Arched grapes: a productive and decorative winter-hardy variety
Grape cultivation has been gaining popularity over the years. This is due to the variety of varieties, the relative lack of difficulties in growing and decorative vines. It is for the appearance that gardeners fell in love with the Arochny grapes. With proper planting and proper care, you can get a rich harvest from it.
Arched grapes were obtained by hybridization from Druzhba and Intervitis Magaracha varieties. This was done by Russian scientists from the Ya.I. Potapenko.
As a result of experiments, grapes with high yields were created. And it got its name because of the curling ability, thanks to which you can decorate any buildings or fences.
Creating grapes Arochny, scientists sought to bring out an unpretentious and fruitful variety
Description of Arched grapes
Arkovy is considered an early variety, because the berries ripen in a period of 110 to 120 days.... The bush brings its first harvest a year after planting.
One vine can grow up to 15–20 bunches. They are large, conical, dense and outwardly beautiful. One bunch weighs from 400 to 600 g.
The berries are pink with a transition to red, oval in shape with a dense skin and large seeds. The mass of one berry is 6 g. Tasters evaluate their taste on a 10-point scale at 7.7.
The berries of the arched grapes are large, oval in shape
A feature of this variety is that the berries are able to stay on the bush for a long time and at the same time not lose their appearance and taste.
Video: an overview of the Arochny variety from the grower
Benefits of the variety
In addition to taste, this grape variety has several more characteristic features:
- Due to their high density, the berries can remain on the bushes for a long time and not lose their qualities. And it is because of this that the bunches of grapes tolerate transportation well over long distances.
Arched grapes are prized for the taste of berries
- The vine can withstand frosts in winter down to -25 degrees. And even if part of the eyes freezes, duplicate buds will bear fruit.
- The harvest is steady and strong year after year.
- The variety is highly resistant to mildew and gray rot, but average resistance to powdery mildew.
The variety is characterized by medium resistance to powdery mildew.
- The berries make a wonderful wine.
Video: Arched grapes ripens
Features of planting and growing
Grapes are considered a heat-loving plant, but even so, they are increasingly grown in regions with cold climates. But in such conditions, it is necessary to plant it correctly and properly care for it, then the yield will delight.
Grapes can be used to decorate buildings and fences
Preparing the landing site
Arched grapes grow well on sandy and sandy soils. Its roots go deep, therefore, with a close location of groundwater, the vine may bear fruit worse or die. This should be taken into account when choosing a place for planting: there should be more sun, so a site on the southeast or southwest side is suitable..
It is better to plant grapes in spring. But you need to prepare a pit for planting in the fall: this way the soil will be saturated with oxygen and most pests and pathogenic microbes will die.
For planting Arched grapes, you can use the general planting scheme
The preparation of the planting pit will include the following steps:
- Dig a hole approximately 100 x 100 cm in size.
- The first step is to lay drainage on the bottom of the pit: it can be expanded clay, pieces of crushed brick or rubble.
- Pour in layers of sand and humus mixed in equal proportions with peat.
- It is desirable to sprinkle each layer with a fertilizer mixture consisting of ammonium nitrate (approximately 30 g), potassium salt and potassium superphosphate (100 g each).
Potash salt can be replaced with ordinary ash without loss of quality.
30 g of ammonium nitrate must be added to the acceleration mixture.
- The top layer should be peat with humus. You do not need to sprinkle fertilizer on it.
- Fill the prepared hole with warm water (at least two buckets) and let the soil settle.
Planting a seedling
Grape seedlings are sold with both closed and open root systems. Their preparation for planting and planting do not differ very much:
- If the roots of the vine are open, then it must be soaked in warm water for 2 hours: the roots will be saturated with moisture and prepare for planting. After that, you can plant them:
- in the prepared hole in the center, make a small hill 10-15 cm high;
- put grapes on it and spread the roots down.
- Closed-rooted grapes are a little easier to plant. You just need to make a deepening of a suitable size and plant the seedling without deepening.
After planting, the grapes need to be watered and mulched abundantly. Hay or grass cuttings work well for this. In the future, it is necessary to water the seedling once a week for 10–20 liters.
After planting, the grapes need to be watered and mulched.
Vine shaping and pruning
Another feature of this grape variety is its rapid growth. Therefore, an important part of grooming is the proper formation of the vine. If you do not cut it, then the branches will thicken strongly and the harvest will be poor.
Arched grapes must be properly pruned
There is no need to prune grapes during the first year after planting.... A year later, in the spring, two main lashes are left, which are cut in a certain way:
- the first whip is fruit, it is cut off, leaving from 5 to 10 buds;
- the second is called a replacement knot and is cut off, leaving 2 buds.
The next year, two lashes are left on the short bitch again. A long branch will bear fruit. Thus, arched grapes should be formed every spring. And in the fall, the vine should be cut after harvest, leaving a stump of 10 cm.
In the fall, after harvesting, the vine is pruned, leaving 10 cm
Despite the fact that Arochny is a frost-resistant variety, it must be covered for wintering in the first years, even in the southern regions. In colder climates, it's best to take the risk and cover the vine every year.
