Tomato varieties for growing in low film greenhouses or greenhouses
Tomatoes of the Garant variety
Today tomato has become the most widespread crop not only in the world, but also in Russia. But 150-200 years ago, only residents of the south of Russia (on the Black Sea coast) could afford to grow this exotic. Now, even novice gardeners grow tomatoes everywhere.
Two centuries later, the Russian gardener confidently picks ripe and tasty tomato fruits in his beds, which are often located in the northernmost regions of Russia: in the Leningrad, Vologda, Kirov regions, in the Republic of Karelia, etc. And it has already been forgotten that the cultivated tomato is of South American origin (Peru, Ecuador).
There is no doubt that this species acquired such plasticity only thanks to the tireless and systematic work of breeders. We will introduce you now with varieties of tomatoesbred specifically for cultivation in low film greenhouses or greenhouses. These are medium-sized (1-1.5 m) determinant varieties and hybrids that ripen 100-110 days after germination. All of them are well adapted to the most different climatic conditions, are fruitful, tasty, and most importantly, they know how to forgive mistakes in agricultural technology.
Tomatoes varieties Northern Lights
Guarantor - early ripening variety, ripens on the 100-105th day after germination. Produces well in film shelters. Height up to 1 m. Fruits weighing 90-100 g are resistant to cracking, have excellent taste, ripen together, are suitable for salting and canning. Planting density - 5-6 plants per 1 m2 (formed into two stems). The yield is 10-12 kg / m2. Ripens on a bush even in Siberia.
Tsarskoye Selo early - early ripening variety (100-105 days), plant height 80-90 cm. Ripening amicably, fruits weighing 90-100 g, do not crack, taste good. In a film greenhouse, 5-6 plants are placed per 1 m2, formed into two stems, the yield is 10-12 kg per 1 m2. The Northern Lights are a precocious variety (105-110 days).
Plant height up to 1-1.2 m. Fruits are red, elongated-rounded, smooth, without ribbing, weighing 85-100 g, excellent taste, resistant to cracking. 5-6 plants are planted per 1 m2, formed into two stems. Harvest 9-12 kg from 1 m2.
Tomatoes variety Tsarskoselsky early
Sweetheart - mid-season variety (95-110 days) for open ground and film greenhouses. The plant is determinate, up to 1.2-1.5 m. Fruits are oval-rounded, red, weighing 90-120 g with a dense, sugary tasty pulp. 4-5 plants are planted per 1 m2, formed into two stems. Productivity 12-15 kg per 1 m2. The indisputable advantage of all these varieties is their reliability, a friendly return of the harvest, which does not depend on the whims of the summer St. Petersburg weather.
The agricultural technology of these varieties is very similar, as, incidentally, it is applicable to the cultivation of most modern varieties of tomatoes in the Non-Black Earth Region of Russia. Sowing seedlings is carried out from mid-March. It is advisable to grow seedlings through a school. To do this, prepare a shallow (5-6 cm) wooden box with drainage and fill it with peat soil.
The soil is spilled with a dark red solution of potassium permanganate, grooves are made with an interval of 5 cm, a depth of 0.5-0.7 cm.In the grooves, dry seeds are laid out at a distance of 0.5-1 cm, sprinkled, and then the soil is slightly compacted, and the box is covered plastic wrap. Before the emergence of shoots, the box is placed in a very warm place (25 ... 30 ° C). Water, if necessary, carefully, through a strainer, so as not to wash out the seeds.
With the appearance of the first shoots, the film is immediately removed, and the box is placed on the lightest windowsill. The hardening of the school during the first 7-8 days after germination is carried out using a window, which, if necessary, is draped with a cloth. During hardening, the air temperature should be no more than 13 ... 14 ° C.
Then the temperature is increased to 20 ... 22 ° C. A school (young seedlings) is dived (transplanted into pots) 18-20 days after the emergence of shoots. Pots (bags) should be filled with good, nutritious soil and a capacity of at least 0.5 liters. The seedlings are deepened to the cotyledon leaves.
