Detailed description and characteristics of Kent strawberry
Strawberries are one of the favorite crops for cultivation, both by amateur gardeners and farms. The variety of varieties of this berry allows it to be grown in almost any climatic zone. One of the most unpretentious representatives of the family is the Kent variety.
Kent strawberry variety description
Let's start with a description. Strawberry Kent Is a high-yielding, frost-resistant variety, bred by Canadian breeders in the 70s and 80s. Due to its winter-hardy qualities, Kent is successfully grown in central and central Russia, as well as in Siberia using a shelter.
The Kent strawberry is characterized by the formation of a tall, erect bush with dark green foliage and numerous peduncles. The number of whiskers is insignificant. Kent is classified as a medium-early ripening variety. Berry picking begins in the first decade of June. The fruiting period is long. It is also possible to get several harvests per season, since young rosettes bear fruit again in August - September. An adult plant is resistant not only to cold weather, but also to drought.
Characteristics of berries
Kent fruits are large and medium in size.... The shape of the berries is round-conical or heart-shaped. The color is dark red, the skin is shiny. In the first harvests, fruits of an irregular shape are often formed. The berries taste juicy and sweet, with a pronounced strawberry aroma.
They ripen perfectly even in conditions of insufficient lighting. The fruits are quite elastic and tolerate transportation well. It is possible to store berries without quality loss for up to 10 days. The weight of the fetus in the first collection reaches 40g. In the following, the berry becomes noticeably smaller. The yield from one bush is from 600 g or more. The berry is good both for fresh consumption and for processing.
Advantages and disadvantages
The combination of characteristics has determined the high popularity of Kent strawberries among our gardeners and farmers. The variety has the following advantages:
- high yield
- mid-early ripening
- wonderful dessert taste
- marketable appearance
- transportability and long shelf life
- endurance (resistance to drought and cold, ripening of berries in shaded areas and in rainy weather)
- immunity to a range of diseases (such as powdery mildew and gray mold)
Weaknesses of the berry:
- susceptibility to verticillosis
- the formation of substandard berries in the first harvest
- strong crumbling of the berry after the first harvest
Kent strawberries can be planted both in early autumn and early spring, but planting in the spring is more preferable, as it provides better rooting and development of seedlings. In autumn, young plants may not have time to get stronger, which increases the risk of freezing with the onset of cold weather.
Any soil is suitable for berries. But the variety bears fruit most successfully in areas with gray forest and chernozem soils. On calcareous, waterlogged and strongly acidic soils, plants develop much worse. It is preferable that the area for planting be flat. If the soil is not fertile enough, then organic fertilizers are preliminarily applied. At the same time, in order to ensure the best survival of the berries, it is advisable to plant seedlings a few days after their introduction.
When choosing a site for planting, the water table is an important factor. For this grade, it is necessary that groundwater flows no higher than 60 cm from the surface.
Seedlings are planted in moist soil, maintaining a distance between plants of 40 cm. For rooting, take strong young rosettes with several adventitious buds. The plant is transplanted to the garden bed together with an earthen lump. Too long roots are shortened.
The plant should not be deepened too much.... The root collar should be at ground level. It is best to land in the evening or in cloudy weather. young seedlings do not take root well under the rays of the bright scorching sun. The seedlings need to be watered regularly, but it is important not to overdo it. Excessive moisture is detrimental to these plants.
The period of intensive development and fruiting of the Kent variety is 3-4 years. Then you need to rejuvenate the bushes. In this case, the young should be transplanted to a new place.
The subtleties of growing
Kent strawberries usually produce their first berries the next year after planting.... Young plants bear fruit again in August - September. An important condition for obtaining a good berry harvest is proper and timely care.
Watering... Regular watering, especially during dry periods, is one of the most important components for the successful cultivation of this crop. But you should not overmoisten the soil, as this can provoke infection with a fungus and reduce the frost-resistant qualities of the variety. In the spring, watering is carried out by sprinkling, and with the appearance of the first flowers, it is recommended to water the strawberries at the root.
