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Repotting of Orchids

Repotting of Orchids


Soil of orchids

Orchids are plants that need care and attention, especially as regards the soil in which they live. Useful and suitable soil for orchids is light and drained. A substrate composed of osmunda fiber, mud peat and other plant materials, such as cork, pine, fir or palm, or minerals, such as clay or polystyrene, is recommended. It is good that all this is carefully chopped.

The particles that make up the soil must have a medium-high size, so that the roots have many nutrients, air and water in the right dose. Furthermore, it is good that the plant is not compressed by the soil, but the roots have the possibility to expand to seek the nutrients it needs.


When to repot

Repotting is a very delicate operation, but sometimes also necessary for the health of the plant. Do not be fooled by what you are told or by what you see in the soil when you go to buy a plant: often, in fact, people choose to repot a plant because they see polystyrene, coconut fiber and so on in the substrate of their seedling. , believing the dealer wanted to save on topsoil. But this is not the case, in fact those materials that you find in the soil of the plants you just bought are the right ones to keep the plant in its optimal conditions. However, there are cases where repotting must necessarily be done. Obviously, it must never be performed except in certain circumstances, i.e. when the plant is too large to remain in the pot that hosts it (you must therefore move the plant to a larger pot), when the substrate has become deteriorated, rotten or remains too wet and sticky, which prevents the plant from finding the right amount of nutrients inside it and when the soil is infested with raisins or molds.

In the first case, it is good to proceed with repotting after flowering, when the first roots begin to appear.


Preparation of the plant for repotting:

Before repotting, it is good practice to wet the substrate, so that the roots of the orchid are more elastic and, therefore, to avoid breakage. The roots must be well cleaned and the dead ones must be removed with carefully disinfected shears. Treat the cutting surfaces with fungicidal powders.


Substrate selection:

The substrate to be used for the plant varies depending on the species, but it is always essential that it does not remain too humid.

It is advisable that the soil consists only of materials of vegetable and mineral origin.

Among the first we prefer:

the sphagnum, which is found in the form of long or short fibers, live or dead. Live sphagnum is recommended.

The Ormunda, or the roots of Osmunda regalis, which however is a protected species.

Beech leaves, which allow for a light and airy substrate, but last up to 10 months.

Bark, formed by spruce and is long lasting, as it deteriorates after 6 years.

Rock wool, which comes from a mixture of rocks treated at very high temperatures. Even without containing nutrients, it is a very light material.

Cork bark, which, when combined with the sponge, retains water.

Charcoal, which retains mineral salts.

Barks of Sequoia, Palm and Ferns, useful for forming the "rafts".

Moorland which retains water and has few organic substances.

The most used materials of mineral origin are:

Pumice, a porous and light rock useful for drainage.

The expanded clay, free of organic substance and is useful for avoiding thermal changes inside the substrate, as it has a low thermal conductivity.

Perlite, which absorbs water and must be replaced when it becomes yellow, because it means that it is deteriorated.

The expanded polystyrene, which is used to improve the aeration of the substrate.

Vermiculite, which retains water and has a high amount of mineral elements.

Choice of container:

For the health of orchids it is useful to use transparent plastic pots, as the roots often need light because they carry out the photosistetic activity.

Since orchids do not like water stagnation, it is good that the pot has a large number of drainage holes, so that excess watering water does not cause problems.


Choice of vase

For the health of orchids it is useful to use transparent plastic pots, as the roots often need light because they carry out the photosistetic activity.

Since orchids do not like water stagnation, it is good that the pot has a large number of drainage holes, so that excess watering water does not cause problems.


Repotting systems

When repotting, place the larger pieces of substrate in the bottom of the container to improve drainage. Then put the orchid roots inside the pot and pour the soil over them. Make sure that this adheres well to the roots, but not suffocating. Knock the outside of the lid with your hands to ensure good soil settling.

If you have just cut the roots, wait a week before exposing it to light, temperature changes and, above all, water. It is very important for the wounds to heal. After seven days, resume watering gradually and administer the fertilizer only when root activity has resumed.

If you have not made any cuts, then immerse the plant with the pot directly in the water, and, still dripping, let the excess water drain.


Repotting Orchids: Choice of container

For the health of orchids it is useful to use transparent plastic pots, as the roots often need light because they carry out the photosistetic activity.

Since orchids do not like water stagnation, it is good that the pot has a large number of drainage holes, so that excess watering water does not cause problems. If you have used or have already purchased pots without holes and you cannot change them, do the simple operation of making holes in the plastic of the pot.

However, there are types of orchids, such as Phalaenopsis, which can be safely placed in non-transparent vases, perhaps even more aesthetically beautiful. However, it is also necessary that these pots know how to give the plant the right aeration and oxygenation. In order to make the environment as similar as possible to the natural habitat of your orchid, you can use a saucer in which to place expanded clay and water, which gives the plant the right humidity.



Repotting orchids: Answer: Repotting orchids

Repotting orchids should only be done when the plant gets bigger than the container. And this in order to obtain abundant blooms. Otherwise the plant continues to make bulbs and blooms little.