The seedlings of these varieties are 50-55 days old. Tomatoes are planted in a permanent place at the rate of 5-6 plants per 1 m2 and after 3-5 days they are tied to a trellis or to stakes. I want to remind you that in order to obtain early and high yields of tomatoes in the northern regions of Russia, it is necessary to use the simplest film shelters (greenhouses, hotbeds) and provide for a second shelter of plants with lutrasil (spunbond) in case of cold snap or frost.
director of the selection and seed company "Hardwick",
candidate of agricultural sciences
The best and most productive varieties of tomatoes for Belarus in a greenhouse and open field
When choosing varieties of tomatoes for Belarus, first of all, you need to pay attention to plants that are zoned to local conditions. A number of institutes and agricultural enterprises of Belarus are engaged in their breeding, which have achieved excellent results. Seed companies in Holland produce tomatoes that are maximally adapted to the conditions of the region. They offer varieties of tomatoes for Belarus, among which there are many high-yielding hybrids for greenhouses. Also, varieties of Siberian selection are suitable for the moderately warm Belarusian summer, which can easily endure weather stresses in unprotected soil conditions. The choice is extensive, for any, even very demanding taste.
Four agroclimatic zones of Belarus differ in the duration of frost-free periods and the amount of precipitation. These features are familiar to home owners. Everyone tries to choose the best varieties of vegetables, taking into account their capabilities, crop rotation, sown area, the presence of a greenhouse, a greenhouse.
Many conditions influence the choice. But the main ones are the ripening times of tomatoes, their degree of adaptability to weather conditions, and productivity. Everyone decides for himself which varieties to choose. For many, the main argument is the exotic color, shape or size of tomatoes. It is more convenient to divide tomatoes into two groups, for open and protected ground.
Open field tomatoes
Tomatoes with short to medium ripening periods are grown outdoors, trying to finish harvesting before the cold weather. Usually these are plants with a low or medium bush height, independently limiting themselves in growth. These include dwarf tomatoes, with a low bush of 35-50 cm. Low-growing tomatoes often have a standard type of bush that can withstand loads well and does not require a stem tie to a support. Medium-sized varieties of tomatoes for open ground can reach a height of 1.5 meters and are usually attached to a trellis or tied to stakes.
Growing tomatoes in the open field requires plants to be resistant to pests, viral and fungal diseases. Similar qualities are always present in zoned Belarusian tomatoes with genetic resistance to local pathogens.
Also important for plants grown in open ground in Belarus, the ability to endure short-term cold snaps, stress associated with drying out of the soil, its high acidity.
Often, growing tomatoes in open ground is carried out under light film shelters due to the risks associated with low summer temperatures, frequent rains and cold dew. The exception is the varieties of tomatoes for open ground of the Belarusian and Siberian selection. Some ultra-early maturing species can be grown by direct sowing of seeds into the ground. But in most cases, tomatoes for open ground are grown in seedlings. Depending on the date of return frosts and the growing season of the plant, the date of sowing seeds for growing seedlings is selected.
Early varieties of tomatoes for open ground
Such tomatoes are distinguished by excellent resistance to climatic stresses, are very unpretentious, they are planted in the ground with the end of the spring frost.
- Variety "Excellent 176" has been tested by several decades of cultivation. This is a zoned tomato. The bush reaches a height of 50-70 cm with fruits weighing 90-100 g, red color. The universal purpose allows the use of fruits in any kind of workpiece.
- Hybrid "Euro F1" This semi-determinant tomato refers to early medium-sized hybrids with a fruit weight of about 70-120 g. The variety is yielding, yields up to 11-15 kg per square meter. meters of area.
- Variety "Motto" is an early undersized tomato with a determinate type of bush, suitable for growing under light film shelters. Fruits reach a weight of 60-100 g. Partially resistant to late blight, fusarium, cladosporium.
- Variety "Izumrud" is a low-growing, determinant plant, with an average tomato weight of about 80-90 g. The advantage of these tomatoes is good yield and taste. It is resistant to late blight.
- Variety "Krokha" has the shortest growing season, ahead of other tomatoes in terms of ripening rate by almost a week. During the growing season, forms small, red, round-shaped fruits, weighing up to 35 g, very juicy and sweet.
- The "Praleska" variety is a medium-sized, determinate tomato with an average tomato weight of about 100 g. The shape of the fruit is round-flat with a small spout. Used for salads, tomato semi-finished products, canning. The tomato is resistant to late blight, responsive to watering and feeding.
