Planting gooseberries - what time of year, where and how to plant gooseberries?

 Planting gooseberries - what time of year, where and how to plant gooseberries?

If you decide to start growing gooseberries, but have never dealt with them before, you have to decide for yourself several important questions: which variety to choose, where is it better to allocate a place for berry bushes, and at what time of the year planting gooseberries will be most effective - in the fall or in the spring?

The most suitable time for planting gooseberries

If you decide to start growing gooseberries, but have never dealt with them before, you have to decide for yourself several important questions: which variety to choose, where is it better to allocate a place for berry bushes, and at what time of the year planting gooseberries will be most effective - in the fall or in the spring?

Although this culture is considered not too demanding, it will still not be superfluous to know how to plant gooseberries correctly, otherwise a good harvest is unlikely to be achieved. But under favorable conditions, gooseberries are able to bear fruit for forty years and annually bring up to ten kilograms of berries from one bush.

The survival rate of gooseberries planted in the ground in spring is more difficult

Purchased seedlings can be planted in the ground in early spring or autumn - as it is more convenient for anyone. However, the autumn planting of gooseberries is considered more preferable, since the root system of the shrub at this time takes root better, manages to get stronger before the cold weather, and with the arrival of spring, the gooseberry begins to develop rapidly.

Gooseberry planting video

The optimal dates for planting gooseberries are in the last decade of September or in the first decade of October, depending on the weather. The planting time is chosen so that at least two weeks remain before the first frost. Moreover, the seedlings should be bought ten days before planting gooseberries in the fall. It is better to plant bushes on a calm, cloudy day so that the roots do not dry out while they are outdoors.

If, for some reason, you are unable to plant the gooseberry in the fall, you can plant it until early April, while the plant is dormant (the buds have not yet begun to bloom). However, keep in mind that the survival rate of gooseberries planted in the ground in spring is more difficult.

Choosing a place on the site where to plant gooseberries

In order to get tasty, large berries with a rich taste from the bushes in the future, you should take care of where to plant the gooseberries in advance. This culture is very fond of sunlight, therefore, ideally, planting gooseberries should be carried out on a flat, well-lit area, reliably protected from strong winds. You should also take into account the location of groundwater - they must run at least one meter from the surface of the earth. Swampy lowlands are not suitable for planting gooseberries due to lack of air in the ground - in such conditions, the shrubs will often hurt and die off.

Over time, the gooseberry grows strongly, so it is necessary to maintain the distance between the bushes.

After currants and raspberries, it is undesirable to plant gooseberries, since the soil will be depleted. In addition, pests and pathogens common to these crops may remain in the ground.

On small plots, it is not always possible to find a suitable place, and if you cannot figure out where to plant gooseberries, place them along the fence, along the border of your plot, or between young fruit trees. However, keep in mind that over time, the gooseberry grows strongly, so it is necessary to maintain a distance between the gooseberry bushes and trees of at least two meters, and the planting should be at least one and a half meters away from the fence.

If you are interested in how to plant gooseberries in several rows, imagine how much space each plant will take in a few years, and, based on this, plant seedlings. The standard scheme for planting gooseberries implies a distance of one and a half meters between the bushes in a row, and two and a half meters between the rows of gooseberries (a lot also depends on the variety).

Step-by-step instructions on how to plant gooseberries correctly

It is most convenient to take two-year-old bushes or developed two-year cuttings for planting. Make sure that the purchased seedlings have a root system of at least 20 cm and two or three strong shoots with a length of 30 cm.

Video about growing gooseberries

How to plant gooseberries, instructions:

  • in early September, dig up the soil to the depth of a shovel bayonet, breaking lumps and removing weeds;
  • dig a hole slightly larger than the root system of the seedlings, while laying the fertile layer of earth to one side, and the rest of the soil to the other;
  • fill the pit halfway with a mixture of two-thirds of fertile soil, a bucket of compost and complex fertilizer (200 g);
  • pour the remaining third of fertile soil with a mound in the middle of the hole;
  • before planting gooseberries, leave the holes for a couple of weeks so that the earth settles a little;
  • two weeks later, you can start planting directly - put each seedling on a mound in the hole vertically, straighten the roots, water and fill it with the soil that remained at the edge of the hole (the neck of the seedling should be 5 cm buried in the ground);

Leave the holes for a couple of weeks before planting the gooseberries to allow the ground to settle down a bit.

  • trample the soil around the seedling;
  • spill the earth abundantly;
  • mulch with humus;
  • shorten the shoots of the seedling 5 cm above the ground so that the gooseberries branch better.

