Exotic and small-fruited tomato varieties
What varieties of tomatoes to choose for the new season
The fate of this vegetable is truly amazing. Columbus's caravels brought an unusual plant to Europe from South America, which the Indians called tomato.
In Europe, it aroused admiration and for several centuries was cultivated as an ornamental one thanks to its beautiful carved leaves, bright yellow flowers and original golden and red fruits.
Just for the fruits, the plant got its second name - tomato (translated from Italian pomo - apple and doro - golden). And only much later they guessed to taste these fruits by the mouth. But when this happened, a delicious and aromatic vegetable literally filled the European menu.
He ended up, of course, in Russia, and since then it has been difficult to imagine our table without him. The number of culinary delights that are prepared with the obligatory participation of tomato is incalculable. Its fruits are used boiled, fried, baked, stuffed, salted, pickled. Delicious sauces are prepared from it, including everyone's favorite ketchup, marinades, mashed potatoes and pasta, etc. etc.
Every year the tomato kingdom is replenished with new varieties and hybrids, one better than the other. And in general, today the total number of varieties and hybrids of tomato existing in the world has long been calculated not even in hundreds. For five centuries of their cultivation in Europe, varieties of all kinds of colors have been bred - from cream to dark cherry, there are even striped ones, and the weight of the fruit ranges from 5 grams to 2 kilograms.
How not to get confused in this diversity? It is more and more difficult for an ordinary gardener to make his choice - his eyes run wide, and the bags are more beautiful than each other. And they do not always have exhaustive information on them (moreover, advertising on bright bags promises "golden mountains" to anyone who buys them), but all the nuances are important: both yield, and resistance to diseases, and the height of the bush, and whimsy, and the palatability of the fruit.
And this is understandable - everyone has their own landmarks: someone greenhouse high, and someone just has a greenhouse, someone will conscientiously spray, thereby preventing disease, and someone will give up on all these spraying with his hand (maybe, due to being very busy, or maybe just relying on the classic Russian "maybe"), someone is chasing the yield, and to someone serve the most delicious and brightly colored fruits, and someone "goes crazy" for exotic ...
As a result, in reality it is impossible to list some standard set of varieties (or hybrids) and say that they are the best. Therefore, we will try to consider varieties and hybrids of tomatoes from different points of view in the hope that the information will be interesting for a variety of readers.
The most exotic tomatoes
It should be admitted that in this group a lot of tomatoes, which can please you not only with a variety of colors and shades, but also with a variety of shapes, and often they do not look like tomatoes, but, nevertheless, retain their true tomato taste.
For example, the fruits of the Moscow delicacy variety are more reminiscent of peppers. Which, however, does not prevent them from possessing a true tomato taste and aroma. The variety is very productive, excellent storage, dense sweet fruits are easily chopped.
And then a real striped tiger is waiting for you. Only it is not dangerous, but very, very tasty. This is the Tiger tomato, which is famous for its amazing red-yellow color and beautiful rounded fruits.
Not far behind it is the Tigris variety with striped fruits of the original color with dark green stripes-strokes, which become dark red when ripe. Its fruits look very impressive in assorted vegetables.
Very large, weighing 150-300 g, in milky ripeness striped like a watermelon fruits - as they ripen, they turn red with thin yellow intermittent longitudinal stripes - the variety Ryabchik will delight. Plant this variety, and its extraordinary and very tasty fruits will give a unique shade to vegetable preparations, decorate and transform any dish.
Lovers of the exotic should pay attention to the green-fruited variety Emerald Apple. Despite the clearly not tomato color, it will be difficult to tear off its tasty fruits.
It is worth getting acquainted with the unusually colorful variety Black Prince - with its appearance on your beds, it will undoubtedly overshadow many other chic varieties. Its shiny, large (up to 400 g) black-raspberry fruits resemble giant olives and have a truly royal taste.
