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Nepenthes

Nepenthes


Nepenthes

This type of plant looks like a carnivorous specimen. It was born and grew up in eastern countries where the climate is warm and during its growth it manages to reach a truly exemplary height, reaching almost twenty or more meters. This plant in its generality is divided into three parts, we have the part that serves to attract the prey, the second that prevents the prey from being able to go back up by sliding it into the digestive side, finally there is the part of the plant that allows the plant to digest its victims. However, the plant is well organized also in view of possible rains, in fact it is equipped with a lid that prevents the entry of water but at the same time there is always room for the victims. Despite this apparent part that may not please her, it is actually a truly beautiful plant that has the potential to please everyone once purchased.


Environment and exhibitions

Since the plant looks like a native of warm environments it needs a lot of light and therefore to ensure that it always has good growth and maintains itself over time it is good that it is placed in places where the light beats sufficiently right and therefore it is advisable to put it near the window of the house, if instead you prefer to decide when you want to give light to this plant or not, you can also put it under a lamp. As for the environment, it can be outside or inside the house. The important thing is that it does not exceed 15 degrees, so during the winter it must be placed in warm rooms.


Ground

The soil to make it the right one needs a mix of different soils to make it grow in the best way. However, since at the same time it is a strong plant, it can also be placed within other types of soils that are different from each other.


Planting and repotting

Nepenthes is a type of plant that needs a home that is not too small and therefore prevents its natural growth. Repotting, on the other hand, is recommended to do it towards the winter months, perhaps when the plant itself is growing and its shapes are starting to become larger than the pot inside which it is placed. Repotting every time it goes to be done is recommended to do it very carefully to prevent its roots from being ruined thus leading to the death of the plant which consequently can no longer live.


Watering

Its watering must not be done neither a little nor too much but it must be done in the right way to ensure that it always remains humid even with the passage of time between the various waterings. If there is also the presence of saucers it is recommended that the latter be emptied otherwise the plant will absorb too much water. It is also necessary to pay close attention to the watering of the leaves themselves as otherwise they lose their natural beauty.


Fertilization

It is a plant that fortunately, thanks to the way it is composed and due to its being resistant, does not need a lot of fertilizer and fertilizers, indeed it is almost not recommended to use them but if you really want to make this use maybe for greater safety and for greater regularity it is advisable to use liquid fertilizers as these go directly into the plant, which, since the plant itself is carnivorous, it is advisable to use these types of fertilizers.


Fertilization

It is a plant that fortunately, thanks to the way it is composed and due to its being resistant, does not need a lot of fertilizer and fertilizers, indeed it is almost not recommended to use them but if you really want to make this use maybe for greater safety and for greater regularity it is advisable to use liquid fertilizers since the latter go directly into the plant, which, since the plant itself is carnivorous, it is advisable to use these types of fertilizers.


Pruning

As for its pruning, it must be cut cleanly every 2 or 3 internodes thus obtaining a separate trunk which in turn must be inserted into another vase thus obtaining a cutting, it must not be exposed too much to the sun and light. and for this reason it is advisable, if you have the possibility, to put it inside a greenhouse. In this way there is the possibility that the plant will always grow well, in a positive and correct way.


Reproduction

Its reproduction usually has the possibility of taking place only for fertilization and it is also recommended that it be done in the spring period, therefore a reproduction that is not done either in the too cold or in the too hot period of the year. It is also recommended that all this is always done very carefully.


Flowering

As for the flowering point, it does not have this presence. The growth of flowers is not present in the Nepenthes plant, a point not in favor of this type of plants which, being carnivorous, do not have a high presence or sometimes there is the almost total absence of flowers.


Diseases and parasites

Once again, its particular and attractive strength allows it not to be a victim of particular diseases and the same goes for parasites and insects. In fact, this plant, unlike other plants that sometimes die due to parasites, it eats them and thus hardly falls victim to them and in this way manages to have a long life. Obviously, in order for all this to really have an effect, the plant must always be followed and never left, otherwise it could end badly.