After planting in autumn, young gooseberry bushes can be left alone until spring. Mulch will help the seedlings to endure the winter, but if you are afraid that there will be little snow in winter, and the frosts will be severe, you can cover the bushes with covering material. You will learn about what to do with gooseberries in the fall when it turns into an adult plant from the corresponding article on our website.

How to plant gooseberries in spring

Growing this culture, many people know that its fruits are not only tasty, but also healthy. They allow you to establish metabolism, maintain normal pressure indicators, strengthen the walls of blood vessels, increase immunity, are used as an excellent diuretic, choleretic agent.

Today, about 160 varieties of gooseberries are known, the fruiting of which occurs from the beginning of July to the very beginning of autumn. Among them are such excellent varieties as Mashenka, Amber, Grushenka, Ural emerald, Green rain, Souvenir, Gentle, Prune, Honey, Commander, Consul, Harlequin, Dessert, Nugget, Mischief, Kolobok, Yarovoy, Lada, Mukurines, Rochester, Donetsk large-fruited, in memory of Komarov and many, many others.

Let us dwell in more detail on those varieties that are best suited for planting in Russia.

It will be right to choose a type of gooseberry like Date. This product of folk selection is distinguished by large leaves and fruits, as well as massive bushes. The fruits are mostly pear-shaped, sometimes more rounded, and also have a characteristic dark purple hue.

There is also an English yellow variety. It is slightly spreading and rather high. Ripe berries are usually colored deep yellow. It has a very sweet, but not very aromatic flesh. Possesses such qualities as winter hardiness, persistent immunity to infections, high yield.

The Lefora Seedling variety will also be an excellent choice. It is endowed with the ability to harvest early and multiply without problems. The fruits are large in size and have excellent taste. The advantages of the variety are frost resistance, good immunity, and increased productivity.

Varshavsky gooseberry pleases its owner with berries, covered with a strong and thick peel, each of which weighs about 20 grams. They taste great and can stay on the branches for a long time.

If you find it unpleasant to constantly scratch your hands with thorns while picking berries, you may prefer one of the types of thornless gooseberries. These include the varieties Rodnik, Nezhny, Eaglet, Ogni Krasnodar and others. For the middle zone of our country, it will be right to choose one of such species as African, Rodnik, Eaglet, Northern Captain.

As for the Moscow region, such species as Captain, African, Pink, Mysovsky-37, Green bottle grow best there.

For Siberia, it would be right to give preference to frost-resistant varieties. These are Altai golden, Malachite, Lefora Seedling, Dawn, Cherry and some others.

Selection and preparation of seedlings

In order for the plant to grow healthy and give a lot of fruits, they take seriously the choice of seedlings.

Characteristics of the planting material:

  • not older than two years, with a smooth and light bark (indicates a young age of the gooseberry)
  • voluminous fibrous root system with a length of at least 20-25 cm
  • the presence of 2-3 even shoots
  • unopened kidneys
  • absence of traces of disease, damage to pests
  • thickness - from 5 mm.

After selecting copies that meet the above characteristics, start preparing before landing:

  1. The roots of the seedlings are soaked in a bucket with a growth stimulant solution. For example, Kornevin is sold in specialized stores. The product is diluted at the rate of 5 g (one pack) per 5 liters of warm water a day before the scheduled planting.
  2. Cut off the ends of the soaked roots and dip them in a clay-dung mash just before planting. Mix recipe: clay, manure, water in proportions 1: 2: 5.

Planting gooseberries

In central Russia, gooseberries are best planted in the fall, from October to November. Planting in spring before bud break is acceptable, but in this case the seedling will require more attention and care from you. Seedlings with a closed root system can also be planted in summer. In any case, preparation for landing must be started in advance.

Gooseberry prefers loose, fertile, slightly acidic soils. That is why it cannot be planted in the place of other shrubs, the soil in these places is already quite depleted. But planting after vegetables and strawberries is fine for him.

Unfavorable predecessors for gooseberries are currants and raspberries; in their place, in addition to depleted soil, it will still be threatened by diseases and pests common to these crops.

Gooseberries are photophilous, in the middle lane and to the north for planting it is necessary to choose the sunniest places, but closer to the south it is better to find an openwork shade for it, because sunburn can destroy both foliage and crops. Cold wind protection is also desirable.

Groundwater should not lie closer than 1 m. This shrub does not tolerate excess moisture, so lowlands with stagnant water or wetlands will not work for it. It is always better to under-water the gooseberry than to add it.

In small areas, gooseberries can be planted in the aisles of the garden, between young fruit trees, but no closer than two meters to the trees. You can place gooseberry bushes around the perimeter of the site or along the fence, keeping a distance of 1.5 m from buildings and fences.

