Choosing the best varieties of climbing plants and flowers for the garden + design tips
A cozy garden, decorated with colorful islets of flowering flower beds, harmoniously combined with neatly formed crowns of trees, is the pride of any summer resident. Overgrown climbing plants for the garden, causing admiration for their splendor, give the site a special appeal. Indeed, with their help, you can give your favorite vacation spot a special charm. Here are some examples and helpful tips.
Perennial curly flowers are among the most popular vertical landscaping elements. With the help of climbing plants, you can successfully decorate any unsightly walls of buildings, mask old stumps and trees.
Using climbing plants for a summer residence, you can wrap the fence that encloses the area in an openwork blanket of flowers and leaves
Rapidly growing vines are indispensable for creating cozy corners hidden from prying eyes. In addition to the fact that flowering vines are amazingly spectacular in themselves, they can also have practical value.
Winding all kinds of pergolas and trellises, they act as a kind of screen that protects a place for privacy from gusts of wind and sunlight
You can learn how to build a trellis for climbing plants with your own hands from the material: https://diz-cafe.com/ozelenenie/shpalera-svoimi-rukami.html
In addition, the vines growing on the supports act as a living barrier that protects the territory from dust, noise from the street and thereby improves the ecology of the site.
With the help of climbing plants, you can create a picturesque, elegant alley that meets and leads the owners and their guests from the gate to the door of the house.
The gazebo, entwined with flexible stems of climbing plants, always looks fabulously beautiful. Decorating the building, openwork foliage helps to keep refreshing coolness in the summer heat
Annual climbing plants for the garden are good for arranging flower beds and creating multi-level plant compositions. The excellent ability of annuals to quickly grow plant mass makes it possible for the florist to create real masterpieces and picturesque landscapes in the garden.
Blooming vines hanging from hanging pots look very attractive, the whips of which creep over the flower garden, giving it a special charm
Blooming vines hanging from hanging pots look very attractive, the whips of which creep over the flower garden, giving it a special charm. Variegated cascades of flowering vines are also often used when decorating verandas, loggias and balconies.
Choosing the best varieties: from simple to complex
For beginner gardeners, among the variety of choices of perennial climbing flowering plants, it is better to give preference to varieties that are not particularly demanding on growing conditions.
Among the annual climbing plants, the least fastidious are morning glory and sweet peas. In just one season, the height of plants can reach three meters
Ipomoea stems are adorned with numerous gramophone flowers, and sweet peas are decorated with quirky little dogs exuding an exquisite aroma. Unpretentious, light-loving, but freely tolerating small shading plants, will delight with abundant flowering from mid-June to late autumn.
Lemongrass and actinidia require a little more care. These perennials annually form climbing shoots, gradually increasing the green mass.
Lemongrass has beautiful foliage and delicate white-cream flowers with a delicate pleasant aroma. Resembling vines. Lemongrass shoots can reach a length of 10-15 meters. Young vines of the woody climbing liana actinidia in one season can reach a length of 3.5 meters, while the old shoots do not exceed 6-8 meters in length. Both plants have not only an attractive appearance, but also tasty and healthy fruits.
Among the climbing plants that are unpretentious in care, it is also worth highlighting the Kampsis.
In just one to two years, a small Kampsis seedling turns into a gorgeous tree-like liana with a height of 3 to 5 meters, dotted with orange gramophones
Wisteria, clematis, climbing hydrangea, climbing roses are famous for their special attractiveness. But these plants are more finicky and require more care.
The best varieties of flowering plants
Option # 1 - clematis
Clematis feels comfortable when the aerial part of the plant is located on a support and is well illuminated by the sun's rays, while the soil at the base of the root system remains in the shade. Since clematis is afraid of frost, for the winter period it is cut off and covered with agrofibre, peat or old leaves.
It is difficult to take your eyes off the star-shaped clematis flowers. Delicate white, pink-burgundy, deep purple flowers, delighting with lush flowering from the first days to the end of September, fascinate with their beauty
Clematis has many varieties, which differ in a variety of shapes, sizes and flower colors. The most decorative varieties are famous: Alyonushka with lilac flowers in the form of bells, Maidwell Hall with large purple semi-double flowers, Błękitny Anioł with bluish slightly wavy petals, Romantika with almost black velvet flowers and Hagley Hybrid with pale pink flowers with a diameter of 8-10 cm.
