Miscellanea

How and when to harvest sea buckthorn: methods and adaptations

How and when to harvest sea buckthorn: methods and adaptations


Sea buckthorn is a unique plant... It is both a very useful food product and a medicine that treats everything from skin burns to heart diseases. To forget what vitamin deficiency is, it is enough for a person to eat 100 g of this berry per day.

But, despite all the value of sea buckthorn, few people decide to pick berries on their own. All because this the process is very time consuming and time consuming. But this is only for those who do not know how to do it correctly.

In this article, you will learn what are the rules for collecting sea buckthorn, as well as what devices can simplify this hard work.

How to determine that it is possible to harvest sea buckthorn: ripening dates in the Moscow region, in the Urals and in Siberia

After ripening, the sea buckthorn berries acquire an orange color. At the same time, they are so tightly planted on the branches that they resemble corn cobs.

This is what makes the harvesting process difficult. Therefore, it is important to know in what period the berries break off the easiest way.

To correctly determine the timing of collection, you need to immediately decide what you will do with the berries.

If you plan to eat fresh sea buckthorn, or make compote or jam from it, then it will be easier to remove the berry at the very beginning of ripening.

Despite the fact that ripe sea buckthorn will remain on the branches for a very long time, over time it will become softer. It is almost impossible to pick such a berry without damaging the delicate skin.

The beginning of the ripening of the fruits of the plant (in central Russia and the Moscow region, in the Urals and in Siberia) falls on the end of summer, the beginning of the autumn months. At this time, the berry has the highest concentration of vitamin C, and it is better to eat it fresh.

If you are going to make sea buckthorn oil or juice, it is better to wait a few weeks and start harvesting in mid-autumn. By this time, the berry will be well juiced, and you will get much more product from one tree.

As with all fruit plants, the ripening time of a berry cannot be strictly fixed. It all depends on the weather conditions. If the spring thaw began early, then the sea buckthorn can begin to ripen a couple of weeks ahead of schedule.

Some gardeners go to the trick, and postpone the harvest of sea buckthorn for the winter. Frozen berries break off easily and will definitely not burst anymore. On an industrial scale, by the way, the berry is harvested.

They spread polyethylene under the trees and begin to tap the trunk and large branches with a stick. The frozen berries fall to the ground, while remaining intact.

You can apply this method without waiting for the winter period, just cut the berries together with small twigs and put them in the freezer at home overnight. Once the berries are frozen, you can easily separate them from the branches.

Plucking the berry along with the branches, you need to be very careful... It is very easy to damage the tree if you break off branches rather than carefully cutting with pruning shears.

The sea buckthorn tree is usually covered with berries. But, when using this method you can't cut too many branchesotherwise, the plant may be left without a crop next year.

This is not the only way to make it easier to harvest sea buckthorn, there are quite a few of them. The laboriousness of this process makes people be smart and invent unusual devices and tools to pick the berry.

Methods, devices, tools and devices to facilitate picking berries from a branch

There are the following ways to harvest sea buckthorn:

  1. Picking berries with your hands... The most unpretentious method, but at the same time it is very laborious and not always effective. The fact is that the soft skin easily breaks off the stalk, while the berry cracks, and the juice flows right into your hands.
  2. Cutting berries with tongs or nail scissors... This method will keep the berries intact, but it takes no less time than picking with your hands.
  3. Cutting berries together with branches... More about this has already been discussed above. Not the most humane method in relation to the plant.
  4. Getting sea buckthorn juice straight from the tree... A rather original method, but if your goal is sea buckthorn juice, then it will greatly facilitate your work. Place a container for juice under a tree branch and slowly run your hand over it from base to tip, while crushing the berries. Thus, for an hour of labor, you can get up to 4 liters of sea buckthorn juice.

Prolonged contact of sea buckthorn juice with unprotected hands can cause irritation. Therefore, when picking berries, it is imperative to use rubber gloves, especially when using the latter method.

