Why is asparagus valued, the beneficial properties of which are known to every American?
In the West, one of the most important dietary foods is asparagus, which has tremendous health benefits. This vegetable culture was used with pleasure by the ancient Romans, Greeks and Egyptians, who knew a lot about the medicinal properties of plants. So why are delicious juicy asparagus shoots so rare on our table?
Familiar from childhood asparagus and vitamins
In fact, asparagus is the same asparagus, whose green fluffy twigs were often found in bouquets in Soviet times. And now our gardeners grow asparagus as an ornamental plant, for the sake of delicate greenery, not paying any attention to its strong stems, which hide an incredible amount of vitamins and minerals. Meanwhile, in Europe, the USA, China and Africa, asparagus is treated with great respect, because this vegetable culture contains potassium, folic acid, selenium, phosphorus, copper, manganese, niacin, calcium, lysine, vitamins PP, C, A, B1, B2, K. Stems are low in calories and contain fiber, which the body needs to cleanse itself from toxins.
Video about the beneficial properties of asparagus
Asparagus dishes are easy to digest, which is why this vegetable is often included in the diet abroad. Remarkably, asparagus, like fragrant melon, does not cause any harm to a healthy person. There are no substances in it that could lead to intoxication. Young shoots of green, white, purple or pinkish color are used for food. Moreover, green varieties are recognized as more valuable due to the high content of chlorophyll. The tops of the stems are especially tasty and fragrant. Shoots are harvested from April to early August (depending on the variety), until buds bloom on them, otherwise the plant will lose its delicate taste and become too tough.
Don't confuse a wholesome vegetable with so-called soy or Korean asparagus (fuju). This product is made from dried froth from boiled soy milk and is named asparagus only because of its external similarity.
Asparagus dishes are easy to digest, which is why this vegetable is often included in the diet abroad.
How is asparagus good for the body?
It was in asparagus that the irreplaceable amino acid asparagine was first discovered, which has a beneficial effect on blood vessels and metabolic processes in the body, normalizes blood pressure, and promotes healing in kidney stones, cystitis, gout and dropsy. Asparagus has a beneficial effect on health when:
- prostate adenoma,
- gynecological diseases,
- high blood pressure
- cirrhosis of the liver.
Like sweet grapes, asparagus is good for excretion of phlegm in bronchitis.
Traditional medicine uses asparagus in the form of decoctions, tinctures or syrups as an anti-inflammatory, diuretic, pain reliever. A decoction from this vegetable crop helps with arthritis, rheumatism, diabetes, tachycardia. Like sweet grapes, asparagus is good for removing phlegm in bronchitis. If you doubt whether asparagus is good for you, just try adding it to your diet and soon you yourself will notice that the skin of the face has become healthier, the swelling has decreased, the extra pounds have begun to gradually melt.
This effect is achieved due to the fiber that is part of the plant: thanks to it, excess fluid is excreted from the body, digestive processes improve, intestinal muscles tone up, and the functioning of the kidneys and liver normalizes. Regularly eating asparagus can prevent visual impairment, blood clots, and the development of cancer. A pleasant addition to this will be an increase in vitality, a decrease in nervousness and excitability.
Asparagus Dishes and Pregnancy
Whatever the healing properties of asparagus, its harm and benefits largely depend on the characteristics of your body.
Expectant mothers need natural vitamins, and asparagus contains those substances that play a particularly important role during pregnancy. A large amount of folic acid will have a beneficial effect on the development of the fetus, nicotinic acid will improve blood circulation and normalize blood pressure, fiber will eliminate problems with the digestive tract. However, do not forget that while carrying a child and during breastfeeding, even healthy vegetable plants should be consumed without fanaticism.
Will there be harm from consuming asparagus?
Whatever the healing properties of asparagus, its harm and benefits largely depend on the characteristics of your body. For example, you will have to give up this vegetable crop due to individual intolerance. Stomach ulcers, as well as duodenal ulcers, also mean avoiding dishes with asparagus stalks.
If you have a genetic predisposition to urolithiasis, do not get too carried away with crispy young shoots - this can lead to excessive accumulation of oxalic acid salts. It is undesirable to use them in case of exacerbation of gastrointestinal diseases. Juicy stems of asparagus are contraindicated for persons who are hypersensitive and prone to allergies. The benefits of asparagus for the body in this case may not be justified due to the high likelihood of urticaria.
