Harold grape - early and resistant
Among the new grape varieties, attention is drawn to the Russian variety Harold, which is distinguished by a very early ripening period and an unusual berry taste. Reviews of gardeners about this grape are contradictory, but still positive ones prevail.
Harold grape cultivation history
The early ripe hybrid Harold was received by the breeders of VNIIViV them. Ya.I. Potapenko. To develop a new variety, the Delight and Arcadia grapes were crossed, and then the intermediate hybrid obtained from them was crossed with Summer Muscat. Originally, the Harold hybrid was simply called IV-6-5-pc.
Harold is not yet listed in the State Register, but has already gained popularity among winegrowers in various regions of Russia for his good taste and high yield.
Harold's hybrid can be grown even in Siberia, since a short northern summer is enough for him to ripen.
Grapes Harold on video
Description of the variety
Harold belongs to the early maturing table varieties. From the beginning of the growing season to ripening, 95–100 days pass. For example, in the city of Novocherkassk, the crop can be harvested by the end of July.
The bushes are distinguished by strong growth and vines power. Almost 4/5 of the resulting shoots are fruitful. Flexible and strong vines with bright green leaves ripen well in a season. Up to two dozen clusters are formed on each bush (1–2 full-weight clusters ripen on each vine). In addition to the main crop, a number of brushes appear on the stepchildren, which makes it possible to harvest a second crop in autumn.
Flowering grapes Harold - video
The bunches are quite dense in structure, the average weight is 250-300 g (maximum 500 g). The shape of the bunches is cylindrical-conical. Medium-sized (5-6 g) berries are oval, slightly pointed at the end. The skin is relatively dense, but does not interfere with eating. At the stage of technical ripeness, the color of the berries is greenish, and when fully ripe, it is amber-yellow. The pulp is juicy, but by the definition of some lovers it is watery. The taste of the pulp is very pleasant, with a pronounced nutmeg aroma. The sugar content in berries is high - 19–20 g per 100 cm3, there are few acids (4–5 g / l).
Harold's berries are quite large for an early variety.
The Harold grape has a number of advantages:
- very early maturation;
- high yield (with proper care up to 14-15 kg from 1 bush);
- two waves of fruiting;
- good resistance to fungal diseases (mildew, oidium, gray mold);
- good preservation of bunches on the bush (they can hang without shedding and drying until mid-September);
- resistance to transportation and long shelf life;
- unpretentiousness to soil and climatic conditions.
Disadvantages of the variety:
- tendency to overload (crop rationing is required);
- low pulp density;
- reduction of nutmeg aroma when overripe.
The frost resistance of the hybrid has not been finally established, but according to winegrowers, Harold tolerates frosts well down to -25 aboutFROM
Rules for planting and growing grapes Harold
Hybrid Harold is unpretentious to growing conditions, however, in order to obtain truly high yields, it is recommended to follow the rules of agricultural technology.
Harold is undemanding to soil. Of course, the more fertile the soil, the higher the yields will be. The best soil option is chernozem or other light, moisture-conducting and nutrient-rich soils. The close occurrence of groundwater and stagnation of moisture for grapes is contraindicated. If your site is located in a lowland, you need to plant grapes on a hill (including artificial) or provide high-quality drainage.
The site chosen for landing should be well lit and protected from cold winds. It should be remembered that grapes do not like the close proximity of buildings and trees. The fact is that with poor ventilation of the bush, there is a risk of developing fungal diseases.
When planting several grape bushes, it is recommended to observe a row spacing of 3 m, and the distance between plants in a row is 1 m.
You can plant grapes in both spring and autumn. Spring planting (from late April to mid-May in various regions) is considered preferable, since the seedling has better time to root and grow stronger by winter.
Planting Harold, according to amateur winegrowers, it is advisable to carry out saplings, and not with the help of cuttings. Planting success largely depends on the quality of the planting material. Seedlings can be purchased or grown independently. When buying a seedling, test it for flexibility (should not crunch when bent). The root system must be developed (at least 4 long roots), without signs of disease or damage. The optimal number of buds per seedling is 4–5.
Purchased seedlings must be healthy, with a developed root system
For self-cultivation of cuttings, it is necessary to prepare the material in advance - cut off the cuttings from the ripe part of the vine in the fall, wrap it in plastic and put it on the lower shelf of the refrigerator. In mid-February, the cuttings are placed in a jar of water in the lighted part of the room and wait for the roots to germinate. You can immerse the cuttings in moist, loose soil.
