Plants on th
What is yoshta? The yoshta plant is a hybrid of spread gooseberry, common gooseberry and black currant. The name Josta (German) is derived from the first syllables of two German words: Johannisbeere (currant) and Stachelbeere (gooseberry). The yoshta shrub appeared in the 70s of the last century thanks to the many years of work of the breeder from Germany, Rudolf Bauer. However, for industrial cultivation, a hybrid of currant and gooseberry yoshta was prepared only in 1989. In our country, yoshta has not yet gained wide popularity, but in Western Europe it is grown everywhere.
Lunar sowing calendar of the gardener and gardener for 2018 table
The gardener's lunar sowing calendar for the next 2018 should become a useful tool and assistant to all gardening lovers, professionals engaged in gardening - it will help in solving many important tasks of working with plants, in the garden or summer cottage. Of course, any of the gardeners has every right to decide for himself whether to use the recommendations and advice of the Lunar sowing calendar for 2018, or to act at his own discretion, thanks to his knowledge.
In modern times, the gardener's orientation to the fertile moon when sowing seeds, seedlings and planting plants has become not a habit, but a necessity. The use of the lunar calendar by gardeners for the coming year, subject to the recommendations and implementation of agrotechnical measures during the growing season of plants, makes it more likely that the harvest will be decent, and the work of the gardener was not in vain.
Lunar sowing calendar of the gardener and gardener for 2018 table Lunar calendar of work in the garden and the garden for 2018 table
Monthly lunar calendar of garden works for 2018
February can be considered the beginning of preparation for the summer cottage season. At this time, they begin to sow tomatoes in a greenhouse for growing seedlings. If there is sufficient artificial light, celery or lettuce seeds can be sown at the end of February.
In March, more active work on the site begins. It is already possible to sow the first seeds under the film, and, if the weather permits, sow onions on greens in open ground, and start germinating potatoes for planting. When the frost subsides, work begins on pruning trees and forming their crown.
In April, when the probability of frost in most regions is noticeably reduced, you can sow radishes, onions and some types of greenery. You can plant cabbage seedlings in the greenhouse.
May accounts for the bulk of garden work. Root crops are planted this month. In the first days, when the moon is waning, the most favorable time for planting potatoes. Also in May, work is carried out to mulch the soil to reduce its moisture content. The fact is that insect pests like to lay eggs in moist soil, which usually wake up from hibernation at this time. If this work is not done on time, actively breeding pests can cause a large number of problems. At the end of the month according to the lunar calendar of the gardener for May, with the rising moon, you can start planting seedlings of tomatoes, blue and salad peppers.
June is the final month for planting and sowing most crops. At the beginning of the month, they finish planting tomatoes, peppers, and begin sowing cucumbers. In June, most plants go through a period of rapid growth, so much attention should be paid to watering and feeding them. It is especially necessary to pay close attention to those plants that have a weak root system, such as: cabbage, lettuce, spinach, cucumbers, etc. If necessary, mineral fertilizers and various dressings are applied to accelerate plant growth. The gardener's lunar calendar for June is always busy.
In July, there is practically no planting or sowing of annual crops. All attention must be paid to watering, feeding and weed control. At this time, the fruits are actively ripening, so the plants need to be fed with nutrients. July is a great month for gardening. For small stone fruit trees (pear, apple), you can put supports under the branches so that they do not break under the weight of the fruit.
August is harvest time. Almost all gardening work is reduced to collecting ripe fruits and vegetables and preparing them for storage in the autumn-winter period.
Tuber harvesting begins in September. In order for the potato tubers to grow a little before harvesting, you can cut the tops at least a week before harvesting. In the second half of the month, you can plant winter garlic. As a rule, it gives a better quality result than the spring one.
October is a great time to prepare the soil for the next season. Mineral fertilizers, lime, organic matter are added to the soil, they are dug up. Although many believe that digging harms the soil, due to the freezing of microorganisms. However, this process helps to saturate the soil with oxygen, as well as prevent weeds from overgrowing. In October, winter-hardy plants such as carrots, parsley, and sorrel are sown. New trees can be planted in the garden.
In November, usually work in the garden is reduced to cleaning the area from fallen leaves and protecting young trees from hares and other rodents. To do this, it is enough to wrap their trunks with roofing material.
In addition to the influence of the passing signs of the Zodiac, the phase of illumination in which our satellite is at the moment is of great importance for plants. The full lunar month differs from the terrestrial one, its average duration is 29.53 days. The duration of these days can also be different, especially in this respect, the 1st and 30th are different. the difference between them can be as little as one minute, and almost a whole day - the 30th day in some lunar months may be absent altogether.
Depending on the illumination, the following lunar phases are distinguished.
The satellite itself is not visible in the sky, the disk is not illuminated. On this dark night there comes a time of complete rest. The concentration of plant sap is observed in the roots, so damage to the root system during this period can be fatal.
It is necessary a day before the new moon and a day after it to exclude all work with the soil around the already planted crops (loosening, hilling, digging, transplanting, etc.). This is a very important rule of the lunar calendar of any year.