Artichoke - application, useful properties, cultivation, care
Artichoke - a herbaceous perennial plant of the Astrov family with large inflorescences. The unopened basket of the future flower is used for food. When mature, the flower bears a resemblance to a thistle. It blooms in a beautiful purple or blue color. This is a rather large exotic plant, reaching a height of 2 meters. Therefore, for cultivation, he needs to allocate a large, bright area.
Today, the artichoke is considered a rare vegetable. But earlier in Russia he was very popular. There was even a legend that Peter 1 did not start lunch if this vegetable was not on the table.
The homeland of the artichoke is the Mediterranean, where it is still found in the wild. Later, it spread throughout northern Europe, and also ended up in Russia. It is popular in Australia, Africa and South America. As a thermophilic crop, it is mainly grown in Mediterranean countries.
Why is asparagus so useful? And it is useful in that:
- Strengthens the cardiovascular system. Coumarin, which is part of the product, strengthens the walls of blood vessels and improves blood formation. And magnesium and potassium help to improve heart function.
- Improves digestion. Asparagus is rich in dietary fiber (fiber), which coats the walls of the stomach and intestines and protects them from harmful effects. In addition, fiber helps to improve stool and relieve flatulence and bloating.
- Reduces cholesterol. Saponins contained in plant sprouts normalize lipid metabolism in the body and cleanse blood vessels from cholesterol plaques.
- Ensures a healthy pregnancy. Asparagus is a rich source of folate, which is prescribed for almost all pregnant women and those who are just getting ready to conceive. Folic acid helps maintain the health of the expectant mother and prevents the development of birth defects in children.
- Prolongs youth. The plant contains a large amount of antioxidants that prevent aging of the body and the development of many diseases. Regular consumption of asparagus significantly reduces the risk of Alzheimer's disease.
- Cleanses the body. Asparagus is a good diuretic, that is, a diuretic, so it cleanses the kidneys of harmful substances and excretes them in the urine.
In addition to benefits, asparagus can cause harm to the body, so you need to use it with caution:
- Allergy. Asparagus rarely causes allergic reactions, but nevertheless, after eating the plant, some people have symptoms such as: redness and itching of the skin, sneezing and even dyspeptic disorders.
- Unpleasant body odor. After eating the plant, the active substances contained in it begin to disintegrate in the body. Sulfur compounds, when decomposed, emit an unpleasant specific odor, which seeps out through the sweat glands, as a result of which the body begins to smell. The smell goes away within a few hours.
- Irritation of the mucous membranes of the digestive tract. Saponins are irritating to the lining of the stomach and intestines and can cause gastritis or ulcers. Asparagus is contraindicated in patients with these pathologies.
- The occurrence of urolithiasis... Asparagus contains oxalic acid, which forms oxalates, salts of oxalic acid. Oxalates can cause kidney stones, gout, and other kidney problems. It is worth noting that people with cystitis, pyelonephritis and other renal pathologies should not eat the plant.
Asparagus is prized for its many health benefits. It contains macro and microelements such as zinc, potassium, phosphorus, calcium, magnesium, iron. And also vitamins of group B1, B2, B9, C, E, A, PP. Asparagus is also famous for its nutritious plant protein. Asparagine, which is part of it, causes vasodilation and lowers blood pressure, therefore it is useful for patients with hypertension and for people who have had a heart attack, as it stimulates the heart. Also, asparagine helps to remove ammonia from the body.
Magnesium, which is part of asparagus, has a beneficial effect on the nervous system, and potassium removes excess fluid from the body.
Useful properties of asparagus due to the presence of a large amount of folic acid, which is known to promote hematopoiesis. Asparagus is useful for liver diseases and for the treatment of atherosclerosis and vitamin deficiency.
Vitamin A is good for maintaining vision. Zinc is essential for strengthening bone tissue. And calcium and phosphorus are good for the human skeletal system. Coumarins, which are part of asparagus, are real helpers for the heart. They cleanse the blood well, prevent blood clots and improve clotting.
Asparagus - an excellent source of fiber. Due to the high content of coarse dietary fiber, it promotes digestion and reduces blood cholesterol. Broths of asparagus are used for cystitis, pyelonephritis and urolithiasis. Traditional medicine recommends taking decoctions of rhizomes for cholelithiasis and gout.
In the East, asparagus is said to reduce the onset of symptoms after a hangover, thereby protecting the liver from toxins. For women, this vegetable is useful if you want to lose weight.
Asparagus is also used for cosmetic purposes. Its juice has emollient and exfoliating properties that can be added to many beauty masks.
Asparagus - contraindications and harm
Asparagus is contraindicated with gastritis and ulcers of the stomach and duodenum. Individual intolerance to this product can also serve as a contraindication.