Pruning... Like most other varieties of strawberries, Kent has a mustache, albeit quite few in number. In autumn, it is recommended to prune them, leaving 2 strong uterine shoots on each bush for further reproduction. At the same time, the old foliage is mowed.
Top dressing. Throughout the growing season, it is necessary to provide the plant with adequate nutrition. In the spring, fertilizing with nitrogen fertilizers (for example, ammonium nitrate or urea) will be appropriate. In summer and autumn, complex mineral fertilizers will provide the plant with additional nutrients. An alternative to chemicals will be liquid chicken manure, manure, humus, ash.
Mulching... One of the most important strawberry care procedures is mulching. For this purpose, straw, dry grass, sawdust, compost, humus are used. The permissible height of the coating is no more than 6-8 cm. A special material - agrofibre is also suitable as mulch.
Wintering. In order for strawberry bushes to endure the winter cold without loss, it is necessary to carry out appropriate agrotechnical work. To do this, in the fall, they prune the plants, while thinning the beds and removing excess overgrown bushes, carefully loosen the soil. After removing the foliage, the plants are treated with drugs against pests and diseases, fertilizers are applied.
Kent is a winter-hardy variety, but still in areas where there is a significant drop in temperatures or low snow cover, it is recommended to use a mulch layer of organic materials to avoid freezing of plants. In the spring, with the establishment of warm weather, the bushes must be immediately freed from mulch, otherwise they can overheat.
Diseases and pests
The Kent variety is resistant to many diseases (such as powdery mildew and root diseases). However, there are cases of infection with the Colorado potato beetle and gray mold. To protect the planting from pests and diseases, it is recommended to spray the berry with special fungicides as a prophylaxis.
A distinctive feature of the Kent strawberry is its susceptibility to verticillosis. When the first signs of the disease appear, the affected plants are immediately removed from the garden and burned.
Kent strawberries have proven themselves well among gardeners. It is inferior to a number of other varieties in large-fruited, but its unpretentiousness, yield and excellent taste make it quite a worthy choice for breeding, both in the garden and for commercial purposes.
Strawberry Kent: description and characteristics of the strawberry variety
Strawberry Kent is a Canadian variety, which means that it is not too thermophilic, and is quite adapted to our harsh climate. To the cold resistance of the variety, it is also necessary to add its earlier ripening, unpretentiousness and large-fruited. All these remarkable characteristics make Kent a very popular variety among gardeners today.
In the article we will tell you more about this interesting variety of strawberries: we will find out what qualities the variety possesses, how to plant bushes, and how to care for them. We will also learn the opinion of gardeners about the cultivation of this variety of strawberries in our country.
Description of the Kent variety, its characteristics
Kent is an early ripening strawberry, unrepaired. The variety was bred in Canada, in the city of Kentville, back in 1973 on the basis of three different varieties that are resistant to the vagaries of the weather and have a good berry flavor. After refinement and lengthy variety trials, the Kent strawberry was registered in Canada in 1981 and began to be actively used by farmers. Almost immediately, she began her journey to various countries in America and Europe. In 1990, the variety appeared in Russia. As it turned out to be undemanding to soil and maintenance, it quickly became popular and was often named among the best early varieties.
Kent strawberries are distinguished by tall bushes on which numerous flower stalks are formed. They are about the same height as the leaves, which are dark green in color. The peduncles do not hold under the weight of the berries and lie on the ground, so mulching the beds in order to preserve the purity of the berries is mandatory. This variety forms a mustache relatively few, but they are quite enough for reproduction. In addition to the mustache, dividing a bush or growing seedlings from seeds is used for this purpose.
Unfortunately, even the berries that have not yet grown to their size are knocking flower stalks to the ground.