If you collect sea buckthorn in large quantities, then manual methods will not work for you. Berry picking tools and devices will come in handy:

  1. "Cobra"... The most popular folk invention. To make it, you need a small piece of wood, a handle will be made of it, and a thin wire of steel. We make a loop out of the wire, so that it resembles the wick of a burning candle in outline. Using an awl, attach the loop to the wooden handle. From the side, this device will look like a snake. With its help, you can easily and quickly extract berries by cutting off their stalks. The device will allow you to get to the most inaccessible places in the tree.
  2. Scraper... To make this device, we need a steel wire, covered with an aluminum sheath, about 50 cm long. In the middle of a piece of wire, we need to make one curl, like a spring. To do this, you can make one turn of the wire around the neck of the glass bottle. The ends of the scraper should be aligned and bent to one side at an angle of 90 degrees. With such a device, you can press the twig and peel the berries from it, moving the scraper down.
  3. Slingshot with a string of fishing line... Hold the branch with one hand and cut the berries off with the other using this homemade tool.
  4. "Tube" - another effective device to clear ripe berries from the tree. To make it yourself, take a tin can, and from the blank cut out of it, twist a tube about 100 mm in length and with a diameter that exceeds the sea buckthorn berries by about 4 mm. Wrap the resulting tube with electrical tape, leaving a little space around the edges, and attach a plastic bag to it from below. The way to use this device is very simple - bring it to the stem with the upper part and press lightly. The cut berries will smoothly roll down the tube into the bag, without any damage.

Using such devices, you can collect up to 10-15 kg of sea buckthorn per day. It all depends on the speed and dexterity of your hands.

But harvesting is only half the battle... It will be a shame if your work is wasted and the berries cannot be saved. Therefore, we will consider the ways in which you can preserve the berry for a long time.

An easy way to harvest sea buckthorn:

How to store it correctly

Most of the benefits are brought by berries that have not been heat treated. We will start with such storage methods.

Cut branches of sea buckthorn can be stored until spring... To do this, you need to hang them in a cool room, the air temperature of which does not rise above 0 degrees.

It is important that it is dry there, excess moisture will immediately provoke decay processes.

Freezing... The washed berries must be put in plastic bags and put into the freezer. Thanks to the quick freezing, the berry will retain the maximum of its nutrients.

Sea buckthorn covered with sugar... The method also allows you to keep the berries fresh until spring. Sort the sea buckthorn and lay it out on a towel to dry. Then mix the berry with sugar and place in sterilized jars.

The amount of sugar should be equal to the mass of the berries. You can store the workpiece only in the refrigerator. It is very convenient to use for quick preparation of compote or fruit drink in winter.

Mashed berry... Well-ripened, juicy fruits are better suited for this method. Sort the sea buckthorn after harvesting, rinse well and let it dry a little. Then mix with granulated sugar in equal proportions and heat with a wooden pestle.

You can also use a meat grinder or blender. Put the resulting mixture in jars, close with nylon lids and lower it into the cellar, or put it in the refrigerator.

Storing sea buckthorn in water... Not the most well-known method, however, it is quite effective. Pour fresh berries with cooled boiled water and refrigerate.

Sea buckthorn juice Is not only a storehouse of nutrients, but also a product with a low calorie content (52 kcal per 100 g). It is quite simple to prepare it; for this, pass the sea buckthorn through a juicer and pour it into jars.

Be sure to put the cans on sterilization. Place the rolled up juice in the refrigerator or basement. If desired, you can add sugar, honey, or other berries and fruits to it.

An even more reliable method of harvesting sea buckthorn for the winter will be heat treatment. Compotes, preserves, jams, marmalade are cooked from berries, incredibly healthy sea buckthorn oil is made.

The high temperature will destroy some of the nutritional components, but all the same, natural homemade sweets for tea will be healthier than sweets and cookies from the store.

Nature has created many drug products for us, which not only delight us with their taste, but also heal our body. Sea buckthorn can be safely attributed to such natural gifts.

Now you should not be intimidated by the difficulty of picking this berry, in the coming season you can safely go to the forest to stock up on a useful product, and, using effective storage methods, prepare sea buckthorn for a whole year.


How to quickly collect sea buckthorn: accessories

Sea buckthorn is called the sunny beauty of the gardens. Each nation ascribes its own epithets to it: sea thorn, Siberian pineapple, pheasant berry, pill berry, sand berry, etc. One spoonful of sun berries contains the daily norm of vitamins.