There is one more special property of asparagus, which brings not so much harm as unpleasant sensations. This property gives the body a specific smell. In ancient times, this feature was used specifically when it was necessary to mask the natural body odor. Today it brings discomfort. Although in Europe the popularity of asparagus continues unabated, and European gourmets continue to use it. It is believed that this "aroma" is caused by the processes of absorption into the blood and the excretion of sulfur compounds through the sweat glands.
For the rest, asparagus continues to be an exquisite delicacy and dietary product.
In cooking, two varieties of asparagus are used - white and green. Purple and pink varieties are more rare.
For a long time, white asparagus was considered the food of aristocrats. However, later it turned out that the white stems are the result of a special cultivation technology, and not any special properties of the variety. To achieve a white color of the stems, the shoots must be sprinkled with earth. At the same time, the process of photosynthesis is inhibited, and the stems remain white. This process is more time consuming, so white asparagus is more expensive.
This may be why people have started to consume green asparagus more often. In addition, there was an opinion that green stems are rich in chlorophyll, which means they better enrich our body with oxygen.
In any case, dishes with any asparagus have a spicy and unique taste. The taste of asparagus is almost color-independent.
Due to the presence of highly nutritious vegetable protein, asparagus is added to salads and soups. It is fried, baked, salted and pickled, used as a side dish. Many restaurants prepare in advance for the season of young asparagus, and try to include it on the menu.
How to cook asparagus
First you need to peel the asparagus. This can be done with an ordinary potato peeler. White asparagus is peeled just under the top. In green, the entire stem is cleaned. The lower part of the stem must be cut off - about 2 cm. And then prepare shoots of approximately the same length.
Asparagus is boiled by placing its lower part in salted water, as this part is the toughest. You can add a little butter to the water. Shoots are collected in a bunch of 6-8 pieces. The top of the stem is cooked with steam. During cooking, you need to make sure that the vegetable is not overcooked. For these purposes, special dishes are produced today. If you do not have such dishes yet, you can boil asparagus in a simple way - by placing it in salted water, remembering to check it for readiness.
Time cooking green asparagusis usually 3 to 8 minutes. White asparagus takes a little longer to cook - up to 15 minutes. If you've cooked the asparagus properly, it should pierce easily with a fork and remain tender. In order to preserve the bright color of green asparagus, immediately after boiling it must be doused with cold water.
A product that can be found in almost any market and is called "Korean asparagus”, In fact, has nothing to do with this vegetable. It is obtained from soy milk through special processing. Its correct name fuju, which is actually a froth on boiled soy milk.
Real asparagus has a rich flavor. Although of course it all depends on how to cook it.
The easiest way is to boil it in salted water and then fry it in breadcrumbs like cauliflower.
It is also good baked in the oven or on the barbecue. This asparagus is served along with the sauce.
A light, dietary mashed soup paired with potatoes and nutmeg is a great idea for a summer lunch.
Many restaurants serve asparagus baked with parmesan cheese. Various spices and seasonings that make up the sauces perfectly complement the exquisite taste of this delicate vegetable.
It goes well with seafood - shrimp, crabs and scallops. For this, the asparagus is boiled and served with ginger sauce and pineapple.
In recent years growing asparagus has become a favorite and exciting hobby for many gardeners. Subject to agricultural technology, asparagus can be grown in almost any climatic zone of our country.
Homeland of asparagus is considered Mesopotamia - the ancient name of the Middle East. In the old days, this plant was especially appreciated and quickly spread throughout the world. He was loved by both French kings and Egyptian pharaohs. Even then, it was used not only for food, but also decorated wedding beds with it. The name has a Greek root and is translated as stem or shoot.
Asparagus Is the earliest perennial vegetable. This is a rather unpretentious plant. She feels great in wild plantings in Europe, in warm Asia and even in our latitudes.
It is recommended to grow asparagus in one place for about 10 years. Although there are also 20-year-old shrubs. Some gardeners advise not to harvest in the first three years so that the root system of a young plant has time to gain strength.
Asparagus loves light soil and places not blown by cold winds. Heavy clayey earths, which form a dense crust, are completely unacceptable for it. Also, areas with a high level of groundwater are unsuitable for this plant. This leads to root rot.
This herbaceous plant is a highly branched stem, which can reach a height of 1.5 m.
Asparagus is a dioecious plant... This means that she has male and female copies. On women - red berries appear, on men - pollen. Male plants produce more plentiful and early harvests. Women are distinguished by the fact that the stems are of better quality.