- The hybrid "Storm F1" is a medium-sized, semi-determinant tomato with a high yield. Fruits weigh up to 120 g and are suitable for all types of canning. Per sq. no more than 3.5 plants are planted per meter of area, which are brought out into 2 trunks. The yield is 11-15 kg per square meter.
- Variety "Pozhar" is a medium-sized determinant tomato with fruits weighing up to 110 g. The variety is distinguished by good resistance to diseases.
- Variety "Early-310" is a medium-sized determinant tomato with red fruits weighing about 50-90 g. The advantages of tomato include a pleasant taste, high content of vitamin C in fruits, and good yield.
- "Profitable" - has long been successfully grown in Belarus. Determinant tomato with a bush height of 50-70 cm, unpretentious in care. Fruits are red, weighing about 60-90 g. The plant consistently gives a good, amicable harvest.
- Variety "Ranitsa" - a medium-sized tomato, determinant type with fruits weighing 50-70 g, red color, round-elongated shape. Resistant to the main types of diseases, responds well to quality care.
All these tomatoes are bred as a result of the work of Belarusian breeders and are ideal for local conditions.
Medium early varieties of tomatoes for open ground
Tomatoes with a growing season of 95-115 days can be grown outdoors, especially suitable for open ground in Belarus for children and half.
- The Kalinka variety is a medium-sized, determinate tomato, with fruits weighing up to 70 g. The taste of the fruits is excellent, the yield is good.
- The "Gift" variety is a low-growing plant with a bush height of only 48 cm, but the fruits gain weight in 120 g. Productivity per square meter. square meter is 8 kg. The taste of the fruit is excellent, suitable for all types of tomato preparations.
- Variety "Prize" - undersized with a bush height of 40-45 cm, determinant, with a low weight of tomatoes, only about 70 g, is used for pickling and cooking tomato semi-finished products.
- "Peremoga" - medium-sized, semi-determinate, with flat-round tomatoes with an average weight of 100-130 g. The variety is distinguished by stable productivity and tasty fruits.
- Variety "Vilina" is a medium-sized, determinant tomato with a fruit weight of about 80 g. Reviews speak of excellent taste.
- Variety "Rouzha" is a medium-sized determinant tomato, with fruits, the average weight of each one fluctuates around 60-90 g. The taste is excellent, suitable for all types of tomato preparations.
- Orange-1 is a determinate tomato with unusual orange fruits. The fruits are round, with a smooth skin and an average weight of 90-120 g, are distinguished by a high content of carotene.
- Variety "Vezha" - a tall indeterminate tomato with fruits, the average weight of which is 80-120 g. Taste indicators have the highest estimate, high yield.
- "Boom F1" is a semi-determinant, fruitful hybrid with fruits of about 110-120 g. Productivity is 12-16 kg per sq. M. m area. It demonstrates the best yield in temporary film greenhouses. Used for salads and all types of winter preparations.
- Variety "Agat" - undersized, determinant tomato with fruits weighing about 100 g. Differs in excellent taste and resistance to common diseases.
- "Start F1" is an indeterminate hybrid with a yield of 12-15 kg per sq. square meter, with a tomato mass of 90-130 g. The tomato is versatile, has excellent commodity and consumer characteristics.
These varieties of tomatoes are recommended for planting in open ground in Belarus. They are entered in the State Register. At the genetic level, they have protection against most pathogens of viral and fungal diseases, some types of pests.
Tomato varieties for greenhouses
Growing tomatoes in greenhouses offers many advantages, allowing you to adjust the environmental parameters for the specific needs of vegetable crops. In greenhouses, you can grow tomatoes using seedlings or sow seeds directly into the ground. The latter method significantly reduces labor costs and time for caring for plants. There is no need to plant seedlings, and the seedlings themselves do not waste time on survival in a new place. For this type of cultivation, tomato seeds of the “Silhouette”, “Bele”, “Alcazar”, “Geronimo”, “Raisa”, “Magnus”, “Triver”, “Malika”, “Honey Salute”, “Gift to a Woman” variety are recommended.
Pick up tomatoes with short growing seasons, the ability to tolerate low temperatures, insufficient illumination.
Dutch breeders have a lot of such types of tomatoes for a greenhouse, but they are quite demanding to care for.