Nepenthes - garden

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Nepenthes - garden

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Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Key functions and activities
  • 3 Plant collections
    • 3.1 Bonsai
    • 3.2 Ferns
    • 3.3 Insectivorous plants
    • 3.4 Medicinal plants
    • 3.5 Oxalis
    • 3.6 Succulents and xerophytes
    • 3.7 Trees
  • 4 Gallery
  • 5 See also
  • 6 References
  • 7 External links

The history of the Stellenbosch University Botanical Garden dates back to 1902 when lecturer Augusta Vera Duthie grew plants next to the then Main Building on campus for research and student practicals. The Botanical Garden's current site dates back to 1922 when Gert Cornelius Nel, professor of botany at the time convinced the University Council to allocate land for the establishment of the Garden. Hans Herre was appointed as the first curator of the Garden in 1925. Curators of the botanical garden included Hans Herre (1925–1962), Wim Tijmens (1962–1999), Deon Kotze (1999–2012), Martin Smit (2013–2018 ), and Donovan Kirkwood (2018-).

The Stellenbosch University Botanical Garden fulfills many functions within the university and the local community. The garden supports research and training of students within Stellenbosch University, and increasingly has a strong conservation focus with work on species on the brink of extinction. In 2018 the garden was accredited as a Conservation Practitioner by Botanic Gardens Conservation International (BGCI). [1] The local community and other visitors also utilize the garden for both relaxation and education.

Some facilities in the garden include: The Botanical Garden Shop, which functions as a visitor center but also sells various books, seeds and local plant products A small specialist nursery and the Katjiepiering Restaurant. The garden itself is also utilized for sculpture exhibitions. [2]

Stellenbosch is located in a valley at an average elevation of 136m above sea-level. It has a Mediterranean climate with dry warm summers. Winters are cool and rainy. During spring and autumn daytime temperatures hover in the 20 ° C's. This mild climate allows the garden to grow an incredible diversity of plant species. Various plants indigenous to the Cape Floral Kingdom and southern Africa, many of them rare, threatened or endangered species, can be found in the garden. Even some indigenous species now classified as extinct in the wild, such as Erica verticillata, can also be found in the garden. The garden also has various theme gardens and various specific plant collections.

Bonsai Edit

The Western Cape Bonsai Heritage Collection is probably the biggest publicly accessible collection of bonsai in South Africa and features trees from well-known South African bonsai enthusiasts such as Becky Lucas, Gerjo van der Merwe and Louis Nel. [3]

Ferns Edit

A large collection of ferns can be found throughout the garden, especially in the two ferneries. Several species of ferns and tree ferns (especially the genus Cyathea) along with other closely related plants such as horsetails (Equisetum) are among the generate represented in the collection.

Insectivorous plants Edit

Several insectivorous plant species are grown in the garden, including pitcher plants (Nepenthes and Sarracenia) and sundews (Drosera).

Medicinal plants Edit

Medicinal plants and herbs from all over the world and southern Africa can be found in the garden. Some indigenous medicinal plants found in the collection include: boegoe (Agathosma), cancer bush (Lessertia frutescens), wild rosemary (Eriocephalus africanus), Pelargonium peltatum and Tetradenia riparia to name a few.

Oxalis Edit

The collection was started in 2001 and has grown to currently include about 70% of southern African species. It acts as both a reference and research collection, and houses almost all specimens included in the species-level molecular phylogenetic reconstruction of southern African Oxalis.

Succulents and xerophytes Edit

A wide variety of succulent and xerophytic plants from especially southern Africa and Madagascar can be found in the two arid houses and throughout the garden. Some interesting succulents and xerophytes on display include Welwitschia mirabilis, Aloidendron dichotomum (quiver tree), Xerosicyos danguyi (silver dollar vine), Dioscorea elephantipes (elephant's foot) and Pachypodium namaquanum (halfmens). Rare vygies such as Herreanthus meyeri (named after Hans Herre), Meyerophytum meyeri and Fenestraria aurantiaca are also on display.

Trees Edit

Some interesting trees that can be found in the garden include Sequoiadendron giganteum (giant sequoia - the biggest tree species on earth), Metasequoia glyptostroboides (dawn redwood - thought to be extinct until 1948) and Sequoia sempervirens (Californian redwood - the tallest tree species on earth). Other trees of interest vary from olive trees (Olea europaea) grown from cuttings taken from the Garden of Gethsemane, to various trees indigenous to southern Africa such as Nuxia floribunda (forest elder), to subtropical trees such as Cinnamomum verum (cinnamon).


Video: Nepenthes, sus cuidados básicos y fertilización con Maxsea