protection must be removed by gently brushing off the coating with a wooden stick. The wax protects the plant from drying out during transportation and storage, but prevents the rose from breathing, therefore this film must be removed.
Sometimes a seedling needs to be pruned. Weak and damaged shoots must be removed. Depending on the variety, rose seedlings are cut as follows:
- floribunda leaves 3-4 buds on a branch
- English roses - 5 or 7 buds
- park roses - at least 7 buds
- for ground cover roses, the more buds remain on the shoot, the better
- hybrid tea roses are cut, leaving 2 - 3 buds.
Before planting, it is useful to soak the seedlings for an hour - one and a half in a solution of any growth stimulant (root, epin).
Planting a rose seedling in the ground
Following the given step-by-step instructions, you can easily plant roses on your site.
- A seedling prepared for planting with an open root system is lowered into the planting pit on a previously poured earth mound.
- All roots are gently straightened.Then, they are covered with nutrient soil prepared in advance. The soil is compacted with hands, pressing it to the roots. It is convenient to plant a rose together, one person holds the seedling straight, the second covers the roots with soil.
The grafting point of the plant must be covered with soil, to a height depending on the variety of the rose:
- grafting climbing roses fall asleep 8 - 10 cm
- floribunda 3 - 5 cm
- in park, ground cover, and English roses, the graft is buried 5 cm in the ground
- in hybrid tea 3 - 5 cm.
The planted bush is watered abundantly with water and the surface is mulched with peat or humus, wood chips.
The distance at which rose seedlings are placed is:
- for a climbing or climbing rose - 1.5 m from each other, and 30 - 40 cm from the support along which it will curl
- floribunda is planted at a distance of 40 - 50 cm from each other
- park and English roses are not planted closer than 1.5 m to each other
- for ground cover roses, a gap of 70 - 90 cm is enough
- tea-hybrid plants are planted after 40 - 50 cm.
The standard rose is placed at a distance of 100 - 130 cm from each other. It is necessary to install a support for the trunk immediately when planting a seedling. The grafting of a standard rose is placed at ground level.
Closed-root rose seedlings (that is, those sold in containers) can be planted in spring and summer. They do not destroy the earth ball during planting, but simply transfer the rose from the pot into the ground. Experienced flower growers add any growth stimulant to the water of the first watering of the seedling, diluting it according to the instructions.
Caring for roses in spring after planting
In addition to regular watering at the root with not cold water, the seedling should be shaded from bright sunlight. The plant is covered with lutrasil (some summer residents use ordinary tulle) so that the sun does not burn the young shoots. Shading is necessary for roses within 2 weeks after planting.
After watering, the soil around the rose bushes is shallowly loosened, allowing air to reach the roots. If necessary, add mulch.
The first feeding with complex mineral fertilizer or mullein infusion (100 g per bucket of water) is carried out already 3 weeks after planting.
Important! Before fertilizing, always spill the bush with clean water. The introduction of nutrient solutions into dry soil is not allowed. This can lead to root burns.
In the first summer after planting a rose, the flowering of the plant is limited. Only 1 - 2 buds are left on the bush, plucking out the rest. This measure will allow you to admire the flowering, and will not weaken the young plant.
How to save rose seedlings before planting in spring
Very often, a rose seedling gets to the gardener in February, or even late autumn. It is not possible to plant a plant on the site. What can be done to keep the plant alive until the hour of planting in the ground?
In winter, the plant is dormant or dormant, the task of the gardener is not to let the plant wake up ahead of time and start growing. To do this, you need to keep the bushes in a cool and dark place. At home, the simplest thing is to place the seedlings in a refrigerator or cellar.
Roses with open roots are wrapped in wet moss, then put into a plastic bag. Seedlings in containers are also placed in a bag to retain moisture. Roses are kept at temperatures from 0 to +3 degrees. From time to time, you need to check the moisture content of the soil or moss, if necessary, moisten.
If there is no cellar, there is little space in the refrigerator, but there is a glassed-in balcony, roses can be stored there.
- A layer of sawdust, shavings or peat chips is poured into a large cardboard box, the "soil" is moistened from a spray bottle, and the roses are laid.
- From above, the seedlings are covered with the same wet mixture. Packed in this way, roses tolerate fluctuations in ambient temperature within the range of -5 .. + 5 degrees.
- With the onset of heat above +5 degrees, boxes with roses can be taken to a summer cottage, where they can be buried in the still cold ground until April-May.
Storing rose seedlings in the refrigerator
You can save roses by digging them into the snow right at the dacha. To do this, choose a shady place where moisture will not stagnate in spring.
- A hole is dug in the snow to the ground, where a box with seedlings is dropped, completely covered with peat or sawdust. The box is additionally wrapped in agrotechnical cloth, then covered with snow.
- To preserve the snow cover as long as possible, a snowdrift can be covered with pine spruce branches or covered with a layer of sawdust. In this "glacier", the roses can safely stay until the time of planting.
During work on the preservation of seedlings, experienced gardeners recommend keeping track of the presence of non-soaking tags with the name of the variety on each seedling. It is convenient to mark roses using tin tags on which the number or the initial letter of the variety name is scratched with a nail.
As a result, we can add that all the troubles when working with roses, more than pay off the lush and long flowering of this beautiful plant.