Pay attention to the Dutch, high-yielding varieties:
- "Belfast F1" - suitable for all types of greenhouses, is not afraid of temperature stresses, forms fruits up to 300 g in weight, with excellent consumer characteristics
- "Aksai F1" - is distinguished by short ripening periods, with fruits of ideal commercial quality, weighing 140-180 g, ripening simultaneously on several clusters
- "Panekra F1" - a hybrid for any greenhouse with large tomatoes that are not prone to cracking and weighing 300-450 g
- "Sakura F1" is a hybrid adapted to low light and low temperatures, with low weight tomatoes up to 20 g, and exceptional taste characteristics.
Hybrids for greenhouses necessarily have protection against most of the diseases that are typical for greenhouses.
Today, the best tomato varieties for Belarus of their own breeding in terms of yield are: Harmony F1, Verlioka F1, Fanta F1, Alcazar F1, Alhambra F1. They give from 1 sq. square meter of about 14-16 kg of tomato.
For gardeners growing tomatoes using seedlings, you can safely choose plants with longer growing seasons. Seeds can be sown as early as February. Timing should be adjusted to reflect the quality of the greenhouse. By the period of transplantation to a place of constant growth, the seedlings should be 55-65 days old.
In this case, any varieties that can grow in the conditions of the Belarusian summer are suitable for greenhouses. These can be tall, indeterminate vines or tomatoes with limited growth. With the proper efforts and spending time on seedlings, you can be sure that an excellent result will not keep you waiting.
Get acquainted with the novelties of the Belarusian breeding school and choose for yourself the best varieties of tomatoes that are just beginning to appear on the market. The Department of Agricultural Biotechnology and Ecology of the Belarusian State Agricultural Academy announced this year the varieties "Berkut", "Garant", "Zorka", "Cherry Coral", "Strela", "Irma", "Teal", "Tamara", "Hybrid F1 Adapt", "Hybrid F1 Alexander". These novelties are awaiting the assessment of the owners of personal plots and gardeners. It is up to those who will be able to test them in practice, on garden plots and give them a worthy assessment.
For fans of exotic plants, the market provides a whole list of tomatoes that are very unusual in shape and color. Black, yellow, purple and even white tomatoes are offered to gardeners by scientists. The novelties also differ in taste, reminiscent of peppers or watermelons. But you always need to plant several proven varieties to get a yield guarantee.
New varieties of tomatoes: sweet, fruitful and large-fruited
... Beautiful orange fruits, slightly ribbed, heart-shaped. Excellent taste.
Tomato varieties for greenhouses
Cow's eye... It is appreciated for amicable and early ripening. Round vegetables weighing 110g.
This type of construction has a long service life. By itself, polycarbonate is a reliable and very practical material. Its properties are suitable for covering the greenhouse frame.Rows are pre-made using a hoe or any other handy garden tool. Some varieties of tomatoes may have long root systems, and it is worth using a shovel in this case.
Using a simple wooden stick of large volume (3-4 cm), a not too deep hole is made in the ground. Seeds are poured into it and covered with earth.Modern gardeners already know about all existing greenhouse tomato varieties, but for beginners, this information will be very useful.
... The resulting crop from the variety assumes the return of the costs invested in its cultivation and the receipt of additional income.Loamy and clayey soil is "loosened" by adding humus, sawdust and peat per 1m² bucket
It is easier to buy seedlings, and less time will be spent with energy. However, there will be no confidence in the exact observance of agrotechnical standards for its cultivation. In addition, not all varieties of tomatoes are suitable for effective planting in a polycarbonate greenhouse. Often, in the spring, there are tangible differences between night and day temperatures, due to which moisture can condense on the polycarbonate walls. It can significantly harm unhardened varieties, because contributes to the emergence and spread of diseases.Bovine forehead
Siberian troika... Fleshy fruits, elongated-convex shape, weighing up to 100g.
Each sprout is removed from the container with the soil into which the seed was poured.Advice. Do not cover the seeds with soil too tightly. It is necessary to give them the opportunity to freely saturate with air.
There are these types of tomatoes:Immunity to many tomato infections.