For planting, it is better to choose varietal one- or two-year-old seedlings with well-developed roots and an aerial part of three to four strong shoots. Many gooseberry varieties at a young age have a low aerial part compared to, for example, black currant. Therefore, the choice must be made according to the condition of the roots, the number, thickness and freshness of the branches. A good root system in seedlings with an open root system does not look dry, consists of roots with dark bark (white roots should not be more than 1-3). The roots can be branched or densely fibrous.

Seedlings in containers should have attractive foliage and a base diameter of 0.5-0.6 cm for an annual plant and 0.6-0.8 for a two-year-old. If numerous white roots are crawling out of the container, this is good. In such seedlings, the leaves are not removed during planting.

Before planting, damaged or dried parts of the roots and branches are removed. On the eve of planting, the roots of a seedling with ACS can be soaked in liquid organic fertilizers: 3-4 tbsp. tablespoons of potassium humate per 5 liters of water.

Planting holes must be prepared 3-4 weeks before planting. It is better to make them in a square shape, 50x50x50 in size. Fertilizers must be applied to the pit: 8-10 kg of humus, 100 g of superphosphate, 40 g of potassium sulfate or 1.5 cups of wood ash. Mix everything with ordinary soil. Sprinkle the resulting substrate on top with a thin layer of earth without fertilizers. This feeding will be enough for the bush for the next three years of life.

The seedling is placed directly or slightly at an angle, with the root collar deepening 5-7 cm deeper than it grew before. The bush is placed on a small mound in the center of the pit, the roots are carefully straightened in the pit. Then, holding the seedling by the stem, fill the pit with soil, gradually compacting it. The seedling is shaken lightly so that the earth evenly fills all the voids around the roots.

Then you need to water the plant, at the rate of about one bucket of water per bush. In order to prevent the formation of a crust, it is necessary to mulch the space under the seedling with dry peat, compost or humus with a layer of 3-5 cm.After planting, the shoots of the seedling are cut off at a height of 5-7 cm above the soil level, leaving 2-4 buds on each. When planting in autumn, it is advisable to process the sections with garden pitch.

Gooseberries adapt to different conditions of existence, accepting even minor cares with gratitude. If you do not have enough energy or time to grow this crop according to all the rules, it will still most likely grow, however, without record yields and large-fruited. But, so that your efforts pay off with interest, and your hopes come true, plant the gooseberries correctly and do not forget about mulching, which he loves very much and which will help you significantly reduce weeding and watering.

Seat selection

The planting density of gooseberry bushes depends on the variety, terrain, climate, but on average, a distance of about 1.5 m should be maintained between the bushes in a row.Usually, the bushes are planted in rows, leaving a space of 2 m wide between the rows.

Gooseberries can be used as a hedge

Predecessors and neighbors

Gooseberry bushes should be protected by any tree plantations, especially from the prevailing winds. In winter, these trees help to accumulate more snow, contribute to less freezing of the soil, in summer they reduce the drying effect of air currents. The best predecessors for gooseberries are potatoes and any vegetables, but not berry bushes.

The wall of the house will protect the bush well from the winds. But the remaining weeds will soon interfere with the development of the seedling, which has taken to growth so well.

You can plant tomatoes next to gooseberries, which are natural enemies of many garden pests, and red currants. Around the bush is often planted any fragrant herbs (mint, lemon balm, dill) or garlic - they repel aphids well. Raspberries or cherries should not be placed nearby: they will drown out, they will even sprout inside the gooseberry bush.

Soil and light

It is advisable to take well-moistened places with breathable soil under the gooseberry. If a prolonged stagnation of moisture is possible, then the growth of the bush will be weak, and the risk of disease is high. In low places, gooseberries are often affected by powdery mildew, especially older varieties. Gooseberries are much more drought tolerant than currants and are better suited to open, warm areas.

Preparing the soil for planting

With a sufficient amount of applied fertilizers, gooseberries give high yields even on sandy soils, but it is better that these are light loams. The shrub also tolerates high acidity, tolerates soils with a pH value of up to 5.5.

On the site, as usual when planting shrubs, first of all, planning should be carried out, unnecessarily high hills and deep depressions should be eliminated. Having scattered organic and mineral fertilizers (and with too acidic soil - and lime), it is necessary to dig the area well to the depth of the shovel bayonet, removing the rhizomes of weeds, especially perennial ones. Only a few days after that, it is necessary to start digging the planting holes.