If you want fruits that resemble southern bananas in miniature, then pay attention to the varieties Red Banana and Orange Banana with very decorative fruits of a beautiful elongated shape, 10-12 cm long, in the first case red, and in the second - an unusual bright orange color. They are perfect for canning and are good fresh, and how great they look on a bush cannot be described.
The varieties of Chukhloma and Khokhloma, which are very similar to each other, differ in their banana-shaped fruits with bright orange and bright red fruits 10-12 cm long, elongated cylindrical in shape, which also have a unique keeping quality.
The pear shape resembles the spectacular fruits of the Louis XVII variety - bright red in color with some admixture of orange. They are small - only 50-60 g each, with a dense skin and pulp, making them perfect for whole-fruit canning.
The original and rarely found on the market hybrid Don Quixote F1 also differs in the cuboid shape of the fruit, uncharacteristic for tomatoes. Its rich yellow, like gold bars, fruits tightly sitting on the brush make an extraordinary impression and, in addition, are distinguished by a high content of carotene and sugars, and therefore are good both fresh and for all kinds of processing.
Peach and Pepper striped varieties are distinguished by the original color of the fruits. The first has creamy orange round and smooth fruits, and the second has fruits that are clearly more like peppers than tomatoes, and are unusually impressively colored: in an immature form they are light green with dark green stripes, and in ripe form they are red with yellow stripes.
Delicious red fruits in the form of a heart in the Budenovka variety, they are large (weigh up to 350 g) and are very good in salads. The Yellow Ball variety will also delight you with large, up to 150 g, juicy and, in addition, bright yellow fruits that are suitable for making salads.
It is impossible not to mention the charming variety Marusya. Low, only up to 70 cm, Marusya bushes are literally hung with medium-sized plum fruits with a rich red color and create an unusually joyful mood in the soul. The fruits are dense, with a strong skin, do not crack and therefore are ideal for canning whole fruits, including without the skin.
Well, if you are delighted with very small tomatoes, get one of the best small-fruited varieties - Grape. Its long brushes are studded with many sweet, beautiful fruits. You might really think that this is not a tomato, but a bunch of grapes. From the same series tomatoes of the varieties Yellow Cherry and Red Cherry - a special decorative effect is given to them by a long cluster, on which there are 20 to 40 yellow or red fruits weighing up to 20 g.
They contain twice as much sugar as regular fruits, so they have a very sweet taste. And the dishes decorated with small fruits look very impressive. I want to keep this beauty longer, so you can try to pickle these tomatoes for the winter right on the brushes. Then the undisguised delight of the guests will be added to your delight, to whom you will demonstrate this truly delicious miracle.
The list of small-fruited tomatoes will be supplemented by the hybrids Yellow Caramel F1 and Red Caramel F1, which differ in plum-shaped fruits, very much reminiscent of cherries and collected in long clusters of 25-30, up to 50 pieces. In addition to the extraordinary spectacularity of the fruit-strewn bushes, their sweet caramel taste is very much appreciated; in general, growing these hybrids is real fun, and their fruits are a great treat for children and adults.
There is another spectacular representative of small-fruited tomatoes. This is Bonsai, which is a super early maturing dwarf tomato variety for growing on balconies, window sills and hanging flowerpots. Its fruits are unusually tasty, with a dry matter content 2 times higher than that of ordinary tomatoes. Plants that are planted in flower pots with a soil volume of 1.5-2 liters are highly decorative and have a very attractive appearance.
True, small-fruited tomatoes have one drawback - they all have very low yields. For example, the yield of Red Cherry or Yellow Cherry does not exceed 1-2 kg / plant. And from the Bonsai variety, you can get no more than 150-200 g of tomatoes per plant.
If you are a fan of tall vine-shaped tomatoes with spectacular fruits, then De Barao red, De Barao black, De Barao pink and De Barao gold will still be held in high esteem. From the names it is already clear what color of fruits you should expect, however, De Barao's black fruit color is not black, but, as is usually the case with black-colored tomato varieties, it is dark purple. Huge bushes, hung with small fruits weighing 40-50 g, represent an unforgettable sight, but, alas, like all liana-like varieties require thorough care and large doses of fertilizers, otherwise they will not be able to show themselves in all their glory.