Option # 2 - climbing roses
Roses leave no one indifferent, enchanting with their beauty, tenderness and unique aroma. Breeders never cease to delight fans of these flowers with new varieties of roses, distinguished by marvelous shades and the shape of the petals.
Climbing roses occupy a separate niche in this family. They are most popular when decorating fences, pergolas, decorative columns and all kinds of arches.
Climbing roses are divided into three groups depending on the intensity of growth of shoots:
- Semi-plaited, the height of which does not exceed 2-3 meters;
- Climbing, the height of the shoots of which reaches 3-5 meters;
- Curly from 5 to 15 meters high.
From a variety of thousands of varieties with different shoot heights, shape and size of flowers, each gardener will be able to choose a rose bush, which will become a spectacular addition to the creation of a picturesque landscape design.
So, all rabmlers are distinguished by abundant and long flowering, as well as beautiful shiny foliage, which retains its decorative effect until the very frost. These are frost-resistant varieties that are distinguished by disease resistance. Roses can grow in partial shade, but flowers are most decorative in open sunny areas.
Among Rabmlers there are groups of roses on which flowers are formed only on last year's shoots, the most popular varieties are Excels with crimson-red flowers, Dorothy Perkins with pink double flowers, as well as White Dorothy and Wartburg
Roses with two-tone flowers always look especially festive and elegant. The most beautiful varieties among them are: Kleine Rosel with purple-red flowers decorated with yellow stamens, American Pillar with pink fringe, General Testard and Evangeline with red edges.
Decorating the walls of the gazebo with rose bushes, you can get a great opportunity to enjoy not only the unique beauty of numerous inflorescences, but also a wonderful delicate aroma spreading throughout the garden.
You may also find useful material on how to create a garden of aromas on the site: https://diz-cafe.com/ideas/sad-aromatov.html
Option # 3 - wisteria
Wisteria is not famous for its frost resistance, but new varieties bred by breeders are able to withstand fairly low subzero temperatures. For example, Wisteria floribunda calmly tolerates a drop in temperature to -21 ° C, and Wisteria macrostachya - to -40 °.
The most beautiful plant, brought from the southern countries, today adorns the gardens of many suburban areas.
Popular decorative leafy vines
Option # 1 - ivy
Choosing among the decorative leafy climbing plants, which, although they do not bloom with luxurious buds, but delight the eye with beautiful foliage of an unusual shape, it is worth highlighting the ivy known to most gardeners.
A completely unpretentious plant in care is capable of forming dense thickets on any vertical surfaces, clinging to them with air roots-suction cups
An evergreen plant looks unusually beautiful at any time of the year, acting as a background for flowering flower beds in warm weather or soloing in a winter garden among the snow cover.
The material on the most unpretentious varieties of climbing plants will also be useful: https://diz-cafe.com/ozelenenie/liany-dlya-sada.html
Option # 2 - wild grapes
Wild grapes are good for decorating the northeastern walls of buildings.
Clinging to the supports with the help of suction roots, it literally bites into stone walls or plaster of buildings
Among the variety of species of this plant, differing in the shape and color of the leaves, the most widespread are Japanese and maiden grapes. The dark green foliage, covering the walls of buildings with a dense carpet, is painted in a deep burgundy color in autumn, giving the building a new, but no less spectacular look.
Hops and aristolochia are also known for their attractiveness. Plants that are not demanding to special conditions easily take root even on impoverished soils.
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Climbing plants for the garden and the cottage
A garden plot with various hedges, gazebos, outbuildings cannot be imagined without twisting plants that transform and decorate it. They look great on walls and fences. With their help, you can build a plant arch on the site or mask the required area, which at the moment spoils the appearance of the backyard territory. The advantage of these plants is that they do not require a large plot of land to grow. They occupy a minimal area and can grow upward on supports or fall down from a high bed located at a high altitude.