Trim the crown, pinch, pinch, remove diseased and dried branches, fight pests and diseases. Weeding, if necessary, can be done, but with great care and only among well-rooted seedlings. The period is good for planting seeds, especially with the favorable influence of the zodiacal constellation.
Waxing (arriving) moon
A sickle appears on the right side, by the end of the 1st quarter the entire right side of the disc is illuminated. In the second quarter, it gradually fills up completely. At this stage, the juices rush upward, growth intensifies. It is recommended to plant crops that bear fruit in the ground part. From 3 to 8 days is the best time to plant all types of cabbage, cucumbers, herbs, melons and cereals. In the next 5 days, there comes a time favorable for planting tomatoes, legumes, garlic, fruit and ornamental trees and shrubs, peppers, pumpkins. A good result is given by root dressing. During this period, it is best to deal with snails and slugs, look for water on the site, drill wells, dig wells, lay and tamp compost, and mow the lawn. Just before the full moon, fruit grafts give the best results. It is undesirable to store fruits at this time, to preserve vegetables, if it is possible to postpone it.
The circle is fully illuminated. By this time, the nutrients are maximally concentrated in the fruits, the flowers have a rich color and a thickened aroma. Hilling, loosening, cultivation and other work with the soil can be carried out, the risk of damage to the root system is minimal. But pruning, pinching, grafting and other work with green mass and the crown of garden shrubs and trees is not recommended. The full moon is the time of the most intense action against pests, since they become the most active, and the plants are the most difficult to tolerate their attacks and often die. On the growing moon, it is recommended to start destroying the pests of the aboveground part, and on the waning one - in the root system.
Sap flow during the waning (aging) Moon (the disc darkens on the right side) is directed towards the roots, at this stage nutrients are concentrated in the roots and roots. In the early days of the aging moon, planting of cuttings, seedlings of bushes and trees, perennial flower crops, strawberries is favorable. The next 5 days are good for radical pruning and minting of grapes. Then it is the turn of planting potatoes, as well as other stored root crops, rhizome and legumes. The period is favorable for sub-winter planting. If a waning satellite passes Pisces or Virgo, it is not recommended to engage in salting, canning.
Not only the phases of the moon have a huge impact on plantings in the garden and vegetable garden. Below are a number of recommendations to help gardeners harvest rich crops and store them for several months.
How zodiac signs work on plants:
Aries is a dry and barren sign. He is supportive of crops that are not stored for a long time, but are used for food immediately after harvest. These include tomatoes, various greens, radishes. This period is perfect for harvesting fruits and roots, as well as cutting flowers.
Taurus is a fertile wet sign that allows you to achieve excellent plant yield indicators. Fast shoots are not observed these days, but over time the plantings hatch and become strong, hardy, with a strong root system. In this phase, it is better to plant, transplant and weed crops, trim trees and shrubs.
Gemini is a barren and dry sign. It is advisable to leave fruit and vegetable plants alone, and turn your attention to roses or shrubs. At this time, it is good to do the collection and procurement of medicinal herbs.
Cancer is a fertile, moist sign, during which watering, feeding and fertilizing the soil can be carried out. True, crops will not develop as actively as we would like, but their root system will be hardy and healthy.
Leo is a dry and barren zodiac sign that is suitable for weeding beds. During the reign of Leo, you can plant perennial plants in the soil, harvest grains and legumes. Transplanting and sowing new crops is not recommended.
Virgo is a wet but not fertile sign. As a rule, its energy is directed to the development of the root system in plants. This period is perfect for planting ornamental trees, bushes, weed control, transplanting and diving.
Libra is a moist and productive sign that can channel life-giving energy into a flower. Plants give an excellent harvest, which has good storage characteristics. On these days, you can carry out various work in the garden and vegetable garden: replanting, weeding, grafting, pruning, etc.
Scorpio is a moist and fertile sign that affects the leaves. This sign is the second most productive after Cancer. All crops sprout quickly, become strong, hardy and give enviable yields. In Scorpio, a delicious preservation of fruit and vegetables is obtained.
Sagittarius is an unproductive and dry sign of the Zodiac, capable of directing all life-giving juices to fruits. Suitable for sowing pumpkin, potatoes, peppers, radishes, onions, garlic and herbs.
Capricorn is a fertile dry sign that develops the root system of plants. An excellent time for planting vegetables and flowers. Trees and shrubs planted under this sign give excellent yields for a long time.
Aquarius is a dry and unproductive sign, giving energy to flowers to a greater extent. On these days, sowing, transplanting or planting should be avoided, because the plants will not be able to take root, and the germinated will quickly die.
Pisces is a moist and fertile sign of the zodiacal circle that gives life-giving energy to the leaves. Plants bear tasty, juicy fruits, however, they will not be stored for long. Pisces manages to get delicious wine and fruit juices.
Archaeological excavations have reliably established that people have used the lunar calendar since the Stone Age. The monthly (full) lunar cycle of illumination of the Earth's satellite by the Sun lasts 29.53 days. Therefore, in the lunar calendar, a month is 29-30 days. The Moon itself does not shine, it is illuminated by the Sun (and only from one side) in the following order:
- New Moon (The moon is not visible in the sky).