Read part 2 Early and late varieties of tomatoes
Exotic varieties of tomatoes that can be grown on your site
Adding an article to a new collection
Despite all the respect of gardeners for tomatoes, this crop is often grown solely for good, sometimes not noticing its natural beauty and charm. Many people think that tomatoes are not a source of inspiration. And in vain.
However, if you recall the history of the tomato, it turns out that it came to Europe exclusively as an ornamental plant, because for a long time its fruits were considered poisonous. Today, they are the main goal of those who grow tomatoes. Through the efforts of breeders, the image of a classic tomato is being squeezed by its younger, colorful and tasty counterparts, from which an original collection can be assembled.
An experienced tomato grower and tomato collector from Belarus will introduce us to the most amazing of them.
A significant part of my tomato collection consists of varieties with unusual fruit colors. Growing them is a lot of fun. You just want to admire these tomatoes, it's a pity to pick them, and even more so to use them for food, although they are not only beautiful, but also very tasty.
Indeterminate varieties of tomatoes for the greenhouse
These varieties do not persevere on their own. Therefore, if you do not pinch them, they tend to grow constantly. Such plants have tall bushes that need a garter and support. The indeterminate variety is often used for high yields in greenhouses and greenhouses, but it is very demanding to care for.
Here are some representatives of tall tomatoes:
- "Miracle of the Earth". The height of the bush is up to 2 m. Fleshy, large fruits have a bright pink color. An excellent choice for salads and fresh consumption.
- "King of the Giants". The height of the bush is 1.5-1.8 m. It has very large fruits and a good harvest.
- Scarlet Mustang. It has very long raspberry-colored fruits with an unsurpassed taste.
- "Abakan pink". The fruit with an elongated spout has an amazing taste. They are fleshy and have very few seeds.
- "Cossack". Dense tomatoes, small in size, very tasty. The variety is ideal for conservation.
- "Siberian surprise". Small red pepper-shaped fruits. Thick and tasty.
Tomato varieties for pickling, canning and juices
There are as many homemade tomato recipes as there are varieties of popular vegetables. Each variety of tomatoes has its own purpose.
The quality of the prepared dishes is influenced by such characteristics as the density of the pulp and rind, the amount of seeds, sugars, the size and shape of the fruit.
This review is devoted to the features of tomatoes for winter harvesting and the best varieties for each type of canning.
The main characteristics of tomatoes for harvesting
Almost all early ripening varieties of tomatoes are salad. The first harvest of vegetables, as a rule, is tried to be consumed fresh. Tomatoes are used as a vitamin snack, salad base and garnish.
In such varieties, thin skin and fleshy flesh are appreciated. Early tomatoes are rarely used for cooking. For this, special varieties have been developed for conservation.
They can be roughly divided into 3 groups:
- pickling tomatoes. They are characterized by a high sugar content, which contributes to the production of lactic acid for natural fermentation and a firm pulp.
- for making juice. This group of varieties with few seeds, sweet and sour taste and juicy pulp.
- for pickling. The main distinguishing features are small size, elastic skin that does not crack during heat treatment and pulp with a dense structure.
Traditionally, harvesting time falls on the second half of the vegetable season. During this period, late and mid-late varieties of various shapes, colors and tastes ripen en masse.
Each housewife has her own preferences in choosing tomatoes for canning. The best varieties for making salted, pickled tomatoes, sauces and juices are presented in our selection.
Regardless of whether vegetables are supposed to be salted in a barrel, enamel bucket or glass jar, varietal characteristics are very important.
If you use tomatoes with a low sugar content, the product may become moldy instead of salting. To start fermentation, lactic acid is needed, which is produced only in certain varieties of tomatoes.