The decorative qualities of climbing plants are manifested with a correctly chosen planting site and basic care. They look good as a stand-alone decoration and can be the main backdrop for other garden plants. When constructing special supports, these creeping vines grow in any direction over a limited area. They can be planted not only outdoors, but also placed in various flower containers.
The best perennial varieties
Perennial plants are convenient because once you take the time to plant, you can enjoy this beauty for many years.
A favorite among climbing plants among landscape designers. It will allow you to decorate a garden in the Victorian style, and will make any suburban area more beautiful and well-groomed. Even an old village house decorated with this rose will sparkle with new bright colors. At the same time, the plant is unpretentious, and does not need special care.
Climbing roses are planted in late September or early October. Planting and leaving includes the following important points:
- Roses will grow poorly, both in heavy clay soil and in light sandy soil. Therefore, it is better to provide them with a mixed type of soil.
- At the end of summer, apply fertilizers to the ground - humus, humus, phosphorus, so that by the time of planting, ideal conditions are formed for the rapid growth of shoots.
- Plants are light-requiring, the planting site should be sufficiently sunny.
- Additional watering is necessary; rainwater alone will not be enough.
- Roses grow well not only in length but also in width. Leave a distance of at least 1 meter between the bushes.
Climbing roses will delight you with their splendor for more than one year, do not forget only to cover them for the winter, because they will not survive severe frosts.
Flowers of incredible beauty, having orange, scarlet, crimson and golden hues in their color scheme. Native to Campsis in North America, but perfectly adapted to our winter frosts. It grows in height up to 15 meters, and timely pruning will allow you to give it any desired shape. It blooms for a long time - from June to September.
Suitable for creating a hedge, a green fence, strewn with large bells of stunning colors, will look gorgeous. In our country, the plant is widespread only in the south, but it can easily be grown in central Russia, if you provide a reliable shelter for the winter.
Her large, dangling clusters of lilac, white or blue flowers with a wonderful scent will create a simply fabulous atmosphere in the garden. It was Wisteria who became the prototype of the magic tree Ava in the movie "Avatar". It is a woody plant, the stems of which can reach 18 m in height. It grows very well in a humid southern climate, but northern latitudes are also suitable for it. Here are just a lush flowering will have to wait, because it begins to bloom profusely only from the 5th year of life. Wisteria is also quite colorful in the fall, when it fades. Its leaves take on a bright lemon shade, and the inflorescences turn into legume pods.
The plant is not too demanding to care for. For active growth and flowering, it is enough to follow these rules:
- Sunshine and protected from strong winds for landing.
- Light, fertile soil with good permeability. Wisteria will not grow at all only in calcareous soil.
- Moderate watering, the plant does not like waterlogging.
- Pruning is the key to abundant flowering. At the end of May, last year's shoots are cut so that their length does not exceed 30 cm, then their pruning is repeated in August for another 5 buds.
- Winter shelter. In late autumn, Wisteria must be removed from the supports and laid on the boards. Top can be covered with branches of coniferous trees and agrotechnical.
Otherwise, the plant won't be a big deal. It is resistant to diseases, and is very rarely attacked by insects.
Annual climbing plants
The advantage of annuals is that they can be replaced annually. If you love variety, annual climbing plants for the garden will allow you to constantly change the appearance of the landscape, choose new colors and embody various ideas and fantasies into reality.
One of the fastest growing annuals. Morning glory in the first couple of months is able to grow vines more than a meter long. This culture will quickly decorate any fence or gazebo.
Morning glory is ideal for creating a hedge
Ipomoea is used to decorate not only vertical surfaces, but also horizontal ones. Without support, the sprouts spread independently along the ground, braiding other vertical plants and tree trunks. Ipomoea has beautiful large flowers that resemble a gramophone in shape. The most common colors are burgundy, purple, blue and pink. The buds open with the morning sun and close at noon.
The most unusual variety of this species is Ipomoea Kvamoklit. It is distinguished by its unusual leaves, reminiscent of spruce branches, and bright small flowers in the form of stars.