After pruning, the vine is covered with spunbond or agrospan. These materials are good because they create favorable conditions for wintering and allow oxygen to pass to the plant.
The most effective cover is complete with spunbond or agrospan
In the latitudes of the north, spruce branches are additionally laid on top and sprinkled with soil. If the winters have little snow, then it is additionally necessary to cover the grapes in warm regions..
For additional protection, the bushes are covered with spruce branches on top.
Reviews about this grape
The arched grape variety is quite unpretentious, it is perfect for decorating the site and trouble-free growing. But nevertheless, in order to obtain a rich harvest, it is necessary to carefully monitor and care for it, follow the rules for cutting bushes and sheltering them for the winter.
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Veles grapes: description of the variety with characteristics and reviews, features of planting and cultivation, photos
- History of appearance
- Description of Veles grapes
- Pros and cons
- Planting and leaving
- Climate, region of growth
- The soil
- Diseases and pests
- Table: typical diseases of Veles
- Photo gallery: characteristic diseases of the variety
- Table: grape pests
- Photo Gallery: Cultural Attacking Insects
- Gardeners reviews
Correct pruning of grapes, depending on its variety
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There are certain pruning rules, based primarily on the individual characteristics of the variety, the age and growth of the bush, taking into account the weather in the current year. I recommend pruning in the fall, in late October - early November, before sheltering the bushes for the winter.
The main meaning of cropping
Annual pruning of bushes regulates their growth and fruiting. When pruned correctly, the high yield of the plant is accompanied by its normal growth. With the wrong approach to pruning, this balance is violated, which leads to the strengthening of one of the processes at the expense of the weakening of the other. The art of the grower consists in the ability to maintain a balance between growth and fruiting. Thanks to pruning, the bushes are given a certain shape, preserve and maintain it throughout the entire life of the plant.
The pruning length of fruit vines and especially the load of the bushes most significantly affect the quantity and quality of the grape harvest. This is explained, on the one hand, by the difference in quality of the eyes along the length of annual shoots, which is manifested in their different ability to bear fruit and the quality of the crop, and on the other hand, by the direct dependence of the yield on the number of healthy eyes left when pruning, and later on shoots.
What is the weather in June - so is the harvest for the next year
As you know, grapes bear fruit on the growth of last year and only on it. The fruitful eyes of the next year's harvest are laid in June of the current year, and the weather at that time depends on how fruitful they will be. If at the beginning of the month it was warm, then even the first 3-5 eyes will be fruitful, and if it is cool, then the fruitfulness of the eyes at the beginning of the fruit arrow will be low, and the yield will be on the shoots that have grown from the 8-10th, or even 12- 14th peephole and beyond. This is a general rule. Now we turn to varietal characteristics.
Each grape variety has its own pruning
Varieties of Central Asian origin, and those bred with their participation, are the most thermophilic, it is customary to cut them longer - they are productive, as a rule, shoots that have grown from the 6th-8th and further eyes, and the first shoots are almost always sterile. Therefore, such of your varieties as Rizamat, in Memory of Negrul, need to be cut as long as possible, by 14-16 eyes.
For the varieties Strashensky, Lyana, Laura, Sashenka, Kodryanka, Muromets, medium pruning is enough - for 7-9 eyes. The rest of the varieties have a high fruitfulness of the eyes at the beginning of the fruit arrow and allow short pruning, even for 2-4 eyes. Of course, they can be cut even longer - by 6-8 eyes.
When pruning, you still need to take into account the shape of the grape plant you have chosen.
You also need to remember about the general condition of the bush. If the plant is young, it should not be loaded - let it gain strength. If the bush is sick, damaged or is weak, then it should also not be cut for a long time - a large number of shoots will weaken it even more. Such a plant, on the contrary, should be unloaded for one year, removing part of the set bunches so that it grows stronger.
Cases when grapes can be pruned by one bud
Another important pruning task is regulating the polarity and spatial position of the bush. The vine, like a liana, is characterized by a strongly pronounced polarity, which manifests itself in the greatest growth of parts of the bush remote from the base. The desire of the plant to change its spatial position is manifested in the exposure of the lower parts of the shoot, the intensive growth of shoots from the upper eyes of the whip, which reduces the number of inflorescences on the shoot, causes the ovary of the lower inflorescences to fall, and reduces the yield.
To neutralize the polarity, a short pruning of shoots at the base is used, pruning according to the principle of a fruit link, leaving a long shoot for fruiting and a short one - a garter of a fruit arrow is used on a replacement knot in a horizontal or close position to it. By cutting the shoot short, we force it to develop the lower eyes in spite of the polarity and give well-developed shoots from them.
Features of pollination of grapes
Grapes are a wind-pollinated plant, bees are not helpers to it, therefore varieties with a functional-female type of flower (Talisman, Laura, Victoria, Sasha and Red Rapture) should grow near bisexual varieties, the pollen of which will pollinate them. Good pollinators are considered to be profusely flowering varieties with large brushes or a large number of them, primarily raisins and technical ones, among the dining rooms there are good pollinators - Kodryanka, Strashensky, Arcadia and others.