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Wolf's Mouth - Sow, Plant, Maintain

Wolf's Mouth - Sow, Plant, Maintain

Gueule de Loup, frosty, but warm!

The mouth of a wolf is also known by this other surname "Mufles de lion" more often called snapdragon. It is a perennial, frosty plant, with warm colors, red, orange, fuschia, yellow…. the gueules de Loup offer a great diversity in the garden. They are bushy, erect or drooping. There are tall varieties and other dwarf varieties, with very branched stems most often ... or not. The mouths of Wolf bear lanceolate leaves. They can be grown in all soils, but with a preference for dry and poor, sandy or stony soils. They bloom from June to September, as soon as the sun is out, it is ideal in the mildest regions and does not fear drought.

Botanical name:

• Antirrhinum spp (many varieties)

Plant info:

• Cycle: Perennial plant cultivated as an annual
• Foliage: Lapsed
• Hardiness: Hardy to -4 ° C
• Family: Scrophulariaceae - Scrophulariaceae
• Harbor : Bushy or creeping
• Exhibition: Sun and partial shade
• Ground : Light, poor, stony
• Sowing: March April
• Plantation: Spring
• Flowering: June to September
• Fruiting:
• Rooting: Roots
• Cultivation area: see the hardiness map France and Canada / Everywhere in annual
• Origin: Mediterranean Basin
• Honey plant: Yes
• Edible plant: No
• Poisonous Plant: No

Particularities of the Gueule de Loup:

• Rapid growth.
• Numerous flowers in spikes on erect stems.
• Beware the snapdragon can be invasive if the plant finds favorable soil and sun conditions, because it will reseed itself spontaneously!

What advantages in the garden:

• Superb and long flowering.
• Good hold in bouquet.
• Many colors and ports.

What exhibition for the mouth of Wolf?

• Sun and partial shade

What soil?

• All soil, but the plant particularly appreciates poor and dry soils. This is particularly important in regions where Wolf Maws can be grown as a perennial, so in regions with favorable weather.

Wolf's mouth multiplication method?

• Seedlings, cuttings.

A word from the amateur gardener:

The snapdragons reproduce very well by spontaneous sowing, in particular with a sunny exposure and especially with not very negative winter temperatures.

When to sow a wolf's mouth?

In colder regions:

• Sow in the nursery, in March and April, in the colder regions.

In the hottest regions:

• Sow on the spot with a sunny but partially protected exposure.

How to sow the seeds?

In the nursery:

• Sow in a box in a mixture of soil and sand.
• Moisten the substrate.
• Sow the seeds on the surface without covering them.
• Keep the soil moist until emergence.
• When the seedlings are a few centimeters tall and they produce their first leaves ...
• Transplant them into individual pots and keep watering on dry soil.
As soon as the last frosts have passed:
• Transplant in place in the ornamental garden or vegetable garden or flower garden.

Full ground sowing:

Although less easy, it is possible to sow Wolf's Mouth seeds in the ground in regions with better than mild weather, it is also necessary to anticipate the fact that flowering will begin later.
• Choose a sunny location but, if possible, slightly protected, without direct sunlight at all times.
• Work the soil for about fifteen centimeters so that the soil is fine and free of any “weeds”.
• Place a thin layer of potting soil on the surface.
• Sow the seeds
• Tamp down with a board and make sure the soil remains a little damp until emergence.

A word from the amateur gardener:

• To boost the branching of tall varieties of snapdragon, pinch the young plant when it reaches 15cm, except in the flower garden, where we will try to promote beautiful stems with tight flowers.
• It is possible to sow under protected shelter in September in order to be able to carry out more advanced transplanting of plants. Flowering will start the year earlier.

When to cut the Maw of a Wolf?

• It is possible to make cuttings in spring, but it is better to wait until September, and produce the cuttings under cover for transplanting the following spring.
• Indeed, cutting in May, the flowering of snapdragons could be short-lived and in cold regions, without taking into account that in colder regions, the plant would not resist the low temperatures of winter, it would be a shame .

How to cut?

• Pick herbaceous shoots from a healthy, beautiful stalk.
• Place the shoots in pots filled with a soil-sand mixture.
• Water and keep moist.
• Expose them under cover, to light and keep the temperature between 20 and 25 ° C.
• Transplant the medlar cuttings the following spring.

When to plant the mouth of a wolf?

• In the past spring the risk of frost for the colder regions. April or May.

How to plant?

• Work the soil at a spade height depending on the variety.
• The soil should be rather poor and drained.
• Mix 50% sand with the soil in the garden
• Make a wide and deep hole at least times the size of the bucket.
• Place the plant so as not to bury the crown.
• Recap with the garden soil - sand mixture.
• Space the plants 20 to 30 cm apart.
• Water well the first few days to promote rooting.

Culture in pots?

• The different varieties can indeed be grown in pots.
• Just be sure to plant in a lean mixture.
• The advantage of growing in a pot is that you can bring it in before the cold weather to keep the plant until the following spring.