This plant got its name from its abundant fruiting: the branches are literally strewn with berries. Sea buckthorn of elite varieties annually gives a good harvest, and high productivity has the other side of the coin - berries growing in large quantities are difficult to collect. In addition, the fruits adhere so tightly to the trunk of the bush that picking them by hand becomes a tedious process. And the thorns on the branches and a short stalk impede the harvest. The thorns prick painfully, and the soft berries easily wrinkle in the hands, releasing juice that stings the skin.

Understanding the full value of these berries, it is important to know the rules and time for picking the plant.


How to determine that you can harvest sea buckthorn: ripening dates in the Moscow region, in the Urals and in Siberia

After ripening, the sea buckthorn berries acquire an orange color. At the same time, they are so tightly planted on the branches that they resemble corn cobs.

This is what makes the harvesting process difficult. Therefore, it is important to know during what period the berries break off the easiest way.

To correctly determine the timing of collection, you need to immediately decide what you will do with the berries.

If you plan to eat fresh sea buckthorn, or make compote or jam from it, then it will be easier to remove the berry at the very beginning of ripening.

Despite the fact that ripe sea buckthorn will keep on the branches for a very long time, over time it will become softer. It is almost impossible to pick such a berry without damaging the delicate skin.

The beginning of the ripening of the fruits of the plant (in central Russia and the Moscow region, in the Urals and in Siberia) falls on the end of summer, the beginning of the autumn months. At this time, the berry has the highest concentration of vitamin C, and it is better to eat it fresh.

If you are going to make sea buckthorn oil or juice, it is better to wait a few weeks and start harvesting in mid-autumn. By this time, the berry will be well juiced, and you will get much more product from one tree.

As with all fruit plants, the ripening time of the berry cannot be strictly fixed. It all depends on the weather conditions. If the spring thaw began early, then the sea buckthorn can begin to ripen a couple of weeks ahead of schedule.

They spread polyethylene under the trees and begin to tap the trunk and large branches with a stick. The frozen berries fall to the ground, while remaining intact.

You can apply this method without waiting for the winter period, just cut the berries together with small twigs and put them in the freezer at home overnight. Once the berries are frozen, you can easily separate them from the branches.

Plucking the berry along with the branches, you need to be very careful... It is very easy to damage the tree if you break off branches rather than carefully cutting with pruning shears.

The sea buckthorn tree is usually covered with berries. But, when using this method you can't cut too many branchesotherwise, the plant may be left without a crop next year.

This is not the only way to make it easier to harvest sea buckthorn, there are quite a few of them. The laboriousness of this process makes people be smart and invent unusual devices and tools to pick the berry.


In what month and how to harvest sea buckthorn correctly?

Sea buckthorn is a capricious berry. When harvesting, it bursts and gives off a caustic sap. Thorny branches prevent you from speeding up the process of picking berries, leaving cuts and abrasions on your hands.

Experienced gardeners have developed methods to speed up berry picking and keep the branches safe. The devices can be bought ready-made or made by hand due to the simplicity of the design and the availability of materials. Often they are available to every gardener.

The amount of nutrients in it and the technology of work depend on the period of harvesting sea buckthorn berries. Depending on the change in weather conditions, the terms are specified.

Harvesting time depending on varietal characteristics:

  1. 1. The harvest of the early variety is harvested in early August.
  2. 2. Variety Chuiskaya - at the end of summer.
  3. 3. Late varieties - in the second half of September.

The first sign is that the berry becomes intensely colored, taut and easily detached. At this stage, it contains the maximum amount of vitamin C. Such a crop, harvested in late August - early September, is used for the whole month for cooking compotes. For the manufacture of sea buckthorn oil, jam and marmalade, they are waiting for the moment when the berry becomes soft.

Harvesting sea buckthorn is quite problematic, because its branches are covered with thorns, and the berries burst from strong pressure with your fingers.

Ripe sea buckthorn berries, on which the morning frost has passed, crumble onto a dense canvas when they hit the tree.

In late autumn or with the first frost, the berries are harvested using a plastic bag or oilcloth. They cover the area under the tree and make frequent blows to the trunk. Fallen fruits are poured into containers.

If the berries are picked by hand, then you need to wear an apron. Gloves help protect your hands from thorns, but they are relatively uncomfortable to work with.

Sea buckthorn requires regular pruning, but you need to cut the branches carefully: choose those with few leaves and they are covered with a large number of fruits. Most likely, these branches will dry up next year, cutting them off, you can rejuvenate the tree and collect sea buckthorn in a comfortable home.