The best period for repotting is the one after flowering.

Here's how to proceed. Remove the plant from the pot by eliminating the old compost.

The oldest, dry or diseased roots are removed, the old bulbs are removed, and the plant is placed in the pot (slightly larger than the previous one).

The soil is then added (which should preferably be composed as follows: a part of moss, a part of bark and a part of sphagnum peat, but those that are already available on the market are also good).

After repotting, orchids should not be wet for 10 days. Subsequently, watering must be moderate for the first month, until the new roots have formed.

Orchid tree - Bauhinia corniculata

This genus includes about 200 small shrubs or saplings from China, India and southern Africa. Some species, such as B. grandiflora, can be grown outdoors in the reg.

Cattleya Orchids - Cattleya spicata

The cattleya orchid genus has about fifty species of epiphytes and lithophytes, native to South America and equipped with fleshy pseudobulbs, which can have dimensions close to 5-7 cm.

Laelia

The genus Laelia includes about 50-60 species of orchids, mainly epiphytes, native to Central America, very similar to the cattleya. These varieties form dense clumps of pseudobulbs pia.

Bletilla striata

Generally when we think of an orchid, our imagination evokes memories of delicate plants, with very particular requirements, often with aerial roots, which should only be cultivated by true ap.

Repotting orchids

The most popular best seller in Europe among the various types of plants is precisely the orchid, because:

• has a long flowering time

• not cluttered and gives a touch of style as home decor

• is cheap

• it is easy to care for (a lot of light and humidity is enough)

- When to repot orchids


- How to repot orchids


- The care of orchids after
repotting

When to repot orchids

In reality there is no specific period for the repotting orchids

We understand that it is time to change the pot, when the container becomes too small, the roots come out abundantly and when the specific soil degrades.

In fact, repotting should be done immediately after the substrate shows signs of deterioration, regardless of the season and the state of the plant.

On the other hand, if the problem is only space, you have to wait for the orchid to fade.

The orchid family is large but, to simplify, we can make a distinction on the two most famous types of orchids:

_For orchids Phalaenopsis, with regular development and flowering, spring is the best time for repotting.

_ Instead for orchids Cymbidium, with inconsistent growth, you just have to wait for the plants to wither, regardless of the season.

How to repot orchids

To proceed with the repotting the plant you will need to have everything you need available, namely:

1. A new vase, larger in size than the previous one.

you can choose between two types of vases: transparent and not both suitable to contain our seductive orchids

If you too are a lover of classic transparent vases, you can find them in various sizes

If, on the other hand, you want to be daring and tie your orchid vase to your decor, there are flower pots in the fashion colors that can match your home. These pots have the particularity of having a bottom specially designed for a reserve of moisture that is important for the health of the plant

2. Specific soil for orchids composed of a mixture of selected and calibrated bark, a professional substrate that guarantees excellent flowering and longevity to the plant.

Equipped with everything you need, you can start repotting:

1. The first thing to do is to prepare the substrate a day before, mixing 4 parts of specific soil with one of peat, then soak it for 24 hours and let it dry, in order to obtain a soil free of dust and dirt

2. Remove the orchid from the old container taking care not to damage the roots. If the operation is difficult, remove the plant after immersing it in warm water for at least 20 minutes and carefully, only if necessary, cut the vase

3. If necessary, clean up the root system: if you find dark-colored “sticky” roots, remove them by cutting them with sharp and disinfected scissors.

4. Place a part of the bark that you have previously washed on the bottom of the new pot

5. Place the plant in the center of the container and add more substrate around it being careful and distribute it evenly between the roots.

The care of orchids after repotting

If the root system has not been pruned, you can resume normal orchid care.

If not, place the orchid in a dry, well-shaded environment and away from sudden changes in temperature for a week, in order to promote wound healing.

Then you can start watering again gradually.

For the prosperity of your orchids it is essential toregular use of quality products, such as fertilizers for orchids such as Dea max: concentrated disposable drops to be diluted in water

For those who have many vases, on the other hand, another Vanity orchide product is more practical: a liquid bottle to be diluted in water

The orchids Phalaenopsis and Cymbidium they need a temperature between 18 and 22 ° C which, not surprisingly, largely corresponds to that present in our homes.


Repotting orchids

The most popular best seller in Europe among the various types of plants is precisely the orchid, because:

• has a long flowering time

• not cluttered and gives a touch of style as home decor

• is cheap

• it is easy to care for (a lot of light and humidity is enough)

- When to repot orchids


- How to repot orchids


- The care of orchids after
repotting

When to repot orchids

In reality there is no specific period for the repotting orchids

We understand that it is time to change the pot, when the container becomes too small, the roots come out abundantly and when the specific soil degrades.

In fact, repotting should be done immediately after the substrate shows signs of deterioration, regardless of the season and the state of the plant.

On the other hand, if the problem is only space, you have to wait for the orchid to fade.