How to care for gooseberries

  1. Soil cultivation. The soil near the gooseberry must be cleaned of weeds, which increase the risk of diseases in the shrub. Also, periodically, the earth is loosened, it is necessary to loosen it very carefully and shallowly near the crown, so as not to touch or damage the root system.
  2. Fertilizing the soil. Gooseberries need to be fed periodically, namely 2 times a year. This will increase the yield and quality of the berries. The first feeding should be done after flowering, and the second after picking the berries.
  3. Pruning gooseberries. To harvest rich yields of tasty berries, you also need to properly form a bush. To do this, in the first years of a bush's life, pruning consists in forming a bush. Old branches are shortened and a large amount of root growth is cut off. 3 years after the bush was planted, pruning is to remove the density. Basically, only young branches bear fruit, while the old ones are cut off. They form a bush either during the period when the foliage is fallen. Or before the buds have blossomed. But also to increase the yield in the form of large berries in the summer, you can shorten the young shoots, leaving 7-8 leaves, cutting off the top.

Gooseberries are often attacked by pests and diseases. To protect the plant, spraying the plant with special means is used. Processing is carried out in the spring and, if necessary, after the flowering period.

Landing rules

If the gooseberries are planted in several rows, a checkerboard pattern is the best pattern. At the same distance as a square layout, the plants get more air and light. The arrangement of the rows is done from north to south, which significantly improves the illumination of the plants.

Before planting, the seedlings are soaked in a 1% solution of potassium permanganate, which disinfects them well from fungal infections. It's good to keep them in water for 12 hours with preparations to improve rooting - Zircon, Epina-Extra.

Gooseberries are planted in two ways:

  • individually in the landing pits
  • group in the ranks.

Prepared fertile soil is poured into the finished planting pits. A seedling is planted on it, covered with fertile soil. The correct planting of a seedling is that its roots should diverge on the sides, and not curl upwards or in one heap.

The root collar should be 5–7 cm deep. The gooseberry is able to grow additional roots from shoots covered with moist soil. These roots help to increase the nutrition of the young bush.

On heavy, poor soils, gooseberries are planted with a slope, like currants. At the same time, additional roots grow from buried stems in large numbers. These shrubs have a wider base which helps to develop a strong plant. Subsequently, gooseberry and currant bushes form deep roots under the projection of the bush.

The planted seedlings are carefully trampled down, removing voids in the backfilled soil, and a hole is made near the stem for watering. As a result, an earthen bowl is obtained near the gooseberry bushes. It is covered with humus, peat, manure, chips for mulching.

Mulch promotes the formation of roots, suppresses the germination of weeds, and retains the moisture of the earth.

If the groundwater on the site lies at a depth of less than one meter, the seedlings are planted in high beds or loose mounds.

When gooseberries are grown in large groups, trenches are prepared for planting. The land for them begins to be cultivated in advance. In the spring it is dug up, weeds are removed and sown with siderates from the legume family. The benefits of these landings are considerable:

  • build up large organic matter for use as top dressing
  • enrich the earth with nitrogen
  • loosen the ground with roots
  • transfer nutrients from deep layers to surface layers.

In the autumn period, the land with green manure is dug up, filling it with manure, phosphate rock or superphosphate and potassium salts. 8-10 kg of manure, 1 kg of phosphate rock and 100 g of potassium salt are poured per square meter.

Manure is good not only because it is rich in nitrogen. It contains a huge number of bacteria that improve the properties of the soil.

Phosphorite flour is made from natural mineral formations - phosphorites. Phosphorus, like nitrogen, is one of the main sources of nutrition and vital activity of any plant. Filling the soil with this fertilizer provides the gooseberry with phosphorus for many years.

Potassium is the third essential element for plant nutrition. Potassium salt is an easily soluble natural mineral element obtained from salt water bodies. It is recommended to bring it in in the fall for digging. Instead of potassium salt as a source of potassium, wood ash can be used. You can apply it before planting and under growing berries.

In the spring of next year, they begin planting seedlings in prepared beds with fertile soil. In this case, we plant the seedlings under a shovel, digging holes to accommodate the roots. There is no need to dig extensive planting holes.

Cultivation of gooseberries by cuttings requires a special school in the garden for growing young seedlings. In this case, the cuttings are first planted in a semi-warm greenhouse for rooting. For this, the earth in it is loosened, covered with humus to retain moisture and covered with clean river sand.

The main thing for successful rooting of cuttings is warmth and moisture. Green cuttings with a lignified "heel" take root most effectively.

Important! When deciding how to plant gooseberries in the fall, you should know that gooseberries are the most demanding crop for processing and preparing the soil of all berry bushes.

Watch the video: Planting Gooseberries