The berries ripen early, in the middle lane already at the very beginning of June, the fruiting is extended. They have a large size, the average weight is more than 30 g, at the first harvest - almost 40 g. However, over time, the berries become very shallow, the weight may decrease up to 12-15 g. The shape is heart-shaped or round-conical, the texture is very dense, the surface is glossy. The neck is hardly noticeable, often it is not there at all. When fully ripe, the berries are dark red. The seeds are clearly pronounced: they are of the usual yellow color, but are located superficially. The juice content is high, the pulp is very sweet, with a slight sourish aftertaste, the taste is assessed as very good. The color of the flesh is red, the aroma is strong. Ripe berries are easily separated from the stalk.
The yield of this variety is not a record, but quite high: from one bush, with proper care, you can collect up to 700 g of berries. The positive point is that the variety bears fruit normally in partial shade, while the taste of the berries does not suffer. In a drought, the quality of the berries does not deteriorate, but the yield decreases significantly. Long rains are not terrible for the variety.
The crop can easily be transported over long distances, the berries are well stored. Strawberries Kent are considered frost-resistant, but if there is no snow cover at temperatures around -10 ... -15 ° C, then the bushes can freeze without additional shelter. Disease resistance is above average: for example, the variety almost does not suffer from gray rot and powdery mildew, are weakly affected by strawberry mites. The scourge of the variety is verticilliasis; you have to watch closely for the possible appearance of signs of this disease.
Video: Kent strawberries in the garden
The culture is not too whimsical. But still, for the Maryshka variety, you will have to adhere to some rules, the main of which is the choice of a place for the ridges. What are the requirements for the site?
The first is the observance of crop rotation. Avoid planting strawberries where nightshades, eggplants, or peppers grew. These crops are capable of provoking the spread of verticillosis - a dangerous disease for strawberries of the Maryshka variety. It is desirable that there are no plantings of these plants next to the strawberries. Onions and grains will be excellent predecessors.
The second is good lighting and an indicator of soil acidity. Loam with a pH of 5.5 - 6 is suitable. Additionally, the moisture permeability of the soil is taken into account. In areas with a risk of flooding, a drainage layer is made or ridges are placed on fill hills. This should be done in regions with rainy summers. Lack of lighting will lead to a loss of sugar content in the "Maryshka" variety. Therefore, gardeners need to take care that there are no tall trees or shrubs next to the strawberries that shade the beds.
The next step is to determine the landing date. It depends on the planting method. If you plan to plant Maryshka strawberries with a mustache, then you should plant the plants in late summer (August - September). With the seedling method of growing, the term is postponed to spring or early June.
Saplings of the variety can be purchased at the nursery or grown independently if several bushes are already available on the site. When buying seedlings, you need to choose strong, healthy specimens. The root collar of the seedling should be at least 6 cm thick and 7 cm high. When propagating with a mustache, the process begins at the end of summer. In strong parental bushes, strawberries cut off the ends of the grown whiskers, leaving 2 "kids" on them. When they grow, they are separated from the mother bush and planted in a permanent place.
Before planting strawberry bushes "Maryshka", the soil is dug up and fertilized. For spring planting, organic matter and mineral components are introduced. For 1 sq. m of area you will need:
- 0.5 buckets of good quality humus or compost
- 20 g potassium fertilizer
- 60 g superphosphate.
When planting in autumn, mineral components are not added, limiting only to organic matter.
According to the description of the strawberry variety "Maryshka", plants can be planted in several ways (see photo):
- Separate bushes. At the same time, the distance between the holes is maintained at 0.5 m, and 2-3 plants are planted in one hole. The advantage of the method is ease of maintenance, the disadvantage is the need to regularly loosen, weed and mulch the beds.
- In rows. Here, the distance between the bushes is 20 cm, in row spacings 40 cm. The most popular method.
- Nested or compacted fit. 7 plants are planted in one hole. A distance of 30 cm is maintained between the nests, 40 cm in row spacing.