This method allows you to transport crops with little loss. Berries on branches can be stored for 3 days, and separated ones - for 1 day.

You can collect 4 liters of sea buckthorn juice in an hour.For this, a bucket is installed under the branch. They put on gloves and squeeze the berries with their hands, the juice flows into the container.

If the site is small, then the sea buckthorn can be collected by hand. For large sites, they use tools that they make by hand.

The device for manual use is made of 3-4 mm thick wire. It is bent into a circle with a diameter of 20 cm with a handle, sheathed with cloth or gauze, the bottom is stitched. A comb is made of wire and attached to a ring.

A device of the second type with a diameter of 60-70 cm is hung on the chest and helps to catch falling berries. A rope or tape is threaded on both sides to hang around the neck. On one side, the wire is bent in the shape of the body for ease of use.

Experienced gardeners use a loop-shaped picker. She catches the berry with a fishing line and cuts it off if you make a sharp movement with her hand. Before using the device, place containers under the tree and spread polyethylene.

To make it you will need: steel wire or fishing line and a piece of wood. The loop is bent in the shape of the wick of a burning candle. It is attached with an awl to a wooden handle. The device allows you to pick berries from hard-to-reach places quickly and easily.

People with great patience pick each fruit with tongs from several bushes, thus leaving the tree unharmed. This gentle method allows you to increase the yield next year.

When combing the branches with a comb with sparse teeth, the leaves slip, and the fruits break off and fall on the palm or in a container on the ground. In specialized stores there are ready-made ladles-comb, but you can make such a device yourself.

  • wooden handle
  • aluminum mug
  • metal bracket
  • steel rods.

The length of the free ends of the twigs should be 15 cm so as not to damage the tree.

Berry picking bucket

It is convenient to cut the berries with nail scissors, but the task is very painstaking. The advantage of the method is the safety of the tree and a good harvest for the next year.

You can comb the branch with a fork or a sea buckthorn scraper. To carry out such work, flooring under a tree is useful.

It is made of elastic steel wire, the ends are leveled with pliers. To prevent the device from being lost, a rope is tied.

A piece 10 cm long is cut out of a tin can, with a diameter slightly larger than sea buckthorn fruits and rolled into a tube. Put on a plastic bag and wrap with electrical tape.

The invention is brought to the berry. When pressed on the stalk, it rolls into a bag.


General rules for harvesting

Before you start harvesting, it is recommended that you familiarize yourself with the basic rules. To get a large harvest with high taste characteristics, it is recommended:

  • pre-examine the fruits to determine the degree of ripeness
  • start collecting only if there are no visible damage and signs of rot
  • if the berries are not fully ripe, it is better to wait for the autumn season.


If during the collection of berries special devices were used, then soon the question will arise about the method of cleaning the leaves that have fallen into the container. You can do everything with your own hands, it takes a very long time, but the result is notable for its quality. If there is no time for this, then you should turn to simpler options.

The most popular way to remove leaves from crops is to use an oblong vegetable board or similar device. It is placed at an angle, the harvested crop is poured on top in small portions, as a result, the fruits roll off, and the garbage remains on the board.

Another option is a cabbage shredder. It is placed at an angle, the blades look up. A container or box is placed under the base of the device. The fruits are carefully poured onto the upper edge, they roll down, the branches are delayed by the shredder blade.

If you have already managed to freeze the berries and leaves together, then it is better to sort the crop at a cold temperature. In the warmth, the fruits crumple quickly.


How to collect sea buckthorn - learning the right tools + video

Compliance with the time of harvesting sea buckthorn is necessary not only to facilitate the process of laborious work, but also to maximize the preservation of nutrients that are inherent in this healing berry. In many ways, the collection time depends on the cultivated variety. For example, early varieties are best harvested in the first half of August.

But here, too, one should remember about the features of different varieties. For example, the collection of Chuisky sea buckthorn is best done at the end of summer - in this case, the plant will retain its most useful properties. Late varieties are harvested after September 15th. Well, you also need to remember about the weather conditions of the season and the zone of growing plants.