Interview :

• Watering in case of drought.
• Elimination of faded flowers over time.


• Flowers appear from the month of May and until September.


There are about forty species
- Antirrhinum majus: "Tom inch" dwarf variety of 20 cm
- Antirrhinum majus: “Rocket” variety of more than 1 m in height

Small (dwarf) varieties:

• Tom Thumb : height 20cm, many colors

Medium Varieties:

• Race Sonnet: Height 60cm, important and very early flowering. Variety with large flowers and many colors.
• Black Prince: Height 40cm, bronze foliage, dark red flowers, our photo

Tall varieties:

• Madame Butterfly: Height 80cm with large, lined flowers in many colors
• Precursor Race: Height 80cm, with large white or pink flowers
• Big Wolf: Height 1m, with a vigorous and aesthetic port, many colors.
• Rocket: Variety of more than 1 m in height, good growth and many colors.

What to plant with?

• In clumps, with amaranths, cosmos, zinnias, lupins, foxgloves ...

Uses of Wolf's mouth in the garden:

ATa garden: in rockery, in flower bed, on the edge, in a massif ...
• Pot : In a large pot of at least 40 cm, in a mixture of potting soil and sand.

Quick sheet:


Item name

Wolf's mouth, Antirrhinum, large small or medium, erect or creeping but still colored


Gueule de loup is an easy plant in the garden. It is a perennial but cautious plant and it is for this reason that it is often grown as an annual. There are about forty varieties, with a creeping or erect habit, high on stem or dwarf ...


Editor's name - THE garden media partner of the portal

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Snapdragon: superb annual flower

Snapdragon is a beautiful annual flower that blooms in summer and sometimes even into fall.

In summary, what you need to know:

Last name : Antirrhinum majus
Family : Scrophulariaceous
Type : Annual

: 15 to 120 cm
Exposure : Sun
Ground : Rather rich, well drained

Flowering : June to September / October

Snapdragon is a very easy to grow flowering plant. He appreciates the drained land and loves heat. It grows quickly and occupies space well, in a flower bed, in the middle of a massif or on the edge. The flowers appear from the end of June and last until the first cold of autumn. Our practical advice will help beginners and experienced gardeners to grow snapdragon successfully in their garden and on their patio.

Snapdragon planting

The easiest way is to choose snapdragon in pots. Available in garden centers from April, snapdragon plants settle in a Earth well digged and drained. Weed the area to be planted, drive the snapdragon clods to the surface, do not tamp down the soil too much and water well. Space large varieties 50 cm apart, small ones 30 cm.

Snapdragon in a pot, care tips

The snapdragon appreciates rich lands. He likes himself in the sun in a bin or even in a large pot. Large snapdragons are sensitive to the wind. Protect them with a stake or install them away from drafts. Don't forget the drainage at the bottom of the tubs. Then add garden soil enriched with compost or manure.

Pruning and caring for snapdragon

Remove the flowers as you go to allow the snapdragon to thrive until fall. Hand weed around the feet to avoid competition when snapdragons start to grow.

Watering and fertilizing snapdragons

Snapdragon loves heat and tolerates dryness well. Water well when planting and then every fortnight except in wet weather. Water at the base of the plants and avoid spraying the leaves. If you plant snapdragons to make bouquets, add fertilizer for flowering plants every two weeks.

Diseases and parasites that affect snapdragon

In excessively wet lands, snapdragons can be attacked by aphids, rusts or mildews. Straw well around the feet, and spray regularly nettle manure which will strengthen the plants.

All you need to know about snapdragon

The particular shape of the flowers of the snapdragon gave it its name. By pinching them, they open like a mouth. Snapdragon has been known in France since the Renaissance and is one of the plants very popular at that time.

The varieties of snapdragons to choose from

For borders and beds, opt for the varieties of Snapdragon Tom Thumb (20 cm) and which are available in different colors. Higher on the stem, snapdragons Sonnet breed (50 cm) are also available in several shades. For bouquets, opt for large snapdragons. Between 80 cm and 1.20 m, you can choose the Great Wolf variety, rose or snapdragon Madame Butterfly with double flowers.

Gardener's tip on snapdragon

For a spectacular effect in a massif, do not mix colors but sizes. Plant in front of the massif of dwarf snapdragons then in the middle of medium snapdragons and at the back of large snapdragons. Install them tight, you will quickly have a beautiful array of flowers.


Of Mediterranean origin, snapdragon, an easy-to-grow plant that finds its place in the garden as on the balcony, is a perennial more often grown as an annual. Its multiple cultivars offer a wide choice of colors and heights.

Guides, letter models, practical sheets. We leave the card to you. Make your choice !

Of Mediterranean origin, snapdragon, an easy-to-grow plant that finds its place in the garden as on the balcony, is a perennial more often grown as an annual. Its multiple cultivars offer a wide choice of colors and heights.