Morning glory Kvamoklit looks like a flowering coniferous shrub
Kobea (Latin Cobaea)
This vine has a long growing season, so it is recommended to grow seedlings in advance. The first flowers will appear only at the end of summer, if the seeds are sown in open ground, and when grown by seedlings, the beginning of flowering can be accelerated by a couple of months.
Kobeya will decorate the building with bell flowers
The large bell-shaped flowers have a pleasant cream, purple or pink hue.Kobei has a long flowering - up to 4 months, so you can enjoy the beautiful view until the frost.
Sweet peas (lat.Lathyrus odoratus)
The name speaks for itself - the plant has a pleasant sweet aroma. The color palette consists of many shades: from snow-white to brown.
Sweet peas amazes with a variety of colors
The buds growing in clusters bloom at the end of spring and delight the eye until the frost. This culture is very popular, it is planted along fences and places for rest, or grown in containers and pots on verandas and balconies.
Tips from landscape designers
If you are going to give preference to perennial or annual species, you need to understand well what you want from the plants, for how long and what exactly you plan to decorate with flowering vines. Experienced landscape designers provide some tips to help budding garden decorators.
Making a wooden fence of the site with braiding plants
What you need to know when choosing bindweed for the garden:
- evaluate the place where the climbing plant will grow, how well the sun's rays penetrate, whether there are drafts, how quickly the earth dries, etc.
The sun's rays help the inflorescences reveal all their beauty
- choose the right support, correlating its size and purpose with the properties of plants, it is also worth calculating how much green mass it can withstand
Decoration of a stone fence with curly ivy
- perennial plants are good, they are unpretentious in care, not capricious, there is less fuss with them, but they will not give variety. If you are a creative person and want to experiment and innovate every year, it is better to take annuals
Perennials form shoots annually, gradually increasing the deciduous mass
- the type of plants must be correlated with the general style of the site, for example, climbing roses are suitable for romance, but they do not fit very well into Art Nouveau, where plants that do not bloom look more harmonious, but have beautiful decorative leaves
- there are 2 options for breeding any types of vines - using seeds or ready-made seedlings. The choice depends on patience and goals.
Unpretentious, light-loving plants, pleasing with abundant flowering
Not a single garden can be imagined without flowers, but many summer residents, possessing not very large plots, value every meter, using it for harvest. Oftentimes, this is the only problem that stops people from growing fragrant plants for practical reasons. However, curly flowering vines can serve as an excellent outlet for small land plots. Indeed, in any garden there is always a place for a small gazebo, arches, in extreme cases, they can also be wrapped around an open veranda.
Hanging lianas - an option for masking unsightly places of outbuildings braiding
Bindweed will not take up extra space, because their main direction is up, towards the sun and sky. And we (fortunately?) Have not yet learned how to use this space for growing vegetables and sacrifice aesthetic pleasure from contemplation in favor of practicality. Therefore, every lover of beauty with a small plot always has the opportunity to combine benefits and beauty, creating a beautiful hedge and directing it upwards. This solution will allow you to enjoy tea drinking for many years on a flower terrace or in a fragrant gazebo, without at all oppressing your favorite zucchini and tomatoes.
Climbing plants are good for arranging flower beds and creating plant compositions.
Perennial climbing plants for the garden and summer cottages: basic rules of care
Original perennial curly flowers blooming in the garden or next to fences need proper care. Consider the main features of growing such crops:
- Provide optimal support to support the vines. Depending on the type of development of the specimen - suckers or antennae, you will need to choose the best support option.
- Every spring, you will need to perform a revision of flowers - to remove dried leaves, get rid of last year's inflorescences, and form bushes correctly.
- Do not overdo it with feeding, as this will provoke increased development of leaves, a decrease in flowers. One feeding per season is enough.
Also keep in mind that curly perennials grow in one place for a long time. Find them a site where they can fully develop within 10-15 years.
By following these simple recommendations, you will be able to get high-quality, beautiful plantings on your territory.
Amazing perennial curly flowers for a garden and a summer residence are the best choice for decorating unattractive buildings, gazebos, and forming exquisite fences. Experiment, mix and have incredible colorful landscapes at home.