Soil with a predominance of peat is "lightened" by adding sod soil, humus and small shavings per 1m² per bucket. And another half a bucket per 1 m² of coarse sand.For cultivation in a greenhouse with this type of coating, it is advised to acquire disease-resistant, hardened hybrids with the alphanumeric index F1. They are somewhat more expensive than varietal seeds, but they adapt better to the conditions set by polycarbonate. They get sick less, bear fruit more abundantly. Self-pollinating hybrids will not need to be artificially pollinated. Among them there are representatives of large-fruited tomatoes and varieties of the "cherry" type. The only drawback is that the seeds of the hybrids will not have "parental" properties. The next generation loses the qualities laid down by breeders when crossing two varieties. The characteristics of the hybrids appear only in the first generation.
... A variety of Siberian breeders. Gives sweet fruits weighing up to 600 cm.... Red-raspberry vegetables of elongated shape, 100g each. Perfect for pickling.
Nastenka... Medium early. Tomatoes weighing 125g.
There are several types of polycarbonate, but only cellular polycarbonate is used for the construction of greenhouses. It is very dense in structure and has honeycombs inside.You can free the roots from it, but this is only when the soil in the seedling container and in the greenhouse itself is different.
All cups with seedlings are located in the greenhouse.Samara is a sweet and very juicy variety that is intended for indoor cultivation.
If the variety contains disease resistance genes, then infection does not occur. Preference is given to those varieties that have several such genes.After filling the "optimizers", the homemade soil mixture should be fertilized with 1 tablespoon of potassium sulfate with 2 tablespoons of superphosphate, and then thoroughly dig it up. Immediately before planting tomatoes in the beds in a polycarbonate greenhouse, the ground should be watered with a pink solution of potassium permanganate. For the preparation of a disinfectant, we will dissolve 1 gr. pharmacy potassium permanganate powder in 10 liters of water at a temperature of about 60 ° C.
For planting in a polycarbonate greenhouse, you can use:Siberian troika
Summer joy... Beautiful and fleshy tomatoes, elongated. Red up to 200g. One bush produces a large number of fruits.
Low-growing varieties of tomatoes
The best low-growing varieties of tomatoes are as follows:
Ilyich F1They provide an even distribution of sunlight.
Advice. If the tomato seedlings are already ready for planting and removed from the container, and there is no time to plant it at the moment, then you need to wrap the root system with a damp cloth. Do not put tomatoes in water, as they can be oversaturated with moisture.The first period of time, which is 20-30 days, leaves of tomatoes will not appear. Only then will the stems grow.
"Honey Drop" is a very sweet and liquid variety.Tomatoes are distinguished by a wide variety of varieties and hybrids. It is very difficult to choose which tomatoes to plant in the greenhouse. A description of the best of them for various uses is offered.
Then we form the holes in a checkerboard pattern, in a kind of zigzag or against each other, not forgetting that there should be 50-60 cm between the tomato bushes. Prepare a solution from 1 bottle of the greenhouse prophylactic drug "Zaslon" and pour it 0.5 liters into each hole.Determinant tomatoes, the bushes of which reach a height of 0.7 to 1.5 m and stop growing after a set of 6-8 introduced
... The most fruitful and sweetest of the large-fruited. Bush up to 60cm high. Each can collect up to 5 kg of fleshy and sweet tomatoes.... High-yielding, ultra-early ripening variety. Elongated fruits, red, weighing 100 - 120 g. Great for canning.
Japanese dwarf... Early maturing and high-yielding. The plant is resistant to diseases, produces tomatoes weighing 140 - 150 g.
This material is widely used in greenhouses that work all year round, since polycarbonate is frost-resistant and can withstand heavy loads. This indicator is especially important in those areas where there is a high level of precipitation in winter.How to properly plant tomatoes in a greenhouse? A seating arrangement is taken and carefully inserted into a previously made hole.
During this period, the most important thing is to provide them with proper care. It includes not only watering, but also fertilizing the soil to feed the sprouts."Moneymaker" - intended for growing tomatoes in a greenhouse. It is planted in March and fruits in summer.
Hybrid Fair Lady FCompliance with the recommended distance is almost a prerequisite. If there is a lot of free space between the tomato bushes, they will actively begin to actively branch. Due to the numerous stepchildren, the yield will decrease. We'll have to carry out pinching more often than necessary, and this is unnecessary stress for sensitive “seniors”. Removal of stepchildren is carried out on a sunny morning, not cutting off, but breaking off excess branches. After that, foams 2-3 cm long should remain on the stem. The sun will dry the broken surface and heal.