Landing is most preferable before winter. For this, the landing site is prepared in advance. The land must be dug up, weeded and fertilized.
For this, 1 sq.m. it is enough to make:
- 30 g potassium sulfate 60 g superphosphate 15 g ammonium sulfate
To protect against winter cold, a small mound should be formed above the bush. The approximate distance in the row between the bushes is 30 cm, between the rows is 60 cm. After planting, the planted plants must be watered abundantly. When planting in spring, the rhizomes are carefully laid in dug trenches and covered with a 5 cm layer of earth. Previously, rotted manure or humus is laid in the furrows.
Growing asparagus from seeds
With this method, it is necessary to grow seedlings. This is quite troublesome, which is why this method is not so popular with gardeners.
Seeds, pre-soaked for 2 days, are planted in early April. If you use growth stimulants, seed germination will be more efficient. Asparagus seeds can germinate for a long time - up to 2 months. All this time, it is necessary to provide them with a comfortable wet mode. To do this, you can use a proven method - cover with glass, creating a kind of small greenhouse that needs to be regularly ventilated.
Seedlings that have appeared can be transplanted to a permanent place no earlier than mid-June.
Propagation by cuttings
This is best done from March to June. To do this, it is necessary to cut cuttings from last year's shoots and plant them in moistened sand. From above, you can build a kind of cap (for example, from a plastic bottle). With regular airing and spraying, the cuttings should take root in about 1-2 months. After that, they can be planted in separate pots.
You can also propagate asparagus dividing the bush, when a still young plant is transplanted to a new place. When dividing a bush, each division must have at least 1 shoot.
In the first 2 years asparagus care consists in loosening, weeding and feeding with nitrogen fertilizers (approximately 20-30 g per 1 sq. m.). Watering should be done regularly, but not abundantly. An excess of moisture can negatively affect the root system and the taste of the plant. Loosening of the soil must be carried out after each watering in order to prevent the formation of an earthen crust.
At the time of flowering, preventive spraying is recommended in order to protect the plants from pests. In the middle of summer, during the period of active growth, it is necessary to fertilize with organic fertilizers.
Before wintering, old shoots should be removed from the plant, and then spud. It is recommended to cover the lower part of the stem with a slide of about 5 cm. This way you will protect the bush from freezing.
From the third year, you can harvest. The plant will get stronger and grow with juicy and abundant shoots. Caring for asparagus in all subsequent years is no different from the previous one.
The harvest begins to be harvested from the third year. To obtain white shoots, sprinkle the asparagus with a layer of soil 30-35 cm in spring. As soon as the strong shoots reach the soil surface (they begin to lift the crust), they need to be removed. It is very important not to miss this moment. As a rule, the harvest takes place in April - May. Harvest asparagus daily and even 2 times a day.
Before cutting off a shoot, it must be carefully dug out with your hands so as not to damage the tops of neighboring shoots. After that, the earth should be covered as it was.
Harvesting ends at the end of June, to give the plant to accumulate strength for future wintering.
Growing green asparagus less laborious, since it does not require covering with earth. Harvesting is much the same. As soon as the shoots begin to raise the soil, they must be carefully cut at the base, taking care not to damage the neighboring shoots. Cutting off all the seedlings only promotes the growth of new ones.
After harvesting asparagus, the ground around the bushes should be leveled.
Store the asparagus crop in a cool, dark place - best on the bottom shelf of the refrigerator. In such conditions, shoots can be stored for up to 3 months. Some experienced gardeners advise storing asparagus in a cellar in a wooden box, sprinkled with sand. Smooth, slightly shiny stems are suitable for storage. These stems should squeak slightly to the touch. For longer storage, asparagus can be frozen. However, it should not be frozen fresh, but boiled.
Asparagus is good for more than just food. It is amazingly decorative and can beautify any flower arrangement. Here are some of the photos we found for you on the Internet:
It has a beneficial effect on the heart and blood vessels, regulates blood clotting and prevents the formation of blood clots. And the carotene in asparagus prevents cancer.
Asparagus is especially loved by those who monitor their weight, as with the overall usefulness it is a low-calorie product.
Back in the Middle Ages, it was believed that asparagus is a love product, an aphrodisiac. It activates sexual energy, has a stimulating effect, has a beneficial effect on men's health, in general, acts as a natural analogue of Viagra. But asparagus isn't just good for men. In India she is called shatavari, which means she has a hundred husbands. Asparagus normalizes hormonal metabolism, helps with infertility and serves as a rejuvenating agent for women.