You should also pay attention to the appearance of the berries - they should be tight, easy to open. At such a time, they contain the maximum amount of vitamin C. If you are going to cook sea buckthorn oil, then the harvest time is about two weeks after the berries ripen.

During this time, they will become softer, the content of vitamins in the berries will decrease slightly, but the oil yield will increase.

Those who grow berries in the northern regions are also worried about when to pick sea buckthorn in Siberia or the Urals? And there are not many differences - this is the period from August to September, depending on the variety.

By the way, some gardeners recommend picking berries in the fall after the first frost. During this period, the sea buckthorn is already ripe, does not hold well on the branches, and therefore there will be no problems with collection - just put a tarp under the tree and shake the branches.

Now knowing when to pick sea buckthorn berries, you can move on to learning the simplest and easiest methods.

Traditional ways of picking berries

How can you quickly and correctly collect sea buckthorn? The easiest harvesting option is to carefully cut the branches along with the fruits and then freeze them.

After freezing, the berries are easily separated from the branches without losing their qualities.

But this method also has a drawback - it is suitable only for those gardeners who plan to store sea buckthorn frozen, not intending to make jam or squeeze juice out of it.

Neat pruning of branches with fruits

In second place is the collection method with the help of hands and tweezers - small scissors. This method allows you to carefully pick the berries without damaging the food. But there is also a minus - the collection process itself is very difficult and time-consuming. Other gardeners do it simply: they cut off the branches and just pick the berries at home. This method is good enough, but it also has its drawbacks.

For example, it is quite easy to damage a tree by acting carelessly. The second minus - if the tree is simply sprinkled with berries, you will have to cut all branches from the tree - you cannot do this, because such events will lead to the death of the plant. And at the end of this method, it is worth saying that you still have to carefully peel the berries - and this will also take quite a lot of time.

Homemade tools - what to take note of?

How can you collect sea buckthorn berries using homemade tools? There are many additional tools that are used to facilitate berry picking. So, in addition to combs used to "comb" sea buckthorn from a tree onto a tray placed underneath, knives are used.

How can sea buckthorn be easily harvested? The most popular folk instrument is called the "cobra", which requires a thin steel wire and a small piece of wood as a handle.

We bend the wire, making a loop out of it, and then attach it to the wooden handle, passing it through the hole made in the piece of wood.

The top of the "cobra" should be bent so that it resembles the tip of a burning candle, and from the side - a snake. With the help of such a tool, you can quickly and conveniently cut berries from a tree, especially in hard-to-reach places. The second well-known device is the “tube”, which was also invented by folk craftsmen.

To make it, you need a blank from a tin can - make a tube of it 10 cm long and a little larger in diameter than the fruits themselves. The tube is wrapped with electrical tape, a little short of its edges, secured in a plastic bag.

And then we proceed simply: bring the tin tube to the tree and press on the berries, which themselves will roll into the fixed bag!

Device "Cobra" for picking berries

Tip: the harvested crop must be processed as quickly as possible so as not to lose precious juice.

This is why some gardeners do not even wash their crops. If the bush on the site is a little dusty, then it should be rinsed well with a hose and allowed to dry. And the next day you can start harvesting by choosing one of the methods we have given.

And how can you collect sea buckthorn juice and when to start harvesting? In this case, everything is simple: substitute a convenient container under the branch with berries, and then with clean hands slowly draw down from the beginning of the branch, squeezing the berries so that juice flows from them. With hard work, about 4 liters of healthy sea buckthorn juice can be collected in an hour.

The best time for work is the end of August, when the berries are already ripe, but have not lost their useful properties.

How to collect sea buckthorn - additional recommendations

Harvesting sea buckthorn is a responsible business, here you should know not only what tools can be used, but also some additional nuances that will help you make your work easier.

  • To prevent the occurrence of an allergic reaction, as well as to protect clothes from the juice, which is difficult to wash, be sure to wear gloves and an apron.
  • Collecting sea buckthorn is much more convenient from the top of the head downwards.
  • If you are going to cut all the branches, do it right, not forgetting to take a break from work. This will minimize damage to the tree while picking berries. Better yet, do not use this method at all, so as not to ruin the sea buckthorn.

Now you know when you can quickly and easily collect the leaves and berries of sea buckthorn and what devices should be used to facilitate the implementation of rather difficult work.


Watch the video: Sea buckthorn harvesting begins