Indeterminate tomatoes growing and blooming throughout the summer cottage season without restrictions.Alsou
Geisha... Doesn't require a lot of light and space. Therefore, it is often chosen for growing at home. One bush is capable of producing 50 tomatoes.
Harvest varieties of tomatoes
The best fruit varieties of tomatoes:
Search F1Due to the fact that polycarbonate freely retains heat inside the structure, it will be possible to save on heating.
From above it is covered with soil and lightly rammed. Immediately along each row, additional holes need to be made, which will be used in the watering process.You also need a certain temperature, which should not drop below +15 degrees at night.
"Long Keeper" - yields fruits for 4 kg per bush.1
We plant tomato seedlings in the prepared beds in the following sequence:Indeterminate tomatoes are a priority. Their fruits begin to ripen earlier, and the bushes bear fruit longer. However, with a reasonable combination of two or three types of tomatoes, it will be possible to harvest fruits for seasonal salads, and for long-term storage, and for conservation. There is no consensus about planting different varieties of tomatoes in the same greenhouse. According to the assurances of a number of gardeners, gardeners, this is not worth doing. There are those who disagree, claiming that in an arched structure, for example, it is irrational to cultivate bushes of the same height. It is advisable to plant determinate tomatoes along the rounded walls, and along the line close to the center of their indeterminate counterparts.
... Plants up to 80cm high. Fruits weighing from 500 to 800g. Beautiful, red, marketable.... Strong bushes up to 70cm. Delicate, pink tomatoes of great taste.
Snow tale... Early maturing and high-yielding. The plant is up to 1m high and produces high quality fruits. Resistant to disease and temperature extremes.
It is very easy to work with and low cost.Advice. Such actions are carried out if only the root system is being watered.
Large-fruited and sweet varieties of tomatoes
Advice. The seedlings should not stretch too much, as all the nutrients will go to the root or trunk of the bush.
The Miracle of the Earth is the most popular variety among summer residents for growing tomatoes in greenhouse conditions.Considered one of the best tomatoes for Siberia in a greenhouse. This is a modern domestic variety created by the Ilyinichna firm. Combines stress resistance. The early harvest ripens amicably. The collection of the first tomatoes is possible 95 days after the emergence of seedlings. The initial raceme forms over 7-8 leaves, and they alternate every 1-2 leaves. The tomato must be single-stemmed. Planting density 3 tomatoes per sq. m. The brush forms up to 7 aligned fruits weighing about 120 g, the pulp of which is very tasty. The variety includes genes that make it possible not to be affected by a number of dangerous diseases: viral, Fusarium and Cladosporium mushrooms. The harvest from one bush can be over 4.5 kilograms.
Before planting tomato seedlings, two or three of its lower leaves are cut offHybrids do not need to be disinfected, soaked, germinated, hardened, etc. they are distilled as follows:
Siberian trump cardPink pearl
... Ultra early ripening variety. One bush is capable of producing 30 fruits, the mass of which is up to 200g. The height of the bush is 40-50 cm. Technically ripe vegetables are white. Then they turn red. A bush hung with white, red and orange tomatoes looks very nice.Samara F1
Polycarbonate does not burn, but can only melt. In such a process, no harmful substances are released into the atmosphere, that is, it is environmentally friendly.Watch the video showing an example of planting tomato seedlings in the greenhouse soil.
You need to water the seedlings only a few times during the period of its growth:"Bull's Heart" - has a high yield.
Hybrid F1 KostromaTurn the pot of seedlings over and, slightly tapping, release the container
We will prepare boxes, plastic bags or boxes with holes to drain excess water at the bottom. The height of the planting container is up to 7 cm. At the stage of preparing containers for seedlings, it is necessary to take into account that different varieties of tomatoes are not sown in the same container.... Large-fruited. Suitable for open ground. Fruits weighing up to 700g. red-crimson color. Sweet.
... A bush covered with pink vegetables up to 100g.Bear in the North
New varieties of tomatoes
... Early ripening. Dense, smooth, rounded tomatoes 80g each. Excellent taste. Simultaneous ripening makes it possible to harvest with brushes.You can mount it on any material. As a rule, it is used on the metal frames of greenhouses.