- The moon is young (crescent, called crescent
- with an imaginary straight line connecting the "horns", the letter "P" is obtained).
- I-th quarter (half of the circle on the right is illuminated - the moon is growing).
- The arriving moon, striving to acquire the shape of a luminous circle.
- Full moon (lunar circle is fully illuminated).
- The moon is waning, starting to lose the illumination of its body to the right.
- III quarter of the moon (half of the lunar circle on the left is illuminated).
- Aging (defective) Moon - the crescent moon is similar to the letter "C".
By the nature of the illumination of the moon, phases are distinguished:
- 1st - from the new moon to the 1st quarter (on the 7-8th day of the lunar month)
- 2nd - from the 1st quarter to the full moon, coming on the 15th day
- 3rd - from the full moon to the 3rd quarter, coming on 22-23 days
- 4th - from the 3rd quarter to the new moon.
List of plants starting with the letter Y: indoor, garden and garden - garden and vegetable garden
To view the description of the insect, click on the photo or on the link.
Your garden and vegetable garden are under a constant, growing threat of ruin. And you don't pay any attention to it? Your enemies - pests must be destroyed. Pests in our gardens are a very serious problem that spoils our lives during the harvest season, takes away the joy for our seasonal work.
Therefore, it is very important for a person who grows vegetables and fruits on their own land to know how to deal with parasites. The main habitat of all enemies of gardens and vegetable gardens is, of course, the soil. And therefore, it is in the soil that the overwhelming majority of pests winter. Although there are insects that spend the winter on the trunks of trees and shrubs, in various buildings. It is in the buildings that the larvae of all sawflies, beetles, pupae, ticks and weevils prefer to winter.
In the soil of the garden and garden at a depth of twenty or thirty centimeters, the Colorado potato beetle winters. Under it, at an even greater depth, an ordinary bear prepares itself for wintering. Flea beetles gather at a very shallow depth in the soil or under uncleared, fallen leaves. There comes a period in your garden between the harvested crop and the onset of a real winter, when the first snow falls and the first frosts bind the ground. This is the most favorable time to fight the enemies of your garden. It was at this time that most pests settle down for the winter, preparing their own moves and climbing into the soil to different depths.
And now is the time to apply some of the simplest and most effective methods of fighting and exterminating insects. The most effective method of combating parasites in the pre-winter time is digging the soil around the trunks of fruit trees, between the beds and on them. Such soil cultivation with a shovel allows you to extract most of the pests to the surface, where they simply freeze out or are destroyed by birds.
It is worth noting that if a large number of fruit trees grow on your land plot, then pests overwinter on their trunks and crowns. In the entire lower part of the tree, in cracks in the bark, in various crevices of wooden fences, caterpillars of the apple moth are arranged for the winter. On the trunks and thick branches between the wood and bark of trees, the larvae of the bark beetle overwinter in prepared tunnels.
The golden-tailed caterpillars braid the fallen leaves with dense, silky cobwebs and make nests for themselves, folding a few leaves. At the base of the buds of fruit trees, aphid eggs and copperheads are located in the stage. These pests prefer young trees and shoots. Many insects hide in various structures: caterpillars of the apple moth, cabbage pupae, flea beetles.
Whitewashing of their habitats and caring for insectivorous birds helps in the fight against pests. An additional number of feeders should be arranged. Such an activity will pay off during the harvest season.
3.Types of anakampseros:
3.1. Anacampseros Alston - Anacampseros alstonii
The synonym is Alston's avonia. A dwarf perennial succulent with a large, turnip root - caudex. It has several shoots covered with scales, curved in different directions. Shoots can be bluish green, brownish or gray. During the flowering period, Alston's anakampseros forms large buds on the tips of the shoots. The flowers are large in comparison with the plant itself - they reach 3 cm in diameter, have 5 white petals and long yellow stamens.
3.2. Anacampseros rufescens or rufescens - Anacampseros rufescens
A very attractive species, forming short, slightly branching stems, on which there are rosettes of thick, fleshy, diamond-shaped leaves. Each rosette carries up to 70 leaves. Leaves of rufous anakampseros are often covered with sparse, but very long, white hairs. In bright light conditions, the leaves take on a bright pink or even purple hue. The leaves of this species have long white hairs. During the flowering period, the red-headed anakampseros throws out tall, winding peduncles, at the top of which are pink flowers. The flowers are pink, attractive, collected in small-flowered inflorescences of 3 - 4 pcs. Each flower reaches 3 cm in diameter and remains open only during the daytime. With age, the plants form small - up to 10 cm long lodging stems, on which the leaves are spirally arranged. This subspecies is the largest of the Anakampseros.
3.3 Anacampseros marlothii
Small leafy succulent with short leaves, almost rounded in cross-section, collected in a rounded basal rosette. During the flowering period, a low, erect, strong peduncle appears from the center of the rosette, bearing a white or pink flower at the top. In diameter, the flower is almost equal to the diameter of the leaf rosette.