As a result, it is she who acts as a natural preservative and allows the pickles not to spoil for a long time.
Another important parameter is the size of the tomatoes. Even if salting is carried out in a large container, for example in an oak barrel, large vegetables will be salted longer. In addition, it is more convenient to eat cooked whole tomatoes. For this, fruits are used, the weight of which does not exceed 100-150 g. The best pickling varieties of tomatoes according to the experience of gardeners:
- Rio Grande. The classic flavor of bright red oval tomatoes is great for pickling. Fruits, weighing 70-110 g, ripen on clusters of 9-10 pcs. The glossy skin, due to its dense structure, does not burst during cooking. The variety is grown in greenhouses and open ground, does not require pinching. The determinant bush yields from August to September. It is appreciated by gardeners for its easy care and fertility.
- Blagovest F Hybrid for greenhouse cultivation in the middle lane allows you to get up to 6 kg of tomatoes per season from each bush. After 3 months, abundant fruiting of perfectly round, tasty tomatoes begins, suitable for salads and for pickling. The pulp remains firm thanks to its high solids content. The hybrid is characterized by keeping quality and excellent immunity.
- Torch. Mid-season pickling variety for growing in open beds and under a film. Ideal for “weekend” summer residents, due to its resistance to adverse conditions, undemanding maintenance and compact bushes. Ripe tomatoes of a classic scarlet color weigh 60-90 g.Fleshy fruits with few seeds have a sweet taste and characteristic aroma.
- Moscow delicacy. A mid-season tomato for true gourmets. Cylindrical fruits contain few seeds, have a dense structure and do not burst when salted. On bushes up to 180 cm in height, up to 3 kg of fruits weighing 110-150 g ripens per season. The variety is not susceptible to common diseases, it consistently yields sugary tomatoes with a flavor of bell pepper. It does not require much attention from the gardener due to its unpretentiousness.
- Wonder of the World. The variety is intended for greenhouse conditions, does not react well to low temperatures in the open field. It is appreciated for the excellent taste of fruits with a slight acidity and a high content of sugary substances. Looks good in pickles due to the rich yellow color of ripe tomatoes. Fruit clusters are literally covered with small tomatoes weighing 50-60 g.
When choosing a variety for pickling, it is important to be guided by information on the content of sugar, dry matter (watery tomatoes are used only for juices) and the density of the peel. Fruits bursting during cooking make the brine cloudy. The ripening period, growing conditions, as well as the color of the pulp do not matter.
When cooking pickled tomatoes, the fruits are exposed to high temperatures. The boiling liquid causes the thin skin to burst. To avoid this, choose ripe tomatoes that are resistant to cracking.
Small-fruited varieties of tomatoes are suitable for laying in jars, which easily pass into the glass neck and reduce the number of voids. The combination of several colors and shapes increases the attractiveness of winter harvesting.
Here is a description of the most productive and popular tomatoes for canning:
- De Barao. The famous "cream", which has long won the love of gardeners for productivity, excellent taste and immunity to most diseases. Breeders have bred several varieties of varieties that differ in color (black, red, pink, golden and orange). For whole-fruit blanks, everyone is suitable, except for De Barao Gigant. Oval tomatoes retain their shape, have a suitable size and a pronounced tomato flavor. Additional advantages are shade tolerance, cold resistance and long-term storage of the crop.
- Apple tree of Russia. The variety ripens in early August and continues to bear fruit abundantly until mid-autumn. Immunity to late blight and most nightshade diseases allows you to grow the Apple tree of Russia in summer cottages without much hassle. Perfectly round and even tomatoes look good in jars. The tasty pulp is protected by a thick skin that does not burst in hot filling. On low bushes, up to 100 fruits are formed.
- Anniversary Tarasenko. Tall bushes are strewn with clusters of scarlet tomatoes with a miniature spout. Fruit clusters of 20-30 tomatoes begin to form after 3-4 leaves. Ripening is uneven, the weight of ripe tomatoes varies from 70 to 200 g. The pulp is very dense, fragrant, orange-red in color. Suitable for cultivation in regions with frequent temperature extremes. Practically unaffected by diseases.