The first day the seedlings are not watered, since its root system is already moistened, and then you need to choose the optimal watering method:The first time - when the first glimpses of the growth of the trunk or leaves appear.
"Dina" is a very fertile variety with fruits up to 4.5 kg per bush.Obtained by "Gavrish" is often used in recommendations as the best tomato for the Urals in a greenhouse due to the combination of a set of necessary parameters. It is highly adaptable to changing greenhouse conditions. The first crop ripens at 106-109 days from seedling formation. Forms flat-round fruits weighing up to 140 g. The variety includes genes that allow the plant not to become infected with a large number of diseases, including those caused by fungi of the genus Fusarium and Cladosporium, TMV. One plant can produce more than 4.5 kilograms of fruit.
Tomato varieties: photo gallery (click to enlarge):
The varieties of tomatoes Semko-Sindbad, De Barao, hybrid of Ivanhoe F1 have become well-deserved distribution in amateur and farms. In a greenhouse, these varieties can yield more than 20 kg per bush.
The most common tomato variety for both greenhouses and open ground is often called the De Barao golden tomato. With good care in the greenhouse, it gives up to 30 kg per plant, in the open field - 10 kg.
Late maturing (120 days) indeterminate variety with a height of 2 m or more. Inflorescences are formed from 9-11 leaves. Fruits are medium-sized, ovoid, weighing 60 g. The taste is pleasant. De Barao fruits are good both fresh and for canning with whole fruits.
Agrotechnical features: sensitive to soil looseness, top dressing and microclimate.
Several variations of this variety have been bred: De Barao black, pink, yellow. All of them are tasty, beautiful and fruitful.
The recorded harvest record is 70 kg per bush.
Quite old, but still a popular early maturing hybrid. It is appreciated for early maturity - 85-93 days from germination. Determinant plant. In the inflorescence 8 round even fruits weighing 85-90 g are laid. The first cluster appears above 6-7 leaves, the rest after 1-2 leaves. The taste is good and excellent. Gives the harvest amicably, resistant to diseases. Tomato Semko-Sinbad F1 can be planted both in a film greenhouse and in open ground. Productivity - 10 kg per 1 sq. M.
Mid-season, indeterminate. The bush is large, with powerful stems and roots. Fruits are flat-rounded, ribbed, dense, red. Fruit weight 170-180 g, tomatoes do not decrease from the base of the bush to the top. The taste is good, the fruits are transportable, do not crack. The use is universal. Ivanhoe F1 is very disease resistant and can be grown without the use of chemicals.
Indeterminate bush, short internodes. The inflorescence is formed over 9 leaves, the next - after 3 leaves. Fruits are round, slightly ribbed, red, weighing up to 170 g.Brushes don't wrinkle. Excellent taste for hybrid fruits.
Resistant to a number of diseases (fusarium, cladosporium and tobacco mosaic virus).
Among varieties and hybrids, you can pick tomatoes with high yields and desired properties. Feel free to experiment with new hybrids, but don't give up on proven varieties.
In heated greenhouses with an extended growing period, it is more profitable to plant indeterminate hybrids that continuously set fruit. Caring for them includes fertilizing, regularly tying and pinching.
High-yielding tomato varieties will show the best results in greenhouse conditions, with good feeding and proper care.
Choosing a variety of eggplant
Especially interesting for novice vegetable growers will be zoned eggplant - varieties created by local breeding stations and tested in local conditions. If 10 years ago varieties for the middle lane, for example, for the Moscow region or early eggplant varieties for the Urals were practically unknown, today there is quite a choice. And most often the buyer owes this choice to the testing services of large growers who are trying to develop varieties that are resistant to cold and short summer. Also recently, continuously fruitful hybrids have been developed for heated year-round greenhouses.
For the first experience, you need to choose win-win options:
- suitable for your region (Moscow region, North-West, Ural, Siberia, etc.)
- with stable fruiting
- with high yield
- low, not requiring plant formation
- varieties included in the State Register for the Russian Federation are desirable (as a rule, these are all local varieties bred by breeding services).