Growing grape seedlings from shanks - video
Planting seedlings in open ground is carried out when the air temperature is set to more than 15 aboutC. Before planting, the roots of the seedling are immersed in a growth stimulant solution for 24–48 hours.
For each bush, pits 0.8 m deep and of the same diameter are prepared in advance. To half the depth, the pit is filled with a mixture of fertile soil, humus (or peat soil) with the addition of potash and phosphate fertilizers.
Sprinkle the nutrient mixture with a thin layer of clean soil so that the roots of the seedling do not suffer.
A seedling with straightened roots is placed on the soil layer (try not to break the white young roots!), Fill it with soil and compact it. A small hole is made around the bush for watering and 2 buckets of water are poured into it. The soil around the seedling should be mulched.
Planting grapes on video
Caring for grape bushes
A good harvest from Harold can be obtained by providing him with proper care. Large bushes need to be shaped and pruned regularly. The formation of a bush can be done in a fan pattern.
Fan formation takes 3-4 years
In the southern regions, where grapes can be grown without shelter for the winter, cultivation in standard form is possible. To do this, leave 1–2 main vines, which are raised vertically to the desired height (2–3 m), and then distribute the shoots coming out of the upper part of the trunk along horizontal supports.
If there is no need to lower grapes to the ground every winter, you can grow it as a tree with a tall stem.
Young vines need to be pruned annually, leaving 25-30 knots on each. During or immediately after flowering, it is imperative to normalize the ovaries, otherwise the bush will be overloaded and the quality of the crop will decrease. Do not leave more than 30 brushes on the bush.
Thinning of inflorescences improves the vegetation of grapes and stimulates the formation of flower buds of the future harvest.
Stepsons in cold regions need to be broken out so that the bush does not waste extra strength on their growth. In the southern regions, stepchildren are the source of the second harvest (ripens by October). They also require rationing - no more than 20 inflorescences should be left on the stepsons.
Grape harvest normalization - video
During the growing season, the grapes need to be watered. Harold easily tolerates a slight drought, but overdrying the soil is not recommended. It is enough to carry out 3-4 waterings per season: at the end of flowering, when pouring berries and after harvesting. Up to 5 buckets of settled water are served under adult bushes. Before sheltering for the winter, in October, one more watering can be carried out (6–7 buckets per bush).
To help the soil retain moisture better, mulch the surface of the trunk circle with sawdust, straw, or withered cut grass.
Fertilizers need to be applied from the third to fourth year after planting (before that, nutrition is provided by organic and mineral substances introduced during planting). Annual top dressing is applied 2-3 times during the summer. Nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium fertilizers are dissolved in a bucket of water in a 2: 4: 1 ratio. The first feeding is carried out during or after flowering. It is enough to apply organic fertilizers once every 2-3 years. It can be used as a liquid form (mullein solution or infusion of bird droppings) or solid - in the form of a thick layer of mulch in the trunk circle.
How to feed grapes - video
For all his resistance to fungal diseases, Harold needs preventive treatments. It is advisable to use phosphorus-containing fungicides, but you can also use a 1% Bordeaux mixture. Spraying is carried out 2-3 times during the summer, for the first time - before flowering.
Pests usually do not touch grapes, except for wasps and birds. From both, the best defense is to fence the bushes with a net or tie a mesh bag around each brush.
Mesh-covered brushes remain in all their glory
For the winter, Harold needs to be sheltered only in cold regions, since the winter hardiness of the vine is -25 aboutC. For protection from the cold, the shoots after the autumn pruning are untied from the trellis, tied together and lowered to the ground. You can cover it with agrotechnical cloth, spruce branches, straw, foil, or simply cover it with earth.
Sprinkle the vines with soil to protect against frost
Harvesting and using the crop
Harold's first crop can be harvested in late July - early August, and the second in late September - early October.
Some growers break off the brushes, but it is best to cut them off with a pruner. Brushes tolerate transportation well if placed in shallow containers.
Although ripe brushes can remain on the bush without spoilage for another 1.5-2 months, it is better not to let them hang for too long. When overripe, the nutmeg aroma weakens, and the pulp becomes liquid. Overexposure of the brushes on the bush is justified if it is planned to make wine from the grapes.
Grape juice is one of the healthiest drinks
Harold's bunches picked in time are usually eaten fresh, but you can make delicious juice, compote or bekmes (grape honey) from them.
Harold is an unpretentious variety of raisins that even an inexperienced winegrower can grow. A pleasant feature is a double harvest and a delicate nutmeg aroma.
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