The orchid family is large but, to simplify, we can make a distinction on the two most famous types of orchids:

_For orchids Phalaenopsis, with regular development and flowering, spring is the best time for repotting.

_ Instead for orchids Cymbidium, with inconsistent growth, you just have to wait for the plants to wither, regardless of the season.

How to repot orchids

To proceed with the repotting the plant you will need to have everything you need available, namely:

1. A new vase, larger in size than the previous one.

you can choose between two types of vases: transparent and not both suitable to contain our seductive orchids

If you too are a lover of classic transparent vases, you can find them in various sizes

If, on the other hand, you want to be daring and tie your orchid vase to your decor, there are flower pots in the fashion colors that can match your home. These pots have the particularity of having a bottom specially designed for a reserve of moisture that is important for the health of the plant

2. Specific soil for orchids composed of a mixture of selected and calibrated bark, a professional substrate that guarantees excellent flowering and longevity to the plant.

Equipped with everything you need, you can start repotting:

1. The first thing to do is to prepare the substrate a day before, mixing 4 parts of specific soil with one of peat, then soak it for 24 hours and let it dry, in order to obtain a soil free of dust and dirt

2. Remove the orchid from the old container being careful not to damage the roots. If the operation is difficult, remove the plant after immersing it in warm water for at least 20 minutes and carefully, only if necessary, cut the vase

3. If necessary, clean up the root system: if you find dark-colored “sticky” roots, remove them by cutting them with sharp and disinfected scissors.

4. Place a part of the bark that you have previously washed on the bottom of the new pot

5. Place the plant in the center of the container and add more substrate around it being careful and distribute it evenly between the roots.

The care of orchids after repotting

If the root system has not been pruned, you can resume normal orchid care.

Otherwise, place the orchid in a dry, well-shaded environment and away from sudden changes in temperature for a week, in order to promote wound healing.

After that, you can gradually start watering again.

For the prosperity of your orchids it is essential toregular use of quality products, such as fertilizers for orchids such as Dea max: concentrated disposable drops to be diluted in water

For those who have many vases, on the other hand, another Vanity orchids product is more practical: a liquid bottle to be diluted in water

The orchids Phalaenopsis and Cymbidium they need a temperature between 18 and 22 ° C which, not surprisingly, largely corresponds to that present in our homes.


Variety of Brassavola

An epiphytic species widespread in the humid soils of Central South America. It produces a single, long cylindrical, fleshy, hanging leaf and very fragrant flowers, solitary or in groups of up to five, with long greenish tepals and lateral petals and a waxy heart-shaped labellum, white in color.

Brassavola cucullata

Brassavola cucullata is a species of orchid both epiphytic (grows on trees) and lithophyte (grows on rocks: It is widespread in the West Indies and Central America between 0 and 1800 meters above sea level. It has larger fragrant flowers with labellum. white adorned with long tendrils.

Brassavola nodosa

It is an epiphytic or lithophyte species from Central and North America, spread from Mexico to Brazil on mangrove roots and rocks. It has close, cylindrical leaves with a pointed apex that form directly at the base of the pseudobulbs.

The flowers are pleasantly citrusy white especially at night, from 6 to 8, are gathered in very persistent inflorescences carried by long gnarled stems that sprout from the center of the leaves. Unlike the other varieties of orchids, the lip of the flower is heart-shaped and the flowering occurs at different times and therefore is almost continuous. Called vulgarly Lady or queen of the night it is an easy-to-grow orchid.

Brassavola tubercolata

This orchid is native to the tropical and subtropical forests of Argentina, Paraguay, Brazil where it grows spontaneously from sea level up to 1000 meters above sea level. It is an epiphyte that also develops as a lithophyte on basalt walls. It has narrow pseudobulbs, long drooping, deeply furrowed cylindrical leaves of dark green color. It produces inflorescences of starry and vanilla-scented flowers, with tepals and long and narrow petals of white or light olive green color. It has an oval lip with a shiny white wavy edge with a yellow-green throat. Brassavola tubercolata blooms in late spring and early summer.

Brassavola glauca

An epiphytic orchid that comes from Mexico, Guatemala and Honduras. It also grows spontaneously in humid and cool montane forests up to 1500 of altitude. The pseudobulb produces a single labiata leaf and an inflorescence about 12 cm high composed of pale yellow flowers with fringed labellum. It is easily grown in pots with very draining soil. It needs regular watering and fertilization during its development phase to produce abundant flowers. It must be placed in a bright and well-ventilated environment.

Orchids of the Brassavola genus are appreciated in gardening as outdoor ornamental plants in hanging pots or baskets and also as houseplants.

Brassavola nodosa is widely used by breeders through crosses with Laelia and Cattleya in order to obtain new specimens with larger and more resistant flowers.

Curiosity

The Brassavola genus was dedicated by the Scottish botanist Robert Brown in the early 1800s to the noble and doctor Antonio Misa Brassavola, an esteemed connoisseur of botany.


Video: Rehabilitating Dehydrated Orchids: Semi-Hydroponics