Recall that there are varieties and varietal hybrids F1... The difference is that the latter use the best representatives of the classic varieties, selected by breeders to obtain particularly strong, fast-growing plants. Often, F1 hybrids acquire new properties, for example, resistance to late blight, which many nightshades suffer (tomato, pepper, etc.).
Hybrids are undoubtedly more productive, but more often they are more demanding. For the cultivation of most hybrids, those environmental conditions are necessary, which are indicated in the manufacturer's description on the bag. A slight violation of growing conditions often leads to an increase in greenery and a modest harvest. But under these conditions, they give 2 times more yield than even local zoned varieties.
How to choose varieties of eggplants for open ground, greenhouses, film shelters? First of all, carefully read the description of the variety: what size and shape the bush will grow, what the fruits will be and, of course, for which region it is suitable.
ON THE PICTURE: A good grower will always put all the information you need on the eggplant seed bag.
The choice of the variety of eggplants and their cultivation also depend on the future use. Saute, canned salads, etc. dense, long cylindrical fruits are suitable. For the preparation of caviar, the "Blue" eggplant variety with round, like swollen balls, or sickle-shaped fruits will also work. The most preferred form of fruit is elongated. Round loses to her in many respects: such varieties are less productive, the fruits on them imperceptibly overripe, they are inconvenient to cook, and the pulp is often loose and "cottony".
According to the ripening period, all varieties are divided into early, middle and late... The first two categories can be grown outdoors with virtually no restrictions from the latitude of Voronezh (51 ° north latitude) to the Moscow region (about 55-57 °). Late varieties of eggplants can be successfully grown in open ground in the south of the Voronezh region, throughout the Volgograd region and to the south. Of course, it is necessary to take into account the local climate conditions: for example, in the Moscow region, return frosts are frequent even in June, so it would be unreasonable to grow medium-early eggplant varieties in this region without a greenhouse.
Perhaps the most important advantage of these beautiful vegetables is that they are completely safe for people suffering from allergic diseases, this is their difference from red tomatoes. It is important that it is these tomatoes that are used to prepare food for babies. So they are even healthier than the red ones.
The pulp contains many vitamins A. It is this fact that determines the color. There is very little acid in them. In addition, vegetables are rich in beta-carotene, lycopene - this trace element removes toxins from the body and suppresses cancer cells. Also, the pulp contains a fairly large amount of niacinin, which strengthens the walls of blood vessels.
What varieties of yellow tomatoes bear fruit well in our natural conditions? Some of them are preferable to grow in greenhouses, while others are good for the vegetable garden.
Late-ripening eggplant varieties
This category includes varieties with a ripening period of more than 150 days. They are suitable for year-round cultivation in heated greenhouses, as well as in the southern regions of Russia (Krasnodar Territory, Crimea, Astrakhan Region, southern Volgograd Region, etc.). If you are lucky enough to have a plot in these regions, we recommend combining early, mid-early and late eggplant varieties. So, you can harvest for almost two months!
The early varieties are good for cooking, while the middle and late varieties are great for canning and storage.
The 'Black handsome' eggplant variety begins to bear fruit 135 days after germination. It has a high yield, large fruits of 700-900 g. The ‘Black Beauty’ eggplant variety is loved by culinary experts for the dense white pulp of the fruit of excellent taste without bitterness.
The crop is harvested in 134-147 days. 900 gram fruits are not uncommon on the bushes of this variety. Sweet white flesh. Unpretentious variety: grows well and sets fruits even in not the best weather conditions.
The first fruits ripen in 133-145 days. Their mass reaches 1 kg., And on one node there can be two or three fruits. The variety is resistant to diseases, unfavorable weather.
The variety is represented by undersized spreading plants. Differs in high productivity. Fruiting occurs 140–150 days after planting. The eggplants are pear-shaped, blue-violet in color. They can weigh up to 1 kg. There is no bitterness.
'Bull's forehead' is suitable for growing in open field and film greenhouses.
'' Policeman F1 '
This hybrid is resistant to the tobacco mosaic virus and a number of other diseases. The bushes are sprawling, powerful, can grow up to 3 m in height. Fruits are large, cylindrical, the color is traditional dark purple. The pulp is firm, retains its shape when fried. The crop is characterized by increased keeping quality and can be stored for a long time.