Vegetation Perennial : Plant that lives more than two years.
Annual : Plant that lives less than a year.
Biennial : Plant whose life cycle lasts two years. In the first year, the plant grows in the second year, it gives flowers and fruits, then it dies.
To know more

Foliage Persistent : The foliage lasts all year.
Semi-persistent or semi-deciduous : The plant retains part of its foliage all year round.
Lapsed : The plant loses its leaves in the fall.
To know more

Height at maturity Mature height is the height to which the plant naturally rises when it is in the most favorable conditions.
It may take time for the plant to reach this height, depending on the speed of its growth.
The plant may also never reach its height at maturity, if it is pruned regularly, or if it is not cultivated in the optimal conditions for its growth.
To know more

Interview Easy : The plant does not require special care, or very simple care.
Moderate : The plant requires regular care or a little gardening practice.
Difficult : The plant requires important care and gardening skills.
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Water requirement The water requirement of a plant can be supplied by rain, natural soil moisture or watering. To estimate the necessary watering, it is also necessary to take into account the ambient temperature, because of the evaporation, and the capacity of the soil to retain water.
Low : For a houseplant, water monthly. For an outdoor plant, it tolerates drought well.
Way : For a houseplant, water weekly or every two weeks. For an outdoor plant, it will need water supplies before the soil dries up.
Important : For a houseplant, water several times a week. For an outdoor plant, it needs abundant and regular water supplies.
To know more

Growth Slow : The plant reaches maturity in several decades.
Normal : The plant reaches maturity in a few years.
Fast : The plant reaches maturity in a few months.
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Multiplication Propagation involves creating a new plant yourself.
Sowing : The plant reproduces by planting seeds.
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Division : Part of the root (rhizome, tuber) is used to create new shoots.
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Cuttings : A branch is planted in the ground, where it produces new roots.
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Layering : The branch is not cut from the plant, but it is partly buried in the earth, where it develops its own roots.
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Graft : A plant fragment is implanted on another plant.
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Impossible : It is not possible, for an individual, to multiply his plant. If he wants another, he must buy it from a professional.

Cold resistance Resistant (rustic) : Frost resistant plant.
To protect (semi-rustic) : Plant which supports the freshness but which requires a protection against the frost.
To return (fragile) : Plant which fears the cold and which must be sheltered during the cold season.
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Soil type Clay soil : Heavy and sticky soil when wet, which hardens and cracks when drying.
Limestone soil : Clear and chalky earth, dry in summer and muddy in winter.
Sandy soil : Light soil, easy to work with and which retains water poorly.
Stony ground : Soil loaded with pebbles and poor in organic matter.
Humidor : Black and easy to work, it looks like forest earth.
Heather land : Acidic soil (pHВ 4 Г 5), sandy and rich in humus.
Potting soil : It's easy, this land can be bought in stores!
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Soil pH The pH measures acidity of the soil.
Alkaline soil : The pH is above 7. These are mainly calcareous soils.
Neutral soil : The pH is between 6.5 and 7.2. Most plants grow well there.
Acidic soil : The pH is below 7. This is mainly heather land.
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Soil moisture Soil moisture does not depend on rain, but on how the soil retains water or not.
Drained soil : Fresh soil but where water does not stagnate.
Wet soil : Soil where water stagnates.
Dry soil : Soil that does not retain water.
Fresh soil : Soil that remains constantly moist (but not soaked). To know more

Exposure Sun : The plant should have direct sun all day. Inside, it is directly (less than 1m) in front of a window facing south or west.
Part shade : The plant should have sun only part of the day. Indoors, it is in front of a window to the east or further away from a window facing south or west.
Shadow : The plant should be in the shade of other plants. Indoors, this is the case for rooms in winter, windows to the north or partly obscured and when the plant is far from the window (+ 2 m).
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Planting Full earth : The plant can be planted directly in the earth.
Bin, pot or planter : The plant can be planted in a container. (The volume of the container must be adapted to the size of the plant.)
To know more

It is a plant that is cultivated in rock gardens or to garnish a low wall but also on the edge of flower beds or in pots for dwarf varieties. The larger varieties will make beautiful flowers to cut into a bouquet.

There are about forty species in total but many hybrids. Dwarf snapdragons may be Antirrhinum majus 'Bells', 'Chimes', 'Floral showers' for example, for the demi-dwarfs, let us quote Antirrhinum majus 'Crown' or 'Majestic' and for adults, choose Antirrhinum majus 'Butterfly', 'Cremona' or 'Rocket', especially.

Plant snapdragon seeds directly in the garden

Plant snapdragon seeds in loose, rich soil and full sun. Sprinkle the snapdragon seeds lightly over the surface of the soil, then press them lightly into the soil. Do not cover the seeds, as snapdragon seeds will not germinate without light.

Water as needed to keep the soil evenly moist, but be careful not to overwater.

Note: Some gardeners are convinced that freezing the seeds for a few days increases the chances of successful propagation of snapdragon seeds. Others think this step is not necessary. Experiment to find out which technique works best for you.

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