- Carpet. It is used by summer residents who do not have the opportunity to constantly care for the plants. With this option, the planting is done randomly in order to get a solid carpet of strawberries as a result. The disadvantage is a decrease in yield due to thickening of plantings.
More about planting strawberries:
After planting, the Maryshka saplings are watered and mulched.
Venta strawberries are unpretentious to growing conditions. However, it will require additional attention from the summer resident if he wants to end up with a high-quality and tasty harvest suitable for further sale.
First of all, it is important to understand what additional care steps are needed for a strawberry variety like Venta. The following action plan should be included in the basis of care:
- competent soil preparation before planting
- feeding the Venta variety
- competent watering of the soil.
Preparatory steps include digging up the soil before planting the plant and disinfecting the root system. These simple actions will help reduce the impact of diseases on the plant and protect Venta strawberries, for example, from gray rot. For disinfection, gardeners recommend moistening strawberry roots just before planting in a weak solution of potassium permanganate.
Feeding strawberries must be made at strictly defined periods. The main ones are the ovary, the harvest period, the flowering of the plant, as well as before the cold weather and in the spring and autumn seasons.The latter is relevant, since strawberries will be acutely deficient in nutrients at these intervals. In the off-season, complex dressings are relevant, and during the periods of fruit formation, it is necessary to apply mineral fertilizers.
Organics for the Venta variety are relevant almost at any time, the most popular fertilizers are manure or chicken droppings, which need to be applied both under the roots and between the beds. Of the additional mineral fertilizers, Nitroammofoska is popular, as well as other complexes that can be easily purchased at any specialized gardening store.
Strawberries require additional competent watering. It is best done by irrigation or rainwater. Watering Venta strawberries after the first weeks of planting is recommended to be done every day in moderation. After 14 days, you can reduce the frequency to 1-2 times every three to four days. After a month, you can reduce the number of watering procedures for Venta strawberries as needed. It is important not to overdo it with moisture, leaving the soil moderately moist. If possible, it is worth purchasing an automatic watering system, it will greatly facilitate the task of a novice gardener. If the weather is rainy, watering should be canceled altogether.
As you can see, with the simplest knowledge of Venta strawberries, you can get a tasty and solid harvest for personal and commercial purposes.
How to buy seedlings (seedlings) of strawberries (garden strawberries) Kent in the nursery "Siberian Garden"
You can buy seedlings (seedlings) of strawberries (garden strawberries) Kent:
- • in the online store from the Siberian Garden nursery,
• on trading floors and nursery stores.
The sale of seedlings in open trade areas and in nursery stores is carried out from April to October. Sales conditions, addresses and working hours of trading platforms and shops can be found on the official website of the nursery: sibsad-pitomnik.ru
Acceptance of orders for seedlings in the online store is carried out throughout the year. Delivery of seedlings across Russia is carried out by transport companies from April to October (taking into account weather conditions suitable for transporting plants). With "Self-pickup", you can also pick up an order from April to October in the "My Garden" store at the address: Novokuznetsk, Metallurgov Ave., 9.
You can familiarize yourself with the terms of the order in more detail in the sections: "How to make an order", "Delivery", "Payment", "Guarantees".
Ask your questions:
- • In chapter "Feedback"
- • by phone 8-800-200-6709 (call within Russia is free)
on weekdays from 5.00 to 15.00 Moscow time.
In general, they speak well of Canadian strawberries. Many gardeners have been growing this variety for several years. Every season they manage to collect large harvests of ripe and aromatic berries. The picky nature of the berry culture is especially noted. Sun or shade - the bushes bloom and bear fruit in full. This species is recommended to grow in small household plots. Residents of warm regions do not have to resort to using shelters even in the winter season, which is a big plus.
"Kent" is almost the perfect variety among other varieties of strawberries. Its frost resistance and drought tolerance (good characteristics) make it possible to cultivate this crop in any regions of our country, and weather conditions will not affect the taste of ripe fruits in any way.
For an overview of the "Kent" strawberry, see the next video.