- Lady fingers. The maximum yield of the variety is achieved when grown in a polycarbonate greenhouse. On the brushes, up to 5 kg of multi-purpose tomatoes ripen. Ripe tomatoes do not crack when cooked. Miniature "fingers" weigh about 60 g, ideal for pickling and pickling. A compact bush is formed into 2 stems.
- Siberian date F An early hybrid of cherry tomatoes of the determinant type. Powerful shoots from July to September are strewn with bunches of tomatoes weighing 20-25 g. The sweet pulp and elongated shape of the fruit is reflected in the name of the variety. In addition to high yields, it is distinguished by the simultaneous ripening of tomatoes on one branch and long-term preservation without cracking. The hybrid is zoned for the regions of risky farming, it is successfully grown in Siberia and the Urals.
- Children's sweetness. An unpretentious variety for cultivation in the open field. Prized for its early harvest of sweet, aromatic fruits that are resistant to cracking. The small size of ripe tomatoes (on average 60 g) and dense skin allows them to be successfully used in blanks. It manages to give the crop before being damaged by late blight, does not require specific care. Recommended for baby and dietetic food.
- Empress F A hybrid of the Sedek company, which gardeners grow for canning. Plum fruits have a suitable size (100-120 g), do not lose their shape during heat treatment and do not burst. Tall bushes are intended for protected ground. The yield is about 9 kg / m2. The hybrid is not susceptible to common tomato diseases.
Important information! For preservation for the winter, fruits should be selected without mechanical damage and signs of disease. One tomato tainted by fungi or bacteria can cause the jar to swell.
Varieties for sauces and juices
Tomato juice from tomatoes from your own garden compares favorably with the purchased one in the absence of harmful additives. Not all varieties are suitable for preparing homemade products. The fruits are selected according to the following criteria:
- the pulp should be juicy, but without wateriness
- tomatoes need to be fully ripe on a branch, it is allowed to use slightly overripe tomatoes
- yellow varieties are not suitable, as are hybrids without a pronounced taste.
Tomato juice of several varieties is especially wonderful. The combination of different shades of taste allows you to adjust the balance of sweet and sour at your discretion. Some of the most suitable tomatoes for juicing include:
- Korneevsky. An early large variety of domestic selection grows up to 1.5 m. Red tomatoes, weighing up to 600 g, with light ribbing ripen on fruit clusters. They are distinguished by a very juicy pulp of medium density and a sweet aftertaste. 5-6 kg of harvest is harvested from one plant. Bushes must be tied to a support.
- The darling of fate. Pepper tomatoes with red skin and rich pink flesh are eaten fresh and used in sauces and juices. Tall bushes bear up to 3 kg of fruit. Grown in a greenhouse or garden beds. Fast and amicable ripening allows you to harvest before the appearance of late blight. Indoors, it grows more than one and a half meters and needs support.
- Bear Paw. The variety got its name due to the specific shape of the leaves. Large flattened tomatoes with a slight ribbing at the base have a sugary pulp. In a greenhouse shelter, the bushes continue to grow up to 2 meters and give up to 7 kg of harvest per season. Needs additional feeding and support. According to the reviews of gardeners, a delicious juice is obtained from the fruits, while caring for the crop is not very difficult.
- Fatima. An early variety of ground tomatoes with spreading bushes. Plant height is limited to 60-70 cm. Up to 3.5 kg can mature on one plant. The large fruits are heart-shaped. The smooth red skin has a yellow spot at the base. It is appreciated by gardeners for its immunity to diseases, yield and taste of ripe tomatoes, from which excellent tomato juice is obtained.
- Pink flamingo. In central Russia, it ripens in 100-110 days. The size of ripe fruits varies from 200 g to 450 g. Due to its moderate density, the pulp is easily processed for juice. Gardeners celebrate great taste and pronounced tomato aroma. For maximum productivity, the bush is formed into 2 stems, provided with support.