Asparagus - beneficial properties. Why is asparagus good for you?
Asparagus (asparagus) is a herbaceous perennial of the Asparagus family that produces succulent shoots and small leaves in various shades (from whitish to pale pink, green or slightly purple). As a popular delicacy, asparagus is known not only for cooking. The most important benefit of asparagus for the body is not only that it is an excellent antiseptic in folk medicine, has antifungal and diuretic properties. Of course, these facts allow us to assert that the benefits of asparagus for the body are obvious!
The content of the article:
Varieties of asparagus
Asparagus is usually classified not only by color, but also by the size of the shoots. The delicate white variety of vegetables is especially popular: fleshy shoots up to 16 mm in diameter are considered the best in cooking for cooking. The greenish vegetable variety produces thinner shoots, while the purple and pink varieties are considered the rarest.
The vegetable is grown in the open air without access to light in the "mounds" of sand. The laborious collection of shoots begins only in spring (late April - early May) and lasts only 2 months, due to the short vegetative period. However, no matter what kind of vegetable it is, the main condition for preserving its usefulness is freshness. Shelf life of cut asparagus stalks is no more than 3-4 days.
How to cook asparagus properly
Many different dishes can be prepared from asparagus, including soups, side dishes, desserts, which is why asparagus is useful for the body. According to experienced gourmets, the only correct way of cooking asparagus is a gentle heat treatment in hot water, in which the shoots become a rich green color.
To properly boil this vegetable, you need to know some subtleties. Asparagus stems are collected in bunches of 8-10 pieces, and then dipped in salted water, flavored with butter. Asparagus cannot be digested! The beneficial properties of asparagus will be preserved if the stems are boiled during cooking, and the tops are steamed, peeping out of the pan.
The cooking time of the vegetable is about 5-8 minutes, then the benefits of asparagus will be maximum.
Why asparagus is good for men
In some countries of the East, they know exactly how asparagus is useful for the body. So, according to Korean scientists from the Institute of Medical Research (Korea) and the National Institute of Jeju, asparagus reduces the symptoms of hangover, providing protection from toxic poisoning to liver cells.
The benefits of asparagus for men have been proven over many years of research. Biochemical experiments carried out on liver cells have shown that asparagus juice contains a whole set of amino acids and trace elements that help the speedy breakdown of alcohol breakdown products. The beneficial properties of asparagus are also preserved in the leaves, but they are usually considered waste, so they are thrown away without delay.
Why is asparagus good for women?
Asparagus is rich in vitamins, microelements and is easily absorbed by the body. Regardless of the variety, asparagus contains few calories - only 22 Kcal per 100 g of product, which is why asparagus is useful for women who want to lose weight. So, 100 g of boiled asparagus contains: proteins - 2.4 g, carbohydrates - 4.1 g, fiber - 2 g.
Most often, a pickled product can be seen on grocery store shelves in small containers. Pickled asparagus has the same health benefits as freshly cooked asparagus. Pickled asparagus brings benefits rather than harm: it lowers blood pressure, increases heart rate contractions, and has a beneficial effect on the functioning of internal organs.
The calorie content of asparagus in the marinade is only 15 Kcal.
Soy asparagus - semi-finished product
Soy asparagus is a semi-finished protein product that has nothing to do with the asparagus plant. The national dish of Japan and China - soy asparagus is made from a dried film that forms on the surface of boiling soy milk. Before starting to prepare a dish, soy raw materials - yucca or fuju must be properly soaked in cold water until soft.
The method of using soy asparagus is to prepare snacks, side dishes for the second courses. Commonly, soy asparagus is used in vegetarian dishes. The calorie content of protein asparagus is 234 Kcal (per 100 g of product).
Is soy asparagus good or bad?
- • Benefit. In fact, this product is a plant-based protein concentrate that contains a healthy set of amino acids. Despite the fact that eating semi-finished soy products serves as the prevention of osteoporosis, cardiovascular and oncological diseases, this, nevertheless, should not be abused.
- • Harm. In some cases, a diet rich in soy products is the cause of diseases of the internal organs. The phytoestrogens contained in soy concentrate are fraught with the risk of thyroid diseases in women, abnormalities in sexual development. This is the reason why asparagus is not useful.
Is asparagus good for people with peptic ulcer disease? No, soy semi-finished product must be excluded from the diet of patients with ulcers (stomach and duodenal ulcer).
As a contraindication to the use of soy asparagus, there may be an individual intolerance to this product.