Many gardeners use surplus tomatoes to make tomato paste, adjika or lecho.
In the course, as a rule, substandard specimens are used that did not fit in the jar due to their size, slightly overripe and cracked on the branch. Such fruits become a good base for sauces.
There is no need to plant special varieties on the site. It is not recommended to use only watery tomatoes, they make fresh preparations.
Pickled tomatoes can be of various varieties. The wide assortment of seeds available in specialized stores gives you room for experimentation. For a guaranteed result, it is better to turn to time-tested yielding varieties.
Growing tomatoes in winter greenhouses
This type of greenhouse is equipped with stationary lighting and artificial heating, with glass or polycarbonate cover. Hybrid varieties that have a short growing season, early to medium ripening, can be grown well in winter greenhouses. Such structures (with an additional heat source) are also very relevant for the regions of the middle lane.
The most suitable varieties of tomatoes for winter greenhouses are “Honey King”, “Verlioka”, “NK-Overture”, “Pink Flamingo”, “NK-Etude” and “NK-Sprinter”.
Among the variety of hybrids and varieties of tomatoes, it is difficult to independently choose those that will grow in greenhouse conditions and bring a rich harvest with excellent appearance and taste. The advice and advice of experienced professionals will help you achieve the expected result much faster.
Hybrid ‘Grigorashik F1’
I decided to grow this hybrid in the winter on the windowsill. But the story had a continuation.
Tomatoes of the ‘Grigorashik F1’ hybrid are ripening
After steadily warm weather came, the tomato was planted in the open ground. It took some time for acclimatization, since the adult plant, which had not seen the real sun and wind in its life, was quite delicate. But after two to three weeks, this hybrid, intended for home cultivation, began to actively grow additional stems and turned into a dense bush of low (up to 50 cm) growth.
The plant bore fruit very abundantly until the coldest days. It cannot be said that its fruits have a special taste, but they are strong, beautiful, with a moderate sourness. They went great in salads and for canning.
Fruits of the hybrid 'Grigorashik F1'
The weight of one tomato is 18-19 g. The pulp is juicy, smooth, the seeds are large enough for small fruits.
All these small-fruited tomatoes look very interesting and like both adults and children. ‘Ildi’ and ‘Clackamas Blueberry’ have a pronounced sweet taste, ‘Honey Drop’ did not live up to my hopes and breeders' promises a little: it turned out to be savory and a little starchy. ‘Grigorashik F1’ bore fruit well until the coldest days in the open field after moving out of the room. They are all very good for pickling.
Marinating a mixture of small-fruited tomatoes ‘Ildi’, ‘Clackamas Blueberry’, ‘Honey drop’ and ‘Grigorashik F1’
I would like to note that all these plants are resistant to diseases: the seedlings did not get sick, and they were not touched by late blight, even at a time when the tomatoes growing in the greenhouse next door were affected.
In the following video, you can see firsthand how these varieties of tomatoes were grown.
What varieties of small-fruited tomatoes do you like? Share your choices and experiences with us in the comments.
Cherry tomato varieties for open ground
Small and delicate cherry tomatoes thrive even outdoors. These varieties are especially good!
It is by far the best yellow outdoor cultivar. In addition, it is notable for very tiny fruits that resemble small pears of 8-10 g.
Juicy and beautiful tomatoes can be grown both outdoors and in greenhouses. The fruits are small, up to 18 g, of a beautiful dark color with a purple tint.
A tall hybrid is completely unpretentious to growing conditions. Small tomatoes ripen early and amicably, and the fruits are very well suited for conservation.
The magic cascade is very popular for canning and cooking. Small red tomatoes weigh about 20-25 g.
The tall variety also differs in the shape of the fruit - these tomatoes are cylindrical. Ripening periods are average, and ripe fruits weigh up to 25 g.